Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985.

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Mural painter.

From the description of Hugo Gellert interview, 1984 Apr. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83826254

Painter; New York, N.Y.

From the description of Hugo Gellert lecture, 1985. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122394902

Hugo Gellert (1892-1985) was a communist graphic artist, cartoonist, muralist and painter. He was born in Hungary in 1892 and came to the U.S. in 1906. Gellert was a leading contributor of art work to The Masses, The Liberator and New Masses . Gellert published three books: Karl Marx in Lithographs (1933), Comrade Gulliver (1935), Aesop Said So (1936). Among his murals were those done for the National Maritime Union headquarters and the Seward Park Houses, both in New York City. He also played a leading role in many Popular Front arts organizations from the 1930s through World War II. Gellert was the director of the John Reed School of Art. In 1937 he organized the Mural Artists Guild of the United Scenic Painters, and successfully fought, as chair of the Artists Coordinating Committee, to insure that only works of organized artists were accepted for exhibits at the New York World's Fair. During WWII, Gellert was active in Artists for Victory. Throughout his life, Gellert contributed to the Hungarian-American radical press beginning in 1916, with the newspaper Elore, and later to the Magyar Szo . He also organized, in 1927, the Anti-Horthy League, a Hungarian-American anti-fascist group.

From the guide to the Hugo Gellert Papers, Bulk, 1934-1944, 1934-1980s, (Bulk 1934-1944), (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)

Hugo Gellert (1892-1985) was a mural painter, graphic artist, designer, cartoonist, illustrator, and writer from New York, N.Y.

Born in Budapest, Hungary. Gellert had strong political convictions and believed in the power of collective action and endorsed the formation of a liberal labor party and an artists' union. Book illustrator for "Aesop Said So," 1936, and "Century of the Common Man," 1943. Author of "Karl Marx Capital in Lithographs," 1934.

From the description of Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 227188948

Hugo Gellert was a communist graphic artist, cartoonist, muralist and painter. He was born in Hungary in 1892 and came to the U.S. in 1906. Gellert was a leading contributor of art work to progessive journals such as the Masses, Liberator and New Masses. Gellert published three books: Karl Marx in Lithographs (1933), Comrade Gulliver (1935), Aesop Said So (1936); and among his murals were those done for the National Maritime Union headquarters and the Seward Park Houses, both in New York City.

He also played a leading role in many Popular Front arts organizations in the 1930s and during World War II. He organized, in 1937, the Mural Artists Guild of the United Scenic Painters, and in 1939 successfully fought, as chair of the Artists Coordinating Committee for the New York World's Fair, to insure that only works of organized artists were accepted for exhibits. During World War II, Gellert was active in Artists for Victory. Throughout his life, Gellert contributed to the Hungarian-American radical press beginning in 1916, with the newspaper Elore, and later to the Magyar Szo. He also organized, in 1927, the Anti-Horthy League, a Hungarian-American anti-fascist group.

From the description of Papers, 1934-1979, (bulk 1934-1944). (New York University). WorldCat record id: 477247693

The Daily Worker, the official organ of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), traces its origins back to the Communist Labor Party, founded in Chicago in 1919. The Communist Labor Party’s paper was known as the Toiler . When the Communist Labor Party and the Workers Party merged in 1921, the Toiler became the weekly paper The Worker . Two years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Worker . As a daily newspaper, the Daily Worker covered the major stories of the 20th century, while at the same time speaking to the left-wing sector of the American population, which included labor, civil rights, and peace activists. The newspaper emphasized radical social movements, labor struggles, racial discrimination, right wing extremism, the Soviet Union, and the world-wide Communist movement.

The CPUSA grew under increasing attack following WWII. The rise of McCarthyism and the Red Scare eventually forced the Party to go underground, and in 1958, the Daily Worker shut down operation. In 1960, it resumed bi-weekly publication as The Worker, but never achieved the level of popularity it had in the 1930s and 1940s.

In 1967, the paper now known as the Daily World, again became a daily. It reported on the civil rights movement, including sit-ins, voter registration campaigns and the Freedom Rides. In the late 1960s and into the early 1970s, the Daily World aligned itself with the anti-Vietnam War and black nationalist movements.

In 1986 the paper merged with the CPUSA's West Coast weekly, the People's World . The newly formed People's Daily World was published from 1987 until 1991, when daily publication was abandoned in favor of a weekly edition, renamed the People's Weekly World . During this period the paper focused heavily on labor union activity, particularly in cities like Detroit and Chicago, as well as the growing anti-globalization movement.

Shifting its operations back to Chicago between 2001 and 2002, the paper changed its name to the People's World in 2009. In 2010, the paper ceased print publication and became an electronic, online-only, publication.

Specific artists represented in the Daily Worker/ Daily World Cartoon Collection include: Fred Ellis, Ollie Harrington, Hugo Gellert, Norman Goldberg, Kinkaid, and James Erickson (Eric), among numerous others.

