Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953

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Virginia Taylor McCormick (1873-1957), of Norfolk, Virginia was a poet, literary critic, essayist, lecturer, and the editor of The Lyric, 1921-1929.

From the guide to the Virginia Taylor McCormick Papers, 1887-1953., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

In 1931, Scribner published two of Rawlings' short stories, Jacob's ladder and Cracker chidlins, both describing poor, backcountry Florida. Some of Rawlings' neighbors were angered by what they considered to be unfavorable descriptions of themselves and their community.

From the description of [Letter] 1931 April 8, Cross Creek, Hawthorn, Florida to Walter P. Fuller, Snell Arcade, St. Petersburg, Florida / Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. (University of South Florida). WorldCat record id: 705358234

Author.

Born in Washington, D.C. Graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1918. Became a journalist. In 1928 left New York to live in Cross Creek, Florida, the setting for many of her novels and short stories. Divorced her husband Charles Rawlings and later married Norton Baskin, a bussiness man. Her novel The Yearling won a Pulitzer Prize in 1939.

From the description of Papers, 1844-2002 (bulk: 1916-1953) (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 19557480

Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings was a Pulitzer-winning author who lived in rural Cross Creek, Florida, and wrote novels and stories focusing on rural themes and settings, including The Yearling and Cross Creek .

Marjorie Kinnan was born on August 8, 1896 in Washington D.C. She graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1918 and became a journalist. In 1919 she married her first husband, Charles Rawlings, and the two lived in New York for several years. In 1928 they left New York and bought an orange grove in Cross Creek, Florida. That same year, her first stories about rural Florida were published: "Cracker Chidlings" and "Jacob's Ladder." This began a long relationship with her editor, Maxwell Perkins of Scribner's.

She and Charles Rawlings divorced in 1933, and Marjorie remained at Cross Creek, concentrating on her writing. Her first novel, South Moon Under, about a family of Florida moonshiners, was published in 1933. Her second novel, Golden Apples, was published in 1935. Her best known work, The Yearling, about a boy who cares for an orphaned fawn, won a Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1939 and was later adapted as a film of the same title (1946). In 1941, she married her second husband, Norton Baskin, a Florida businessman and owner of the Castle Warden Hotel in St. Augustine.

In 1942 Rawlings published Cross Creek, her autobiographical account of life in rural Florida. The book featured many of her neighbors and friends, including her longtime maid, Idella Parker, her friend Zelma Cason, her tenants the Mickens family, and her nearby neighbors the Bass and Glisson families. That same year she also published Cross Creek Cookery, sharing her passion for cooking. In 1943, Rawlings was surprised when Zelma Cason sued her for libel for the manner in which the author had portrayed Cason in Cross Creek . Although Rawlings won the initial case, the trial went to appeal and she was ordered to pay Cason $1 in damages. The case proved to be a great distraction, and it greatly soured Rawlings towards Cross Creek.

For almost seven years, from 1947 until her death in 1953, Rawlings spent part of each year in Van Hornesville, New York, working on her final novel, The Sojourner (1953). When in Florida, she spent most of her time at the Crescent Beach home she and Baskin called "The Cottage." She died on December 14, 1953.

For a bibliography of her works see Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings: a Descriptive Bibliography by Rodger L. Tarr (1996).

