Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961

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Author and journalist.

From the description of Papers of Ernest Hemingway, 1949. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450863

Joseph Dearing is addressed on envelope as "war correspondent, U.S. Army." A native of Santa Rosa, he was a photographer for Colliers magazine during World War II, covering both the European and Pacific theaters. After the war he wrote the "Uncle Joe Dearing's Fish and Game Column" for for the San Francisco Call Bulletin and later worked for the San Jose Mercury News. He was an avid fisherman and hunter.

From the description of Autograph letter signed "Papa, " to Joseph Dearing, 1945 March 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754866487

This copy of the typescript is stamped "Submission: Book of the Month Club, Inc." on the t.p. The manuscript was unfinished when Hemingway committed suicide. Tom Jenks, an editor at Esquire, edited the author's rough drafts. This copy contains numerous final changes in Jenks's hand, deleting some words, adding others and correcting punctuation and spelling, with additional corrections indicating further copyediting. With publisher's note to the reader.

From the description of The garden of Eden : a novel / Ernest Hemingway. 1986. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 462133921

Hemingway was an American journalist, novelist, and short story writer.

From the description of Collection, 1938-1964. (University of Delaware Library). WorldCat record id: 122599412

From the description of Manuscripts, [ca.193-?]. (University of Delaware Library). WorldCat record id: 155180705

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was an American journalist, novelist, and short story writer.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway manuscripts, circa 1930s. (University of Delaware Library). WorldCat record id: 17789605

From the description of Ernest Hemingway collection, 1938-2001. (University of Delaware Library). WorldCat record id: 667686339

Ernest Hemingway, American novelist and former newspaper writer, was born 21 July 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, the son of physician Clarence Edmunds Hemingway and music teacher Grace Hall Hemingway. He married four times: to Hadley Richardson, 3 September 1921 (divorced 10 March 1927); writer Pauline Pfeiffer, 10 May 1927 (divorced 4 November 1940); writer Martha Gellhorn, 21 November 1940 (divorced 21 December 1945); and writer Mary Welsh, 14 March 1946. He had three children: John Hadley Nicanor from his first marriage; Patrick and Gregory from his second marriage. Hemingway committed suicide, 2 July 1961, in Ketchum, Idaho.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway letters to his family, 1901-1957 (bulk 1917-1954) (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 754957359

Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist and short story writer. Harvey Breit (1909-1968) was an American author and columnist for the New York Times Book Review.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway letters to Harvey Breit, 1950-1961., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American author.

From the description of Typed letters signed (2) and autograph letter signed : Fincia Vigia, Cuba, to "Pickle" [Mary Welsh], [1945] Apr. 13 and Sept. 1. and [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270874937

From the description of Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1860-1965. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122598013

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), novelist and author.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway collection, 1920-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702172321

From the description of Ernest Hemingway collection, 1920-1962. (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 60366748

Denne Petitclerc met Hemingway while working as a reporter from Miami, Florida newspaper.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway letters, 1956-1958. (Sonoma State University). WorldCat record id: 433826004

Howard Rhines had some connection to publishing in southern California. The galleys had been used as packing material in a gift of 78 recordings donated on his death to the library.

From the description of The Old Man and the Sea: "Galley 4, " 1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122398207

Hemingway was an American short story writer, novelist, and journalist.

From the description of Papers: 1873-1993 (inclusive), 1899-1961 (bulk). (John F Kennedy Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 122471380

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was an American novelist, journalist, and short-story writer.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway letter, circa 1953, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah)

American novelist.

From the description of [Letter, literary fragment, and poems / Ernest Hemingway] [between 1929 and 1938?] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 231686295

Hemingway was an American novelist and short story writer. Harvey Breit (1909-1968) was an American author and columnist for the New York Times Book Review.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway letters to Harvey Breit, 1950-1961. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612366314

C. E. Frazer Clark, Jr. (1925-2001), a marketing executive, was the leading collector of Nathaniel Hawthorne materials. In 1962, Clark co-founded Bruccoli Clark Publishing (later Bruccoli Clark Layman) with Matthew J. Bruccoli. The firm produced reference works in literary and social history and published limited editions of literary works. By the late 1960s, Clark shifted his attention to Ernest Hemingway. After several years collecting Hemingway, Clark sold the bulk of his collection to the University of Maryland.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway collection, 1916-1977 (bulk 1930-1965). (University of Maryland Libraries). WorldCat record id: 304432350

Hemingway was an American novelist and poet.

From the description of Letters: 1933-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122594351

Hemingway was an American writer and journalist.

From the description of Collection, 1923-1962 (inclusive), 1925-1940 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122348911

American novelist and short story writer.

From the description of Audio materials, 1949-1950 [sound recording]. 1949-1950. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 45122761

Born in 1902, C.T. Lanham was a life soldier who retired as a general. In 1944, during World War II, his troops were among the first to break out from Normandy, enter Paris, and attack the Siegfried Line in Germany. He became friends with writer/journalist Ernest Hemingway and corresponded with him for the next seventeen years. After the war, he was chief of troop information and education; post-retirement he was associate editor of Infantry Journal . He died in 1978.

From the guide to the Hemingway/Lanham Correspondence, 1944-1961, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Hemingway and Baker drove ambulances together on the Italian front in 1918, and later shared big-game hunting and gun-collecting interests.

From the description of Ernest Hemingway and Milford J. Baker correspondence, 1918-1969 (bulk 1930-1932) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 175688294

Ernest Hemingway was an American novelist, storywriter, and journalist. An expatriate living in Paris after World War I, he became part of the "Lost Generaton" of American writers. He won the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea in 1953 and received the Nobel Prized for Literature in 1954. His writing style, characterized by economy and understatement, significantly influenced twentieth-century literature.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1918-1974, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

For a biography of Ernest Hemingway see the Clarke Historical Library's catalog record entitled the Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1901-2004, or an encyclopedia. Jack Pentecost was a friend of Hemingway's at least since their senior year in high school. Warren Sumner was a farmer hired by Dr. Hemingway in 1917 to work on Longacre Farm at Walloon Lake.

From the description of Miscellaneous collection, 1909, 1919. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 77082069

