Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961

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Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874, and died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961. Kitchelt's activities included work as a social worker, settlement house worker, and suffragette organizer in New York, and as a peace activist in Connecticut.

From the description of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1909-1947 (inclusive), 1924-1941 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702165663

Social worker, suffragist, and socialist (Wells College, B.A., 1897) Kitchelt worked in settlement houses in Rochester, NY, N.Y.C., and New Haven, Ct., was Citizenship Director of the Connecticut League of Women Voters, executive director of the Connecticut League of Nations Association (1924-1944), chairman of the Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment (1943-1956), and a published author.

From the description of Papers, 1885-1961 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122576356

Journal kept at The College Settlement, 95 Rivington St., New York City, 1900

Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on 17 December 1874. She graduated from Wells College in 1897. For two years after college, she worked at the George Junior Republic, a self-governing community for troubled youth. From 1900-04, she worked at the New York College Settlement at 95 Rivington Street in Manhattan's Lower East Side and its summer location in Mt. Ivy, New York. In 1904, she returned to reform work as a volunteer probation officer for women with New York City's Essex Market Court. From 1904 to 1905, she worked at the Lowell House settlement in New Haven, Connecticut. She was the head worker in the Little Italy House in Brooklyn (1903) and another Italian American settlement, the "Housekeeping Center," in Rochester (1907-10). She married Richard Kitchelt in 1911. After her marriage, she was active in several civic and political causes. She volunteered and wrote articles for suffrage, trade union, socialist, and pacifist organizations in New York and Connecticut. She died in Wilberforce, Ohio on 4 April 1961.

From the guide to the Florence Cross Kitchelt Papers MS 86., 1900-1959, (Sophia Smith Collection)

Settlement house worker; Social worker.

Born Rochester, N.Y., 1874; graduated from Wells College, 1897; summer course at NY School of Philanthropy, 1900. Worked for two years as social worker at George Junior Republic, a community for troubled youth. Resident at College Settlement Association House in New York City, (also known as 95 Rivington Street), 1900-1904, and at its summer location in Mt. Ivy, N.Y.; and at Little Italy House, Brooklyn, circa 1903. Volunteer probation officer for women with New York City's Essex Market Court, 1904; worked at Lowell House, New Haven, 1904-05; and head resident of Italian settlement house, Rochester, NY, 1907-10. Married Richard Kitchelt, 1911. Was active in New York suffrage movement and peace movement in Connecticut, and served on several boards of social reform/public service organizations including the Consumers' League and the Women's Educational and Industrial Union.

From the description of Papers, 1900-1959. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 49517318

Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874, and died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961. Kitchelt's activities included work as a social worker, settlement house worker, reform volunteer, and suffragette organizer in New York, and as a peace activist in Connecticut.

Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874 to Frederick Holland and Jennie Ledyard (Wilcox) Cross. She attended Wells College in Aurora, New York, graduating in 1897 with an A.B. Throughout her early career Kitchelt was a social reform worker at a number of settlement houses in New York City and state. Immediately after college Kitchelt was a resident and volunteer worker caring for dependent and delinquent youth at the George Junior Republic in Freeville New York. She spent the next four years working for the College Settlement on the lower east side of Manhattan and its summer location in Mount Ivy, New York. In 1903 she was the head worker of an Italian American settlement called the "Little Italy House" in Brooklyn, New York. For a short time in 1904 she was a voluntary probation officer for women at the reformist Essex Market Court. From 1904 to 1905 Kitchelt worked at the Lowell House in New Haven, Connecticut.

After spending several months in Italy learning about the conditions from which her many immigrant cases came, Kitchelt returned to her hometown of Rochester, New York. In 1907 she opened "The Housekeeping Center" in an Italian neighborhood there, and the center operated under her supervision until1910. In June 1911, she married New York socialist agitator Richard Kitchelt.

By 1915 Florence Kitchelt had become a suffragette, continuing her work when she moved to New Haven, Connecticut three years later. There she became the Citizenship Director of the Connecticut League of Women Voters in 1920, and served as the Executive Director of the Connecticut branch of the League of Nations Association (CLNA) for twenty years beginning in 1924. During 1943 she was Chairman of the Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment, a group she supported until 1956 when she and her husband moved to Ohio to live with Florence's sister Dorothy Zeiger.

Kitchelt was also a dedicated peace activist and worked with a variety of organizations to pursue pacifist goals, including thethe Connecticut Council on International Relations, the National Council for the Prevention of War, and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

Throughout her lifetime, Kitchelt was an active socialist, pacifist, member of the Unitarian society, and author of several books of poetry, a prose work called The World's Work , and editor for the Rochester magazine The Common Good . She died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961.

