Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815

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Benjamin Smith was a Philadelphia physician and naturalist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1786-1815. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122380112

Benjamin Smith Barton was a Philadelphia physician and naturalist.

From the description of A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, [n.d.]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523582

From the description of Volumes, 1791-1812 (bulk). (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122540775

From the description of American Indian materials, 1789-1813. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122473950

From the description of Miscellaneous papers, 1788-1815. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122440153

From the description of Letters, 1790-1794, to Thomas Pennant. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616087

From the description of Journals ; notebooks, 1785-1806. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122578833

Partner with Peter B. Porter in Porter, Barton & Co., the first commission house of importance at the eastern end of Lake Erie.

From the description of Letter book and account book, 1813-1815. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 33228758

Physician Joseph Carson taught medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The College of Philadelphia's Medical School, founded in 1765, became known as the University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of Medicine In 1779.

From the guide to the Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858, (American Philosophical Society)

Benjamin Smith Barton was a Philadelphia physician and naturalist. He taught medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (1791-1815) and wrote the first textbook on botany written by an American ("Elements of Botany" 1803).

From the description of Papers, 1786-1815 (bulk). (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298093

Philadelphia botanist, doctor, and professor.

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to an unidentified correspondent, [no year] Nov. 27. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122490271

Benjamin Smith Barton served as professor of natural history, botany, and materia medica at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813, succeeding Benjamin Rush as professor of medicine. He was a physician of Pennsylvania Hospital, editor of the Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal, and president of the Philadelphia Medical Society. A member of the American Philosophical Society, he won its Magellanic Prize in 1804. He also maintained membership in the Philadelphia Linnean Society, the Linnean Society of London, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Academy of Science of Sweden.

From the description of Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 212624307

Philadelphia physician Benjamin Smith Barton worked as a naturalist in addition to practicing medicine.

From the guide to the A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, 1798-1821, (American Philosophical Society)

Benjamin Smith Barton was a Philadelphia physician and naturalist. He wrote the first textbook on botany written by an American ("Elements of Botany" 1803).

From the description of Papers on botany, 1796-1812 (bulk). (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 154298094

Benjamin Smith Barton was a Philadelphia physician and a naturalist. He taught at the University of Pennsylvania.

From the description of Lecture Notes, 1813-1815. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122579621

Benjamin Smith Barton served as professor of natural history, botany, and materia medica at the University of Pennsylvania from 1789 to 1813, succeeding Dr. Benjamin Rush as professor of medicine. He was a physician of Pennsylvania Hospital, editor of the Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal, and president of the Philadelphia Medical Society. A member of the American Philosophical Society, he won its Magellanic Prize in 1804. He also maintained membership in the Philadelphia Linnean Society, the Linnean Society of London, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Academy of Science of Sweden.

From the description of Lectures, 1810. (University of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122638377

Benjamin Smith Barton was born February 10, 1766, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. At 14, Barton became a medical student at the College of Philadelphia and later went to Europe in 1786 to futher his studies at the University of Edinburgh. Barton returned to Philadelphia without a medical degree in 1789 and set up private practice. In 1796 he received an honorary M.D. from the Christian-Albrechts University in Kiel, Germany. In 1789 Barton was appointed professor of natural history and botany at the College of Philadelphia. When the College joined with the University of the State of Pennsylvania in 1791, to form the University of Pennsylvania, Barton continued in this position. In 1813 he became professor of materia medica and professor of the theory and practice of medicine. Barton wrote extensively on the topics of natural history, botany, paleontology, etymology and medicine. He penned the first basic American textbook on botany, Elements of Botany, in 1803. In 1805 he founded and edited the Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal. As a professional advocate, Barton was extremely active in the American Philosophical Society, the Philadelphia Linnean Society, and the Philadelphia Medical Society, serving as its president (1815). Barton was elected a Fellow of the College of Physicians in 1790. On December 19, 1815, Barton died.