At the height of his popularity, Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was hailed as the greatest writer of American literature, a hero of several wars, a world-class sportsman in the fields of bullfighting, boxing, hunting, and fishing, and a connoisseur of food, wine, writing, and painting. He was viewed as a colossus who strode all fields of action, excelling in all the manly pursuits. At his worst, Hemingway was derided as a writer who specialized in evasion and repression; an illiterate, inarticulate ox who avoided literary circles to disguise his own limitations; a bully, misogynist, and homophobe with the world''s most famous castration anxiety; a self-aggrandizing egotist and poseur who shamelessly promoted the legend of his exploits in popular magazines; a belligerent and jealous writer who betrayed and publicly insulted all the authors who helped his career; an overpaid, glorified journalist who sold his talent to feed his ego, ending up as a rich, decadent alcoholic who succumbed to dementia in later years, and who finally took his own life when he realized that he could not write anymore. Born Ernest Miller Hemingway in Oak Park, Illinois, on July 21, 1899, Hemingway developed his terse style by writing for the Kansas City Star in 1917. In 1918 he volunteered as a Red Cross ambulance driver in Italy, where he was badly wounded attempting to save a soldier''s life. Hemingway''s war experiences and his severe injuries seem to have carved a deep scar in the young man''s psyche, and he suffered from insomnia and a fear of sleeping in the dark. All his early writing reveals a preoccupation with violence and wounds, and a terror of death. The honesty with which Hemingway wrote about naked emotions in the 1920s--which contrasts sharply with the bloated legend of himself that he promoted in the 1930s and beyond--was immediately greeted as a major innovation in modern writing. His rapid development and swift rise to acclaim derived from his willingness to learn from older writers: while living in Paris among the expatriates he sought, and followed, the advice of Gertrude Stein, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Ford Madox Ford, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. Though most famous for his terse, stark narrative style and realistic dialogue, Hemingway was certainly not the first to write plainly and simply; he did not singlehandedly overthrow the decadent conventions of the Victorian novel. Many predecessors, including Mark Twain, Gertrude Stein, and Sherwood Anderson, had cleared the prolix path that Hemingway strode more boldly. He did however drive verbal terseness and austerity to its limit, setting an unsurpassable standard, while avoiding Stein''s and Anderson''s eccentricities. Hemingway''s early prose was taut and brittle, achieving its effects through extremely subtle suggestion while refusing to be "literary." He jettisoned the worn accouterments of alliteration, assonance, simile, and metaphor to look directly at life and report only what he saw, unencumbered by literary conventions. This does not mean, however, that Hemingway''s fiction was stripped of emotion, as it may seem to a careless reader. Hemingway refrained from describing emotion, avoiding phrases like "he felt," or "he thought," and discarding adverbs and adjectives, but he suggested the characters'' emotions by reporting what they saw, noticed, or did. For instance, in the short story "Big Two-Hearted River," Hemingway conveys the anxiety of a veteran, Nick Adams, returning home from the war and trying to repress his painful memories. But the author does this not by telling us that Nick is trying to repress his thoughts, but rather by meticulously reporting Nick''s concentration on mundane but consoling activities such as fishing and making lunch. Such indirect and subtle effects were quite powerful when done well, but could result in long passages of pointlessness when done badly, as in some of his later work. Also notable in his early writing is a willingness to portray what his characters really felt rather than what they were supposed to feel. He did not care to write edifying stories: if his character felt empty and hollow after an event that was supposed to make a respectable man feel sad, the story gained power through its honest realism. The most successful specimens of Hemingway''s method were his short stories. His first novel, The Sun Also Rises (1926), also managed to sustain the dramatic tension and power of the shorter works. Hemingway made extensive revisions at Fitzgerald''s suggestion, and the book revealed remarkable parallels with Fitzgerald''s The Great Gatsby (1925). But ironically Hemingway soon displaced Fitzgerald as the major new author of the postwar generation. Fitzgerald had been feted as the author of the Jazz Age, and appealed to collegiate readers stateside. Hemingway became known as the author of the "Lost Generation" (though the phrase, made famous by Gertrude Stein, referred cynically to the same generation as Fitzgerald''s Jazz Age). Hemingway made a stronger impression among war veterans, and The Sun Also Rises became the most significant work of the growing genre of post-war novels about world-weary veterans. The book was amazingly influential: young women began talking like the flippant heroine, Brett Ashley, and young men started acting like Jake Barnes or Hemingway''s other male characters, muttering tough-sounding understatements and donning the repressive sackcloth of machismo. Hemingway''s portrayal of the wounded, taciturn hero resounded among men who might not ordinarily read "serious literature," and validated an archetype in popular culture which survived for several generations in icons such as John Wayne, Charles Bronson, and Clint Eastwood. Hemingway''s next novel, A Farewell to Arms (1929), returned to the theme of the wounded soldier, and the pastoral charms of escape and a "separate peace." It was a bestseller, as all of Hemingway''s subsequent books would be, and secured his reputation as a major author. Unfortunately, A Farewell to Arms marked the end of Hemingway''s rapid development and uncompromised artistic integrity. In 1932, he published Death in the Afternoon, a handbook on the art of bullfighting. Treating bullfighting as a tragic ritual, the book provides many insights into Hemingway''s views on death, performance, courage, and art--all important themes in his fiction. Although the book has interesting digressions on literature, it also has entire chapters devoted to specific bullfighting techniques or appraisals of long-dead bullfighters which make for very tedious reading. But the real subject of the book was not bullfighting; it was Hemingway. In Fame Became of Him, John Raeburn identifies nine personae that Hemingway projected in Death in the Afternoon and in later autobiographical works: world traveler, arbiter of taste, bon vivant, heroic artist, exposer of sham, initiated insider, battle-scarred stoic, sportsman, and manly man. Three of these--arbiter of taste, world traveler, and bon vivant--form a cluster of roles typical of the literary gentleman. Writers can often be counted on to offer tips on wine, dining, arts, and travel. In these roles Hemingway was similar to the effete, foppish dilettantes whom he usually detested, such as Ford Madox Ford or Henry James. To a lesser extent, the roles of heroic artist, exposer of sham, and initiated insider are also common among writers. The heroic artist who suffers for his muse was a familiar pose of the Romantics (particularly Byron), and the exposer of sham has a long pedigree in satirical writing. The battle-scarred stoic had become a common, though resonant, figure in post-war writing. The initiated insider was partly related to the veteran figure, but initiation into a select fraternity of like-minded fellows became quintessentially Hemingway. He pretended to follow a code of conduct which was all the more dignified for being unspoken, above defense, and inscrutable to outsiders. But the uniqueness and popularity of Hemingway''s public personality lay in joining these highbrow roles with those of sportsman and manly man. Readers knew of his interest in fishing, hunting, and bullfighting from his early fiction, where these sports were embraced as pastoral pleasures of escape for the physically or mentally wounded, solitary pastimes for taciturn men. But when described as Hemingway''s own hobbies in his non-fiction, they lost the therapeutic element--presumably because Hemingway was loath to admit any psychological wounds--and became games of competition, obligatory tasks of masculinity, demonstrations of "cojones," or balls. Indeed, Hemingway seemed to devote the rest of his life from the 1930s onward to proving his cojones, perhaps embarrassed by theories that Jake Barnes, the protagonist of The Sun Also Rises whose penis was shot off in the war, was an autobiographical character. In later works Hemingway seemed to dissociate himself from such vulnerable characters, and also alienated himself from writers--an unmanly lot--by quarreling with, defaming, and even threatening almost every major writer of his generation. He derided homosexuals in Death in the Afternoon, dismissing the artistry of Gertrude Stein, Oscar Wilde, Andre Gide, Walt Whitman, and Francisco Goya on the theory that they were inherently flawed and therefore disqualified as artists. Such masculine posturing proved enormously popular, and soon after Death in the Afternoon Hemingway began a series of essays for the newly founded men''s magazine, Esquire, which was marketed toward a sophisticated, though not intellectual, audience. He wrote 36 Esquire essays on topics such as fishing, hunting, and wine. He even wrote beer ads disguised as essays. Whereas Death in the Afternoon had a professed artistic impetus in Hemingway''s desire to view death in order to write "truly" about the experience, the Esquire articles lacked any artistic purpose and were pointedly non-literary. Hemingway was beginning to fashion a new character, whose name was Ernest Hemingway. He continued this farce in another book of non-fiction, Green Hills of Africa (1935). A personal account of Hemingway''s safari adventure, Green Hills of Africa reads more like a novel than Death in the Afternoon, sporting vivid descriptions of action and dialogue. But Hemingway''s style of writing "truly" faltered the more he wrote about himself: the book simply promoted the virile Hemingway legend without revealing anything intimate about the author. The Esquire experience and his swelling fame distorted his self-awareness and blurred his ability to distinguish fact and fiction. His self-aggrandizing grew more frequent as the burgeoning medium of photojournalism got bigger and flashier. Hemingway''s striking demeanor and handsome, husky appearance made him a favorite of glossy magazines such as Life and Look, which wedded big colorful photos to the trenchant aphorisms Hemingway was happy to provide. Another product of Hemingway''s African adventure was the short story, "The Snows of Kilimanjaro," which told of a writer who, dying of gangrene while hunting in Africa, realizes too late that he has squandered his talent. The protagonist laments "poor Scott Fitzgerald" as a writer ruined by his fascination with the rich. Hemingway thus deflected suspicion that the ruined writer of the story might represent himself by this slanderous jab at Fitzgerald. Whether or not he needed this decoy to write with his old frankness, he wrought a rich and complex story. However, most critics recognized that the declining writer was Hemingway himself, and soon it would be obvious to everyone. When Hemingway finally returned to novel writing in 1937 with To Have and Have Not he was a very different writer from the artistic innovator of the 1920s. Whereas his earlier fiction masterfully portrayed vulnerable characters through extremely subtle prose which seemed to mirror the repressed nature of the character himself, in To Have and Have Not repression triumphs over revelation. Masking his own vulnerabilities, Hemingway also masked those of his characters, stripping them of human interest. His latest protagonist, Harry Morgan, a tough-talking weapons smuggler in trouble with the mafia and the government, betrayed no weakness and awoke no pathos. After losing his arm in an accident, he stoically responds, "[If] you lose an arm, you lose an arm." The novel was barely distinguishable from pulp fiction. Hemingway''s half-hearted attempts at political significance made the work more embarrassing than redeeming. During the Depression, critics of the New Left favored novels of social relevance, like those of John Steinbeck or Sinclair Lewis. Many writers of the 1920s, such as Fitzgerald and Thornton Wilder, had fallen out of critical favor for their indifference to politics. Hemingway, who seemed to appeal to the common man because of his simple prose and simple pleasures, was urged by some critics to write more socially relevant stories. He capitulated with To Have and Have Not, and found favor with the more naive members of the Left, but most critics recognized the novel as politically simplistic. Although the novel was a bestseller, and Hemingway was more popular than ever, his critical reputation sunk to its lowest. Whereas William Faulkner had spent the 1930s producing one masterpiece after another in the most astonishing series of achievements in American literature since Henry James, Hemingway had churned out a preponderance of facile nonfiction, mostly in slick popular magazines. Always jealously competitive, Hemingway responded to the challenge of Faulkner''s achievement and set out to regain the championship he had held in the 1920s. The result was For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), his longest and most ambitious work. The novel seems to have been intended as his masterpiece, embracing a wider range of themes than any of his previous novels. However, Hemingway''s carefully crafted style was ill-suited for such a broad canvas, and the novel''s sheer bulk diluted the potency of his prose. The novel was almost as politically simplistic as To Have and Have Not. Although Hemingway strove to weave grand themes of nature, technology, and the unity of mankind, his truer, deeper preoccupations were still with the solitary man proving his mettle and facing death alone. The hero, Robert Jordan, was cut from the same cloth as earlier Hemingway heroes, solitary, glum, absinthe-drinking men. Robert Jordan was a professor of Spanish, but the intellectual side of the character was sketchy, unconvincing, and incongruent with his more familiar Hemingwayesque traits. The intended effect of the novel was unachieved. Hemingway failed to unify his themes and symbols, all the more ironic since the unity of mankind was the overarching theme. Nevertheless, the novel was extraordinarily successful, selling 360,000 copies and generating a movie. Hemingway continued to make money by writing for Collier''s magazine as a war correspondent in Europe during World War II. The 1940s were highly profitable for Hemingway, and brought him fame as a war hero (although the extent of his military participation is disputed). He did not return to novel writing until 1950. At the pinnacle of fame and arrogance, Hemingway consented to an interview with Lilian Ross, in which he boasted about his forthcoming work and his enduring position as "champ" in American fiction. This memorable character sketch, entitled "How Do You Like It, Now, Gentlemen?" was very different from the usual adulating articles honoring Hemingway as a champion sportsman and manly man. Although affectionate, the sketch revealed Hemingway''s eccentricities and egotism. He called himself Papa, posing as the wise, grizzled old man of American letters. He claimed that he had once lived with a bear in Montana, where they drank and slept together. But what proved to be most embarrassing to Hemingway was his boast that his forthcoming novel would be his best ever. When Across the River and into the Trees appeared four months later, it was almost unanimously regarded as the worst novel of his career. It was an abysmal work, so poorly written that it seemed a parody of his own style, riddled with his pet words "good," "true," "well," and so on. Though not without redeeming qualities, it is best enjoyed as a parody of the famous Hemingway style from the master''s own pen. The contrast between Hemingway''s published boastfulness and the critics'' sudden disfavor became even more painful when Faulkner won the Nobel Prize that same year. Five years earlier Faulkner had been a well-kept secret, and Hemingway (in his role as initiated insider and arbiter of taste) had been able to confide to Jean-Paul Sartre and others that Faulkner was a better writer than himself. Once Faulkner won the Nobel Prize, and myriad belated accolades tumbled his way, Hemingway could no longer regard himself as the champ of American letters, as he had boasted in the Ross interview, and he turned on Faulkner, declaring that no one ever wrote a decent novel after winning the Nobel Prize. Meanwhile, Hemingway labored over a long autobiographical novel, Islands in the Stream. The novel was disjointed, tedious, and uninspired. Aging, alcoholic, and unhealthy, Hemingway seemed to be losing his talent. However, he salvaged the last part of the novel and published it as an independent work in Life in 1952 as The Old Man and the Sea. A painfully poignant tale of an aged fisherman who catches the biggest marlin of his life and loses it to sharks, the story was told in a beautifully simple, chaste style that surpassed anything Hemingway had written since the 1920s. Struggling with artistic and physical decline, Hemingway had made one final effort to write truly, and succeeded by reaching inside himself to wrench out the painful theme of failure. "Man was not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated." The Life issue sold five million copies, and the story was instantly hailed as a masterpiece. In 1954, Hemingway won the Nobel Prize, largely on the achievement of The Old Man and the Sea. Throughout the 1950s Hemingway worked on a novel, The Garden of Eden, but remained unhappy with it and withheld publication. He also discovered a cache of memoirs he had begun in the 1920s, and proceeded to revise and expand them into a book called A Moveable Feast. The rediscovered writings reminded Hemingway of his youth, when he was establishing his reputation as a bold new artist of uncompromised integrity, and made it painfully clear that the aging writer had squandered his talent for the gratifications of fame. Although he had accused Fitzgerald and Faulkner of ruining their talent on stories for the Saturday Evening Post and movies for Hollywood, Hemingway had compromised his talent even more grotesquely by creating an absurd fabrication of himself. His public persona was his own worst character and had infected most of the characters he had created since the 1920s. Realizing that he could no longer write, nor maintain his own egotistical standards, Hemingway shot himself on July 2, 1961. The adulation continued years after his death, and posthumous novels, stories, and nonfiction continued to appear well into the 1990s. But biographies also appeared, and emerging evidence gradually revealed Hemingway to be a despicable man motivated by egotism, jealousy, and a sexual insecurity that led him to ridicule others and prove his own manhood ad absurdum. Such macho posturing already seemed out of place in the 1960s, and utterly ridiculous by the 1990s, though academic interest in Hemingway continued to thrive under deconstructive and feminist approaches to literature. By the turn of the century it seemed unlikely that Hemingway would ever regain the swollen stature of his middle period. However, his influence over American literature is immense and ubiquitous. As one of the major prose stylists of the English language, he has bred more imitators than any other American writer. But few authors were able to attain the suggestive power and subtlety of Hemingway''s finest work. Faulkner captured it in his stark, brittle potboiler, Sanctuary, and Fitzgerald employed a certain Hemingwayesque subtlety amid the softly echoing motifs of Tender Is the Night. But more often one found mere verbal imitation by inferior authors such as Erskine Caldwell, who simply borrowed the outward trappings of conscientious monosyllables and tough dialogue for their otherwise conventional narrative and perfunctory symbolism. Hemingway''s best fiction set a standard that few could attain, not even the later Hemingway.

