Michaux, François-André 1770-1855

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French botanist and traveler. The son of botanist Andre Michaux (1746-1802), he made several visits to the United States. In February 1806 he embarked on a sea voyage for Charleston (S.C.) but was captured by the British en route and detained in the Bermudas. He arrived in the United States in May 1806 and spent three years in America in study and travel. Among his published writings was a study of American forest trees.

From the description of Letter : New York, [N.Y.], to "Monsieur," 1806 Oct. 21. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36865674

Franc̜ois André Michaux was a French botanist, silviculturist, and traveler. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society.

From the description of Papers, 1802-1911. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122380107

François André Michaux was a French botanist, silviculturist, and traveler. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1809.

From the description of Essays, 1820, 1849. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 86165459

François André Michaux (1770-1855, APS 1809) was a French botanist, silviculturist, and explorer. With his father André he established and managed nurseries in Hackensack, N.J. and Charleston. S.C.. His primary scientific contributions were more practical than his father’s. He described the properties and uses of various woods, plants, soils. His major works were Voyage à l’Ouest des Monts Alléghanys (Paris, 1804) and The North American Sylva; or, A Description of the Forest Trees . . . Considered Particularly with Respect to Their Use in the Arts and Their Introduction inot Commerce, 3 vols. (Paris, 1818-1819).

Michaux was born at Satory near Versailles, France on August 16, 1770, the son of André Michaux, a botanist and his wife Cécile Claye. In 1785 he accompanied his father to the United States to establish a botanical nursery in Hackensack, N.J., where they grew trees for shipment to France. In 1787 he assumed primary responsibility for managing a second nursery near Charleston, S.C.. Also in 1787 Michaux explored the Tennessee Valley, Florida and the Bahamas. In 1790 he returned to France to begin the study of medicine while participating in the French Revolution. Six years later in 1796 he helped his father to cultivate the plants brought back from America. In 1801 he returned to the United States under a commission from the French government to dismantle and sell the nurseries in Hackensack and Charleston. The following year he traveled from Philadelphia to Kentucky and Tennessee before returning to France in 1803. In 1806 he was back in the United States, collecting trees for France. In 1809 he explored the eastern states from Maine to Georgia and the Great Lakes. After returning to France, he prepared his monumental North American Sylva; or, A Description of the Forest Trees . . . Considered Particularly with Respect to Their Use in the Arts and Their Introduction inot Commerce, 3 vols. (Paris, 1818-1819). Afterward, he spent the rest of his life working as the administrator of an experimental estate belonging to the Société Centrale de l’Agriculture.

Michaux, whose scientific endeavors were practical in nature, examined and described the characteristics and uses of various woods. He became a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1809 and received the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He married late in life and had no children. Michaux died on October 23, 1855.

From the guide to the Francois Andre Michaux Collection, 1900, (American Philosophical Society)

François André Michaux (1770-1855, APS 1809) was a French botanist, silviculturist, and explorer. With his father André he established and managed nurseries in Hackensack, N.J. and Charleston. S.C. His primary scientific contributions were more practical than his father’s. He described the properties and uses of various woods, plants, and soils. His major works were Voyage à l’Ouest des Monts Alléghanys (1804) and The North American Sylva; or, A Description of the Forest Trees... (1818-1819).

Michaux was born at Satory near Versailles, France, on August 16, 1770, the son of botanist André Michaux and his wife Cécile Claye. His mother died during childbirth. In 1785 he accompanied his father to the United States to establish a botanical nursery in Hackensack, N.J., where they grew trees for shipment to France. In 1787 he assumed primary responsibility for managing a second nursery near Charleston, S.C. Also in 1787 Michaux explored the Tennessee Valley, Florida and the Bahamas. In 1790 he returned to France to begin the study of medicine while participating in the French Revolution. Six years later in 1796 he helped his father to cultivate the plants brought back from America. In 1801 he returned to the United States under a commission from the French government to dismantle and sell the nurseries in Hackensack and Charleston. The following year he traveled from Philadelphia to Kentucky and Tennessee before returning to France in 1803. In 1806 he was back in the United States, collecting trees for France. In 1809 he explored the eastern states from Maine to Georgia and the Great Lakes. After returning to France, he prepared his monumental North American Sylva ; he subsequently worked as the administrator of an experimental estate belonging to the Société Centrale de l’Agriculture.

Michaux, whose scientific endeavors were practical in nature, examined and described the characteristics and uses of various woods. He became a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1809 and received the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He married late in life and had no children. Michaux died on October 23, 1855.