From the description of Lectures on materia medica by Dr. Barton, 1806-1807. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122632921

From the description of Notes taken from the lectures of Doctor Barton on the practice of physick, as delivered in the University, [between 1813 and 1815]. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122488944

From the description of Notes on the materia medica from the lectures of B.S. Barton, M.D., 1808-1809. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122380196

From the description of Notes from Dr. Barton's lectures on natural history, or zoology, 1809-1910. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122523879

From the description of Lectures on materia medica, [between 1806 and 1812]. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122540271

Physician and naturalist.

From the description of Benjamin Smith Barton papers, 1802-1938. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 74985578

Manasseh Cutler was a clergyman and botanist.

From the guide to the Manasseh Cutler papers, 1787-1806, 1787-1806, (American Philosophical Society)

Benjamin Smith Barton was a Philadelphia physician and botanist. He taught medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (1791-1815).

From the description of Papers on medicine, 1792-1810. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165413

U.S. physician and naturalist.

From the description of Barton's lectures, 1811 : University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / William Baird Westmore. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31976250

From the description of Notes on the lectures of materia medica, 1811 [i.e. 1812] : University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / taken by William Baird Westmore. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31976291

From the description of Notes of Barton's lectures on botany, Spring, 1805. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31931335

Barton succeeded Rush in the chair of theory and practice of medicine at Philadelphia.

From the description of Notes from medical lectures by Benjamin Smith Barton : [Philadelphia], [ca. 1814]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 50002911

Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815, APS 1759) was a physician, naturalist, and professor at the University of Pennsylvania. He was one of the central figures in Philadelphia's early national scientific establishment. Having received his medical training in European universities, Barton was appointed Professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1789, lecturing on botany, materia medica, and natural history. A prolific author, he established his reputation as one of the nation's preeminent botanists through his botanical text book The Elements of Botany (1803), but his contributions to zoology, ethnology, and medicine were equally noteworthy. Barton's monograph on the "fascinating faculty" of the rattlesnake and his efforts in historical linguistics ( New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America, 1798) were widely read, and his Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal (1804-1809) was one of the nation's first medical journals and an important outlet for natural historical research.

Benjamin Smith Barton was born in 1766 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. His parents were the Anglican priest Thomas Barton and his wife Esther Rittenhouse, sister of the celebrated astronomer David Rittenhouse (1732-1796, APS 1768). Barton spent the early years of his life near Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where his father ministered to the Native Americans. He studied at an academy in York. After he was orphaned at age fourteen he lived with his older brother in Philadelphia.

He evidently began his medical training in 1784 with Dr. William Shippen, Jr. (1736-1808, APS 1768), the Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania). The following year he accompanied his uncle David Rittenhouse on an expedition to survey the western boundary of Pennsylvania. In 1786 Barton entered Edinburgh University under the recommendation of his mentors in Philadelphia, including Benjamin Rush (1745-1813, APS 1768). Ingratiating himself personally and distinguishing himself professionally, Barton joined both the Edinburgh Natural History Society and the Royal Medical Society, receiving the latter's Harveian Prize for his work on Hyosciannus niger, the black henbane. He also served as the Society’s president from 1787 to 1788. In addition, the College of Pennsylvania awarded him an honorary M.A. in 1787. That year he also published his study of Indian mounds of North America, titled Observations on some Parts of Natural History . Such early signs of success, however, soon turned sour. By the winter of 1788, Barton withdrew from Edinburgh, claiming that he had been neglected by his professors, although it is equally plausible that he had worn out his welcome through his penchant for borrowing, and not readily repaying, money from colleagues, and perhaps from the Royal Medical Society.

Whatever the cause of Barton's departure from Edinburgh, depart he did, winding up in either the Netherlands or Germany by the fall of 1788 with no medical degree in hand. Later in life, Barton claimed to have taken a degree at the prestigious University of Göttingen, and when he was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in January 1789, he was listed as Benjamin Smith Barton, M.D. However Göttingen has no record of granting a degree to Barton, and the timing makes it unlikely that he did: Barton returned to America during the fall of 1789 to become Professor of Natural History and Botany at the College of Philadelphia, a position he held until 1813. From 1796 to 1813, he was also Professor of Materia Medica, and from 1813 until his death in 1815, he served as Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine and physician at the Pennsylvania Hospital. He received an honorary M.D. from the University of Kiel in 1796.