From the description of Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10679516

Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961) was an American journalist, novelist, and short story writer.

After work as a journalist in the United States and service as an ambulance driver in Italy, Hemingway settled in Paris in the 1920s, where he became associated with a group of expatriate American writers including Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein. He attracted attention as a fiction writer with the publication of two volumes of short stories, In Our Time (1925) and The Torrents of Spring (1926). By the late 1930s, his reputation was well established by the success of his novels The Sun Also Rises (1926) and A Farewell to Arms (1929), and his non-fiction works Death in the Afternoon (1932) and Green Hills of Africa (1935). He returned to Spain in 1937 as a reporter and became deeply involved in the pro-loyalist cause. During the next few years a new concern with social problems was reflected in his work, which included the Depression-era novel To Have and Have Not (1937); a play, The Fifth Column (1938); and the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Hemingway's productivity declined during the 1940s, but his career revived dramatically in the 1950s with the publication of The Old Man and the Sea (1952). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway manuscripts, circa 1930s, (University of Delaware Library - Special Collections)

Mary Welsh Hemingway (1908-1986) was a journalist and wife of Ernest Hemingway.

Mary Welsh Hemingway was born in 1908 in Minnesota. She was a journalist and the fourth wife of Ernest Hemingway. She met Ernest Hemingway in 1944 when she was working for the London Daily Express. Previously she worked for The Chicago Daily News and also worked for TIME magazine. She and Ernest Hemingway were married in 1946 in Cuba. They lived in Cuba and Ketchum, Idaho. After Hemingway's 1961 suicide, she served as his literary executor and was responsible for the publication of his posthumous works like A Moveable Feast. She moved to New York City following Hemingway's death. In 1976 her autobiography How it Was was published. She died in New York in 1986 and was buried by Hemingway in Ketchum, Idaho.

