Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952

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Grace Allen Johnson, educator, suffragist, civic reformer, internationalist, and lecturer, was born on September 29, 1871, in Maples, Ind., the fourth of the five daughters of Elizabeth Harriet (Bennett) and Appleton Howe Fitch, both from New England. Among her sisters was the well-known children's author and illustrator Lucy (Fitch) Perkins. The family lived in Indiana and Michigan, settling for a time in Kalamazoo; they returned to Hopkinton, Mass. (ancestral home of the Howe and Fitch families), when Grace was fourteen. She attended public school, graduating in 1890. Her adult life is summarized in the following chronology.

  • 1891: Graduates from Pratt Institute Library School, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • 1891 - 1892 : Works as assistant reference librarian, Pratt Institute
  • 1892: Moves with family to Evanston, Ill.; studies botany at Harvard Summer School
  • 1893: Marries Lewis Jerome Johnson (Harvard A.B. 1887, C.E. 1888) in June
  • 1893 - 1894 : Studies chemistry at Northwestern University
  • 1894: Moves to Cambridge, Mass., where husband joins Engineering Department of Harvard University
  • 1896: Hhas son, Jerome Allen
  • 1902: Has second son, Chandler Winslow
  • 1907: Travels to Europe with family, becomes interested in woman suffrage
  • 1911 - 1915 : Serves as president, Cambridge Political Equality Association
  • 1912: One of three Massachusetts women delegates to Progressive Party national convention in Chicago; campaigns for Progressive Party candidates
  • 1912 - 1914 : President, Cambridge Public School Association
  • 1914 - 1917 : Congressional chairman, Middlesex County and Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association (MWSA)
  • 1915 - 1917 : Member, National Council, National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
  • 1917: Chairman, State Board of MWSA
  • 1918: Defeat of anti-suffrage Sen. John Weeks (Mass.)
  • 1919 - 1920 : With Mary P. Sleeper, edits A Citizen's Guide for Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government
  • 1919 - 1940 : Lecturer, Garland School for Homemaking, Boston
  • 1920: Name entered on honor roll of NAWSA
  • 1922: Executive secretary, Massachusetts Woodrow Wilson Foundation
  • 1923: Member of Council, Massachusetts Foreign Policy Association
  • 1924: Attends Women's International League for Peace and Freedom convention, Washington, D.C.
  • 1925: Member, Board of Directors, Massachusetts League of Nations Association (LNA)
  • 1926 - 1933 : Chairman (state), Educational Committee, LNA
  • 1926: Spends Sept. in Geneva, Switzerland, attending commissions, council, and assembly of League of Nations
  • 1927 - 1938 : Lecturer, Wheelock Kindergarten Training School
  • 1928: Campaigns for Herbert Hoover
  • 1929: Member, Massachusetts Women's Law Enforcement Committee
  • 1929 - 1930 : Lecturer, Boston University School of Education; lecturer, Massachusetts Department of Education, University Extension
  • 1930 - 1938 : President, Board of Trustees, Garland School
  • 1930: Name entered on 10th anniversary honor roll of suffrage pioneers; member, National Council, LNA; writes Text for a Model Council and A Model Assembly of the League of Nations; writes The Dispute between Bolivia and Paraguay, 1930; testifies before U.S. Congress in support of prohibition
  • 1931: Writes The Case of the S.S. Lotus and the World Court; produces map showing disputes settled by World Court
  • 1932: Writes and supervises production of The Dispute Between China and Japan over Manchuria: A Dramatization of the 65th Session of the Council of the League of Nations
  • 1933: With Sir Herbert Ames, writes The Case of China and Japan before the League of Nations: A Dramatization of the Events of 1931-1933
  • 1937: Public Forum leader (U.S. Department of Interior, Office of Education), Manchester, N.H.
  • 1940: Delegate to Woman's Centennial Congress; Cambridge (Mass.) adopts "Plan E" form of government
  • 1952: Dies on January 17

Politically liberal, GAJ was an activist for woman suffrage, for United States participation in the League of Nations (and later the United Nations) and World Court, and for various civic reforms (e.g., initiative and referendum, proportional representation). She defined herself as an educator, lecturing and writing on a wide range of topics including suffrage, the status of women, prohibition, aspects of democracy and government structure, international cooperation, and public speaking techniques. Her husband, a civil engineer, shared her political beliefs; he published numerous pamphlets on political reform.