In Philadelphia, Barton rapidly established a reputation as one of the preeminent botanists in the nation, and he was frequently engaged as a public lecturer on scientific topics. His interest in systematic botany, materia medica, and Native American uses of plants blossomed into his best known and most popular work, The Elements of Botany; or, Outlines of the Natural History of Vegetables (1803), the first American botanical textbook. Impressed with the broad range of scholarship in the book, Thomas Jefferson asked Barton to assist Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809, APS 1803) in his scientific preparation for the Corps of Discovery. He was the recipient of the first plant specimens returned from the expedition, and, after Lewis' untimely death in 1809, Barton assisted in analyzing the natural historical results of the expedition. However, a natural history book on the expedition promised by Barton was never completed.

From his days at Edinburgh, Barton's interests were never strictly confined to botany nor contained within the walls of the academy. Throughout his tenure at the College of Philadelphia, he offered public lectures on all aspects of natural history, tailoring some to a specifically female audience. His research was both creative and original, reflecting an advanced understanding of the current state of Anglo-American scholarship. His brilliant Memoir Concerning the Fascinating Faculty Which Has been Ascribed to the Rattle-Snake (1796), for example, was an examination of the reputed power of rattlesnakes to fascinate their prey, and as such touched not only upon anatomy and zoology, but upon the nature of perception and the relation of body and mind. He also turned his attention to the mastodon, chemistry, mineralogy, meteorology, and electricity.

Most famously, Barton followed his mentor Benjamin Rush in becoming an important early national theorist of race, and he became consumed by his research into the culture, history, archaeology, and biology of American Indians. His Hints on the Etymology of Certain English Words and on Their Affinity to Words in the Languages of Different European, Asiatic and American (Indian) Nations, in a Letter... to Thomas Beddoes (1803) was an early effort in comparative linguistics that drew comparisons between American Indian languages and Welsh, and his New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America (1798) was well received.

Even as his scientific and academic reputations burgeoned, Barton maintained an active medical practice as a member of the staff of the Pennsylvania Hospital. Perhaps his major contribution to medicine was as editor of the Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal (1804-1809), one of the nation's earliest medical journals and an important source for scholarly work in natural history.

However, Barton was not without his detractors. Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827, APS 1786), among others, accused him of concealing sources of his work. Peale believed that Barton had held on to specimens intended for his museum, and even when it turned out that the shipment had simply been delayed, he did not alter his conviction that Barton "never scrupled to take the feathers of others to enrich his own plumage." Another cause for criticism was Barton’s description and naming of a plant that André Michaux (1749-1802) had found in Virginia and given to John Bartram (1699-1777, APS 1768). Perhaps most significantly in a community of scientists that was characterized by a willingness to exchange information and specimens, Barton was reluctant to share.

Barton drew accolades for his work, beginning with his election to the American Philosophical Society in 1789. He served as the Society’s vice president from 1802 to 1815, contributed actively to the Transactions, and was awarded the Magellanic Premium in 1804. He was also inducted as a member of numerous American and foreign societies, including the Linnaean Society of London, the Swedish Royal Academy of Science, the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, the Danish Royal Society of Sciences, the Royal Danish Medical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Massachusetts Historical Society, and a founder and first president of the Philadelphia Linnaean Society (1806). In 1809 he was elected president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, a position he held until his death.

In the spring of 1815, Barton traveled to Europe, possibly in an effort to improve his deteriorating health. He had been suffering from gout and hemorrhages for most of his life. However, the voyage did not bring the benefits he had hoped for. He died in New York City in December 1815, only a few weeks after his return. By the time of his death at age 49, Barton had become one of the best known citizens in the city of Philadelphia, one of the leaders in American medical education, and one of the more controversial figures in American natural history. He was survived by his wife of 18 years, Mary Pennington, and two children, Sarah Barton and Thomas Pennant Barton.

