Johnston, John, 1775-1861

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Johnston was born in Ireland. He emigrated to the United States and settled in Philadelphia in 1786. In 1802 he was appointed Indian factor in Fort Wayne, Ind. and apparently took over the position of Indian agent there in 1809. In 1811 he was transferred to Piqua, Ohio, where he was Indian agent for the next 20 years.

From the description of Account book, 1802-1811. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 27701151

Dayton, Ohio was a place for concentrating troops and stores during the War of 1812. Forage master general, Colonel Robert Patterson, had a daughter, Catherine, who married Henry Brown, and a son, Jefferson, who married John Johnston's daughter, Julia.

From the description of Letters, 1812-1833 (bulk 1812). (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 42012076

Soldier in Western army, Indian agent in Ohio.

"My family is 31 years settled in the U.S. I was with the Western army on the Ohio before I was 17 years of age. I was several years in the publick offices of the State of Pennsylvania, and of the U.S. I am almost 20 years in the Indian Department. I entered it poor. I received with my wife about 1 5000. I own $21,500 of Bank stock now unproductive which is all the money I possess In the world. I have a fine farm here [Piqua] well improved, a House and lot in the Town of Piqua and 7 quarter sections this constitutes all the property." (from Film: No.11, Roll 7, p.369, Mich. Supt. of. Ind. Affairs; Letters rec. by Supt., 1819-1835) (blue index cards)

From the description of John Johnston correspondence, 1850 (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 456288710

In 1794, General Anthony Wayne established Fort Wayne at the junction of the St. Marys and St. Joseph rivers in Indiana Territory. The soldiers at the fort came into frequent contact with several Native American bands, such as the Miami, Eel River Miami, Delaware, Shawnee, Muncie, Wyandot, and Potawatomi. In 1802, the fort established an Indian agency and factory, in order to secure the Indians' loyalty and to weaken their ties to the British in Canada. The agents furnished the tribes with agricultural tools, domestic animals, money, and other supplies. They also held councils, issued trading licenses, and acted as intermediaries between the Indians and the United States government. Between 1802 and 1815, John Johnston and Benjamin Franklin Stickney were the Indian agents at Fort Wayne.

John Johnston (1775-1861) was born in Ballyshannon, Ireland, was raised in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and, as a young man, worked as a clerk in Philadelphia. After the Revolutionary War, he served with General Anthony Wayne in his campaign against the Ohio Indians, from 1792-1793. He married Rachel Robison in 1802 and soon after was appointed Indian factor at Fort Wayne, Indiana Territory. After the dismissal of William Wells in 1809, Johnston took over his post as Indian agent. He became a paymaster and a quartermaster during the War of 1812, and served as an Indian agent in Piqua, Ohio, from 1811-1831.

Benjamin Franklin Stickney (1775-1857) was born in Pembroke, New Hampshire. He served Pembroke as justice of the peace and postmaster general from 1805 to 1811, when he was assigned to scout the British forces in Canada by Secretary of War William Eustis. In March 1812, shortly before war broke out, the military assigned him to be Indian agent for Fort Wayne, Indiana Territory. He helped defend Fort Wayne, and he traveled with the military in Indiana and Ohio throughout the war. In 1820, he moved to Fort Miami in the Maumee Valley, and served as subagent for the Ottawa and Wyandot Indians. He mastered several Native American languages and authored dictionaries for many of them. He invested in land in northern Ohio, and played an integral role in the border dispute between Michigan and Ohio over the newly founded city of Toledo.

