Reed, John, 1887-1920

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Reed (Harvard, A.B. 1910) was an American journalist and revolutionary. He joined the staff of The Masses in 1913, was a war correspondent in Mexico and Europe for Metropolitan Magazine, publicist for the Russian Revolution, and head of the Communist Labor Party.

From the description of John Reed additional papers, 1909-1939. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612376944

From the guide to the John Reed additional papers, 1909-1939., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Reed was an American journalist and revolutionary. He graduated from Harvard College in 1910, joined the staff of The Masses in 1913, was a war correspondent in Mexico and Europe for Metropolitan Magazine, publicist for the Russian Revolution, and head of the Communist Labor Party.

From the description of John Reed papers, 1903-1967 (inclusive), 1910-1920 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612369909

Author and activist John Reed was born in Oregon and educated at Harvard. Inspired to become a journalist, he moved to Greenwich Village, and sold various writings, but was disillusioned by most publishers' preference for popularity over truth. He founded the radical magazine, The Masses, and embraced a bohemian lifestyle. He became a celebrity covering the Mexican Revolution for New York newspapers, and later World War I, which he denounced. He became interested in Russia and travelled there, publishing a popular eyewitness account of the revolution, Ten Days That Shook the World. His untimely death from typhus in 1920 helped make him a counterculture icon.

From the description of John Reed broadside poems, circa 1915. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 70122999

Reed was an American journalist and revolutionary.

From the description of John Reed additional papers, 1887-1976. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612193339

Epithet: barrister, of Dublin

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001033.0x000073

John Silas Reed was an American poet, journalist, revolutionary writer, and political activist. He graduated from Harvard College in 1910 and soon joined the staff of "The Masses", a Socialist newspaper. He was a war correspondent in Mexico and Europe for "Metropolitan Magazine" and a publicist for the Russian Revolution. During his years in New York City, he became part of the literary and radical circle of intellectuals surrounding Max Eastman, Emma Goldman, and others, and during this period he married Louise Bryant, a fellow journalist and writer. He was frequently arrested for organizing and defending labor strikes, and he became known as a radical leader who went on to help form the American Communist Party. He is most famous for his book, "Ten Days that Shook the World" (1919), where he recorded his eyewitness account of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. He became head of the U.S. Communist Labor Party in 1919, was indicted for treason, and escaped to the Soviet Union where he continued working with Lenin and others in the Soviet government. He died of typhus in 1920 and was buried beside the Kremlin wall.

From the guide to the John Reed papers, 1903-1967., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Epithet: mason, of Dublin

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001033.0x000074

Reed was an American journalist and revolutionary. He joined the staff of The Masses in 1913, was a war correspondent in Mexico and Europe for Metropolitan Magazine, publicist for the Russian Revolution, and head of the Communist Labor Party. Steffens was an American author and editor.

From the description of Letters to Lincoln Steffens, 1909-1911. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612369791

From the guide to the Letters to Lincoln Steffens, 1909-1911., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

On the night of August 30th, 1849, a drunken Edmond Higgins was alleged to have raped his daughter three times while she slept at her mother's house in Denmark, Maine. Arrested and thrown into the Oxford County prison at Paris, Higgins insisted that the charges had been trumped up by a conspiracy of his enemies in an effort to conceal the true crime -- the seduction of Higgins' daughter, Ruby Jane, by his enemy, the "saducer... cursed libertine... [and] fel monster of hell," Capt. Taber (1849 September 6).

A cordwainer from Mexico, Me., Higgins' reputation in the community was already sullied prior to the rape. A self-confessed drunkard, Higgins had previously been involved as a plaintiff in civil suits stemming from his carousals, and he was alleged to have committed a rape at one time. Even his friend, Reed, admitted that "when intoxicated [Higgins] is very quarrelsome, [and] consequently... has got many enemies" (1852 April 12). But Higgins' stormy family life, and the wayward, even wanton behavior of his children may have damaged his reputation just as much in the eyes of the community. According to Edmond, Ruby Jane and her brother, Edwin, had once claimed that they would see their father jailed, even if they had to perjure themselves to do it, and Edmond also asserted that Taber had tried to lure the children into hiring someone to murder their mother. Both children, if Edmond is to be believed, had very bad reputations and criminal tendencies.