From the guide to the Benjamin Smith Barton journals ; notebooks, 1785-1806, 1785-1806, (American Philosophical Society)

By the time of his death at age 49, Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) had become one of the best known citizens in the city of Philadelphia, one of the leaders in American medical education, and one of the more controversial figures in American natural history.

Although it is clear, as he maintained, that Barton received training in medicine at elite European universities, the details of his medical education are at best murky. In 1786, Barton entered Edinburgh University under the recommendation of his mentors in Philadelphia, including Benjamin Rush. Ingratiating himself personally and distinguishing himself professionally, Barton joined both the Edinburgh Natural History Society and the Royal Medical Society, receiving the latter's Harveian Prize for his work on Hyosciannus niger, the black henbane. Such early signs of success, however, soon turned sour. By the winter of 1788, Barton withdrew from Edinburgh, claiming that he had been neglected by his professors, although it is equally plausible that he had worn out his welcome through his penchant for borrowing, and not readily repaying, money from colleagues, and perhaps from the Royal Medical Society.

Whatever the cause of Barton's departure from Edinburgh, depart he did, winding up in either the Netherlands or Germany by the fall of 1788 with no medical degree in hand. Later in life, Barton claimed to have taken a degree at the prestigious University of Göttingen, and when he was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in January 1789, he was listed as Benjamin Smith Barton, M.D. However Göttingen has no record of granting a degree to Barton, and the timing makes it unlikely that he did: Barton returned to America during the fall of 1789 to become Professor of Botany at the College of Philadelphia. He received an M.D. from the University of Kiel in 1796.

In Philadelphia, Barton rapidly established a reputation as one of the preeminent botanists in the nation. His interest in systematic botany, materia medica, and Native American uses of plants blossomed into his best known and most popular work, The Elements of Botany; or, Outlines of the Natural History of Vegetables (Philadelphia, 1803), the first American botanical textbook. Impressed with the broad range of scholarship in the book, Thomas Jefferson asked Barton to assist Meriwether Lewis in his scientific preparation for the Corps of Discovery, and after Lewis' untimely death in 1809, Barton assisted in analyzing the natural historical results of the expedition. He was frequently engaged as a public lecturer on scientific topics during the first decade and a half of the 19th century.

From his days at Edinburgh, Barton's interests were never strictly confined to botany nor contained within the walls of the academy. Throughout his tenure at the College of Philadelphia, he offered public lectures on all aspects of natural history, tailoring some to a specifically female audience. His research was both creative and original, reflecting an advanced understanding of the current state of Anglo-American scholarship. His brilliant Memoir Concerning the Fascinating Faculty Which Has been Ascribed to the Rattle-Snake (Philadelphia, 1796), for example, was an examination of the reputed power of rattlesnakes to fascinate their prey, and as such touched not only upon anatomy and zoology, but upon the nature of perception and the relation of body and mind. He turned his attention, as well to the mastodon, chemistry, mineralogy, meteorology, and electricity.

Most famously, Barton followed his mentor Benjamin Rush in becoming an important early national theorist of race, and became consumed by his research into the culture, history, archaeology, and biology of American Indians. His Hints on the Etymology of Certain English Words and on Their Affinity to Words in the Languages of Different European, Asiatic and American (Indian) Nations, in a Letter... to Thomas Beddoes (Philadelphia, 1803) was an early effort in comparative linguistics that drew comparisons between American Indian languages and Welsh, and his New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America (Philadelphia, 1798) was well received.

Even as his scientific and academic reputations burgeoned, Barton maintained an active medical practice as a member of the staff of the Pennsylvania Hospital. Perhaps his major contribution to medicine was as editor of the Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal (1804-1809), one of the nation's earliest medical journals and an important source for scholarly work in natural history.

Barton drew accolades for his work, beginning with his election to the American Philosophical Society in 1789 (vice president, 1802-1815). He was also inducted as a member of the Linnaean Society of London, the Swedish Royal Academy of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Philadelphia Linnaean Society (president, 1806), and the Philadelphia Medical Society. He died from tuberculosis in New York City in 1815, leaving behind his wife of 18 years, Mary Penington.

