Polk, Frank L. (Frank Lyon), 1871-1943

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Epithet: Under-Sec of State in USA

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000976.0x000035

Frank Lyon Polk was born in New York City on September 13, 1871. He graduated from Yale College (B.A., 1894) and Columbia University Law School (LL.D., 1897). Polk served on a variety of New York City boards and commissions (1906-1913) and as Corporation Counsel (1914-1915). He also served in the Department of State as Counselor (1915-1919), Acting Secretary of State (1918-1919), and Under Secretary of State (1919-1920). Polk headed the American Mission to Negotiate Peace (1919) and managed the 1924 Democratic presidential convention campaign of John W. Davis. Polk died in New York City on February 7, 1943.

From the description of Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 (inclusive), 1915-1921 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702206580

Frank Lyon Polk was born in New York City on September 13, 1871. He graduated from Yale College (B.A., 1894) and Columbia University Law School (LL.D., 1897). Polk served on a variety of New York City boards and commissions (1906-1913) and as Corporation Counsel (1914-1915). He also served in the Department of State as Counselor (1915-1919), Acting Secretary of State (1918-1919), and Under Secretary of State (1919-1920). Polk headed the American Mission to Negotiate Peace (1919) and managed the 1924 Democratic presidential convention campaign of John W. Davis. Polk died in New York City on February 7, 1943.

Frank L. Polk was a lawyer, diplomat, and political and civic leader. Here are some principal events in his public and personal life:

  • 1871 Sep 13: born in New York City to William M. and Ida A. (Lyon) Polk
  • 1890: graduated from Groton School
  • 1894: graduated from Yale College
  • 1897: graduated from Columbia University Law School
  • 1897 - 1900 : served as clerk in the law firm of Evarts, Choate and Beaman
  • 1898 - 1899 : served as Captain and assistant on the Quartermaster Staff of General Ernst's Brigade
  • 1900: formed the legal partnership that became Alexander, Watriss and Polk
  • 1906 - 1907 : served on the New York City Board of Education
  • 1907 - 1909 : served on and presided over the Municipal Civil Service Commission of the City of New York
  • 1908: married Elizabeth Sturgis Potter
  • 1911 - 1913 : served as treasurer of the Bureau of Municipal Research
  • 1913: supported the candidacy of John Purroy Mitchel for Mayor of New York
  • 1914 - 1915 : served as Corporation Counsel of the City of New York
  • 1915 - 1919 : served as Counselor of the State Department
  • 1918 Apr - 1918 Sep : suffered from a nervous disorder
  • 1918 Dec - 1919 Jul : served as Acting Secretary of State
  • 1919 Jun - 1920 Jun : served as Under Secretary of State
  • 1919 Jul - 1919 Dec : headed the American Mission to Negotiate Peace in Paris
  • 1920: formed the legal partnership that became Davis Polk Wardwell Gardiner and Reed
  • 1924: managed John W. Davis's pre-convention and convention campaign for the Democratic nomination to the presidency
  • 1943 Feb 7: died in New York City

For additional information about Polk's honors and appointments, see the Yale University Obituary Record of Graduates, 1942-1943. For brief assessments of Polk's career, see John W. Davis's memorial in the Association of the Bar of the City of New York Year Book, 1944, and Lawrence E. Gelfand's article in the Dictionary of American Biography, 1941-1945.