From the guide to the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Papers, 1844-2002, 1916-1953, (Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie (Kinnan), 1896-1953. Typed letter signed Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings to: Mrs. Kleeman October 26, 1943. Wellesley College
referencedIn Barrow, Larry. A survey of the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings House, Cross Creek, Florida / contributors, Larry Barrow ... [et al.] under the supervision of Phillip Wissley and F. Blair Reeves. University of Florida
referencedIn Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site (Hawthorne, Fla.). Scrapbooks, 1928-1983. Florida State Archive
creatorOf Rawlings Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Songs of the housewife / by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. Rochester Public Library, Central Library of Rochester and Monore County
creatorOf Malone, Philip R. Autograph albums [manuscript], ca. 1925-1935. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. The yearling [[manuscript]. University of Florida
creatorOf Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. Papers : of Ellen Anderson Gholson Glasgow, ca. 1877-1974. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Letter of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, St. Augustine, Fla. to Aquilla B. Hanson Jr., Baltimore, Md. [manuscript] 1942 March 31. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cabell, James Branch, 1879-1958. James Branch Cabell Collection, 1930-1945. Florida State University
referencedIn Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. Papers of James Southall Wilson, 1928-1959. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. Papers of Ellen Glasgow [manuscript], ca. 1877-1974. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cross Creek Trial (Cason vs. Baskin) Papers, 1938-1949 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Ellen Glasgow Papers, ca. 1877-1974 University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Oct. 7. Georgia State University
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers: 1873-1993 (inclusive), 1899-1961 (bulk). John F Kennedy Presidential Library
referencedIn Cabell, James Branch, 1879-1958. Typed letters signed (38) : [n.p.], to Edward Wagenknecht, 1945-1957. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf McCormick, Virginia Taylor, 1873-1957. Papers, 1887-1953. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Cabell, James Branch, 1879-1958. Letters, 1940-1953, to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Alyce Batchelder Collection of George Grebenstchikoff, 1898-1995, 1947-1967 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Dresbach, Glenn Ward, 1889-1968. Glenn Ward Dresbach papers, 1907-1968. University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. TLS, 1943 June 1 : Hawthorn, Florida, to Mr. Wilson. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Bassett, Norman, 1891- . Papers, 1932-1956. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Cross Creek [[manuscript]. University of Florida
referencedIn Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. Letters to Marian Canby and Henry Seidel Canby [manuscript], 1937-1944. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn May, Philip Stockton, 1891-. Cross Creek Trial (Cason vs. Baskin) Papers, 1938-1949. University of Florida
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Edith Pope Papers, 1899-1961 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
creatorOf Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Papers, 1844-2002, 1916-1953 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Baro, Gene. Gene Baro Papers, 1945-1982, (Bulk: 1950-1965). University of Florida
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. [Letter] 1931 April 8, Cross Creek, Hawthorn, Florida to Walter P. Fuller, Snell Arcade, St. Petersburg, Florida / Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. University of South Florida, USF Library
referencedIn Gene Baro Papers, 1945-1982, 1950-1965 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn Lillian B. Gilkes Papers, 1900-1976 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Collection, 1926-1928. New York State Historical Documents
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Proofs of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings [manuscript] 1940, 1942. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. Letters to James Branch Cabell, 1916-1946 (bulk 1916-1943). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Harper's Magazine Records, 1847-1983, (bulk 1940-1983) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. Papers of James Southall Wilson [manuscript] ca. 1904-62. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Letters received from Ellen Glasgow and James Branch Cabell [manuscript], 1939-1953. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Straughan's Book Shop. Straughan's Book Shop records, 1930-1962, bulk 1945-1962. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Virginia Taylor McCormick Papers, 1887-1953. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Letter, notes, and newspaper clipping, 1938 and 1939. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn James Branch Cabell Collection, 1916-1946, n.d. University of Virginia. Library. Special Collections Dept.
creatorOf Virginia Taylor McCormick Papers, 1887-1953. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