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) was an American author and Nobel Prize winner.

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born July 21, 1899 in Cicero (now Oak Park), Illinois, the son of Clarence Edmond Hemingway and Grace Hall Hemingway. He went to work on the Kansas City Star following high school graduation. In 1918 he went to Italy to drive an ambulance for the Italian army. His experiences in Italy eventually became Farewell to Arms. He returned home and went to work for the Toronto Star. He met Hadley Richardson in Chicago and they married in 1921. The couple moved to Paris where their son, John, was born in 1923.

Hemingway became a member of what Gertrude Stein termed "The Lost Generation". During this time he wrote The Sun Also Rises. He had an affair with Pauline Pfeiffer and divorced Hadley to marry Pauline in 1927. They had two sons, Patrick and Gregory.

During the 1930s, Hemingway was involved with big game hunting in Africa, bullfighting in Spain and deep sea fishing in Key West. He served as a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War where he met Martha Gellhorn, who became his third wife in 1940. His literary work For Whom the Bell Tolls contains material gleaned from this time period.

Hemingway became a World War II correspondent and met Mary Welsh, who he married in 1940. In 1951 he wrote "Old Mad and the Sea, which won a Pulitzer Prize. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. Hemingway committed suicide on July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho and is buried there.

From the guide to the Mary Welsh and Ernest Hemingway manuscript, approximately 1950-1960, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

American novelist Ernest Hemingway won the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. Hemingway is known for his short and succinct prose, influenced in part by his stint as a reporter at the Kansas City Star at eighteen before being wounded during the World War One as an ambulance driver on the Italian front. Following the war, he was part of the "Lost Generation" along with authors like F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound, and Sherwood Anderson.

George Brown was a close friend of Hemingway, enough so that he was one of the witnesses for Hemingway's will in 1955. Hemingway committed suicide in 1961.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway Ephemera (MS 380), January 1944 - January 1948, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961), was a novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He was born in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, the second child of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor, and Grace Hall Hemingway. He attended the local public school and began to write in high school, submitting stories to the school newspaper, Tabula . His summers were spent with his family hunting, fishing, and camping in the woods around Walloon Lake in northern Michigan. On graduation from high school in 1917 and impatient for more excitement, he did not enter college as reported in the school yearbook, Senior Tabula, but went to Kansas City, where he was employed as a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star . He was rejected for military service because of poor vision, but he still managed to enter World War I as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross. On July 8, 1918, just shy of turning nineteen years old, he was injured by an explosion on the Austro-Italian front at Fossalta di Piave. While recovering at a hospital in Milan, he fell in love with a Red Cross nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, whom he asked to marry him. She declined the offer. These were experiences he was never to forget.

Hemingway returned home to recuperate and continue writing. For a while he worked at odd jobs in Chicago including as staff writer of the Toronto Star . On September 3, 1921, Hemingway married Hadley Richardson and soon afterwards they moved to France where Hemingway worked as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star . Splitting their time between Paris and Toronto, it was in the latter city that the first of his three sons, John, was born on October 10, 1923. While in Paris he met other American writers, in particular F. Scott Fitzgerald, Gertrude Stein, and Ezra Pound, who all encouraged his writing. He began to see his non-journalistic work appear in print there, and in 1924 his first book, In Our Time, a collection of stories, was published in Paris and subsequently released in New York City in 1925. 1926 saw the publication of The Sun Also Rises, a novel about a group of expatriates in France and Spain, members of the postwar "Lost Generation." Hemingway and Hadley Richardson divorced in 1927, and he soon married Pauline Pfeiffer, a devout Roman Catholic from Piggott, Arkansas. Pfeiffer was an occasional fashion reporter, publishing in magazines such as Vanity Fair and Vogue . It was at this time that Hemingway converted to Catholicism.

The writing of books occupied Hemingway for most of the postwar years, but he traveled widely for the skiing, bullfighting, fishing, and hunting that by then had become part of his life and formed the background for much of his writing. He demonstrated his mastery of short fiction with Men without Women, published in 1927, and further enhanced it with the stories in Winner Take Nothing in 1933. In 1928, Pauline gave birth to Hemingway's second son Patrick, and they moved to Key West, Florida, to begin their life together. However, shortly afterward, their life was disturbed by the suicide of Hemingway's father, Clarence.

The novel A Farewell to Arms was published in 1929. Recalling Hemingway's experiences as a young soldier in Italy, the novel combines a love story with a war story. Hemingway's third son Gregory was born in 1931. That same year the Hemingways purchased a home in Key West, where he wrote the majority of his later novels.

Hemingway's love of Spain and his passion for bullfighting produced Death in the Afternoon in 1932. The Green Hills of Africa, written in 1935, resulted from a safari he took in the fall of 1933 to the big-game regions of Kenya and Tanzania. In 1937, he published a minor novel, To Have and Have Not, about a Caribbean desperado, set in Key West during the Great Depression.

In 1937, Hemingway made four trips to Spain, once more as a correspondent for the North American Newspaper Alliance, to report on the civil war. He raised money for the Republicans in their struggle against the Nationalists under General Francisco Franco, and he wrote a play called The Fifth Column (1938), which is set in a besieged Madrid. Hemingway divorced Pauline in 1940. A few weeks after the divorce, he married Collier's war correspondent Martha Gellhorn. That same year he published the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls, which tells the story of an American volunteer fighting for the Republicans in Spain. After the completion of the novel, he and Martha travelled to cover another war, the Japanese invasion of China.

All of his life, Hemingway was fascinated by war, and, as World War II progressed, he made his way to London as a journalist. He flew several missions with the Royal Air Force and crossed the English Channel with American troops on D-Day (June 6, 1944). Attaching himself to the 22nd Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division, he saw a good deal of action in Normandy and in the Battle of the Bulge. He also participated in the liberation of Paris although he was ostensibly a journalist. Following the war in Europe and newly divorced from Gellhorn, Hemingway married Mary Welsh, who had covered World War II with distinction for Time and Life . The couple settled at Finca Vigía ("Lookout Farm"), Hemingway's estate outside Havana, Cuba, and Hemingway began writing seriously again. Across the River and into the Trees, released in 1950, was not a critical success, but Hemingway was soon to receive the Pulitzer Prize in fiction in 1953 for The Old Man and the Sea, a short novel about an old Cuban fisherman, published in 1952. This book played a role in gaining Hemingway the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.

He continued to travel widely, and, on a trip to Africa in 1954, he was so badly injured in two successive plane crashes that some American newspapers mistakenly published his obituary, believing he had been killed. By 1960, Fidel Castro's revolution had driven most Americans from Cuba. Hemingway, who remained cordial with Castro, moved to Ketchum, Idaho, intending to return to Cuba and continue to work as before. While in Idaho he worked on both The Dangerous Summer and A Moveable Feast . Poor health and depression resulted in two hospitalizations at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, where he received electroshock treatments. These treatments proved ineffective, and after his return to the house in Ketchum in the summer of 1961, he died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head.

Hemingway left behind a substantial number of manuscripts, many of which were retrieved by Mary Hemingway from their home in Cuba. Some of these have been published posthumously. A Moveable Feast was issued in 1964. Islands in the Stream, three closely related novellas, appeared in 1970.

