Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978

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Confusion (Boston, 1924) was published while Cozzens was a sophomore at Harvard.

From the description of Materials concerning the publication of Confusion : manuscript, 1923-1925 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612858123

James Gould Cozzens is the author of novels, including Guard of honor (1948) and Morning noon and night (1968). He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1949.

From the description of Papers of James Gould Cozzens, 1967-1978. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228675488

American author.

From the description of Galley proofs, 1924, 1964 [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647804630

From the description of Pencil used by Cozzens n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647892959

American novelist.

From the description of Letter : Tuinucú, Cuba, to Hoyt, 1925 Nov. 15. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122547535

Author.

James Gould Cozzens was born in Chicago, Illinois, in August of 1903. He attended Harvard from 1922-1924, and married Bernice Baumgarten in December 1931. He is the author of several books and articles. His writing career began in college with the publication of Confustion. Between that time and 1949, he wrote nine other novels, many of which earned acclaim. He spent a year in Cuba's Santa Clara providence teaching in a sugar company school for the children of American engineers.

In the summer of 1926 he went to Europe and remained there for a year. In 1938 he was temporary guest editor of Fortune magazine. In 1943 he was elected to the roll of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

From the description of Papers, 1963. (Florida State University). WorldCat record id: 50673784

Biography

James G. Cozzens was an American novelist who published numerous works from the 1930s through 1970s. He died in 1978.

From the guide to the Children and others, : galley proofs, / James Gould Cozzens, 1964, (University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.)

James Gould Cozzens (1903-1978), author of fourteen novels and numerous short stories, was born in Chicago, Illinois. He attended the Kent School, and after his graduation in 1922 he went on to Harvard University. While attending Harvard, he published his first novel, Confusion, in 1924. A few months later, he withdrew from Harvard for reasons of health and finances. He moved to New Brunswick, Canada, where he wrote his next novel, Michael Scarlett . Like Confusion, it was not well received. He relocated to Cuba, where he began to write short stories. His experiences there provided material for later stories and novels, but he resigned after only a brief period as he felt that his writing career was stagnating. Though he published two more novels, his career did not improve until 1927, when he married Sylvia Bernice Baumgarten, a literary agent who successfully guided his career for the rest of her life.

Cozzens published ten more novels and a volume of short stories entitled Children and Others . He was a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters and won many awards, including the O. Henry Award in 1931 for "A Farewell to Cuba" and again in 1936 for "Total Stranger," the Pulitzer Prize in 1949 for Guard of Honor, and the William Dean Howells medal in 1960 for By Love Possessed . However, none of his works achieved great success or popularity and Cozzens increasingly withdrew from society. As the years went on, he displayed a loss of appetite for living and an interest in suicide which pervaded his diaries. In 1978, he died in a hospital in Stuart, Florida, of cancer of the spine.

  • 1903: Born on August 19 in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1916: Entered the Kent School
  • 1922: Graduated from Kent School; entered Harvard University
  • 1924: Published Confusion; withdrew from Harvard University
  • 1925: Published Michael Scarlett
  • 1927: Married Sylvia Bernice Baumgarten
  • 1928: Published Cock Pit
  • 1929: Published Son of Perdition
  • 1931: Published S.S. San Pedro; received O. Henry Award for “A Farewell to Cuba”
  • 1933: Published The Last Adam
  • 1934: Published Castaway
  • 1936: Published Men and Brethren; received O. Henry Award for “Total Stranger”
  • 1940: Published Ask Me Tomorrow
  • 1942: Published The Just and the Unjust
  • 1948: Published Guard of Honor
  • 1949: Pulitzer Prize for Guard of Honor
  • 1957: Published By Love Possessed
  • 1960: William Dean Howells Medal for By Love Possessed
  • 1964: Published Children and Others, a volume of short stories
  • 1968: Published Morning Noon and Night
  • 1978: Died on August 9 in Stuart, Florida