Even so, and despite the rape charges, Higgins initially expressed a seeming concern for Ruby Jane's well-being, and wrote that he felt that she had been mislead by Taber's evil influence. Through his counsel, John Reed, a former Democratic state representative and postmaster of Roxbury, Me., Higgins attempted to keep his daughter apart from her "saducer," informing her that he did so not "out of any ill will to you By no means But... for your own good for he was Effecting your present Everlasting and perhaps Eternal Ruin" (1849 October 12). His efforts failed. Edmond was informed that Ruby had moved in with the "libertine," although this was denied in court, and she may have gotten pregnant by him. When informed of this latter news, Edmond sarcastically told Reed that if Ruby Jane wished to arrange an abortion, she should talk to the Waltons, a prominent local family allied with Taber, "for you know it is an old proverb that practise makes Perfect in any avocation" (1850 May 7).

Higgins consistently maintained that Ruby Jane's allegations were fraught with inconsistencies, were flatly contradicted by the testimony of more reliable witnesses (including his wife, Melintha), and did not even make "common sense." After his conviction and sentencing to the Maine State Penitentiary at Thomaston, he continued to claim that the rape charge was "more than a thousand times worse to me than all the rest taken together that I Ever had to deal with..." (1850 January 1), and he continued to implicate some of the most respected members of the local community, as liars and conspirators, including Justice of the Peace, Charles W. Walton. His term in the Penitentiary was harsh, and when he was not too ill, he was put to work in the shoe factory, a place notorious as "the Chief scourge of the prison, and absolutely the worst place in the United States, a perfect Disgrace to the State & to Humanity" (1858 June 6). At one point, Higgins was denied even the meager wages he drew for his labor in the factory, while for eighteen months in 1861 and 1862, he was too ill to work.

His personality and record aside, Higgins was never without supporters. His wife stood by him steadfastly, as did his counsel, John Reed, and friend, E. L. Osgood. While first attempting to secure a pardon, Higgins so impressed Judge John Ruggles that he wrote, "I cannot but marvel that he [Edmond] should have been convicted of such a crime on such evidence attended with such circumstances" (1851 October 15). A year later, Melintha arranged for a respected attorney from Augusta, Lot M. Morrill, to assist in Edmond's efforts to obtain a pardon, and Morrill, like Reed and Ruggles, also appears to have been convinced of Higgins innocence. Higgins was even able to convince the warden and every minister in town to sign a petition backing his pardon. Nevertheless, "public feeling" ran strongly against him, egged on, perhaps, by Walton and his associates. Sensing the inevitable, he bitterly insisted that while rich men in Maine always get away with their crimes, are seldom imprisoned, and never sentenced to death, the poor suffer even when innocent.

Between 1862 and 1864 another campaign was mounted to obtain a pardon for Higgins, prompted by Reed's discovery of a letter from Ruby Jane to Taber demanding money, and threatening to inform on him if he would not pay. Reed deposed that he believed that Higgins had never raped his daughter, but had merely been trying to protect her from Taber's seductions, and Reed seems to have assumed that the letter would impugn the testimony of both Ruby Jane and Taber. Taber and the Waltons, however, continued to insist that Higgins was a bad man, rightly convicted, and demanded that his pardon be denied. Higgins was still in prison in August 1864, awaiting the final decision of the state council on pardons.