From the guide to the Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection, 1783-1817, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes on Dr. Barton's lectures on botany / notes by William Elmer, 1809. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Patterson family. Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf [Benjamin Smith Barton, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Journals ; notebooks, 1785-1806. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1606-1943, (bulk 1775-1826) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Materia medica : unpublished manuscript. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Thomas Jefferson papers, 1606-1943 (bulk 1775-1826). Library of Congress
referencedIn Black, Samuel H. (Samuel Henry), 1782-1827. Samuel H. Black notes on medical lectures, 1803-1804. Historical Society of Delaware
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Barton's lectures, 1811 : University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / William Baird Westmore. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. Letters recieved, 1827 July 31-1839 July 19. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Rittenhouse Family. Papers, 1774-1932. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876,. Letters, 1789-1858. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Letter, 1794 June 2, Philadelphia, to J. Belknap, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins). Letters patent : to Augustus Porter and Benjamin Barton, 1814 June 27 and 1816 Nov. 19. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Brown, Charles. Charles Brown correspondence, 1796 September 28. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Journal of a botanical excursion in the Northeastern parts of Pennsylvania and in the state of New York, 1807, 1807 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Mitchell, Thomas Duché, 1791-1865. Notes on the lectures of Dr. Benj. S. Barton, Professor of Materia Medica, Natural History, and Botany in the University of Pennsylvania, 1809-1810 / taken by Tho. D. Mitchell. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Rush family papers, 1748-1876 Library Company of Philadelphia
creatorOf Benjamin Smith Barton journals ; notebooks, 1785-1806, 1785-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. [Lectures] Notes on the materia medica from the lectures of B.S. Barton MD. Professor of Materia medica, Natural history, and botany in the University of Pennsylvania, 1808-1809. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1803 February 18, n.p., to [Benjamin Hawkins], n.p. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Sproat, Amasa D. Notebook / Amasa D. Sproat. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853. Medical opinions : [Philadelphia] / by Nathaniel Chapman, Dorsey, Barton, and James, 1814-1815. National Library of Medicine
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes from Dr. Barton's lectures on natural history, or zoology, 1809-1910. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Pursh, Frederick, 1774-1820. Journal of a botanical excursion in the Northeastern parts of Pennsylvania and in the state of New York, 1807. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Alison, Robert, d.1854. Notes on the lectures of B.S. Barton, M.D., 1815 / Robert Alison. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Letters, 1790-1794, to Thomas Pennant. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin, b. 1771. Letter book and account book, 1813-1815. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Letter, 1794 February 22, Philadelphia, to Jeremy Belknap, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Joseph Priestley Papers, 1771-1803 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wharton family. Wharton family papers, 1679-1891 (bulk 1730-1780). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Materia Medica. Harvard University, Medical School, Countway Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Lectures, 1810. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Lectures on materia medica, [between 1806 and 1812]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection, 1783-1817 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society. Selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Institutes of medicine : [Philadelphia] / by Dr. Benjamin Barton ; Lectures on surgery / by Drs. Physick and Dorsey, 1813-1815. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rittenhouse family papers, 1774-1932, 1774-1932 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Benjamin Smith Barton lecture notes, 1810-1823. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Benjamin Smith Barton papers, 1802-1938. Library of Congress
