International Institute of Rural Reconstruction.

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The International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) was founded in 1960 to combat rural poverty worldwide. Its head and founder is Dr. Y.C. James Yen. It deals with the problems of poverty, illiteracy, disease, and misgovernment in China, the Philippines, and other third world countries, and promotes American aid programs. Y.C. James Yen was born in 1893 in Sichuan Province, China. He graduated from Yale University in 1918, and later studied at Princeton University. During early experience as a Y.M.C.A. teacher in France among Chinese workers in 1919, Dr. Yen recognized the need for Chinese workers, traditionally a lower and undereducated class in their native country, to have basic reading and writing skills. He set about teaching them basic Chinese characters, enabling them to communicate with family members back home. Inspired by his success, he returned home to China. In 1923, he became the head of the Chinese National Association of the Mass Education Movement (later, the Chinese Mass Education Movement) and its fund raising arm, the American Cooperating Committee. Together these organizations supported the College of Rural Reconstruction in China. During World War II, Yen returned to the US and organized the American-Chinese Cooperating Committee (later the American-Chionese Committee of the Mass Education Movement) to secure American support and funding for his educational efforts in China. His committee was responsible for the China Aid Act of 1948 (otherwise known as the "Jimmy Yen Act") and the creation of the Chinese-American Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction.

After China turned to communism, Dr. Yen turned his attentions to the Philippines and other, smaller, nations in need. He formed the International Committee of the Mass Education Movement, later known as both the International Mass Education Movement (IMEM) and Jimmy Yen's Rural Reconstruction Movement (JYRRM). These organizations merged into the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction in 1960. The IIRR headquarters in the Philippines acted as the driving force behind a number of smaller movements in other countries. These movements included the Colombia Rural Reconstruction Movement (CRRM, MCRR), the Guatemala Rural Reconstruction Movement (GRRM, MGRR), the Ghana Rural Reconstruction Movement (GhRRM), the Indian Rural Reconstruction Movement (IRRM), the Korean Rural Reconstruction Movement (KRRM), and the Thailand Rural Reconstruction Movement (TRRM) to name a few. Dr. Y.C. James Yen died in 1990. He was survived by his movement, which still has regional centers in Africa, Asia, and Latin America as well as its headquarters in the Philippines.

From the description of Records, 1914-1999. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 506131995

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. Magtanim ay hindi biro agricultural approach to family planning, 1975. Cornell University Library
creatorOf International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. Records, 1914-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Judd, Walter Henry, 1898-. Walter H. Judd papers, 1921-1993 (bulk 1940-1980). Minnesota Historical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Altschul, Frank, 1887-1981. person
associatedWith American-Chinese Committee of the Mass Education Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith American-Chinese Cooperating Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith American Cooperating Committees. corporateBody
associatedWith Astor, Brooke. person
associatedWith Benton, William, 1900-1973. person
associatedWith Blaine, Anita McCormick. person
associatedWith Blair, William McCormack. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Buckley, James Lane, 1923- person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Chen, Cheng, 1898-1965. person
associatedWith Chen, Qizi. person
associatedWith Chinese Mass Education Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith Chinese National Association of Mass Education Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith College of Rural Reconstruction. corporateBody
associatedWith Davidson, Carter, 1905-1965. person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952. person
associatedWith Douglas, Helen Gahagan, 1900-1980. person
associatedWith Douglas, William O. 1898-1980. person
associatedWith Field, Marshall, 1893-1956. person
associatedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. person
associatedWith Hoffman, Paul G. 1891-1974. person
associatedWith Hutchins, William S., 1871-1958. person
associatedWith International Committee of the Mass Education Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith International Mass Education Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith Jimmy Yen's Rural Reconstuction Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith Joint Commission on Rural Reconstruction. corporateBody
associatedWith Judd, Walter Henry, 1898- person
associatedWith Kaltenborn, H. v. 1878-1965. person
associatedWith Koo, V. K. Wellington, 1888-1985. person
associatedWith Kuo, Ping Wen, 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Lasker, Mary W. person
associatedWith Lehman, Herbert H. 1878-1963. person
associatedWith Lehman, Herbert H., Mrs. person
associatedWith Lovett, Robert A. 1895-1986. person
associatedWith Lu, Zuofu, 1893-1952. person
associatedWith Marshall, George C. 1880-1959. person
associatedWith McCloy, John J. 1895-1989. person
associatedWith Mellon, Paul. person
associatedWith Moe, Henry Allen, 1894-1975. person
associatedWith Moynihan, Daniel P. 1927-2003. person
associatedWith Myers, William Irving, 1891-1976. person
associatedWith Paley, William S. 1901-1990. person
associatedWith Penney, J. C. 1875-1971. person
associatedWith Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement. corporateBody
associatedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964. person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald. person
associatedWith Reid, Whitelaw. person
associatedWith Reuther, Walter, 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, David, 1915- person
associatedWith Rockefeller, John D. 1874-1960. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, John D., 1906-1978. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. 1908-1979. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Rosin, Alex G. person
associatedWith Scherman, Harry, person
associatedWith Schultz, Theodore W. 1902-1998. person
associatedWith Skouros, Spyros P. person
associatedWith Soong, T. V. 1894-1971. person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. 1900-1965. person
associatedWith Swope, Gerard, 1872-1957. person
associatedWith Taft, Charles P. 1897-1983. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Unesco. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Agency for International Development. corporateBody
associatedWith Vanderbilt, William H. 1901-1981. person
associatedWith Wallace, DeWitt, 1889-1981. person
associatedWith Wallace, Henry A. 1888-1965. person
associatedWith Wallace, Lila Acheson, 1887-1984. person
associatedWith Walsh, Richard J., 1912- person
associatedWith Watson, Thomas John, 1874-1956. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Ray L. 1875-1949. person
associatedWith Xie, Fuya, 1892- person
associatedWith Yen, Y. C. James, b. 1893. person
associatedWith Zhang, Qun, 1889?- person
associatedWith Zhang, Zhizhong, 1890-1969. person
associatedWith Zhonghua ping min jiao yu cu jin hui. corporateBody
associatedWith Zhu, Jiahua, 1893-1963. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
Latin America
United States
Philippines
Taiwan
Subject
Fundamental education
Public health--20th century
Agricultural education
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Chinese--Societies, etc.--20th century
Community development
Economic assistance, American
Non-governmental organizations
Economic development
Adult education
Economic development--20th century
Education
Reconstruction (1939-1951)
Economic development projects
Chinese Americans
Filipinos
Occupation
Function
Area specialists
Educators
Reading teachers
Public health personnel
Adult education teachers
Philanthropists
Agricultural teachers
Lobbyists
Sinologists
Developing countries specialists

Corporate Body

Active 1914

Active 1999

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SNAC ID: 59074039