Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809

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U.S. representative from Massachusetts, public official of Massachusetts, and jurist.

From the description of Letter of Oliver Phelps, 1797. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450050

Oliver Phelps was from Suffield, Connecticut. In the late 1780s, he formed a partnership with Nathaniel Gorham to speculate in land in western New York. Phelps was also involved in land speculation in other parts of the United States.

From the description of Bills and accounts [Photostats], ca. 1793-1796. (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 261233790

Land speculator in Canandaigua, New York.

From the description of Letter, 1837. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145435643

U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts.

From the description of Letter, 1804 December 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122582887

Merchant and land promoter.

Leader of a group of speculators who in 1795 organized the Connecticut Land Company, which purchased preemption rights from the State of Connecticut to approximately three million acres in the Connecticut Western Reserve of Ohio. Phelps was also involved in land speculation in western New York and the lower Mississippi.

From the description of Indenture, 1806 Dec. 20, between Oliver Phelps of Canandaigua, County of Ontario, State of New York, and Andrew Kingsbury as Treasurer of the State of Connecticut. (Hamilton College). WorldCat record id: 40475882

Merchant and land promoter.

Leader of thirty-five speculators who in 1795 organized the Connecticut Land Company, which purchased preemption rights from the state of Connecticut to approximately three million acres in the Connecticut Western Reserve of Ohio. Phelps was also involved in land speculation in western New York and the lower Mississippi.

From the description of Account, 1809 Jan. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 39527180

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Letter of Oliver Phelps, 1797. Library of Congress
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Indenture, 1806 Dec. 20, between Oliver Phelps of Canandaigua, County of Ontario, State of New York, and Andrew Kingsbury as Treasurer of the State of Connecticut. Hamilton College, Daniel Burke Library
creatorOf Pease, Calvin, 1776-1839. Papers, 1798-1841. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Account, 1809 Jan. Newberry Library
referencedIn Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Papers, 1779-1819. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Trumbull, Joseph, 1737-1778. Papers, 1753-1791. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Austin, Calvin. Western Reserve land sales, 180-?. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver. Letter, 1837. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Massachusetts. Treasury Office. Accounts of payments on bonds for New York lands (Gorham/Phelps purchase), 1788-1813. Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
referencedIn Granger, Gideon, 1767-1822. Granger-Phelps agreements, 1810-1816. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Root, Ephraim, 1762-1825. Papers, 1769-1837. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Seneca Nation. Letter, 1827 December 6. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Rosecrantz, N. Letter to Oliver Phelps, 1791 August 12. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Jesse Gilbert collection, 1758-1867 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Letters from New York State politicians, 1837-1865. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Austin, Calvin, 1762-1819. Calvin Austin papers, 1795-1817. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Gorham, Nathaniel, 1738-1796. Letters to James Wadsworth, 1793. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Harison, Richard. Letterbooks and catalog, 1790-1835. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Letter, 1804 December 13. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Letter to Theodore A. Heman. Washington, DC. 1805 Feb. 20. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Connecticut Land Company. Miscellaneous records, 1765-1835. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Jones, Horatio. Letter, 1807 October 13. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Letters and notes from prominent New Yorkers, 1794-1897. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. Aaron Burr letter to Oliver Phelps, 1802 September 28. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Land records of Shandaken, Lot No. 2 of the Great Lot No. 6 in the Hardenbergh Patent, Ulster County, New York, and other properties, 1821. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Gorham, Nathaniel, 1738-1796. Western New York land record, 1786-1877. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. The Oliver Phelps family papers, 1792-1879, bulk 1794-1810, 1830-1870. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Walker, William, 1751-1831. William Walker papers, 1788-1837, 1889-1890. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Phelps, Oliver, 1749-1809. Bills and accounts [Photostats], ca. 1793-1796. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Wadsworth, James, 1768-1844. Phelps-Gorham letters, 1789-1794. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
creatorOf Phelps and Gorham Company. Records, 1776-1892. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library
creatorOf Gorham, Nathaniel, 1738-1796. Deed : to Oliver Phelps, 1795 June 16. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Austin, Calvin. person
associatedWith Austin, Calvin, 1762-1819. person
associatedWith Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807. person
correspondedWith Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836. person
correspondedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Coffin, John A. person
correspondedWith Connecticut Land Company corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut. Treasury Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Gilbert, Jesse, 1762-1833 person
associatedWith Gorham, Nathaniel, 1738-1796. person
associatedWith Granger, Gideon, 1767-1822. person
associatedWith Green, Timothy. person
associatedWith Harison, Richard. person
associatedWith Jones, Horatio. person
associatedWith Massachusetts. Treasury Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Pease, Calvin, 1776-1839. person
associatedWith Phelps and Gorham Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. person
associatedWith Root, Ephraim, 1762-1825. person
associatedWith Rosecrantz, N. person
associatedWith Seneca Nation. corporateBody
associatedWith Trumbull, Joseph, 1737-1778. person
associatedWith Walker, William, 1751-1831. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts
New York (State)--Ontario County
Connecticut--Suffield
Western Reserve (Ohio)
Canandaigua (N.Y.)
New York--Canandaigua
Canandaigua (N.Y.)
Ohio--Western Reserve
Subject
Iroquois Indians
Land companies
Manuscripts, American
Real property
Real property
Taxation
Architecture, Domestic
Debtor and creditor
Deeds
House construction
Indians of North America
Occupation
Jurists
Public officials
Representatives, U.S. Congress
Activity

Person

Birth 1749-10-21

Death 1809-02-21

Information

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