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection, 1784-1828 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages, 1798-1821 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876, Circa 1809-1876 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Papers, 1778-1813. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Betton, Samuel, 1786-1850. Samuel Betton's notes on Dr. Barton's lectures, 1803-1804. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Wheeler, Frank S. (Frank St.torer), 1876-1940. Frank Storer Wheeler letter and memoranda regarding Niagara River lands, 1923 Jan 31. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Torrey, John,. Autograph letters, 1744-1894, of naturalists. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Correspondence, 1786-1815. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn David Rittenhouse Papers, 1774-1932 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853. Notes from Dr. Barton's Lectures on materia medica, 1798-1799, taken by Nathaniel Chapman Jr. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes of Barton's lectures on botany, Spring, 1805. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1796-1809. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes on the materia medica from the lectures of B.S. Barton, M.D., 1808-1809. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen letters and documents, 1787-1888, 1787-1888 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Elmer, William, 1788-1836. Materia medica, [1810-1811]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Vater, Johann Severin, 1771-1826. An enquiry into the origin of the population of America from the old continent, [ca. 1820]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Barton-Delafield Collection, 1789-1815 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes from medical lectures by Benjamin Smith Barton : [Philadelphia], [ca. 1814]. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823. Letters, 1787-1806. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Manasseh Cutler papers, 1787-1806, 1787-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Papers on medicine, 1792-1810. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Van Derveer, Henry, 1791-1874. Notes from a course of lectures on the Institutes and Practice of Medicine delivered in the University of Pennsylvania by Benjamin Smith Barton, M.D., 1814. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Volumes, 1791-1812 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. American Indian materials, 1789-1813. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Miscellaneous papers, 1788-1815. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Papers on botany, 1796-1812 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine, 1731-1871 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Joseph Carson letters, 1789-1858, 1789-1858 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. ALS : Philadelphia, to an unidentified correspondent, [no year] Nov. 27. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Smith, Edgar Fahs, 1854-1928. Papers and addresses, together with biographical notices and memorial services [Collected and bound together by Dr. B.F. Fackenthal]. Franklin & Marshall College, F&M
creatorOf Briscoe, John Hanson, 1789-1855. Papers, 1808-1841 (bulk 1808-1814). University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn An enquiry into the origin of the population of America from the old continent, [ca. 1820], Circa 1820 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Coates, Joseph, 1794-1832. Certificate of honorary membership in the Philadelphia Medical Society, 1815 Feb. 25. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes taken from the lectures of Doctor Barton on the practice of physick, as delivered in the University, [between 1813 and 1815]. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Papers, 1786-1815 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Notes on the lectures of materia medica, 1811 [i.e. 1812] : University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / taken by William Baird Westmore. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Lectures on materia medica; Benjamin S. Barton, M.D. Prof. of materia medica, natural history and botany in the University of Pennsylvania, 1802-1803. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
referencedIn Briscoe, John Hanson, 1789-1855. Lectures on medicine : manuscript, [ca. 1815-1825]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. Letters and documents, 1787-1888. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Lectures on materia medica by Dr. Barton, 1806-1807. College of Physicians of Philadelphia
creatorOf Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Lecture Notes, 1813-1815. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Albers, Johann Abraham, 1772-1821. person
associatedWith Alison, Francis, 1705-1779 person
associatedWith Alison, Robert, d.1854. person
associatedWith American Linnean Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Historical & Literary Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. Membership. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, Matthew. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. person
associatedWith Bard, John, 1716-1799 person
associatedWith Barton, Edward, fl. 1815. person
associatedWith Barton: Matthias? person
associatedWith Barton, Richard P. person
associatedWith Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786-1856. person
associatedWith Bartram, John, 1699-1777. person
associatedWith Bartram, William, 1739-1823. person
associatedWith Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798. person
associatedWith Berkenkamp, Johann-Christoph person
associatedWith Betton, Samuel, 1786-1850. person