From the guide to the Francois André Michaux papers, 1802-1911, 1802-1911, (American Philosophical Society)

François André Michaux (1770-1855, APS 1809) was a French botanist, silviculturist, and explorer. With his father André he established and managed nurseries in Hackensack, N.J. and Charleston. S.C.. His primary scientific contributions were more practical than his father’s. He described the properties and uses of various woods, plants, soils. His major works were Voyage à l’Ouest des Monts Alléghanys (Paris, 1804) and The North American Sylva; or, A Description of the Forest Trees ... Considered Particularly with Respect to Their Use in the Arts and Their Introduction into Commerce, 3 vols. (Paris, 1818-1819).

Michaux was born at Satory near Versailles, France on August 16, 1770, the son of André Michaux, a botanist and his wife Cécile Claye. In 1785 he accompanied his father to the United States to establish a botanical nursery in Hackensack, N.J., where they grew trees for shipment to France. In 1787 he assumed primary responsibility for managing a second nursery near Charleston, S.C.. Also in 1787 Michaux explored the Tennessee Valley, Florida and the Bahamas. In 1790 he returned to France to begin the study of medicine while participating in the French Revolution. Six years later in 1796 he helped his father to cultivate the plants brought back from America. In 1801 he returned to the United States under a commission from the French government to dismantle and sell the nurseries in Hackensack and Charleston. The following year he traveled from Philadelphia to Kentucky and Tennessee before returning to France in 1803. In 1806 he was back in the United States, collecting trees for France. In 1809 he explored the eastern states from Maine to Georgia and the Great Lakes. After returning to France, he prepared his monumental North American Sylva; or, A Description of the Forest Trees . . . Considered Particularly with Respect to Their Use in the Arts and Their Introduction inot Commerce, 3 vols. (Paris, 1818-1819). Afterward, he spent the rest of his life working as the administrator of an experimental estate belonging to the Société Centrale de l’Agriculture.

Michaux, whose scientific endeavors were practical in nature, examined and described the characteristics and uses of various woods. He became a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1809 and received the Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He married late in life and had no children. Michaux died on October 23, 1855.