From the guide to the Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1916-1977, 1930-1965, (Literature and Rare Books)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Masson, André, 1896-1987. Letter, 1954, to Pierre Descargues. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Hemingway/Lanham correspondence, 1944-1961. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Great authors poster collection. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Albert Gross papers, 1924-1946, 1924-1946 Literature and Rare Books
referencedIn Sinclair Lewis papers, 1866-1964, 1910-1950 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Newsmen's Commission to Investigate the Murder of George Polk Records, Bulk, 1946-1950, 1946-1992, bulk 1946-1950 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter : [Paris, France] to Grace Hall Hemingway, Oak Park, Illinois, 19 October 1925. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Hotchner, A. E. Papers, 1944-1990. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Agate, Frederic J. Frederic J. Agate papers, 1918. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Stallman, R. W. (Robert Wooster), 1911-1982. Papers of Robert Wooster Stallman [manuscript] 1935-1962. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American authors collection, 1832-1956. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn James M. Cain Papers, 1901-1978, (bulk 1925-1978) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Kaufman, Enit, 1908?-1961. American Portraits Papers, 1914-1958 (bulk 1940-1944). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway Portrait 1918
referencedIn Spear, Elsa, 1896-1992. Elsa Spear papers, ca. 1880s-1986. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Murphy, Gerald, 1888-1964. Gerald and Sara Murphy papers, 1854-2003. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Raleigh, John Henry, 1920-. The novel and history the cases of Joyce and Lawrence--and Hemingway and Fitzgerald / [John Henry Raleigh]. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Plimpton, George. Zelda, Scott and Ernest : a dramatic dialogue adapted from the letters and literary works of Zelda Fitzgerald, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway / by George Plimpton and Terry Quinn. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Correspondence to Maxwell Struthers Burt, [n.d.]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970. Papers of Waldo Peirce, 1889-1985. Library of Congress
referencedIn Lardner, James Phillips, 1914-1938. Papers, 1938-1948 (bulk 1938). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Brooks, Cleanth, 1906-1994. Cleanth Brooks papers, 1954-1966. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Burke, Kenneth, 1897-1993. Collection of 1 autograph letter signed with initials, 5 typed letters signed with initials, and a carbon copy typescript of poem, "To the memory of E. E. Cummings" : location varies, to Gilbert Seldes, 1938-1968. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Moss, Frank L. To have and have not : screenplay, 1939 Jan. 6. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Manuscripts. 9/1/1916 - 12/31/1999. 94b: in our time. Titles. 9/1/1916 - 12/31/1999. Possible Titles for quot;In Our Timequot;
referencedIn White, William. Images of Ernest Hemingway's homes and haunts / collected by William White. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway/Lanham Correspondence, 1944-1961 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers of Ernest Hemingway, 1925-1966. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Friede, Donald. Donald Friede papers, 1919-1980 (bulk 1925-1965). Library of Congress
referencedIn Heine collection of periodical articles relating to Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller and Ernest Hemingway. American University, American University Library; Bender Library
referencedIn Herbst, Josephine, 1897-1969. Letters to Cap., [1939?]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Emmett, Burton, 1871-1935. Burton Emmett papers, 1888-1939. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Passport: 1921. 11/26/1921 - 11/26/1921. Ernest Hemingway Passport
referencedIn Owen Wister Papers, 1829-1966, (bulk 1890-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Clark, Robert Sterling, 1877-1956. Sterling and Francine Clark Papers: Reading Library, 1707-1961. Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, The Clark
referencedIn Sara and Gerald Murphy papers, 1854-2003 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Joseph Warren Beach papers, 1900-1993 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The fifth column, from the published play by Ernest Hemingway, adapted by Benjamin Glazer. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983 (bulk 1960-1971). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Woodcock, Gilbert. Photographs, 1961. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Paris Review. The Paris Review archives, 1953-1997. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Ephemera (MS 380), January 1944 - January 1948 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Manuscripts. 9/1/1916 - 12/31/1999. 194: The Sun Also Rises: Notebooks. 7/23/1925 - 8/3/1925. Manuscript Notebook of quot;The Sun Also Risesquot;
referencedIn Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. Papers, 1876-1955 (inclusive), 1900-1955 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Bellow, Saul. Saul Bellow drafts of nobel lecture, 1976-1977. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Thompson, Ralph, 1904-1979. Ralph Thompson papers, 1929-1960. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Young, Philip, 1918-1991. Philip Young papers, 1930-2000. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Ivancich, Adriana. Typed letters signed (ca. 7) : Italy, to Peter Buckley 1981. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Photographs of Hemingway [manuscript], 1934-1959. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Garwick, Joseph Daniel. Silence as American text / by Joseph Daniel Garwick. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Spain, 1953-1960. 6/30/1953 - 10/8/1960. Ernest Hemingway with Lauren Bacall in Spain
referencedIn Williams, Paul, 1940-. Dorothy / music and lyrics by Paul Williams and Ken Ascher ; book by Paul Zindel and Des McAnuff, 1980. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. [Letter, literary fragment, and poems / Ernest Hemingway] Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Bullfight Materials. 6/6/1892 - 9/30/1960. Ticket Stubs. 1/1/1923 - 12/31/1929. Ernest Hemingway Ticket Stub for Bullfight
creatorOf Algren, Nelson, 1909-1981. Papers, 1920-1983. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Rice, Alfred, 1907-1989. Hemingway legal files collection, 1899-1971 (bulk 1935-1960). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Anthony, Gene. Gene Anthony photograph collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Donald Friede Papers, 1919-1980, (bulk 1925-1965) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Somers, Paul Preston, 1942-. Sherwood Anderson and Ernest Hemingway: influences and parallels. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Kenner, Valentin, 1911-1967. Papers, 1937-[1967] (bulk 1937-1938). Rutgers University
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1957 Sept. 30, Westbury, New York to Robert Manning, Esq, Time Inc., Editorial Dept., Time and Life Building, Rockefeller Center, New York. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Bennett Cerf Papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The Old Man and the Sea: "Galley 4, " 1952. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Rodman, Selden, 1909-2002. Selden Rodman papers, 1938-2000 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Mauriac, François, 1885-1970. L'express [Multimédia multisupport] : 6 novembre 1964. Pourquoi l'Algérie ?. De Gaulle vous parle. Le coeur par les cornes / François Mauriac, Ernest Hemingway, aut. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Friede, Donald. Papers, 1919-1980. Library of Congress
referencedIn Vertical File on Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Central Lakes College
creatorOf Butcher, Fanny, 1888-1987. Fanny Butcher papers 1830-1984, bulk 1910-1984. Newberry Library
referencedIn Charles A. Fenton papers, 1866-1965, 1918-1960 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fitch, Noël Riley. Noël Riley Fitch papers, 1858-2002 (bulk 1965-1995) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Harvey, Al,. Al Harvey interview, 1973 June 18. Finnish American Historical Archive and Museum
referencedIn Burke, Michael, 1918-. Michael Burke collection, 1930-1986. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Cuba Years, 1939-1960. 12/24/1940 - 8/4/1960. Ernest Hemingway at the Finca Vigia, Cuba
creatorOf Viertel, Peter. The old man and the sea : [screenplay / by Peter Viertel]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Manuscripts, [ca.193-?]. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
referencedIn Arnold Gingrich Papers, 1932-1975 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol 44, No. 59
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway collection, 1923-1970 (bulk 1950-1970) The Claremont Colleges, Claremont University Consortium
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Spain, 1953-1960
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Outgoing Letters
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Key West Years, 1928-1939. 3/17/1928 - 12/24/1939. Ernest Hemingway Aboard the Pilar 1935
referencedIn Donaldson, Scott. Papers, ca. 1970-1989. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn White, William, 1910-1995. Papers of William White [manuscript], 1875-1987. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter to Peter Viertel [manuscript], 1954 January 21. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Paris Years, 1922-1930
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Wars, 1917-1945. 4/1/1917 - 3/8/1945. Ernest Hemingway with Colonel Charles T. (Buck) Lanham September 18, 1944
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter to Paul Romaine, 1932 January 15. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Howe, Will David, 1873-1946. Letters, 1938-1943. Indiana University
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway's Baby Picture
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Books: Hemingway, Ernest: Three Stories and Ten Poems. 8/13/1923 - 8/13/1923. THREE STORIES AND TEN POEMS Book Cover
referencedIn Meacham, Harry M. (Harry Monroe), 1901-1975. Harry M. Meacham papers [manuscript] , 1900-75. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The sun also rises chapter one, 1925-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Night before battle 1938. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway manuscripts, circa 1930s. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
referencedIn Kubie, Lawrence S. (Lawrence Schlesinger), 1896-1973. Papers of Lawrence S. Kubie, 1943-1979. Library of Congress
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Personal Files
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Evelyn Watson Papers, 1921-1950. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Church, Ralph Withington. Ralph Withington Church reminiscences, [19--]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Johnson, Jerome. In our time: typescript, n.d. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Harry Randall: Fifteenth International Brigade Photographs, August 1937-September 1938 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Cuba Years, 1939-1960. 12/24/1940 - 8/4/1960. Ernest Hemingway Aboard the Pilar 1950