From the guide to the Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Gleaves, Albert, 1858-1937. Papers of Albert Gleaves, 1803-1946. Library of Congress
referencedIn Chandler P. Anderson Papers, 1894-1953, (bulk 1896-1929) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Norman Hapgood and Elizabeth Reynolds Hapgood Papers, 1824-1977 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wood, William P., 1858-. William P. Wood papers, 1893-1917. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Secretary records, 1895-1928 The New York Public Library. New York Public Library Archives.
referencedIn Fletcher, Henry Prather, 1873-1959. Henry Prather Fletcher microfilm collection, 1917-1949 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Anderson, Chandler P. (Chandler Parsons), 1866-1936. Chandler P. Anderson papers, 1894-1953 (bulk 1896-1929). Library of Congress
creatorOf Polk, Frank Lyon, 1871-1943. Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 (inclusive), 1915-1921 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn League to Enforce Peace (U.S.) additional records, 1917-1923. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967. William Christian Bullitt microfilm collection, 1916-1951 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928. Robert Lansing papers, 1831-1935 (bulk 1914-1920). Library of Congress
referencedIn Samaroff, Olga, 1882-1948. Autograph letters signed (3) and letters signed (2), dated : Philadelphia, 1917 and 1921, and [New York], 1928-1929, to Mr. [Harry Harkness] Flagler, 1917 Mar. 3. and 1928 Sept. 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Long, Breckinridge, 1881-1958. Breckinridge Long papers, 1486-1948 (bulk 1910-1948). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lester Hood Woolsey Papers, 1831-1958, (bulk 1909-1929) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967. William Christian Bullitt microfilm collection, 1916-1951 [microform]. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Harrison, Leland, 1883-1951. Papers of Leland Harrison, 1915-1947 (bulk 1918-1921). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jay, Pierre, 1870-1949. Pierre Jay papers, 1920-1930 (inclusive), 1925-1930 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Breckinridge Long Papers, 1486-1948, (bulk 1910-1948) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Robert H. Davis Papers, 1905-1935 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn George Sylvester Viereck papers, 1924-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn White, Henry, 1850-1927. Henry White papers, 1812-1931 (bulk 1880-1928). Library of Congress
creatorOf Polk, Frank L. (Frank Lyon), 1871-1943. Letter to George S. Viereck. New York, NY. 1937 Oct. 26. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn New York Public Library. Board of Trustees. Secretary. Secretary records, 1895-1928. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Robert Lansing Papers, 1831-1935, (bulk 1914-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bliss, Tasker Howard, 1853-1930. Papers of Tasker Howard Bliss, 1870-1930. Library of Congress
referencedIn The Inquiry papers, 1915-1921 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. Samuel Gompers microfilm collection, 1907-1932 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007 (inclusive), 1885-1938 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Tasker Howard Bliss Papers, 1864-1933, (bulk 1917-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928. Robert Lansing papers, 1882-1929 (bulk 1905-1928) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Miller, David Hunter, 1875-1961. Miller-Auchincloss papers, 1917-1918 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Pierre Jay papers, 1920-1930, 1925-1930 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Robert Lansing Papers, 1882-1929, 1905-1928 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Gordon Auchincloss papers, 1914-1951 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn R. C. Leffingwell Letterbooks, 1917-1920 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Ekengren, W. A. F. Joe Hill collection, 1915-1916. Wayne State University
referencedIn John Reed papers, 1903-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miller-Auchincloss papers, 1917-1918 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1879-1926 (inclusive), 1916-1922 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records [microform], 1914-1958 (inclusive), 1917-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn The Inquiry Papers, 1915-1921 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Davis, John W. (John William), 1873-1955. Diary of John William Davis [manuscript], 1919-1921. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937. Papers of Norman Hapgood and Elizabeth Reynolds Hapgood, 1823-1977. Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Public Library. Board of Trustees. Office of the Chairman. Office of the Chairman records, 1940- New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Papers, 1876-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Vol. XXV (ff. 199). 1920-July 1923.includes:ff. 1, 11, 122, 125 Walter George Frank Phillimore, 1st Baron Phillimore: Correspondence between Lord Cecil and Lord Phillimore: 1920-1922: Signed.ff. 5, 39-42, 61, 68-72v, 133, 139 Colonel Edward Mande... British Library
referencedIn Mezes, Sidney Edward. Inquiry papers, 1917-1919. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Henry White Papers, 1812-1931, (bulk 1880-1928) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Albert Gleaves Papers, 1803-1946, (bulk 1877-1937) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Woolsey, Lester Hood, 1877-1961. Papers of Lester Hood Woolsey, 1831-1958 (bulk 1909-1928). Library of Congress
referencedIn Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1878-1960. R.C. Leffingwell letterbooks, 1917-1920. Library of Congress