From the guide to the Francois André Michaux essays, 1820, 1849, 1820-1849, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIb, 1807-1825 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Elliott, Stephen, 1771-1830. Papers of Stephen Elliott, 1791-1829 (inclusive). Harvard University, Botany Libraries
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours family. Papers relating to the American Philosophical Society, 1800-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Letter, 1813 Dec. 14, Monticello [to] François André Michaux. Lloyd Library & Museum, Lloyd Library
referencedIn Lea, Isaac, 1792-1886. Unio / Isaac Lea. American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society. Selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. Papers on botany, 1796-1812 (bulk). American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Francois André Michaux essays, 1820, 1849, 1820-1849 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. Letters, 1794-1817. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Francois André Michaux papers, 1802-1911, 1802-1911 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Jackson, Henry, 1778-1840. Henry Jackson papers, 1800-1840. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Papers of Stephen Elliot 1808-1828 Gray Herbarium Library
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn André Michaux letters and papers, 1783-1890, 1783-1890 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn C. W. (Caspar Wistar) Pennock papers, 1829-1891, 1829-1891 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Michaux, François Andrʹe, 1770-1855. Letter to Chandler Robbins. [s.l.] [18--] Nov. 1. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Pennock, Caspar Wistar, 1801-1867. Papers, 1829-1891. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Essays, 1820, 1849. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Papers, 1775-1935. Houghton Library
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter to Chandler Robbins. [s.l.]. 1819 Feb. 9. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter to Chandler Robbins. Paris, France. 1819 June 5. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Papers, 1802-1911. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Savage, Henry, 1903-1990. Henry Savage papers, 1927-1994 (bulk 1933-1986). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. An abridgement of the North American sylva, or, A description of the forest trees of the United States, Canada & Nova Scotia ... / F. Andrew Michaux [manuscript copy], 1837. Historic Deerfield Library
referencedIn Papers of Stephen Elliot 1808-1828 Gray Herbarium Library
creatorOf Francois Andre Michaux Collection, 1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Michaux, André, 1746-1802. Letters and papers, 1783-1890. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953,. The Eleuthera Bradford du Pont Collection, 1799-1834. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter to Chandler Robbins. [s.l.]. 1818 [?]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Botanical illustrations by Jacob Bigelow, 1813-1819? (inclusive) Gray Herbarium Library
referencedIn Benjamin Vaughan Papers, 1746-1900 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Rolla Kent Beattie Papers, 1899-1956 Washington State University Libraries: Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
referencedIn Wellcome Historical Medical Society selected letters, 1731-1871, relating to American medicine, 1731-1871 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Letters of scientists, 1655-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter : New York, [N.Y.], to "Monsieur," 1806 Oct. 21. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter, 1817 July 9, [Paris?], to George Ticknor, [Paris?]. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Michaux, André, 1746-1802. Letters to André Thouin, 1786-1807. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Michaux, François André, 1770-1855. Letter to Chandler Robbins. [s.l.]. 1819 Jan. 27. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours family. Papers relating to the American Philosophical Society, 1800-1894, 1800-1894 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Caspar Wistar Papers, 1794-1817 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Académie française. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society Committee on Michaux legacy corporateBody
associatedWith Avril Printing Company person
correspondedWith Barlow, Joel, 1754-1812 person
associatedWith Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815. person
associatedWith Beattie, R. Kent (Rolla Kent), b. 1875 person
associatedWith Belair, Lewis D. person
associatedWith Beslay, E. person
associatedWith Beziers, Adolphe person
associatedWith Beziers, Madame Michaux person
associatedWith Bigelow, Jacob, 1787-1879 person
associatedWith Birkinbine, John person
associatedWith Bossange, Gustave person
associatedWith Bossange, Hector person
associatedWith Bossange, Hector, et fils person
associatedWith Brown, Arthur Erwin, b. 1850 person
associatedWith Cambridge botanical supply co. corporateBody
associatedWith Carlier, Auguste, 1803-1890 person
associatedWith Conrad, Solomon White, 1779-1831 person
associatedWith Dobson, Judah person
associatedWith Drexel, Harjes & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Dunglison, Robley, 1798-1869 person
associatedWith Dunlap, Thomas person
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours family family
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours family. family
associatedWith Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953, person
associatedWith Durand, Elias, 1794-1873 person
associatedWith Elliott, Stephen, 1771-1830. person
associatedWith Eyries Freres & Cie. corporateBody
associatedWith Fairmount Park Commission (Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Fairmount Park (Philadelphia, Pa.). corporateBody
associatedWith Fay, Richard Sullivan person
associatedWith Fernow, B. E. (Bernhard Eduard), 1851-1923 person
associatedWith Fisher, Henry M. person
associatedWith Fraley, F., (Frederick), 1804-1901 person
associatedWith France, Pontoise. Sheriff of person
associatedWith Frazer, Persifor, 1844-1909 person
associatedWith Germain, A., (Alexandre), 1809-1887 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Grégoire, Henri, 1750-1831 person
associatedWith Hallowell, Sarah Catherine Fraley person
associatedWith Heilprin, Angelo, 1853-1907 person
associatedWith Himely, John James person
associatedWith Howe, Hezekiah, 1775-1838 person
associatedWith Institut royal de France. Classe d’histoire et de littérature ancienne corporateBody
correspondedWith Jackson, Henry, 1778-1840. person
correspondedWith Jacob Bigelow, 1786-1879 person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith King, Edward, d. 1873 person
associatedWith Lea, Isaac, 1792-1886. person
associatedWith LeRoy, Bayard & Co. (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Lesley, J. P., (J. Peter), 1819-1903 person
associatedWith Loring, Charles G. (Charles Greely), 1794-1867 person
associatedWith Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture person
associatedWith McClung, C. M. person
associatedWith Meehan, Thomas, 1826-1901 person
associatedWith Michaux, André, 1746-1802. person
associatedWith Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (France) corporateBody
associatedWith Pennock, Caspar Wistar, 1801-1867. person
associatedWith Philadelphia Evening Bulletin corporateBody
associatedWith Price, Eli K., (Eli Kirk), 1797-1884 person
associatedWith Price, John Sergeant, 1831-1897 person
associatedWith Putnam, Caroline Williams, b. 1825. person
associatedWith Rich, O., (Obadiah), 1777-1850 person
associatedWith Robbins, Chandler, 1796-1836, person
associatedWith Robinson, Moncure, 1802-1891 person
associatedWith Roper, T. W. person
associatedWith Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921 person
associatedWith Rothrock, Joseph T., 1839-1922 person
associatedWith Savage, Henry, 1903-1990. person
associatedWith Smith, Aubrey H, ca. 1813-1891 person
associatedWith Smith, J. Jay, (John Jay), 1798-1881 person
associatedWith Strong, William person
associatedWith Thayer, Russell person
associatedWith Ticknor, George, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Trego, Charles B., 1794-1874 person
associatedWith University of Vermont corporateBody
associatedWith Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835 person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841. person
associatedWith Wellcome Historical Medical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Williams, Edward H. Dr. person
associatedWith Williams family. family
associatedWith Williams, Helen Maria, b. 1819. person
associatedWith Williams, Stephen W. (Stephen West), 1790-1855. person
associatedWith Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818. person
associatedWith Wood, George B. (George Bacon), 1797-1879 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
North America
France
North America
France--Bayonne
Fairmount Park (Philadelphia, Pa.)
South Carolina
Subject
Trees
Forests and forestry--United States
Forests and forestry
Nurseries (Horticulture)--France
Trees--France--Bayonne
Trees--North America
Science and technology
Nurseries (Horticulture)
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1770-08-16

Death 1855-10-23

French

French

Information

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