For additional biographical information see folders #Jo 1 and #Jo 5 in this series. The papers of Lewis Jerome Johnson are in the Harvard University Archives.

From the guide to the Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Kate Trenholm person
associatedWith Adams, Marian (Stanwood) person
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Allen, Mary Ware person
associatedWith American Association for International Conciliation corporateBody
associatedWith American Woman's Republic corporateBody
associatedWith Ames, Blanche person
associatedWith Ames, Herbert Brown, Sir, 1863-1954 person
associatedWith Andrews, Fannie Fern, 1867-1950 person
associatedWith Anti-Mosquito Association of Massachusetts corporateBody
associatedWith Armstrong, Irene person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Bates, Katharine Lee, 1859-1929 person
associatedWith Beach, Liselotte person
associatedWith Beale, Joseph Henry, 1861-1943 person
associatedWith Belden, Charles Francis Dorr, 1870-1931 person
associatedWith Benezet, Louis Paul, 1878-1961 person
associatedWith Biggerstaff, Knight, 1906- person
associatedWith Bird, Anna Child, 1856-1942 person
associatedWith Birdsall, Clara E. person
associatedWith Birtwell, Mary L. person
associatedWith Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950 person
associatedWith Blakeslee, George Hubbard, 1871-1954 person
associatedWith Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government corporateBody
associatedWith Boston University corporateBody
associatedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941 person
associatedWith Brewer, John Marks, 1877-1950 person
associatedWith Brown, Bernice see Bernice Brown Cronkhite person
associatedWith Cambridge Political Equality Association corporateBody
associatedWith Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951 person
associatedWith Carpenter, Alice, 1875- person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947 person
associatedWith Choate, Robert Burnett, 1898-1963 person
associatedWith Clinchy, Everett R. (Everett Ross), 1896- person
associatedWith College Equal Suffrage League of Boston (Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith *Committee on Militarism in Education (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Comstock, Ada Louise person
associatedWith Comstock, A(lexander) Barr, 1886-1956 person
associatedWith Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Cox, Floyd B. person
associatedWith Crocker, Courtenay person
associatedWith Cronkhite, Bernice Brown, 1893-1983 person
associatedWith Curtis, Francis G. person
associatedWith de Mille, William C. (William Churchill), 1878-1955 person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947 person
associatedWith Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962 person
associatedWith Duncan, Robert F. person
associatedWith du Pont, Zara person
associatedWith Eichelberger, Clark M. (Clark Mell), 1896-1980 person
associatedWith Eliot, Charles William, 1834-1926 person
associatedWith Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1862-1950 person
associatedWith Elliott, Martha Helen person
associatedWith Fassett, Edith person
associatedWith Fenn, Roger C. person
associatedWith Fisher, Dorothy Canfield, 1879-1958 person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving, 1867-1947 person
associatedWith Fisk, Amelia Worthington, 1890-1975 person
associatedWith Forbes, Rose Dabney, 1864-1947 person
associatedWith *Foreign Policy Association corporateBody
associatedWith Framingham (Mass.) Equal Suffrage League corporateBody
associatedWith Fuller, Alvan Tufts, 1878-1958 person
associatedWith Garland School of Homemaking corporateBody
associatedWith Garrity, Helen B. person
associatedWith Gorham, Kate Foster, 1860- person
associatedWith Gurney, Claire Hubbard, 1861- person
associatedWith Haertlein, Albert, 1895-1960 person
associatedWith Halladay, Ethel Lorenz person
associatedWith Hansl, Eva Elise vom Baur, 1889-1978 person
associatedWith Harvard University. Dept. of Engineering Sciences-Faculty corporateBody
associatedWith Hauser, Elizabeth J., 1873- person
associatedWith Hearne, Julian G., 1904- person
associatedWith Hearne, Lydia person
