Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899

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Othniel Charles Marsh was a paleontologist and was President of the National Academy of Science.

From the description of Papers, 1817-1899. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616238

From the guide to the Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899, 1817-1899, (American Philosophical Society)

Epithet: Professor of Palaeontology, Yale University

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001192.0x000383

Othniel Charles Marsh, born in Lockport, New York, in 1831, was the son of Caleb and Mary Peabody Marsh. When he was three years old his mother died of cholera, and thereafter her bachelor brother, George Peabody, assumed full financial responsibility for Othniel's education at Andover, Yale (class of 1860), and in Germany. When he returned to Yale in 1865, Marsh was appointed the first professor of paleontology in the western hemisphere and influenced his uncle, George Peabody, to provide funds for the construction of a Natural History Museum at Yale. While searching for fossils in the western states, Marsh's discoveries included an extinct bird with teeth and eighty new forms of dinosaurs. These won him acclaim at home and in Europe. Owing to the death at mid-term of the president of the National Academy of Science, Marsh became acting president from 1880-1883. He was then elected president for two successive six-year terms, filling that office for longer than any previous or subsequent incumbent. Marsh devoted so much of his inherited fortune to the collecting of specimens for Yale that at the end of his life he found himself forced to mortgage his Prospect Street home in New Haven. Never having married, he named Yale his sole beneficiary, but his estate amounted to very little, except for the $18,694 realized when the contents of his home were auctioned in New York. Marsh died in his New Haven home from pneumonia on March 18, 1899.

From the guide to the Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899, (Manuscripts and Archives)

American paleontologist.

From the description of A statement of affairs at Red Cloud Agency, 1874-1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122494779

From the guide to the A statement of affairs at Red Cloud Agency, 1874-1876, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Epithet: US palaeontologist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000471.0x000374

Othniel Charles Marsh, born in Lockport, New York, in 1831, was the son of Caleb and Mary Peabody Marsh. When he was three years old his mother died of cholera, and thereafter her bachelor brother, George Peabody, assumed full financial responsibility for Othniel's education at Andover, Yale (class of 1860), and in Germany. When he returned to Yale in 1865, Marsh was appointed the first professor of paleontology in the western hemisphere and influenced his uncle, George Peabody, to provide funds for the construction of a Natural History Museum at Yale. While searching for fossils in the western states, Marsh's discoveries included an extinct bird with teeth and eighty new forms of dinosaurs. These won him acclaim at home and in Europe. Owing to the death at mid-term of the president of the National Academy of Science, Marsh became acting president from 1880-1883. He was then elected president for two successive six-year terms, filling that office for longer than any previous or subsequent incumbent. Marsh devoted so much of his inherited fortune to the collecting of specimens for Yale that at the end of his life he found himself forced to mortgage his Prospect Street home in New Haven. Never having married, he named Yale his sole beneficiary, but his estate amounted to very little, except for the $18,694 realized when thecontents of his home were auctioned in New York. Marsh died in his New Haven home from pneumonia on March 18, 1899.

From the description of Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702205640