referencedIn Hinkle, James. William Faulkner research papers [manuscript], 1930-1990. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway collection, 1916-1977 (bulk 1930-1965). University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1932 August 10, L-T Cooke, Montana to Charles [Thompson]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. After the storm / [Ernest Hemingway] Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Fay family. Papers, 1800-1953 (inclusive), 1859-1953 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Drafts of Writings
referencedIn MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. Papers of Archibald MacLeish, 1907-1981 (bulk 1925-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Ernest Hemingway file, 1942-1974. Boise State University, Albertsons Library
referencedIn Galantière, Lewis, 1895-1977. Lewis Galantière papers, 1920-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Janet Flanner and Solita Solano Papers, 1870-1976, (bulk 1955-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. MEET ERNEST HEMINGWAY
referencedIn Cantwell, Robert, 1908-1978. Robert Cantwell papers [microform], 1926-1978. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Cuba Years, 1939-1960. 12/24/1940 - 8/4/1960. Ernest and Mary Hemingway at the Finca Vigia, Cuba
referencedIn Wilstach, John, b. 1890. Miscellaneous manuscripts, ca. 1930. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway ephemera. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Hemingway, Patrick, 1928-. Patrick Hemingway papers, 1927-1961. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Shaw, S. Ernest Hemingway. University of Manchester Library, Main Library
referencedIn Sir Hugh Walpole collection of papers, 1909-1962, 1913-1937 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway manuscripts, circa 1930s University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Sound Recordings Relating to "Studio One" Broadcasts. 1955 - 2003. A Writer for His Time
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters to Charles Fenton, 1952-1953. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. Papers, 1907-1981 (bulk 1925-1970). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter to Richard Armstrong, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ruark, Robert Chester, 1915-1965. Robert Chester Ruark papers, 1942-1965 (bulk 1942-1945). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Wyndham Lewis collection, 1877-1975 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990. [The world of Nick Adams / Aaron Copland]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Cornell, Julien D., 1910-. Julien Cornell papers relating to Ezra Pound, 1945-1965. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway papers [manuscript], 1925-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf [Tan and black fishing hat] [realia]. University Club Library
referencedIn Milton Wolff Papers, 1938-2004 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Forester, Clarence M. Clarence M. Forester papers, 1937-1997. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Lawrence S. Kubie Papers, 1916-1978 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Waldmeir, Joseph. Ernest Hemingway photographs (copies) collection, 1917,2005. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. [A collection of periodicals containing articles and stories by Ernest Hemingway.]. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Faulkner, William, 1897-1962. Screenplays, 1944-1954. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Selznick, David O., 1902-1965. Letters to Robert Harris Chapman, 1956. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Williams, Harris H. Correspondence to John Cook Wyllie regarding Ernest Hemingway and Robert Graves and from Robert Graves to Williams [manuscript] 1959 July-Nov. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Watkins Loomis Records, 1883-2007 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Bullfight Materials
referencedIn Hays, Peter L., 1938-. Peter L. Hays papers, 1952-1994. University of California, Davis, Shields Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The Sun also rises, 1957 Feb. 20. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway letters to Harvey Breit, 1950-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Longstreet, Stephen, 1907-2002. Letter to Matthew J. Bruccoli [manuscript], 1975 November 17. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection, 1766-1935 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway collection, 1918-1974. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Millen Brand Papers, 1919-1976. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn John McClelland papers, 1860-1961 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Cuban revolution collection, 1955-1970 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The Sun also rises [manuscript], 1925-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rice, Alfred,. Barbara A. Cohen correspondence concerning Ernest Hemingway [manuscript], 1952. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cuban revolution collection, 1955-1970 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Longwell, Daniel, 1899-1968. Daniel Longwell papers, [ca. 1920]-1974. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. John Dos Passos papers [manuscript], 1908-1967. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hotchner, A. E. Papa Hemingway, 1966 page proofs. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf McGill, Ralph, 1898-1969. Ralph McGill papers, 1853-1971. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Baker, Keith H., 1906-1986,. Ernest Hemingway collection, [193-] and undated. Indiana Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Africa, 1933/1934, 1953/1954
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1916-1977, 1930-1965 Literature and Rare Books
creatorOf Adams, Elbridge L., 1866-. Collection of books from the library of William Faulkner. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Wister, Owen, 1860-1938. Owen Wister papers, 1829-1966. Library of Congress
referencedIn Eugene V. Moran Wyoming Literary Map papers, 1976-1990 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material
referencedIn Parsons, Geoffrey, 1879-1956. Papers, ca.1919-1959. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Frank, Nino. Bifur archive 1921-1930. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Irvin D. Yalom papers, 1959-2011 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. High School: Notes: #1. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. High School Notes of Ernest Hemingway
referencedIn Algren, Nelson, 1909-1981. Papers, [ca.1930-1979]. State Library of Ohio
referencedIn MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982. Archibald MacLeish collection addition, 1801-1995. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Photograph of Ernest Hemingway with Myrna Loy, William Powell and Luise Ranier at Paramount Pictures, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Shenton, Edward, 1895-1977. Edward Shenton collection: drawings, 1933-1935. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Spruille Braden Papers, 1903-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Caldwell, Erskine, 1903-1987. Collection of 28 autograph and typed letters from noted authors to Kyle Crichton, 1921-1960. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter. 1924 Jan. 16, Gstaad, Switzerland, to Henry Goodman, Brooklyn, N.Y. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Hagemann, E. R. (Edward R.), 1921-. Letters, 1979-1981. Indiana University
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Collection, 1938-1964. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
referencedIn Robert Manning papers, 1938-1993. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Lewis, Wyndham, 1882-1957. Wyndham Lewis collection, 1877-1975. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Europe, 1948-1959
referencedIn Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Loeb, Harold, 1891-1974. Essays, ca. 1967. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf The Charles D. Field Collection of Ernest Hemingway Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Watkins Loomis, Inc. Watkins Loomis Records, 1883-1987. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Crowell-Collier Publishing Company. Crowell-Collier Publishing Company records, 1931-1955. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Manuscripts
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1945 November 1, Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, to Mother [Edna Gellhorn]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Olds, Elizabeth, 1896-1991. Elizabeth Olds papers, 1917-1976. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters to Arnold Gingrich, 1933-1938. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Hound & Horn records, 1925-1940 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Morrill Cody (AC 1921) Papers, 1930-1969, 1958-1962 Amherst College Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [APRIL 10]
referencedIn Hanneman, Audre. Audre Hanneman papers, 1929-1981 (bulk 1950-1974). University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
creatorOf Little review (Chicago, Ill.). Little Review records, 1914-1964. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Untitled story : autograph and typed manuscript : [Sun Valley, Idaho, and Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, near Havana, Cuba], [autumn 1947]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Across the river and into the trees : galley proof, 1950. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Pauline Pfeiffer. Diary, 1933-1934. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1960 February 25, Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba to N.M. Davis, Esq. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Adele C. Brockoff Correspondence, 1946-1981. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Newsmen's Commission to Investigate the Murder of George Polk. Records, 1946-1992 (bulk 1946-1950). Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Antheil, George, 1900-1959. Orchestral score of Capital of the world : a ballet / music by George Antheil. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Brockhoff, Adele C. Adele C. Brockhoff letters, 1946-1981. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn MacKinlay Kantor Papers, 1885-1977, (bulk 1920-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1932 September 19, [Cooke, Montana, at the Nordquist L-Bar-T Ranch], to Jane Mason. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Spiegel, Clara Gatzert, 1904-1997. Clara G. Spiegel-Ernest Hemingway Family papers, 1939-1988. Newberry Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Key West Years, 1928-1939
referencedIn Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970. Waldo Peirce papers, 1903-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Hemingway legal files collection, 1899-1971, 1935-1960 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Saviers, George. Sound recording, 1990. The Community Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. MIscellaneous uncataloged materials. Indiana University
referencedIn White, T. H. (Terence Hanbury), 1906-1964. Notes on Ernest Hemingway and on his For whom the bell tolls, [1941?]. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Audio materials, 1949-1950 [sound recording]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Aronowitz, Alfred G. Collection of periodical literature related to Ernest Hemingway / as collected by William White. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Romaine, Paul, 1906-1986. Paul Romaine papers, 1880-1986, bulk 1937-1983. Newberry Library