associatedWith Henderson, Christine L. person
associatedWith Hobbs, Conrad person
associatedWith Hodder, Jessie Donaldson, 1867-1931 person
associatedWith Holmes, Alice Marion person
associatedWith Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951 person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Hopkins, Marguerite S. person
associatedWith Hsieh, Tehyi person
associatedWith Hudson, Manley Ottmer, 1886- person
associatedWith Hulbert, Winifred person
associatedWith International Council of Women corporateBody
associatedWith Jessie Woodrow Sayre Scholarship Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Alice Williams, 1870- person
associatedWith Johnson, Lewis Jerome, 1867- person
associatedWith Kalijarvi, Thorsten V. (Thorsten Valentine), 1897- person
associatedWith Kallen, Horace Meyer, 1882-1974 person
associatedWith Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961 person
associatedWith Lape, Esther Everett person
associatedWith Lawrence, David person
associatedWith League of Nations corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Association. Massachusetts. corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Society in Canada corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Union (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith League of Women Voters of Boston corporateBody
associatedWith League of Women Voters of Cambridge corporateBody
associatedWith League of Women Voters of Massachusetts corporateBody
associatedWith Leonard, Gertrude Halladay, 1868-1919 person
associatedWith Lewis, David J. (David John), 1869-1952 person
associatedWith Lippmann, Walter, 1889-1974 person
associatedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, Jr., 1902- person
associatedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, Sr., 1850-1924 person
associatedWith Lowell, Lucy person
associatedWith Luce, Robert, 1862-1946 person
associatedWith Macneil, Sayre, 1886-1961 person
associatedWith Marks, Josephine Peabody person
associatedWith Marsh, David L. person
associatedWith Massachusetts Citizens Committee on the World Court corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Peace Council corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Peace Films Council corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Single Tax League corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Woman's Committee for Law Enforcement corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. Cambridge Division. Men's Council corporateBody
associatedWith Mather, Kirtley F. (Kirtley Fletcher), 1888- person
associatedWith McArtney, Janet E. person
associatedWith McCord, David Thompson Watson, 1897- person
associatedWith McCoy, Frank Ross, 1874-1954 person
associatedWith McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith McDonald, James G. (James Grover), 1886-1964 person
associatedWith Miller, Helen Clarkson person
associatedWith Milliken, Samuel person
associatedWith Moore, John Bassett, 1860-1947 person
associatedWith Moors, John F. person
associatedWith Morgan, Ann person
associatedWith Mowatt, Sarah A. person
associatedWith Murdoch, Marion, 1853- person
associatedWith Nash, Philip Curtis, 1890-1947 person
associatedWith National American Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith National Civic Federation. Massachusetts Section corporateBody
associatedWith National Council for Adult Civic Education corporateBody
associatedWith *National Council for Prevention of War (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Roosevelt League corporateBody
associatedWith New England Institute of International Relations corporateBody
associatedWith News of Spain corporateBody
associatedWith Nichols, Alice, 1905- person
associatedWith Nichols, Charles E. person
associatedWith Noland, Anna Dunn person
associatedWith Nutter, George Read, 1863-1937 person
associatedWith O'Brien, Terence person
associatedWith Paine, George L. person
associatedWith Parker, George Howard, 1864-1955 person
associatedWith Parker, Lois D. person
associatedWith Parker, Louise Merritt, 1868- person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Paul, Alice, 1885-1977 person
associatedWith Peabody, Jeannette B. person
associatedWith Peabody, Lucy (McGill) Waterbury, 1861-1949 person