From the guide to the The, Daily Worker, and, Daily World, Cartoon Collection, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1928-2002, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Oral History Collection, Bulk, 1980-1990, 1962 - 1992 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Oral History of the American Left: Radical Histories, 1920-1980 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives Labor and Radicalism Photograph Collection, Bulk, 1940-1965, 1860-1985 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Correspondence with Wanda Gág, 1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf The, Daily Worker, and, Daily World, Cartoon Collection, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1928-2002 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [ca. 1840]-1993 (bulk ca. 1935-1961). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940. Ernest Peixotto papers, ca.1888-1947. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Marlene Park and Gerald E. Markowitz research materials on New Deal Art, 1931-1999 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Constant, George. George Constant papers, 1912-2007. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Oral History of the American Left. Radical Histories. Oral histories, 1970-1980. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. PAD/D pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Artists for Victory, Inc. Artists for Victory, Inc. records, 1942-1946. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Bates, Ralph. Correspondence with Wanda Gág, 1938-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Spanish Civil War Poster Collection, Bulk, 1936-1939, 1936-2003 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Hugo Gellert Papers, Bulk, 1934-1944, 1934-1980s, (Bulk 1934-1944) Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives,. Tamiment Library general photograph collection [graphic]. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Negatives Collection, Bulk, 1968-1990, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957. Wood and Adelaide Lawson Gaylor papers, 1866- [ca. 1986]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993 (bulk 1935-1961). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Louis Weinstock Papers and Photographs, Bulk, 1930-1980, circa 1910-1994, bulk 1930-1980 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Hugo Gellert interview, 1984 Apr. 4. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Hugo Gellert lecture, 1985. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Papers, 1934-1979, (bulk 1934-1944). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Hugo Gellert : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
referencedIn Milton Wolff Photographs, 1939-1960 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1931-1932. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Artists' Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Anti-Horthy League (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Artists Committee for Action for the Municipal Art Gallery and Center (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Artist's Committee of Action (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Artists Coordinating Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Artists Coordination Committee (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Artists for Victory, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Art of Today Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Barr, Alfred Hamilton, 1902-1981 person
associatedWith Biddle, George, 1885-1973 person
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
associatedWith Buhle, Paul, 1944- person
associatedWith Committee to Defend V.J. Jerome. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. History Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Constant, George. person
associatedWith Daily Worker (New York). corporateBody
associatedWith Daily World (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964 person
associatedWith Dell, Floyd, 1887-1969. person
associatedWith Derkovits, Gyula, 1894-1934. person
associatedWith Eastman, Max, 1883-1969. person
associatedWith Ellis, Fred, 1885-1965 person
associatedWith Erickson, James person
associatedWith Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973. person
associatedWith Fast, Howard, 1914- person
associatedWith Fiene, Ernest, 1894- person
associatedWith Frank, Waldo David, 1889-1967 person
associatedWith Gaylor, Wood, 1883-1957. person
associatedWith Gellert, Ernest. person
associatedWith Gellert, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Gold, Michael. person
associatedWith Gottlieb, Harry, 1895- person
associatedWith Gropper, William, 1897- person
associatedWith Harrington, Oliver W., (Oliver Wendell), 1912-1995 person
associatedWith Hungarian Word, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts Sciences and Professions. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kahn, Otto Hermann, 1867-1934 person
associatedWith Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. person
correspondedWith Knight, Frederic C., 1898-1979 person
associatedWith Licht, Mary person
associatedWith Lie, Jonas, 1880-1940. person
associatedWith Minor, Robert, 1884-1952 person
correspondedWith Moses, Robert, 1888-1981 person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Society of Mural Painters (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Society of Mural Painters (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York World's Fair (1939-1940). corporateBody
associatedWith Park, Marlene person
associatedWith Peixotto, Ernest C., 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Reed, John, 1887-1920. person
associatedWith Refregier, Anton, 1905- person
associatedWith Reisman, Philip, 1904- person
associatedWith Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Sequenzia, Sofia. person
correspondedWith Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946 person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, corporateBody
associatedWith United Scenic Painters (U.S.). Mural Artists Guild. corporateBody
associatedWith Wallis, Leonard B. person
associatedWith Wallis, Leonard B. Wall between. person
associatedWith Weinstock, Louis, 1903-1994 person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Wolff, Milton. person
associatedWith Young, Art, 1866-1943. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Elections--United States--History--20th century
Illustrators
Communists--United States
Communism--United States--20th century
Political cartoons
Mural painting and decoration
Communists--Portraits
Art and state--United States
Art publishing
Painters
Communism and art--United States
Radicals
Painters--United States
Labor unions--Organizing
Politics in art
Political cartoons--United States
Arts
Arts--United States
Radicals--United States
Communists
Caricatures and cartoons--United States
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Labor unions--United States--Pictorial works
Art and state
Cartoonists
Muralists
Mural painting and decoration--United States
Labor unions and communism--United States
Communism--Newspapers
Communism and art
Graphic artists
Labor movement--United States--Pictorial works
Labor unions--Organizing--United States
Labor leaders--United States
Labor movement--United States
Anti-war demonstrations--United States--Pictorial works
Art--Political aspects
Civil rights movements--United States
Peace movements--United States
Popular fronts--United States
Artists' writings
Muralists--Interviews
Painting, Modern--20th century
Communism--United States
Cartoonists--United States
Civil rights--United States
Hungarian Americans
African Americans--Civil rights
Art, American
Authors
Popular fronts
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1892

Death 1985

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SNAC ID: 23935227