creatorOf Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. Papers of Ellen Glasgow [manuscript], 1880-1963. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Berg, Norman S. Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings correspondence and manuscripts, 1933-1953. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Mitchell, Margaret, 1900-1949. A lengthy letter to Marjorie Rawlings discussing piracy of their Pulitzer Prize winning novels, 17 February 1939. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous screen, stage, and radio scripts, ca. 1859-2007. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Batchelder, Alyce,. Alyce Batchelder collection of George Grebenstchikoff, 1898-1995. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Fairbanks, George R. (George Rainsford), 1820-1906. Fairbanks collection, 1817-1942. Florida State University
referencedIn Brandt and Brandt Papers Related to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, 1932-1974 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Letters to Bertram C. Cooper [manuscript] 1944-52. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Tunstall, Virginia Hunter Lyne, d. 1987. Papers of Virginia Hunter Lyne Tunstall [manuscript] 1869-1959. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Harper's magazine records, 1847-1983 (bulk 1940-1983). Library of Congress
referencedIn Moore, Henry. Moore Collection, 1862-1931. Florida State University
referencedIn Brandt & Brandt. Brandt & Brandt Papers Related to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, 1932-1974. University of Florida
referencedIn Pope, Edith. Edith Pope Papers, 1899-1961. University of Florida
creatorOf Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953. Papers, 1844-2002 (bulk: 1916-1953) University of Florida
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Franklin P. (Franklin Pierce), 1881-1960 person
associatedWith Amy Lowell person
associatedWith Astor, Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, Viscountess, 1879-1964 person
correspondedWith Baro, Gene person
correspondedWith Baro, Gene. person
associatedWith Baron Max Aitken Beaverbrook person
associatedWith Bassett, Norman, 1891- . person
associatedWith Batchelder, Alyce, person
correspondedWith Batchelder, Alyce. person
associatedWith Berg, Norman S. person
associatedWith Bradford, Gamaliel, 1863-1932 person
correspondedWith Brandt & Brandt corporateBody
correspondedWith Brandt & Brandt. corporateBody
associatedWith Brooks, Van Wyck, 1886-1963 person
associatedWith Cabell, James Branch, 1879-1958. person
associatedWith Cabell, Margaret Freeman, d. 1983, person
associatedWith Cason, Zelma, 1890-1963. person
associatedWith Cooper, Bertram C., person
associatedWith Cronin, A. J. (Archibald Joseph), 1896-1981. person
associatedWith De la Mare, Walter, 1873-1956 person
correspondedWith Dresbach, Glenn Ward, 1889-1968. person
associatedWith Fairbanks, George R. (George Rainsford), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Farrar, John Chipman, 1896-1974. person
associatedWith Franklin P. Adams person
associatedWith Fuller, Walter P. (Walter Pliny), 1894- person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Gilkes, Lillian B. (Lillian Barnard), 1902-1977 person
associatedWith Glasgow, Ellen Anderson Gholson, 1873-1945. person
correspondedWith Grebenstchikoff, George person
associatedWith Hanson, Aquilla B., Jr. person
associatedWith Harper's Magazine corporateBody
associatedWith Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. person
associatedWith H. L. Henry Louis) Mencken person
associatedWith Hughes, Rupert, 1872-1956 person
associatedWith Josephine Glasgow Clark person
associatedWith Kennedy, Stetson, person
associatedWith Kleeman, Rita Halle, b. 1885. person
associatedWith Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925 person
associatedWith Malone, Philip R. person
associatedWith Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings State Historic Site (Hawthorne, Fla.) corporateBody
associatedWith May, Philip Stockton, 1891- person
associatedWith McCormick, Virginia Taylor, 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956 person
correspondedWith Mitchell, Margaret, 1900-1949. person
associatedWith Moore, Henry. person
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Perkins, Maxwell E. (Maxwell Evarts), 1884-1947. person
associatedWith Pope, Edith. person
associatedWith Pope, Edith, 1905-1961 person
associatedWith Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953 person
associatedWith Rupert Hughes person
associatedWith Scribner family. family
correspondedWith Straughan's Book Shop. corporateBody
associatedWith Tunstall, Virginia Hunter Lyne, d. 1987. person
associatedWith Undset, Sigrid, 1882-1949. person
associatedWith Viscountess Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor person
associatedWith Wilson, James Southall, 1880-1963. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Novelists, American--Correspondence
Home--Poetry
Authors, American
Authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Pulitzer Prizes
Novelists, American--20th century--Correspondence
Poets, American--20th century
Women authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Housewives--Poetry
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1896-08-08

Death 1953-12-14

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 1121028