From the guide to the Edmond Higgins papers, Higgins, Edmond, 1849-1864, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Admissions & Enrollment Services Records, 1980-1986, 1986 Whitworth University Archives
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1845 - 1979. United States of America v. The Masses Publishing Company, Max Eastman, Floyd Dell, C. Merril Rogers Jr., Henry J. Glinterkamp, Arthur Young, and John Reed
referencedIn Granville Hicks Papers, 1906-1980 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Investigation files, 1918-1920. New York State Archives
referencedIn Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. Letters of U.S., British, and French political & literary figures [manuscript] 1863-1941. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alice Corbin Henderson Collection TXRC92-A24., 1861-1987 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Childs, J. Rives (James Rives), 1893-1987. Papers of James Rives Childs [manuscript] 1869-1983. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Beals, Jessie Tarbox. Photographs, 1896-1941 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1931-1940, 1982 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn Mabel Dodge Luhan collection, 1885-1984 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn New York (State). Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Hearing testimony and executive session transcripts, 1919-1920. New York State Archives
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referencedIn Ladd, William Sargent, 1826-1893. William Sargent Ladd letter to James Ewing [manuscript], 1907 January 5. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Pinchot, Amos, 1873-1944. Amos Pinchot papers, 1856-1945 (bulk 1909-1942). Library of Congress
creatorOf Bauer, Marion, 1882-1955. The minstrel of romance [microform] / Marion Bauer ; [words by] John Reed. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Hugo Gellert interview, 1984 Apr. 4. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. John Reed letters to "Frances" [manuscript], 1909. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn News and Information Services (University of Michigan) photograph series D (faculty and staff portraits), 1946-2006, 1950-1990 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1911-1999 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Mendelsohn, Lillian Marie Flaherty, 1906-1981. Papers of Lillian and William Mendelsohn, 1931-1982 (inclusive), 1931-1940 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. John Reed papers, 1903-1967 (inclusive), 1910-1920 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. John Reed broadside poems, circa 1915. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Amos Pinchot Papers, 1856-1945, (bulk 1909-1942) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bryant, Louise, 1885-1936. Louise Bryant papers, 1908-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949. Papers, 1861-1987 (bulk 1920-1949). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf John Reed letters to "Frances", 1909 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf John Reed additional papers, 1887-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Los Angeles County Prefecture Records The Huntington Library
referencedIn Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Letter, 1934 Nov. 18, Ann Arbor, to Granville Hicks, Troy, N.Y. University of Michigan
creatorOf John Reed papers, 1903-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Photographs, 1896-1941, n.d. Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Lamont, Corliss, 1902-,. Corliss Lamont papers concerning John Reed, 1910-1967. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. John Reed additional papers, 1887-1976. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. Letters to Lincoln Steffens, 1909-1911. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Bauer, Marion, 1887-1955. The minstrel of romance / Marion Bauer ; [words by] John Reed. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Records of District Courts of the United States. 1685 - 2009. Criminal Case Files. 1845 - 1979. United States of America v. The Masses Publishing Company, Max Eastman, Floyd Dell, C. Merril Rogers Jr., Henry J. Glinterkamp, Arthur Young, John Reed, and Josephine Bell
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Stoller, Leo. The collected verse of John Reed : manuscript, 1947 June. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Edmond Higgins papers, Higgins, Edmond, 1849-1864 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Appleton-Century mss., 1846-1962 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. Papers, 1904-1939. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. John Reed additional papers, 1909-1939. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Letters to Lincoln Steffens, 1909-1911. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Oregon Cultural Heritage Commission. Materials relating to John Reed and Walt Curtis, circa 1979-2005. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Luhan, Mabel Dodge, 1879-1962. Mabel Dodge Luhan collection, 1885-1984. Yale University Library