associatedWith Black, Samuel H. (Samuel Henry), 1782-1827. person
associatedWith Blanchard, Jean-Pierre, 1753-1809 person
associatedWith Bogen, John Henry. person
associatedWith Bond, Thomas, 1712-1784 person
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1777-1859. person
associatedWith Briscoe, John Hanson, 1789-1855. person
associatedWith Brisson, Mathurin-Jacques, 1723-1806. person
associatedWith Brown, Charles. person
associatedWith Capieux, Johann-Stephan person
associatedWith Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876, person
associatedWith Chapman, Nathaniel, 1780-1853. person
associatedWith Clayton, John, 1686-1773. person
associatedWith Coates, Joseph, 1794-1832. person
associatedWith Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776 person
associatedWith College of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith College of Physicians of Philadelphia. corporateBody
associatedWith Collin, Nicholas, 1746-1831 person
associatedWith Collin, Rev. Dr. person
associatedWith Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768 person
associatedWith Conrad, John. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Currie, William, 1754-1828 person
associatedWith Cutbush, James, 1788-1823. person
associatedWith Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Denke, Christian Frederick, 1775-1838 person
associatedWith Dorsey, John Syng, 1783-1818. person
associatedWith Drayton, John. person
associatedWith Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844, person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Elmer, William, 1788-1836. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Fothergill, A. (Anthony), 1732?-1813. person
associatedWith Fothergill, John, 1712-1780 person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Glover, Joseph, 1778-1840. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Gregg, Amos. person
associatedWith Haines, William? person
associatedWith Hamilton person
associatedWith Hamilton, Andrew. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Thomas. person
associatedWith Harden, Jane LeConte person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Harris, James. person
associatedWith Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. person
associatedWith Hewson, William, 1739-1774 person
associatedWith Hopkins, John Henry, 1792-1868 person
associatedWith Hunter, John, 1728-1793. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Kilburn, Lawrence person
associatedWith Klein, Jakob Theodor. person
associatedWith Krandman, O. person
associatedWith Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 1764-1820. person
associatedWith L'École de medecine de Paris. corporateBody
associatedWith L'Heritier, Charles Latour person
associatedWith L'Héritier de Brutelle, Charles Louis, 1746-1800. person
associatedWith Linné, Carl von, 1707-1778. person
associatedWith Maclure, William, 1763-1840. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith McAtee, W. L. (Waldo Lee), 1883-1962, person
associatedWith McClurg, James, ca. 1746-1823 person
associatedWith Medical Society of London. corporateBody
associatedWith Melish, John person
associatedWith Meyer, Friedrich Detlef. person
associatedWith Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. person
associatedWith Middleton, Peter, 1752-1781 person
associatedWith Mitchell, Thomas Duché, 1791-1865. person
associatedWith Mitchill, Samuel L., (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831 person
associatedWith Muhlenberg, Gotthilf Henrich Ernst, 1753-1815 person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith New York (State). Governor (1807-1817 : Tompkins) corporateBody
associatedWith Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen. corporateBody
associatedWith Nunes, Abraham I. person
associatedWith Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859. person
associatedWith Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose-Marie-François-Joseph, 1752-1820 person
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson family. family
associatedWith Patterson, Robert Maskell. person
associatedWith Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. person
associatedWith Peale's Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Pemberton, John. person
associatedWith Pennant, Thomas, 1726-1798. person
associatedWith Pennsylvania Hospital (Philadelphia, PA). corporateBody
associatedWith Penn, William, 1644-1718. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Medical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Physick, Philip Syng, 1768-1837. person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. person
associatedWith Potter, Nathaniel person
associatedWith Potter, Nathaniel, 1770-1843. person
associatedWith Priestley, Joseph, 1733-1804 person
associatedWith Priestly, Joseph, 1733-1804. person
associatedWith Pursh, Frederick, 1774-1820. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1843. person
associatedWith Ramsay, David, 1749-1815 person
associatedWith Redoute, Pierre Joseph person
associatedWith Ridinger, J. E. person
associatedWith Riley, Lyman W. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse Family. family
associatedWith Robertson, Felix. person
associatedWith Rose, Abigail, Mrs. person
associatedWith Rush family
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. person