From the guide to the Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1920-1947, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1896-1954, 1898-1910 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. Papers, 1846-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Chase Kimball papers, 1906-1971 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf League of Nations Association (U.S.). League of Nations Association (U.S.) collected records, 1916, 1922-1945. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1896-1954, 1898-1910 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers, 1900-1959. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Scrapbook / [Florence Cross]. Rochester Public Library, Central Library of Rochester and Monore County
referencedIn Ross, Ishbel, 1897-1975. Papers, 1948-1959 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1909-1965 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Collection, 1921-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1920-1947 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Journals, 1905-1947. [Microform] San Diego State University Library, SDSU Library and Information Access
referencedIn Hamilton, Alice, 1869-1970. Papers 1909-1965 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf League of Nations Association (Conn.). Connecticut League of Nations Association records, 1928-1949. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1935-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt papers, 1909-1947 (inclusive), 1924-1941 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers, 1885-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Lutz, Alma. Papers, 1921-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1846-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Kimball, Chase, 1902-. Chase Kimball papers, 1906-1971 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Florence Cross Kitchelt Papers MS 86., 1900-1959 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1840-1952 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists: Part 1 (Ad-Lip), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith ALICE HAMILTON, 1869-1970 person
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ person
associatedWith America First Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith American Law Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Avery, Nina Belle Horton. person
associatedWith Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), b. 1882 person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Barzun, Jacques, 1907- person
associatedWith Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. person
associatedWith Benton, William, 1900-1973. person
associatedWith Blatch, Harriot Stanton, 1856-1947. person
associatedWith Borchard, Edwin Montefiore, 1884-1951. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Bromley, Dorothy Dunbar, 1896-1986. person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Bulkley, Mary Ezit, 1856-1947. person
associatedWith Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971. person
associatedWith Cam, Helen M. (Helen Maud), 1885-1968. person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947. person
associatedWith CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Chase, Margaret Hatfield. person
associatedWith Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985. person
associatedWith Citizens for Victory. corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut Committee for the Equal Rights Amendment. corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut League of Nations Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Cross, Wilbur L. (Wilbur Lucius), 1862-1948. person
associatedWith Danaher, John Anthony, 1899- person
associatedWith Dewey, Thomas E. (Thomas Edmund), 1902-1971. person
associatedWith Earle, Louise S. person
associatedWith Fisher, Irving Norton, 1900- person
associatedWith Frost, Elinor White. person
associatedWith Gannett, Mary T. L. person
associatedWith George Junior Republic. corporateBody
associatedWith George Junior Republic (Freeville, N. Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Goodrich, Annie Warburton, 1866-1954. person
associatedWith Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Grant, Jane. person
associatedWith Griswold, Alfred Whitney, 1906-1963. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alice, 1869-1970. person
associatedWith Hayes, Helen, 1900-1993. person
associatedWith Hepburn, Katharine Houghton, 1878-1951. person
associatedWith Hickey, Margaret A., 1902- person
associatedWith Houghton, Dorothy Deemer, 1890-1972. person
associatedWith Huntington, Ellsworth, 1876-1947. person
associatedWith Ickes, Harold L. (Harold Le Clair), 1874-1952. person
associatedWith Kelly, Myra, 1876-1910. person
associatedWith Kenyon, Dorothy, 1888-1972. person
associatedWith Kimball, Chase, 1902- person
associatedWith Kitchelt, Richard. person
associatedWith Laski, Harold Joseph, 1893-1950. person
associatedWith League of Nations corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Association (Conn.) corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Association of Connecticut. corporateBody
associatedWith League of Nations Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith League of Women Voters (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leopold, Alice Koller, 1909- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-1992. person
associatedWith Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith Ludington, Katherine, 1885-1956. person
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, person
associatedWith Mary (Ritter) Beard, 1876-1958 person
associatedWith McWilliams, Carey, 1905- person
associatedWith Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936. person
associatedWith Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956. person
associatedWith Mesta, Perle Skirvin, 1891- person
associatedWith Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Miller, Susan Dixwell, 1845-1924. person
associatedWith Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999. person
associatedWith Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972. person
associatedWith Morgan, Laura Puffer, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith National Woman's Party. corporateBody
associatedWith Oxnam, G. Bromley (Garfield Bromley), 1891-1963. person
associatedWith Pandit, Vijaya Lakshmi, 1900- person
associatedWith Paul, Alice, 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Pepper, Claude, 1900-1989. person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances Johnson Beecher, 1832- person
associatedWith Phillips, Lena Madesin, 1881-1955. person
associatedWith Pollitzer, Anita. person
associatedWith Porter, Sylvia Field, 1913- person
associatedWith Randolph, Bessie Carter, 1885-1966. person
associatedWith Reid, Helen Rogers, 1882-1970. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Ross, Ishbel, 1897-1975. person
associatedWith Sachar, Libby E. person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Elizabeth Bancroft, 1887-1977. person
associatedWith Scott, Frances K. person
associatedWith Sherwin, Ella M. person
associatedWith Smith, Margaret Chase, 1897-1995 person
associatedWith Soss, Wilma. person
associatedWith St. George, Katherine. person
associatedWith Swing, Raymond Gram, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Taft, Horace Dutton, 1861-1943. person
associatedWith Tead, Ordway, 1891-1973. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965. person
associatedWith Wiley, Anna Kelton, 1877-1964. person
associatedWith Woodhouse, Chase Going, 1890-1984. person
associatedWith Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947. person
associatedWith World Center for Women's Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Wriston, Henry Merritt, 1889- person
associatedWith Young, Josephine Edmonds. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--Rochester
New York (State)--New York
New Haven (Conn.)
New York (N.Y.)
Connecticut
United States
Connecticut--New Haven
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Connecticut
New York (State)
Rochester (N.Y.)
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
United States
Subject
Emigration and immigration
Social settlements
Social settlements--Connecticut--New Haven--History--Sources
Women and peace
Women--Legal status, laws, etc
Advertising cards
Women's rights
Equal rights amendments
Social settlements--History--sources
Women social reformers--United States--History--Sources
Peaceful change (International relations)
Voyages and travels
Poor women
Peace--Societies, etc
Literature--Societies, etc.--New York (State)--New York--History--Sources
Women
Social settlements--New York (State)--New York--History--Sources
Italian Americans
Social work with immigrants--United States--History--Sources
International organization
Literature--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
Women social reformers--History--Sources
Social work with immigrants--History--Sources
International relations
Social service
Women--Suffrage
Occupation
Social workers
Function

Person

Birth 1874

Death 1961

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