creatorOf Balabanoff, Angelica, 1878-1965. Angelika Balabanova Sound Tapes, 1958. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Corliss Lamont papers concerning John Reed, 1910-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1793 - 1999. Record Of Applications Under The Act Of 1896. 1896 - 1897. 1896 Citizenship Application for John Reed
referencedIn Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970. Papers of Waldo Peirce, 1936 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. Letter, 1920 Nov. 22, Petrograd, to Fitzie [i.e. Mary Eleanor Fitzgerald, n.p.]. University of Michigan
creatorOf Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. Theodore Dreiser letterbooks on "The Genius," 1915-1916. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Reed, John, 1887-1920. Telegram to the New York Call, Petrograd : manuscript, 1917 Oct. 31. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Macedonian logbook, 1818-1821 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Luhan, Mabel Dodge, 1879-1962. Mabel Dodge Luhan collection, 1885-1984. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Levien, Sonya, 1898-1960. Papers of Sonya Levien, 1908-1960. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf John Reed additional papers, 1909-1939. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Dell, Floyd, 1887-1969. Floyd Dell papers, 1908-1969. Newberry Library
referencedIn Wendell family papers, ca. 1620-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hicks, Granville, 1901-1982. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1934. University of Michigan
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correspondedWith Green, Charlotte (Hilton). person
associatedWith Green, Charlotte Jones person
correspondedWith Green, D P . person
associatedWith Green, Henry Dodge person
correspondedWith Green, M . person
correspondedWith Gregg, Alan, 1890- person
associatedWith Gregory Weinstein person
associatedWith Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. person
correspondedWith Haldeman-Julius, Emanuel, 1889-1951 person
correspondedWith Hall, Gilman. person
correspondedWith Hallond, Samuel. person
correspondedWith Hallowell, Robert Canby person
correspondedWith Hallowell, Robert Canby. person
associatedWith Hallowell, Robert Canby. person
correspondedWith Hamdi, Hafiz Ahmed. person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hansen person
associatedWith Hapgood, Hutchins. person
correspondedWith Hapgood, Hutchins, 1869- person
correspondedWith Harding, Gardner Ludwig, 1887- person
correspondedWith Hard, William, 1878- person
correspondedWith Harper, firm, publishers, New York. corporateBody
correspondedWith Harry Reed person
correspondedWith Hart, E. Jerome. person
associatedWith Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943. person
correspondedWith Hartmann, Jacob Wittmer, 1881- person
associatedWith Harvard Alumni John Reed Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard Alumni John Reed Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Harvard club of New York city person
associatedWith Harvard club of NYC corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard College corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard lampoon corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard musical clubs corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard Varsity Glee Club corporateBody
associatedWith Hasty pudding club corporateBody
associatedWith Hasty pudding club's corporateBody
correspondedWith Hays, Arthur Garfield, 1881- person
correspondedWith Haywood, William Dudley, 1869-1928 person
correspondedWith Hecht, Zoltan and Rosa Pringle. person
associatedWith Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949 person
associatedWith Henry G. Reed person
associatedWith Henry James, Jr. person
associatedWith Henry L. Slobodin's person
associatedWith Herman Bernstein's person
associatedWith Hermann Hagedorn person
correspondedWith Herzog, Dorothea B. person
correspondedWith Hicks, Granville, 1901- person
associatedWith Hicks, Granville, 1901-1982. person
associatedWith Higgins, Edmond. person
associatedWith Hillacre Bookhouse. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hillquit, Morris, 1869-1933 person
correspondedWith Hillsmith, E . person
associatedWith H. I. (or L.) S. person
correspondedWith Hirsch, Gilbert. person
correspondedWith Hiss, Alger, 1904-1996 person
associatedWith H J Whigham person
associatedWith Holitscher, Arthur, 1869- person
correspondedWith Hollyday, Worthington. person
correspondedWith Holt, Roland, 1867-1931 person
associatedWith Hopkins, Prince. person
associatedWith Hotel Brevoort corporateBody
associatedWith Hotel Lafayette corporateBody
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