From the guide to the Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1764-1825. Papers of Return Jonathan Meigs, 1801-1818. Library of Congress
creatorOf United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Piqua Agency. Account and memorandum book, 1812-1876 (bulk 1812-1828). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Piqua Agency. Account and memorandum book, 1812-1876 (bulk 1812-1828). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Wilson, Forest, Mrs. Papers 1810-ca. 1840. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. John Johnston papers [microform], 1801-1860. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn William Henry Harrison Papers, 1734-1939, (bulk 1796-1841) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Correspondence, 1815-1842. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. John Johnston papers, 1801-1860. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Letters, 1812-1833 (bulk 1812). Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Fort Wayne Indian Agency collection, 1802-1815. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Indiana Territory collection, 1800-1816. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841. William Henry Harrison papers, 1734-1939 (bulk 1796-1841). Library of Congress
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Letter, 1847 Feb. 19. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Papers 1812 May 1-Dec. 2. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. John Johnston correspondence, 1850 Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Account book, 1802-1811. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Looker, Othniel, 1757-1844. Papers, 1813-1819, 1840-1841, 1891. Library of Congress
referencedIn Papers, concerning the Wyandot Indians of Ohio who relocated to Kansas Territory in 1843., 1842 to 1864 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Kansas Collection.
creatorOf Kettle [realia]. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Sutherland, John, 1771-1834. Brown-Patterson papers 1797-1902 1800-1835. Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Correspondence, 1833-1834. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Questions about Wyandot Indians, 18??. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Brown-Patterson Papers, 1797-1902, 1800-1835 Dayton Metro Library
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Letter, 1812 Aug. 29. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Shrimplin, William B.,. William B. Shrimplin collection, 1815-1836. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Parke, Benjamin, 1777-1835. Papers, 1816-1818. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Brown, Ethan Allen, 1776-1852. Papers. Library of Congress
creatorOf Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1764-1824. Papers, 1801-1818, 1826-1830, 1907-1945. Library of Congress
referencedIn Painting [realia] : John Johnston. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Hill, Leonard U. (Leonard Uzal), b. 1885. Leonard U. Hill collection, [18--]-1975. Flesh Public Library
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library
referencedIn Johnston Farm collection [graphic]. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Wyandot Nation. [Papers, 1842 to 1864, of the Wyandot Indians of Ohio who relocated to Kansas Territory in 1843]. University of Kansas Archives / MSS / Rare Books, Kenneth Spencer Research Library
creatorOf Johnston, John, 1775-1861. Johnston family correspondence, 1843-[19--?] (bulk 1843-1911). Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf McArthur, Duncan, 1772-1839. Papers, 1799-1835. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Armstrong, John, 1758-1843 person
associatedWith Attwater, Reuben, 1768-1831 person
associatedWith Bloomfield, Joseph, 1753-1823 person
associatedWith Brown, Ethan Allen, 1776-1852. person
correspondedWith Brown, Henry person
associatedWith Brown, Henry, 1770-1823 person
correspondedWith Brown, Henry, 1772-1823 person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. person
correspondedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828 person
associatedWith Crawford, Thomas Hartley, 1786-1863. person
associatedWith Crawford, William Harris, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Henry, 1751-1829 person
associatedWith Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891. person
associatedWith Eustis, William, 1753-1825 person
correspondedWith Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841. person
associatedWith Heald, Nathan, 1775-1832 person
associatedWith Hill, Leonard U. (Leonard Uzal), b. 1885. person
associatedWith Howe, Henry, 1816-1893. person
associatedWith Hull, William, 1753-1825 person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1732-1807 person
associatedWith Johnston family. family
associatedWith Johnston, Julia. person
associatedWith Johnston, Rachel Robinson person
associatedWith Johnston, W. B. person
associatedWith Lear, Tobias, 1762-1816 person
associatedWith Lee, William. person
correspondedWith Lewis, William Berkeley, 1784-1866 person
associatedWith Little Turtle, 1747? -1812 person
associatedWith Logan, James, d. 1780. person
associatedWith Looker, Othniel, 1757-1844. person
associatedWith Lucas, Robert, 1781-1853. person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1766-1849 person
associatedWith McArthur, Duncan, 1772-1839. person
associatedWith McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. person
correspondedWith McLean, Mary Johnston person
correspondedWith McLean, Milton N. M. person
associatedWith Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1764-1824. person
associatedWith Miami Exporting Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Parke, Benjamin, 1777-1835. person
correspondedWith Patterson, Jefferson, 1801-1863 person
associatedWith Ridgway, J. (Joseph), 1783-1861. person
associatedWith Ruggles, Benjamin, 1783-1857. person
associatedWith Shrimplin, William B., person
associatedWith Society of Friends corporateBody
correspondedWith Stewart, William person
associatedWith Stickney, Benjamin Franklin, 1775-1857. person
associatedWith United States. Auditor for Treasury Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Piqua Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Piqua Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Wells, William, 1770-1812. person
associatedWith Whig Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Forest, Mrs. person
associatedWith Wyandot Indians corporateBody
associatedWith Wyandot Nation. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Greenville (Ohio)
United States
Ohio
Indiana
Indiana
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Ohio
Ohio
United States
Ohio
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Piqua (Ohio)
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
White River Watershed (Ind.)
Piqua (Ohio)
Ohio
Baltimore (Md.)
United States
Indiana--Fort Wayne
United States
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Ohio
Detroit (Mich.)
Ohio--Miami County
Upper Sandusky (Ohio)
Piqua (Miami County, Ohio)
Northwest, Old
Ohio
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Subject
Commerce--War of 1812
Munsee Indians
Winnebago Indians
Indians of North America--Trading posts
Ottawa Indians
Public lands
Miami Indians
Potawatomi Indians
Indians of North America--Treaties
Ojibwa language--Dictionaries
Indians of North America--Government relations--19th century
Shawnee Indians
Indians of North America--Northwest, Old
Ottawa language
Banks and banking
Frontier and pioneer life
Indians of North America--Indiana
Canals
Soldiers
Business records
Fur trade
Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
Marriage license
Indian agents
Delaware Indians--Government relations
Public land sales
Eel River Band of Miami Indians
Kickapoo Indians
Indian traders
Historians
Indians of North America--Study and teaching
Wyandot Indians
Indians of North America--Alcohol use
Indians of North America--Government relations
Quakers
Shawnee Indians--Treaties
Ojibwa language--Dictionaries--English
Indians of North America--Michigan
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1775

Death 1861

English

Information

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