associatedWith Peace Films Foundation (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Pendleton, Ellen F. (Ellen Fitz), 1864-1936 person
associatedWith Permanent Court of International Justice corporateBody
associatedWith Peters, Andrew James, 1872-1938 person
associatedWith Pinkham, Wenona Osborne, 1882-1930 person
associatedWith Piper, Elizabeth Bridge, 1883- person
associatedWith Post, Alice Thacher, 1853-1947 person
associatedWith Progressive Club of Cambridge (Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Progressive Party, 1912 corporateBody
associatedWith Progressive Party (Founded 1912). National Convention, 1st, Chicago, 1912 corporateBody
associatedWith Progressive Party National Convention, 1912, Chicago, I11. corporateBody
associatedWith Ritter, Elizabeth, 1875- person
associatedWith Ritter, Woldemar person
associatedWith Robins, Margaret Dreier person
associatedWith Rugg, Sarah Pomeroy person
associatedWith Sayre, Francis Bowes, 1885- person
associatedWith Sayre, Jessie Woodrow person
associatedWith Schain, Josephine, 1886- person
associatedWith Scudder, Vida Dutton, 1861-1954 person
associatedWith Seasongood, Murray, 1878 person
associatedWith Seavey, Warren Abner, 1880-1966 person
associatedWith Sedgwick, Ellery, 1872-1960 person
associatedWith Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972 person
associatedWith Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919 person
associatedWith Short, William H. (William Harrison), 1868-1935 person
associatedWith Simpson, Clifford O. person
associatedWith Smith, Lillian H. E. person
associatedWith Spencer, Edna Lawrence person
associatedWith Stanford, Neal A. person
associatedWith Stantial, Edna Lamprey person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry Lewis, 1867-1950 person
associatedWith Strong, Charles Howard, 1865-1949 person
associatedWith Sturgis, S. Warren person
associatedWith Taussig, F. W. (Frank William), 1859-1940 person
associatedWith Thomas, Frances A. person
associatedWith Tillinghast, Anna Churchill Moulton, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith Tokalji, Bela person
associatedWith Tyler, H. W. (Harry Walter), 1863-1938 person
associatedWith United Nations Association corporateBody
associatedWith Upton, Harriet Taylor person
associatedWith U.S. Deparment of the Interior. Office of Education. Manchester Public Forums (Manchester, N.H.) corporateBody
associatedWith Walsh, David I. (David Ignatius), 1872-1947 person
associatedWith Wambaugh, Sarah, 1882-1955 person
associatedWith Washburn, Charles Grenfill, 1857-1928 person
associatedWith Weeks, John Wingate, 1860-1926 person
associatedWith Wheelock, Lucy, 1859- person
associatedWith Wheelock School corporateBody
associatedWith Whitehouse, Florence person
associatedWith Whitehouse, Vira Boarman, 1875-1957 person
associatedWith White, Mrs. True Worthy person
associatedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944 person
associatedWith Wild, Payson Sibley, 1905- person
associatedWith Willard, Mabel Caldwell person
associatedWith Wilson, George Grafton, 1863-1951 person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Winant, John Gilbert, 1889-1947 person
associatedWith Woman's Centennial Congress, 1940 corporateBody
associatedWith Woman's National Committee for Law Enforcement corporateBody
associatedWith Woman Suffrage Party of Cambridge (Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Action Committee for Victory and Lasting Peace corporateBody
associatedWith Women's Art Society of Montreal corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom corporateBody
associatedWith Woodrow Wilson Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947 person
associatedWith *World Peace Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Rose, d. 1941 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Massachusetts. Department of Education. Division of Continuing Education
Cambridge (Mass.)-Politics and government
Massachusetts-Politics and government
Boston, (Mass.)-Politics and government
United States-Politics and government
Subject
*Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1871

Death 1952

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