Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1888-10-07
Death 1965-11-18
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Henry Cantwell Wallace (1866-1924) was an American farmer, college professor, and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture 1921-1924. His son Henry Agard Wallace (1888-1965) was also Secretary of Agriculture (1933-1940) and served as Franklin D. Roosevelt's vice president (1941-1945).

From the guide to the Henry C. Wallace Collection, 1921-1948, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Farm editor, corn breeder, business person, Iowa State alumnus (1910), U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1933-1940), Vice President (1941-1945), Secretary of Commerce (1945-1946), 1948 presidential candidate on the Progressive Party ticket.

From the description of Papers, 1910-1988. (Iowa State University). WorldCat record id: 18992053

Government executive.

From the description of Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace : oral history, 1953. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309733120

Henry Agard Wallace (1888-1965) in Orient, Iowa, and graduated from Iowa State College with a bachelor of science degree in animal husbandry in 1910. He began his career on the editorial staff of Wallace's Farmer from 1910 to 1924 in Des Moines, Iowa, and served as editor from 1924 to 1929. An author of many agricultural publications, Wallace experimented continually between 1913 and 1933 in breeding high-yielding strains of corn, devising the first corn-hog ratio charts indicating the probable course of markets. In 1926, he created the Hi-Bred Corn Company, a firm which marketed the first hybrid corn for commercial sale. As Secretary of Agriculture in the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1940), Wallace drafted the Agricultural Adjustment Act (A.A.A.) of 1933 and the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936. Wallace resigned from the cabinet in 1940 in order to run as vice president on the Democratic ticket in 1940. As vice president (1941-1944), Wallace served as chairman of the Economic Defense Board and chairman of the Supply Priorities and Allocations Board. Wallace returned to the cabinet during the fourth and final Roosevelt administration, serving as secretary of commerce; he remained in that post when Franklin Roosevelt died and Harry S. Truman assumed the presidency. Wallace resigned in 1946, however, owing to his growing displeasure with U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union. He became editor of the New Republic and, in December 1947, formed the Progressive Party, declared his own candidacy for the President of the United States. Wallace's literary works include Agricultural Prices (1920) and Sixty Million Jobs (1945).

From the description of Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10582501

Author, editor, and statesman.

From the description of Henry A. Wallace papers, 1931-1945 (bulk 1941-1945). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980241

Government executive, cabinet member.

From the description of Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace : oral history, 1951. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309738528

Wallace was an agriculturist and editor who entered government service under President Roosevelt in 1933 and served as his Vice President from 1941-1945.

From the description of Papers, 1941-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155525224

Henry Agard Wallace--founder of hybrid seed corn company; editor of Wallace's Farmer; Secretary of Agriculture, 1933-1940; Vice President of the United States, 1940-1944; Secretary of Commerce, 1945-46; Progressive Party presidential nominee, 1948.

From the description of Papers of Henry Agard Wallce, 1923-2004 1930s and 1940s. (University of Iowa Libraries). WorldCat record id: 233830803

Florida attorney and Democratic figure.

From the description of Papers, 1912-1943. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36050557

Caravans (politically-oriented entertainment ventures) were used by the Progressive Party and its presidential candidate, Henry Wallace, as part of the campaign process in the Midwest in the late 1940s.

From the description of Caravans for Henry Wallace records, 1948-1949. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 30659546

Henry Agard Wallace, 1888-1965, born in Adair County, Iowa, editor, plant breeder, editor of "Wallace's Farmer" (later "Wallace's Farmer and Iowa Homestead") 1924-1933. Secretary of Agriculture, cabinet of Pres. Roosevelt 1933-40, Vice President of U.S. 1941-1945, Secretary of Commerce 1945-46. Author of Corn and Corn Growing, Statesmanship and Religion, The American Choice, The Century of the Common Man, Democracy Reborn, etc.

Lola Kovener, autograph seeker.

From the description of Letter to Lola Kovener, 1946 October 21. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 60196182

Biographical Note

  • 1888, Oct. 7: Born, Adair County, Iowa
  • 1910: B.S., Iowa State College, Cedar Falls, Iowa
  • 1910 - 1924 : Assistant editor, Wallaces' Farmer
  • 1914: Married Ilo Browne
  • 1924 - 1933 : Editor, Wallaces' Farmer
  • 1929 - 1933 : Editor, Iowa Homestead
  • 1933 - 1940 : Secretary of agriculture
  • 1941 - 1945 : Vice president of the United States
  • 1945 - 1946 : Secretary of commerce
  • 1946 - 1948 : Editor, New Republic
  • 1948: Presidential candidate, Progressive Party
  • 1965, Nov. 18: Died, Danbury, Conn.

From the guide to the Henry A. Wallace Papers, 1931-1945, (bulk 1941-1945), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Reconstruction (1939-1951)
  • Agriculture
  • Presidents--Election--1944
  • Legislation
  • Elections--United States
  • Presidents--Election--1948
  • Politics, Practical
  • Cabinet officers--History
  • Advertising--Cigarettes
  • Iowa homestead
  • Vice--Presidents--Biography
  • International cooperation
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Vice--Presidents--Archives
  • Cartels
  • Political Campaigns
  • Resource allocation
  • Vice presidents
  • Campaign management
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1944
  • Weather-lore
  • U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of the Secretary--Records
  • Presidential candidates
  • Agriculture and politics--United States--Sources
  • Agriculturists
  • Monetary policy--United States
  • Astrology
  • Wallaces' farmer
  • The NewRepublic
  • Poultry--Breeding
  • Businessmen
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • Antitrust law
  • Iowa--Hist.--Sources
  • World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
  • Petroleum industry and trade
  • Campaign songs, 1948--Progressive
  • Livestock--Costs
  • Agriculture--Central America
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture--Office of the Secretary--Records
  • Vice presidents--Correspondence
  • Plant-breeding
  • Hybrid corn
  • Government executives--Interviews
  • Agriculture--Caribbean Area
  • United States--Politics and govt.--Sources
  • Political parties
  • Corn breeders
  • Genetics
  • Agriculture and state
  • Statesmen--Archives
  • Censorship
  • International trade
  • Vice--Presidents--History

Occupations:

  • Public officers
  • Editors
  • Authors
  • Cabinet officers
  • Statesmen
  • Vice Presidents--United States

Places:

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