referencedIn Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007, 1885-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Harry H. Bandholtz Papers (Microform), ca. 1890-ca. 1937, 1899-1925 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943. Gordon Auchincloss papers, 1914-1951 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Viereck, George Sylvester, 1884-1962. George Sylvester Viereck papers, 1924-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Henning-Charette family. Henning-Charette family papers- Van Stockum collection, 1893-1950. The Filson Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adamson, Robert. person
associatedWith Anderson, Chandler Parsons, 1866-1936. person
associatedWith Atherton, Gertrude Franklin Horn, 1857-1948. person
associatedWith Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943. person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. person
associatedWith Bandholtz, Harry Hill, 1864-1925 person
associatedWith Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich Andreas Hermann Albrecht, graf von, 1862- person
correspondedWith Bliss, Tasker Howard, 1853-1930. person
associatedWith Bowman, Isaiah, 1878- person
associatedWith Bruère, Henry Jaromir, 1882- person
associatedWith Bullitt, William C. (William Christian), 1891-1967. person
associatedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959 person
associatedWith Carey, Francis King. person
associatedWith Cartier de Marchienne, Emile de. person
associatedWith Clemenceau, Georges, 1841-1929. person
associatedWith Coudert, Frederic René, 1871- person
associatedWith Creel, George, 1876-1953. person
associatedWith Davis, John William, 1873-1955. person
associatedWith Davis, Robert H. (Robert Hobart), 1869-1942 person
associatedWith Debevoise, Thomas M., 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Dix, William C. person
associatedWith Dresel, Ellis Loring, 1865-1925. person
associatedWith Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Egan, Martin, 1872-1938. person
associatedWith Egan, Maurice Francis, 1852-1924. person
correspondedWith Ekengren, W. A. F. person
associatedWith Elkus, Abram Isaac, 1867- person
associatedWith Fletcher, Henry Prather, 1873-1959. person
associatedWith Fosdick, Raymond Blaine, 1883- person
associatedWith Gama, Domicio da, 1862-1925. person
associatedWith Garrison, Lindley Miller, 1864- person
associatedWith Garvan, Francis Patrick, 1875-1937. person
associatedWith Georgia (Republic). person
associatedWith Gerard, James Watson, 1822-1900. person
associatedWith Gleaves, Albert, 1858-1937. person
associatedWith Glynn, Martin H., 1871- person
associatedWith Godson, William Frederick Holford, 1896- person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933. person
associatedWith Grew, Joseph Clark, 1880- person
associatedWith Haight, Sandford, and Smith. corporateBody
associatedWith Haight, Sandford, & Smith. corporateBody
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937. person
associatedWith Harrison, Leland, 1883-1951. person
associatedWith Henning-Charette family. person
associatedWith House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. person
associatedWith Houston, David Franklin, 1866- person
correspondedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Jay, Pierre, 1870-1949. person
associatedWith Jusserand, Jean Adrien Antoine Jules, 1855-1932. person
associatedWith Kelley, Francis C. person
associatedWith Kelley, Francis C. person
associatedWith Lane, Franklin Knight, 1864-1921. person
associatedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith League of Nations. corporateBody
correspondedWith League to Enforce Peace (U.S.). corporateBody
correspondedWith Leffingwell, R. C. (Russell Cornell), 1878-1960. person
associatedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Long, Breckinridge, 1881-1958. person
associatedWith McAdoo, William Gibbs, 1863-1941. person
associatedWith Metz, Herman A., 1867-1934. person
associatedWith Mezes, Sidney Edward, 1863-1931. person
associatedWith Miller, David Hunter, 1875-1961. person
associatedWith New York Public Library. Board of Trustees. Office of the Chairman. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Public Library. Board of Trustees. Secretary. corporateBody
associatedWith Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Palmer, Alexander Mitchell, 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, William, 1878- person
associatedWith Polk, Ida Ashe Lyon. person
associatedWith Polk, Ida Ashe Lyon. person
associatedWith Reading, Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquis, 1889-1960. person
associatedWith Redfield, William Cox, 1858- person
correspondedWith Reed, John, 1887-1920 person
associatedWith Riano y Gayangos, Don Juan. person
associatedWith Riano y Gayangos, Don Juan. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Rowe, Leo Stanton, 1871-1946 person
associatedWith Rowe, Leo Stanton, 1871-1946. person
associatedWith Samaroff, Olga, 1882-1948. person
associatedWith Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. person
associatedWith Shaw, Gardiner Howland, 1893-1965. person
associatedWith Spring-Rice, Cecil Arthur, Sir, 1859-1918. person
associatedWith Tardieu, André Pierre Gabriel Amédée, 1876- person
associatedWith Tumulty, Joseph Patrick, 1879- person
associatedWith United States Council of National Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith Viereck, George Sylvester, 1884-1962. person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Warren, Charles, 1868- person
associatedWith Warren, Charles, 1868- person
correspondedWith White, Henry, 1850-1927. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Wood, William P., 1858- person
associatedWith Woolsey, Lester Hood, 1877- person
associatedWith Yale University corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. Students. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
United States
New York (N.Y.)
United States
New York (N.Y.)
New York (State)
Subject
Armed Forces
World War, 1914-1918
Adriatic question
Law
Armenian question
Occupation
Diplomats
Lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1871-09-13

Death 1943-02-07

French,

Italian,

Spanish; Castilian,

German,

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 9988552