correspondedWith House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938 person
associatedWith Hovey, Carl, b. 1875. person
associatedWith Howe, Robert H. person
correspondedWith Hoyt, Katharine S. person
correspondedWith Huffaker, Lucy. person
correspondedWith Hughes, S T . person
correspondedWith Humphries, Wilfred R. person
associatedWith Hunt, Edward E. (Edward Eyre), 1885-1953. person
associatedWith Inazo Nitobe person
associatedWith Industrial workers of the world corporateBody
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
correspondedWith Ingram, Frederick F. person
associatedWith International socialist bureau corporateBody
associatedWith International workers' defense league. corporateBody
associatedWith International Workers of the World. corporateBody
associatedWith Internews corporateBody
correspondedWith Irvine, Jean. person
associatedWith Isabelle Johnstone person
associatedWith IWW corporateBody
associatedWith Jack Reed person
associatedWith Jack Wheelock person
correspondedWith Jacob Baker person
associatedWith Jacobus person
correspondedWith James, Henry, 1879-1947 person
associatedWith James Maurer person
associatedWith James Montgomery Flagg person
associatedWith Jam Rid person
correspondedWith Jaretzki, Alfred, 1892- person
associatedWith Jelliffe, Smith Ely, 1866- person
associatedWith Jerome S. Blum person
associatedWith JESSIE TARBOX BEALS, 1870-1942 person
correspondedWith J. Harvey Moore person
associatedWith J. L. Curtis person
associatedWith John B. Andrews person
associatedWith John M. Siddall person
associatedWith John Reed person
correspondedWith John Reed person
associatedWith John Siddall person
correspondedWith Johnson, Grace. person
correspondedWith Johnson, Hiram Warren. person
associatedWith John S. Reed person
associatedWith John Storrs person
associatedWith John W. Prentiss person
associatedWith Jokichi Takamine person
correspondedWith Jones, Robert Edmond, 1887-1954 person
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr. person
associatedWith Joseph Adams person
associatedWith Joseph Fels person
associatedWith Joseph W. Adams person
associatedWith Joseph W. Adams person
associatedWith J. P. Coughlin person
correspondedWith Judson, William Voorhees, 1865-1923 person
associatedWith Julian Street person
correspondedWith Julian Street person
associatedWith Juliet D. Hunt person
associatedWith Jurges person
correspondedWith Jurgis, J . person
associatedWith Jusserand person
correspondedWith J. W. Prentice person
associatedWith Kalenin person
associatedWith Kalinin person
correspondedWith Kaltenborn, Hans von, 1878- person
associatedWith Kaminev person
correspondedWith Keedick, Lee. person
correspondedWith Keely, Royal R. person
associatedWith Keiley and Haviland, attorneys corporateBody
correspondedWith Keiley & Haviland. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kelly, Jack Bartram person
correspondedWith Kemp, Harry, 1883- person
correspondedWith Kennaday, Paul. person
correspondedWith Kennerley, Mitchell, 1878- person
associatedWith Kenyon Cox person
associatedWith Kerensky, Aleksandr Fyodorovich, 1881-1970. person
associatedWith Kersten, Kurt. person
associatedWith K. Fukui person
correspondedWith King, Stanley, 1883- person
correspondedWith Kirchway, George Washington, 1855-1942 person
correspondedWith Kitchak, Daniel. person
associatedWith K. Morimura person
correspondedWith Knopf, Alfred A., 1892- person
correspondedWith Kocenko, Victor. person
associatedWith Kolerov, V A person
correspondedWith Koo, Vi Kyuin Wellington, 1888- person
associatedWith Korniloff person
correspondedWith Kraemer, Adolf, 1832- person
correspondedWith Kreymborg, Alfred, 1883- person
correspondedWith Krieg, Joseph. person
associatedWith Kuusinen, O. V. person
associatedWith Labadie, Joseph. person
associatedWith Ladd, William Sargent, 1826-1893. person
correspondedWith LaFollette, Robert Marion, 1895- person
correspondedWith Laidler, Harry Wellington, 1884- person
associatedWith L. A. Martens person
associatedWith Lamont, Corliss, 1902-, person
associatedWith La Monte, Robert Rives person
correspondedWith Lapworth, Charles, 1842-1920 person
associatedWith La Voz de Obrero. person
associatedWith Lawrence, David Herbert, 1885-1930 person
associatedWith League for the amnesty of political prisoners. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lee, Arthur. person
associatedWith Lee Sing person
associatedWith Left wing section of the socialist party. corporateBody
associatedWith Left wing section socialist party. corporateBody
associatedWith Legislative committee of the people's freedom union. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lemon, Courtenay. person
correspondedWith Lemon, J. E. & co. person
associatedWith Lenin, N. person
correspondedWith Lenin, Vladimir Il'ich, 1870-1924 person
associatedWith Leonard Abbott person
associatedWith Leon Trotsky person
associatedWith Le Vicomte de Caix person
associatedWith Levien, Sonya, 1898-1960. person
correspondedWith Levine, S person
correspondedWith Levy, Hermann, 1881-1949 person