associatedWith Rush, Frederick. person
associatedWith Rush, James, 1786-1869 person
associatedWith Saint-Georges, Joseph Boulogne, chevalier de, d. 1799. person
associatedWith Saunders, William, 1743-1817. person
associatedWith Schley, J. V person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Showalter, Jerry N. person
associatedWith Smith, Edgar Fahs, 1854-1928. person
associatedWith Smith, James Edward person
associatedWith Smith, William, 1727-1803 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Spotswood, Mr. person
associatedWith Sproat, Amasa D. person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Swan, Caleb. person
associatedWith Swan, Caleb. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Tilesius von Tilenau, Wilhelm Gottfried person
associatedWith Torrey, John, person
associatedWith Turpin, P. J. F., (Pierre Jean François), 1775-1840 person
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of Medicine - Faculty. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. Medical College. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine corporateBody
associatedWith Valentine, L. person
associatedWith Van Derveer, Henry, 1791-1874. person
associatedWith Vater, Johann Severin, 1771-1826. person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wellcome Historical Medical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith West, Benjamin, 1730-1813. person
associatedWith Westmore, William Baird. person
associatedWith Wharton family. family
associatedWith Wheeler, Frank S. (Frank St.torer), 1876-1940 person
associatedWith Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818 person
associatedWith Zimmermann, Eberhard August Wilhelm von, 1743-1815. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
Tlaxcala (Mexico)
Virginia
Fort Pitt (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
United States
New York (State)
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Virginia
Pennsylvania
Niagara Frontier (N.Y.)
New Jersey
New York (State)
Ohio
Virginia
New York
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Pennsylvania
America
Ohio
Virginia
Virginia
Virginia
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
North America
Hudson River (N.Y. and N.J.)
Virgin Islands of the United States
Hudson River (N.Y.)
New Jersey
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
United States
New York (State)
Pennsylvania
New York (State)
United States
Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.)
Buffalo (N.Y.)
Subject
Epidemics
Travel
Dysentery
Emetics
Surveying--Ohio
Physicians
Rabies
Botany--Lecture notes
Natural history Classification
Mammoths
Indians of North America--Agriculture
Diuretics
Stimulants
Kaskaskia Indians
Materia medica
Botanists
Clinical medicine
Zoology
Seneca Indians
Meteors
Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796
Botany--England
Botany--Europe
Botany--United States
Iroquoian Indians
Water
Meteorology--United States--18th century
Botany
Medicine--Practice
Natural history--18th century
Surveying
Paleontology
Voyages and travels
Seminole Indians
Printing and Publishing
Astronomy
Chemistry
Medicine--Practice--18th century
Yellow fever
Kaigana Indians
Ethnobotany
Anthropometry
Ornithology
Medicine
Botany--Study and teaching--19th century
Native America
Ammonia
Botany--Research
Birds
Sexually transmitted diseases
Pennsylvania History
Natural history--19th century
Rattlesnake
Surveying and Maps
Plants
Meteorology--Observations
Colony and State Specific History
Geology
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Mammals
Zoology--Europe
Medical education--United States
Geology--18th century
Shrubs
Zoology Research
Indians--Origin
Insects
Frontier and pioneer life
Medicine--lecture notes
Cherokee Indians--Language
Natural history
Laxatives
General Surgery--Lectures
Chemistry--18th century
Kaskaskian Indians
Medicine--Study and teaching--18th century
Osage Indians--Languages
Phytogeography
Mineralogy
Botany--Virginia
Emmenagogues
Medicine--Formulae, receipts, prescriptions--19th century
Astringents
Eastern Woodlands Indians
Choctaw Indians
Tuscarora Indians
Land settlement
Trees
Mastodon
Coal
Indians of North America
Mineralogy--Research
Cherokee language
Narcotics
Literature, Arts, and Culture
Physics
Mandan Indians
Cherokee Indians
Anthelmintics
Muskogean Indians
Zoology--United States
Tlaxcalan Indians
Indians of North America--Languages
Science and technology
Mammals--Classification
Dyes and dyeing
Pharmacology--history
Electricity
Medicine--Study and teaching
Business and Skilled Trades
Opossums
Tonics (Medical preparations)
Surveying--Pennsylvania
Medicine--Study and teaching--19th century
Medicine--Lectures
Electricity--18th century
Fever
Education
Therapeutics
Indians of South America
Venereal disease
Anthropology--Research
University of Pennsylvania--Faculty
Osage language
Blisters
Quakers
Corn
Siouan Indians
Physicians--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Language and Linguistics
Yellow fever--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--1793
Pharmacology
Fishes
Zoology--England
Gout
Zoology--18th century
Gardens
Literature--History and criticism
Occupation
Scientists
Naturalist
Physicians
Function

Person

Birth 1766-02-10

Death 1815-12-19

Americans

English

Information

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