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referencedIn Baker, Carlos, 1909-1987. Carlos Baker letters to John C. Buck, 1953-1961. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1922, May 12, Montreux, Switzerland, to Miss Buss. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Cuba Years, 1939-1960. 12/24/1940 - 8/4/1960. Ernest Hemingway at the Finca Vigia, Cuba 1946
referencedIn Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph, 1931-. Fitzgerald and Hemingway : setting copy, 1994 / Matthew J. Bruccoli. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Wheeler, John N. Papers, 1915-1966. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Charles D. Field collection of Ernest Hemingway materials. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Bruccoli, Matthew J. (Matthew Joseph), 1931-2008. World War I memorabilia [manuscript], 1917-1919. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 19th and 20th century. State Library of Ohio
referencedIn Cornell, Julien D., 1910-. Julien Cornell papers relating to Ezra Pound, 1945-1965. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. [Press statements]. 1961-1962. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway and Milford J. Baker correspondence, 1918-1969 (bulk 1930-1932) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway at Oak Park, Illinois 1919
referencedIn Frederic Dannay Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers of Ernest Hemingway, 1949. Library of Congress
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Books: Hemingway, Ernest: Three Stories and Ten Poems. 8/13/1923 - 8/13/1923. THREE STORIES AND TEN POEMS Book Cover
referencedIn Hemingway, Mary Welsh, 1908-. Correspondence with Duane J. MacMillan [manuscript], 1977 April 6-June 22. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Collection, 1923-1962 (inclusive), 1925-1940 (bulk). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Newspaper Clippings
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Books: Joyce, James: Ulysses. 2/2/1922 - 2/2/1922. ULYSSES with Hemingway Signature
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Wars, 1917-1945. 4/1/1917 - 3/8/1945. Ernest and Martha Hemingway Photograph
referencedIn Cowley, Malcolm, 1898-1989. Papers of Malcolm Cowley [manuscript], 1969. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Night before battle: typescript, 1938. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Braden, Spruille, 1894-1978. Spruille Braden papers, 1903-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Photograph portrait of Ernest Hemingway : inscribed to F. Scott Fitzgerald / by Hemingway, 1931. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn H. D. (Hilda Doolittle), 1886-1961. Letter, [between 1921 and 1931]. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983, 1960-1971 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Robbins, Fred W. Hemingway's Black Sox stories : typescript / Fred W. Robbins. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, NBHOF
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway collection, 1983-[ongoing]. The Community Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway with Family, 1905
referencedIn Wilder, Thornton, 1897-1975. Letters to Elfy Stoeger Joseph [manuscript], 1945-1975. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Samuels, Lee. [Lee Samuels letters to Marjorie Bache Menden] Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Waldo Peirce Papers, 1889-1985 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The fifth column and the first forty-nine stories : galleys, 1938. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, [1929], Madrid, to Charles [Thompson]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Autographed group photograph, 1950 May 30. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1954, December 31, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, to Robert R. Edge. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Cuba Years, 1939-1960
referencedIn Faulkner, William, 1897-1962. Papers of William Faulkner [manuscript], ca. 1935-1981. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. A.E. Hotchner/Ernest Hemingway collection, 1944-1968 (bulk 1950-1966). Library of Congress
creatorOf Mary Welsh and Ernest Hemingway manuscript, approximately 1950-1960 L. Tom Perry Special CollectionsLiterary Manuscripts
referencedIn Robert McAlmon papers, 1916-1980, 1930-1952 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Wars, 1917-1945
referencedIn Michigan miscellaneous photographic collection, 1904, 1972. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway letters, 1956-1958. Sonoma State University, Schulz Library
referencedIn Breuer, Bessie, b. 1893. Bessie Breuer papers, 1926-1972. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921
creatorOf Hall, Allison S. Production book for two one-act plays produced at the Department of Drama, Yale University, 1949. Yale University Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway collection, 1920-1962 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Chard Powers Smith papers, 1759-1978, 1910-1977 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn [Hemingway periodical mentions]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Books: Joyce, James: Ulysses. 2/2/1922 - 2/2/1922. ULYSSES with Hemingway Signature
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1948 May 31, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, to Guy S. Burtis, Chicago. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn White, William, 1910-. William White on Ernest Hemingway : a collection of perioricals containing contributions by William White. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Frost, Robert, 1874-1963. Correspondence, 1906-1963. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Berenson, Bernard and Mary. Papers, 1880-2002, 1880-2002 Biblioteca Berenson, Villa I Tatti - The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Newspaper Clippings
referencedIn Bowles, Paul, 1910-1999. Paul Bowles letter to c[harles] h[enri] f[ord] [manuscript], 1978 October. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers: 1873-1993 (inclusive), 1899-1961 (bulk). John F Kennedy Presidential Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1860-1965. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn James Lardner Papers, Bulk, 1938, 1938-1948, (Bulk 1938) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Stevens, Wallace, 1879-1955. Papers, 1899-1957. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. After the storm : manuscript, [ca. 1932] Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Hemingway posters, 1985. The Community Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1932 August 27, Nordquist Ranch, Wyoming to Charles [Thompson]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Correspondence, 1924-1946. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Other Material. 1/1/1873 - 12/31/1972. Books: Hemingway, Ernest: in our time. 4/3/1924 - 4/3/1924. IN OUR TIME Book Cover
referencedIn Kjolhede, Virginia. Collection, 1912,2008. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Cantwell, Robert, 1908-1978. Robert Cantwell papers, 1926-1978. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Paris Years, 1922-1930. 1/1/1922 - 1/10/1930. Ernest Hemingway 1923 Passport Photograph
referencedIn Bruccoli, Matthew J. (Matthew Joseph), 1931-2008. Matthew J. Bruccoli papers 1894-2010. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers, 1934-1954. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The Ernest Hemingway Ephemera Collection, 1918-1974. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Metzger, Ed. Ed Metzger papers, 1982-1995. Boise State University, Albertsons Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Africa, 1933/1934, 1953/1954. 11/22/1933 - 3/10/1954. Ernest Hemingway Writing at Campsite in Kenya
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway Fishing at Walloon Lake, Michigan
referencedIn Hawkins, Arthur. Papers of Arthur Hawkins [manuscript], 1929-1970. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ralph Thompson papers, 1929-1960 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Powell, Dawn. Dawn Powell Papers, 1910-1998. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Villard, Henry Serrano, 1900-1996. Red Cross driver in Italy : a memoir of the First World War : typescript, 1982 / by Henry Serrano Villard. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The fifth column : play in three acts, New York, [ca. 1938]. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Memoranda. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Collection, 1926-1965. North Central College, Oesterle Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway collection, 1938-2001. University of Delaware Library, Hugh M Morris Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway letter to Peter Viertel [manuscript], [1954?] August 21. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Spain. Ejército Popular de la República. Brigada Internacional, XV. Photographic Unit. Fifteenth International Brigade Photographic Unit photographs [graphic]. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf A. E. Hotchner/Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1944-1968, (bulk 1950-1966) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway letter, circa 1953 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahManuscripts Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Autograph letter signed "Papa, " to Joseph Dearing, 1945 March 8. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Collection of obituaries of Ernest Hemingway, as photocopied from various newspapers and magazines. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Correspondence. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Key West Years, 1928-1939. 3/17/1928 - 12/24/1939. Ernest Hemingway and Others with Marlin July, 1934
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway collection, 1920-1962. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn James B. Pinker and Son collection of papers, 1893-1940 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Baker, Carlos, 1909-1987. Carlos Baker collection of Ernest Hemingway, [1800s]-1987 (bulk 1918-1961). Princeton University Library
creatorOf Matthews, Herbert Lionel 1900-1977. Herbert L. Matthews Collection, 1929-1949. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Matthews, Herbert Lionel, 1900-. Herbert Lionel Matthews papers, 1909-2002 [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Ezra Pound Papers, 1868-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. Janet Flanner and Solita Solano papers, 1870-1976 (bulk 1955-1975). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter to Philip La Follette [manuscript], 1950 January 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Peter L. Hays Papers, 1952-1994 University of California, Davis. General Library. . Dept. of Special Collections
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Telegram, 1960, April 21, Habana, Cuba, to Lt. Davis [Bill Davis]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Herbert Lionel Matthews Papers, 1909-2002, [Bulk Dates: 1937-1976]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The fifth column : cast proofs, 1938. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Africa, 1933/1934, 1953/1954. 11/22/1933 - 3/10/1954. Ernest Hemingway on Safari in Africa