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Brewer, William Henry, 1828-1910. William Henry Brewer papers, 1830-1927 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. Rowland (Henry Augustus) papers, 1793-1970. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Douglass, Earl, 1862-1931. [Papers]. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
referencedIn Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903. Papers, 1826-1898. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence, 1869-1879, of the Powell Survey. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Banchi, Arturo. Embryology - Amphibians and fishes. [By] Dumeril, Weismann, Schwalbe, Herlitzka, King, B.G. Smith et al. The California Digital Library
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. [Collected papers]. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Marsh" to "Mills". Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. A statement of affairs at Red Cloud Agency, 1874-1876. American Primers
referencedIn Newcomb, Simon, 1835-1909. Papers of Simon Newcomb, 1854-1936 (bulk 1865-1909). Library of Congress
creatorOf Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence of John Wesley Powell, 1876-1902. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Vol. XXVII (ff. 207). 1898.includes:f. 1 Herbert Jenner-Fust, cricketer: Letters to Lord Avebury,: 1898-1900.f. 3 James Bell, Town Clerk of Leicester: Letter to Sir J. Lubbock: 1898: Signed.ff. 5, 8 Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount..., 1898 British Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIf, 1866-1886 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Geological Survey. 1839 - 2008. Biographical Notes Concerning Othniel Charles Marsh
creatorOf American Museum of Natural History. Dept. of Vertebrate Paleontology. Department of Vertebrate Paleontology correspondence, 1891-1906. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Geological Survey. 1839 - 2008. Records Concerning Othniel Charles Marsh
referencedIn Asaph Hall Papers, 1837-1983, (bulk 1860-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn John Wesley Powell correspondence, 1869-1879, of the Powell Survey, 1869-1879 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Hall, Asaph, 1829-1907. Asaph Hall papers, 1837-1983 (bulk 1860-1920). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lounsbury, Thomas Raynesford, 1838-1915. Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury papers, 1829-1915 (inclusive), 1856-1915 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Brush, George Jarvis, 1831-1912. George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960 (inclusive), 1834-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Millicent Todd Bingham papers, 1865-1968 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits, ca. 1852-ca. 2004 Harvard University Archives.
creatorOf Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899, 1817-1899 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Brush, George Jarvis, 1831-1912. George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960 (inclusive), 1834-1939 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Earl Douglass papers, 1879-1953 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
referencedIn J.P. Lesley Papers, 1826-1898 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Whitney, William Dwight, 1827-1894. William Dwight Whitney family papers, 1778-1951 (inclusive), 1814-1912 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. [Pamphlets on dinosaurs. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Jarvis Brush family papers, 1834-1960, 1834-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Whitney, William Dwight, 1827-1894. William Dwight Whitney family papers, 1778-1951 (inclusive), 1814-1912 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Theophil Mitchell Prudden papers, 1872-1925 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Prudden, T. Mitchell (Theophil Mitchell), 1849-1924. Theophil Mitchell Prudden papers, 1872-1925 (inclusive), 1896-1925 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Papers, 1817-1899. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn William Dwight Whitney family papers, 1778-1951, 1814-1912 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Vol. XXII (ff. 432). 1848-1878.includes:f. 1 Lewis Weston Dillwyn, MP; of Sketty Hall, county Glamorgan: Letter to A. R. Wallace: 1848. f. 2 James Motley, traveller in the E Indies: Letter to A. R. Wallace: 1858. f. 3 Thomas George Baring, 2nd Baro..., 1848-1878 British Library
referencedIn Bingham, Millicent Todd, 1880-1968. Millicent Todd Bingham papers, 1865-1968 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Willis, Edward, 1834-1910. Edward Willis papers, 1864-1891. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn William Henry Brewer papers, 1830-1927 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn George Reber Wieland papers, 1889-1953 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Prudden, T. Mitchell (Theophil Mitchell), 1849-1924. Theophil Mitchell Prudden papers, 1872-1925 (inclusive), 1896-1925 (bulk) Yale University Library
creatorOf A statement of affairs at Red Cloud Agency, 1874-1876 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury papers, 1829-1915 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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associatedWith Hartt, Charles Frederick, 1840-1878. person
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associatedWith Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887. person
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associatedWith Hilgard, J. E. (Julius Erasmus), 1825-1891. person
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associatedWith Huxley, Leonard, 1860- person
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associatedWith Newberry, John Strong, 1822-1892. person
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correspondedWith Willis, Edward, 1834-1910. person
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associatedWith Woodward, Henry, 1832-1921. person
associatedWith Yale University corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Europe
Europe
Subject
Dakota Indians--Reservations
Indian reservations--North Dakota
Indians of North America--Government relations
Science
Social classes
Social Life and Customs
Dakota Indians--Government relations
Dinosaurs--Pamphlets
Paleontology
Natural history
Cardiff giant
Dinosaurs
Occupation
Paleontologists
Function

Person

Birth 1831-10-29

Death 1899-03-18

Americans

English,

German,

French

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