From the guide to the James Gould Cozzens Papers, 1878-1978, 1878-1978, 1940s-1960s, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Green, Paul. The last Adam : a novel, 1933 May 24 / by James Gould Cozzens ; screenplay by Paul Green ; continuity by Jane Storm. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Bernard Augustine De Voto Papers, 1918-1955 (inclusive), 1944-1951 (bulk) Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Allison, James. Freeman Field research paper, 1995. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Papers, 1963. Florida State University
creatorOf Galley Proofs of James Gould Cozzens, 1924 and 1964 Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Galley proofs, 1924, 1964 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Children and others, : galley proofs, / James Gould Cozzens, 1964 University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
creatorOf Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. Papers of William Stanley Beaumont Braithwaite [manuscript] 1904-1935 (1958). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-. Materials concerning the publication of Confusion : manuscript, 1923-1925 and undated. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn William Stanley Braithwaite papers, 1898-1979 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Robert H. Elias papers, 1933-1983. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. Bernard De Voto papers, 1918-1955 (bulk 1944-1951). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn O'Connor, Flannery. Flannery O'Connor collection, [ca.1937-2003]. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. William Stanley Braithwaite papers, 1898-1979. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Smith, William Jay, 1918-. Papers. Washington University in St. Louis, .
creatorOf Hobson, Thayer. Thayer Hobson Papers, 1913-1967 (bulk 1958-1967). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Papers of James Gould Cozzens, 1967-1978. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf James Gould Cozzens Papers, 1878-1978, 1878-1978, 1940s-1960s Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts Division
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hillyer, Robert, 1895-1961. Papers, 1725-1961. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Papers of James Gould Cozzens [manuscript] 1923-60. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Letter, 1957 Sept. 30, Westbury, New York to Robert Manning, Esq, Time Inc., Editorial Dept., Time and Life Building, Rockefeller Center, New York. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn William Stanley Braithwaite Papers, 1916-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn John Phillips Marquand correspondence, 1892-1960. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Pencil used by Cozzens n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Elias, Robert H. Robert H. Elias papers, 1933-1983. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. James Gould Cozzens papers, 1878-1978. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978. Letter : Tuinucú, Cuba, to Hoyt, 1925 Nov. 15. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Thayer Hobson Papers TXRC03-A19., 1913-1967 (bulk 1958-1967) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Rhymer, Paul, 1905-1964. Papers, 1928-1988. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dupee, Mary C. TLS, 1931 October 22, New York, New York to Thomas Warburton, Manchester, England. Wake Forest University - ZSR Library, Z. Smith Reynolds Library
referencedIn Robert Hillyer Papers, 1906-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Minna, person
associatedWith Allison, James. person
associatedWith Bennett, Arnold, 1867-1931, person
associatedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962, person
associatedWith Cozzens, Bertha Wood, d. 1953. person
associatedWith De Voto, Bernard Augustine, 1897-1955. person
associatedWith Dupee, Mary C. person
associatedWith Elias, Robert H. person
associatedWith Elliston, George, 1883-1946, person
associatedWith Green, Paul. person
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. person
associatedWith Hillyer, Robert, 1895-1961. person
associatedWith Hobson, Thayer. person
associatedWith Hobson, Thayer, 1897-1967 person
associatedWith Kohn, John S. Van E., 1906-1976, person
correspondedWith Marquand, John P. (John Phillips), 1893-1960 person
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith O'Connor, Flannery. person
correspondedWith Peter, Emmett B., Jr. person
associatedWith Rhymer, Paul, 1905-1964. person
associatedWith Smith, William Jay, 1918- person
associatedWith United States. Air Force corporateBody
associatedWith Wainwright, Alexander D. person
associatedWith Whelen, Christopher. person
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Mothers and sons--20th century
American fiction--20th century
American literature
Publishers and publishing--20th century
American fiction--20th century--Archival resources
Writing services
Authors and publishers--20th century
American literature--20th century
Authors--Correspondence
Mothers and sons--United States--20th century
Authors, American--20th century--Diaries
Occupation
Novelists, American--20th century
Function

Person

Birth 1903-08-19

Death 1978-08-09

Americans

English

Information

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