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1933 [July] , Havana, Cuba, to Jane Mason. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn MacMullen, Forrest. Sound recording, 1987. The Community Library
referencedIn Moran, Eugene V. Eugene V. Moran's Wyoming Literary Map papers, 1976-1990. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
creatorOf Yalom, Irvin D., 1931-. Irvin D. Yalom papers, 1959-2011 (inclusive). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1952 June 12, Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, to Charles Fenton. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
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creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters: 1933-1934. Amherst College
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Typed letters signed (2) and autograph letter signed : Fincia Vigia, Cuba, to "Pickle" [Mary Welsh], [1945] Apr. 13 and Sept. 1. and [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Records of the American National Red Cross. 1881 - 2008. Historical Personnel Files
referencedIn Horne, William D., 1892-1986. William Horne - Ernest Hemingway papers, 1913-1985. Newberry Library
referencedIn Dannay, Frederic, 1905-1982. Papers, ca.1920-1982. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Holloway, Edward Stratton, 1859-1939. Letter to Paul Lemperly [manuscript] 1929 December 20. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mellow, James R. James R. Mellow papers, 1940-1999. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Miscellaneous collection, 1909, 1919. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters received by Ernest Hemingway [manuscript], 1920-1961. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The fifth column and the first forty-nine stories : galleys, 1938. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
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creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway collection, 1920-1962. Yale University Library
referencedIn Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Oct. 7. Georgia State University
referencedIn Herbert L. Matthews Collection TXRC99-A6., 1929-1949 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, [1931], December 9, Kansas City, Missouri to Mr. Romaine. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf De Pereda, Prudencio, 1912- . Papers, 1935-1973. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Crowell-Collier Publishing Company records, 1931-1955 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Savage, Hal. The albatross, 1975-1976. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. Papers of Gertrude Stein [manuscript], 1922-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Arnold, Tillie. Sound recording, 1985. The Community Library
referencedIn Archibald MacLeish Papers, 1907-1981, (bulk 1925-1970) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Elsa Spear papers, circa 1880s-1986 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Smith, Alice Kimball. Oral history, 1987- Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Early Years, 1899-1921. 7/21/1899 - 12/31/1921. Ernest Hemingway Wedding Photograph September 3, 1921
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway letters to Harvey Breit, 1950-1961. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Collection. 1/1/1880 - 12/31/1999. Photographs: Paris Years, 1922-1930. 1/1/1922 - 1/10/1930. Ernest Hemingway Holding His Son 1927
referencedIn Leland Hayward papers, 1920-1995, 1920-1974 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1947, September 1, Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, Cuba to Mark [Hellinger]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Cowan, Louis G., 1909-1976. Louis G. Cowan diaries [manuscript], 1944 May -1945 June. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brand, Millen, 1906-1980. Millen Brand papers, 1919-1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Viertel, Peter. The sun also rises : screenplay, 1956 June 25. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 42, No. 75
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. [Miscellaneous pamphlets, etc.]. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn Hayward, Leland, 1902-1971. Leland Hayward papers, 1920-1995 (bulk 1920-1974). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Spiegel, Frederick W. (Frederick William), 1898-1975. Frederick W. Spiegel - Ernest Hemingway papers, 1918-1973. Newberry Library
creatorOf Mauriac, François, 1885-1970. L'express [Multimédia multisupport] : 6 novembre 1964. Pourquoi l'Algérie ?. De Gaulle vous parle. Le coeur par les cornes / François Mauriac, Ernest Hemingway, aut. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Prudencio De Pereda Papers TXRC93-A37., 1935-1973 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound Papers 1868-1976. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970. Papers of Waldo Peirce, 1936 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940. Papers of Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald [manuscript] 1915-1935 (1971). University of Virginia. Library
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creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1958, November 27, Ketchum, Idaho to Mr. Palmer. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. Bennett Cerf papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn James R. Mellow papers, 1940-1999 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. ERNEST HEMINGWAY
referencedIn Crane, Joan St. C. Papers of Joan St. C. Crane [manuscript], 1969-1995. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Incoming Letters
referencedIn Julien Cornell papers relating to Ezra Pound, 1945-1965 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf McClelland, John, 1889-1961. John McClelland papers, circa 1860-1961. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959. Bernard and Mary Berenson, Papers (1880-2002, bulk 1880-1959) : a finding aid. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Typed transcripts of eight letters from Ernest Hemingway to Ernest Walsh, 1925 New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Kantor, MacKinlay, 1904-1977. Papers of MacKinlay Kantor, 1885-1977 (bulk 1920-1970). Library of Congress
referencedIn Oleg Pavlovich Grushnikov Collection of Children's Books (Library of Congress). [Grushnikov collection of children's books. Box 241]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Waggoner, Hyatt Howe, 1913-1990. Papers, 1934-1988. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn McAlmon, Robert, 1896-1956. Robert McAlmon papers, 1916-1980 (bulk 1930-1952). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Key West letter. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway documents and tax-related papers, 1940-1945. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Blam, George. Papers, 1944, 1992. Indiana University
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters to Eric Edward ("Chink") Dorman-Smith, 1950-1955. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The garden of Eden : a novel / Ernest Hemingway. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Gingrich, Arnold. Arnold Gingrich papers, 1932-1975. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Enit Kaufman, American Portraits, Papers, TXRC99-A1., 1914-1958 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. A play : carbon draft, 1937 University of South Carolina, University Libraries
Ernest Hemingway Papers
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1952 May 1, Finca Vigia, San Francisco de Paula, to Mr. Paulson. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Faulkner, William, 1897-1962. William Faulkner letters to Paul Romaine [manuscript], 1932. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hemingway, Mary Welsh, 1908-. Letters to [John?] Leggett. New York, NY. 1970-1971. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Lewis, Sinclair, 1885-1951. Sinclair Lewis papers, 1866-1964 (bulk 1910-1950). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. Charles W. Bernardin-John Dos Passos Research Collection [manuscript], ca. 1940-1980. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. The killers : typescript, [ca. 1926] Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Miscellaneous works by and about Ernest Hemingway, 1928-1970. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955. Albert H. Gross Collection. University of Maryland Libraries, UMD Libraries
referencedIn Jack Lieb Collection. 1944 - 1969. Motion Picture Films Relating to the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day) and Commemorative Visits After the War
referencedIn Smith, Chard Powers, 1894-. Chard Powers Smith papers, 1759-1978 (bulk 1910-1977). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Mary Welsh Hemingway papers, 1892-1977 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rudin, Stephen,. Gail and Stephen Rudin literary autograph collection, 1841-1993. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Clarence M. Forester papers., 1937-1939, 1945, 1996-1997. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Antheil, George, 1900-1959. [Capital of the world (Sketches) / George Antheil]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Levy, Richard John,. Richard John Levy and Sally Waldman Sweet collection, 1766-1935. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letters to Eric Edward ("Chink") Dorman-Smith, 1950-1955. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Hemingway Family Papers, 1861, 2006. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Cowley, Malcolm, 1898-1989. Letter 1934, February 26, The New Republic, New York, to Ernest Hemingway, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992. Kay Boyle photograph collection, 1904-1980. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Robert Cantwell papers, 1926-1978 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Archibald MacLeish Collection Addition, 1801-1995 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
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creatorOf Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. Papers relating to Ezra Pound [manuscript] 1957-1959. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Gail and Stephen Rudin autograph collection, 1841-1993. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Angell, Nicholas B. Nicholas B. Angell collection of Evan Shipman papers and other materials, 1890-2009. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Collection, 1918-1974 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
referencedIn Henry Serrano Villard typescript : Red Cross driver in Italy : a memoir of the First World War, 1982 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Article written in Spain : carbon typescript, 1938. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Photograph of Ernest Hemingway with Myrna Loy, William Powell and Luise Ranier at Paramount Pictures [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Patrick Hemingway Papers, 1927-1961 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway letters to his family, 1901-1957 (bulk 1917-1954) Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Cain, James M. (James Mallahan), 1892-1977. Papers of James M. Cain, 1901-1978 (bulk 1925-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Lewis, Sinclair, 1885-1951. Typed letter signed : New York, to Willa Cather, 1937 Oct. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Audio Recordings. 1945 - 1965. MEET ERNEST HEMINGWAY
Role Title Holding Repository
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