Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924

Alternative names
Birth 1850-05-12
Death 1924-11-09

Biographical notes:

Henry Cabot Lodge, American statesman, Republican political leader, author and historian; he was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on May 12, 1850, a member of the influential New England Lodge and Cabot families. Lodge attended Harvard College, eventually graduating with a Ph.D. in Political Science, he then attended Harvard Law School from which he graduated in 1874. Lodge was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1880-1881, then served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1887 to 1893, and in the Senate from 1893 to 1924; he is credited with being the first (unofficial) Senate Majority Leader from 1920 to 1924. He suffered a severe stroke on November 8, 1924, and died four days later at the age of 74.

From the description of Collection of Henry Cabot Lodge, 1871-1925. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 663110728

American legislator and author.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Ravenna and Nahunt, to Dr. Baldwin, 1905 June 11-Oct. 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270859889

Editor, author, and U.S. representative and senator of Massachusetts.

From the description of Letters of Henry Cabot Lodge, 1892-1911. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71015081

Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924) was a Harvard graduate, U.S. Congressman, author, and historian.

From the description of Letters, 1884-1934. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259500

United States senator, historian.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Beacon Street, to David A. Wells, 1879 Jan. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590359

U.S. senator from Massachusetts.

From the description of Letters, 1918 Jan. 25-1924 March 19, Washington D.C., to Perry Walton, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 184982193

Lodge was a graduate of Harvard University (1872) and the first individual to receive a Ph.D. in history from Harvard (1876). He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (1887-1893) and in the Senate (1893-1924).

From the description of [Letters to Charles H. Allen] / H. C. Lodge. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 245207341

Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924) was an author and editor, and a United States senator from Massachusetts.

Henry Cabot Lodge was born at Boston on 12 May 1850, the son of John Ellerton and Anna (Cabot) Lodge. After graduation from Harvard College with the class of 1871 and a year of travel, he entered the Harvard Law School, from which he graduated in 1874. Offered an assistant editorship of the North American Review, Lodge began a literary career whose products include biographies of Washington, Hamilton, Webster, and George Cabot, his great- grandfather, as well as several collections of essays and speeches and contributions to various periodicals. In 1876 he obtained his Ph.D. in political science, the first doctorate in that field awarded by Harvard.

His political career was initiated in 1879 by his successful candidacy for the Massachusetts House of Representatives from Nahant, which he represented for two terms. Failing in attempts to win a state Senate seat and a Republican nomination for Congress, he enhanced his political stature by successfully managing the 1883 Republican gubernatorial campaign in Massachusetts. Although defeated for Congress in 1884, his adherence to the Republican regulars made possible his nomination and election in 1886. During his terms in the House (1887-1893), he became known for his association with the Force Bill and his advocacy of civil-service reform.

Selected by the Massachusetts legislature as senator in 1893, he began his thirty-one- year service in the Senate, where he helped draft the Pure Food and Drug Law, displayed protectionist views on tariff matters, fought free silver, supported acquisition of the Philippines, and opposed women's suffrage and direct election of U.S. senators. He was re- elected to the Senate in 1899, 1905, 1911, 1916, and 1922. In the field of foreign affairs, Lodge held great influence during the Roosevelt presidency. In 1918 he was elected the majority leader of the Senate, and from the Foreign Relations Committee, of which he was chairman, he led opposition to the Peace Treaty and Covenant of the League of Nations. As the senior member of the Senate, he continued in his role of influence on foreign affairs during the Harding administration. Lodge married Anna Cabot Mills Davis; their children included George Cabot Lodge (1873-1902), the poet. Senator Lodge died at Cambridge on 9 November 1924.

From the guide to the Henry Cabot Lodge Correspondence, 1877-1924, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)


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  • Military pensions
  • Correspondence
  • Women--Suffrage--History--20th century
  • History--Research
  • Paris Peace Conference--History--20th century
  • Presidents--Election--1920
  • World War, 1914-1918--History--20th century
  • Politics
  • Politics, government and public administration
  • Elections--1922
  • Widener Library (Cambridge, Mass.)
  • League of Nations--History--20th century
  • Spanish--American War, 1898
  • Letter-writing
  • Legislators--United States
  • World War, 1914-1918--Peace
  • Politicians--United States
  • Authors, American
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  • World War, 1914-1918--Public opinion
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  • Authors
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Massachusetts
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  • Editors
  • Representatives U.S. Congress--Massachusetts


  • Canada (as recorded)
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  • Panama Canal (Panama) (as recorded)
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  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
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