Minor, Robert, 1884-1952

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American writer, editor, artist, and illustrator; artist for The masses. Active in the Communist Party from 1919.

From the description of Letter, 1923 Nov. 30, Chicago, to Art Young, New York. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34364246

Journalist, cartoonist.

Minor was one of the founders of the Communist movement in the United States.

From the description of Rober Minor papers, 1907-1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 472459706

The Daily Worker, the official organ of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), traces its origins back to the Communist Labor Party, founded in Chicago in 1919. The Communist Labor Party’s paper was known as the Toiler . When the Communist Labor Party and the Workers Party merged in 1921, the Toiler became the weekly paper The Worker . Two years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Worker . As a daily newspaper, the Daily Worker covered the major stories of the 20th century, while at the same time speaking to the left-wing sector of the American population, which included labor, civil rights, and peace activists. The newspaper emphasized radical social movements, labor struggles, racial discrimination, right wing extremism, the Soviet Union, and the world-wide Communist movement.

The CPUSA grew under increasing attack following WWII. The rise of McCarthyism and the Red Scare eventually forced the Party to go underground, and in 1958, the Daily Worker shut down operation. In 1960, it resumed bi-weekly publication as The Worker, but never achieved the level of popularity it had in the 1930s and 1940s.

In 1967, the paper now known as the Daily World, again became a daily. It reported on the civil rights movement, including sit-ins, voter registration campaigns and the Freedom Rides. In the late 1960s and into the early 1970s, the Daily World aligned itself with the anti-Vietnam War and black nationalist movements.

In 1986 the paper merged with the CPUSA's West Coast weekly, the People's World . The newly formed People's Daily World was published from 1987 until 1991, when daily publication was abandoned in favor of a weekly edition, renamed the People's Weekly World . During this period the paper focused heavily on labor union activity, particularly in cities like Detroit and Chicago, as well as the growing anti-globalization movement.

Shifting its operations back to Chicago between 2001 and 2002, the paper changed its name to the People's World in 2009. In 2010, the paper ceased print publication and became an electronic, online-only, publication.

Specific artists represented in the Daily Worker/ Daily World Cartoon Collection include: Fred Ellis, Ollie Harrington, Hugo Gellert, Norman Goldberg, Kinkaid, and James Erickson (Eric), among numerous others.

From the guide to the The, Daily Worker, and, Daily World, Cartoon Collection, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1928-2002, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John Reed papers, 1903-1967. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Communist Party of the United States of America. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1931-1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Steve Nelson Papers, Bulk, 1950-1985, 1937-1991, (Bulk 1950-1985) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Gerson, Simon W. Simon W. Gerson papers, 1925-2001. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Records, Bulk, 1950-1990, 1892-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. Papers of Upton Sinclair [manuscript], 1905-1957. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Printed Ephemera Collection, 1918-2004 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Robert Minor Photographs, undated Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. Papers, 1896-1964 (bulk 1937-1964) Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Spain. Ejército Popular de la República. Brigada Internacional, XV. Photographic Unit. Fifteenth International Brigade Photographic Unit photographs [graphic]. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Minor, Robert, 1884-1952. Letter, 1923 Nov. 30, Chicago, to Art Young, New York. University of Michigan
referencedIn Harry Randall: Fifteenth International Brigade Photographs, August 1937-September 1938 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Minor, Robert, 1884-1952. Rober Minor papers, 1907-1952. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Ohio State University. Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum. Robert Minor 1884-1952 biographical file. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Miller family. Papers, 1836-1865. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Van Sickle, Leftist Pamphlet Collection, 1900-1993 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Central Florida Libraries,
creatorOf Minor, Robert, 1884-1952. My dearest Lydia : [letters from Tombs Prison]. Frostburg State University, Lewis J. Ort Library
referencedIn Nelson, Steve, 1903-. Steve Nelson papers, 1937-1991 (bulk 1950-1985). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Fisher, Harry, 1911-. Harry Fisher papers, 1937-1994 (bulk 1937-1938). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Barber, John, 1893-1965. John Barber papers, 1911-1975. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Papers, 1896-1964, (Bulk 1937-1964) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Darcy, Samuel, 1905-. Papers, 1924-1985 (bulk 1930-1945). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Reference Center for Marxist Studies Pamphlet Collection, Bulk, 1940-1975, 1900-2004 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Photographs of Judge Robert Berkeley Minor and Robert Minor [manuscript], ca. 1928 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Simon W. Gerson Papers, 1925-2001 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Opper, Frederick Burr, 1857-1937. [Editorial cartoon scrapbooks], 1900-1917 Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Minor, Robert, 1884-1952. Robert Minor, member of Central Committee of Communist Party of the United States of America. University of California, Davis, Shields Library
creatorOf The, Daily Worker, and, Daily World, Cartoon Collection, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1928-2002 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Barber, John, 1893-1965. person
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Daily Worker (New York). corporateBody
associatedWith Daily World (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Darcy, Samuel, 1905- person
associatedWith Ellis, Fred, 1885-1965 person
associatedWith Erickson, James person
associatedWith Fisher, Harry, 1911- person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. person
associatedWith Garvey, Marcus, 1887-1940. person
associatedWith Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985 person
associatedWith Gerson, Simon W. person
associatedWith Harrington, Oliver W., (Oliver Wendell), 1912-1995 person
associatedWith League for the Struggle for Negro Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith Liberator. corporateBody
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Miller family. family
associatedWith Minor, Lydia. person
associatedWith Nelson, Steve, 1903- person
associatedWith Reed, John, 1887-1920 person
associatedWith Reference Center for Marxist Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Spain. Ejército Popular de la República. Brigada Internacional, XV. Photographic Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Sickle person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith Young, Art, 1866-1943. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Soviet Union
Spain
United States
Spain
Subject
Communism and art--United States
Peace movements--United States
Communists--Portraits
Civil rights movements--United States
Labor movement--United States
Communism--United States--20th century
Communism--Newspapers
Labor leaders--United States
Caricatures and cartoons--United States
Elections--United States--History--20th century
African Americans--History
African Americans--Civil rights
Communism
Political parties
African Americans--Social conditions
World War, 1939-1945
Cartoonists--United States
Civil rights
Anti-war demonstrations--United States--Pictorial works
Political cartoons--United States
Communism--United States
Labor movement--United States--Pictorial works
Labor unions and communism--United States
Art--Political aspects
Labor unions--United States--Pictorial works
Civil rights--United States
Occupation
Journalists
Cartoonists
Function

Person

Birth 1884

Death 1952

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w6gt6121

SNAC ID: 26257691