James Freeman Clarke

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James Freeman Clarke (1810-1888) graduated from Boston Latin School in 1825, Harvard College in 1829, and Harvard Divinity School in 1833. Ordained as a Unitarian minister in 1833, Rev. Clarke was sent to Louisville, Kentucky, as a missionary evangelist. While in Kentucky, he co-founded the Unitarian journal The Western Messenger . He served as chaplain of the Massachusetts State Senate in 1844, and as the secretary of the American Unitarian Association from 1859 to 1861. He was a lifelong advocate of education reform and as such served on the Massachusetts State Board of Education from 1863 to 1869. In 1867, he was appointed to the faculty of Harvard Divinity School as Professor of Natural Theology and Christian Doctrine, where he pioneered the discipline of comparative theology. His published works include Ten Great Religions (2 volumes, 1871 and 1883) and Events and Epochs in Religious History (1881). 

From the guide to the Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1841-1871., (Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School)

From the guide to the Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1847-1897., (Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn First Parish (Cambridge, Mass.). Records, 1834-1912. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional papers, 1806-1936. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908. Correspondence with Mr. Arlo Bates, Mr. White, John Lane, Mr. Gilder, Mr. Wingate , Vivian Burnett, Mr. [Thomas?] Niles of Roberts Brothers Pub. Co., Mr. Champlin, Mrs. Bush, Mrs. Nixon, Mr. Smith, Mr. Locker-Lampson, Miss Clarke, Mrs. Otto B. Cole, and others : and holograph poems ; and 29 inscriptions from books formerly owned by Moulton and one newspaper clipping; letters to Mrs. Moulton from F.W.H. Myers and Basil Wilberforce. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Miscellaneous compositions, 1822-1892. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, T, 1580-1975. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, E, 1564-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, A-D. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke family papers, 1777-1914. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. Correspondence with her sister [Mrs. Warren Preston] May 26, 1822, Oct. 28, 1827, : to Messrs Carey & Lea, 1830 June 20, Boston, to Mary E. Stearns [from] Aunt Maria, West Newton, July 17th, 1851, to Messrs. Ticknor Fields, Nov. 12, 1865, to Mrs. Spring, [n.d.], Mrs. Clarke, June 18, 1876, and a ms. of an essay. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn English-language manuscript verse in the Houghton Library: First-line index, ca. 1000-ca. 1820. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, Y, 1754-1914. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Christopher Pearse Cranch illustrations of the New Philosophy, ca. 1837-1839. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, D, 1586-1975. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1886 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Additional papers, 1717-1888. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, H, 1584-1988. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1819-1932. . Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Cantwell, John Simon. Papers, 1804-1907. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Autograph File, Z, 1735-1964. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1786-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1872-1943. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Autograph File, G, 1641-1991. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters concerning John Keats, 1794-1958 (inclusive) 1822-1895 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). Records, 1855-1884 Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Papers, 1867-1931. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, F, 1447-1994. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers of the Howe-Richards family, 1840-1950. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, I, 1730-1978. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, V, 1476-1947. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional correspondence, 1787-1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Peabody, Ephraim, 1807-1856. Papers, 1831-1884. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ralph Waldo Emerson additional papers, ca.1835-1891. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1865-1882 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Twenty-eighth Congregational Society (Boston, Mass.) Records, 1845-1889 Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1880-1887, n.d. University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke correspondence, 1845-1872. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Autograph File, U, 1689-1943. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1841-1871. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Howe family papers, 1819-1910. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke Collection, 1883 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Clarke, James Freeman. Papers, 1847-1897. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Ticknor and Fields records, 1839-1881. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). Records, 1863-1950 Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Papers of Thomas Hill, 1794-1930. Harvard University Archives.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Cantwell, John Simon. person
associatedWith Child, Lydia Maria, 1802-1880. person
associatedWith Church of the Disciples corporateBody
associatedWith Church of the Disciples (Boston, Mass.). corporateBody
correspondedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Cranch, Christopher Pearse, 1813-1892 person
associatedWith Eliot, Christopher Rhodes, 1856-1945 person
correspondedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882 person
associatedWith First Parish (Cambridge, Mass.). corporateBody
correspondedWith Hedge, Frederic Henry, 1805-1890 person
correspondedWith Hill, Thomas, 1818-1891 person
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton, Richard Monckton Milnes, Baron, 1809-1885 person
correspondedWith Howe family. family
correspondedWith Howe family. family
correspondedWith HUGH CABOT FAMILY family
associatedWith Moulton, Louise Chandler, 1835-1908. person
associatedWith Parker, Theodore person
correspondedWith Peabody, Ephraim, 1807-1856 person
associatedWith Ticknor and Fields. corporateBody
correspondedWith Wendte, Charles William, 1844-1931 person
associatedWith White, Joseph Blanco person
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