Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Louis Bromfield was an American author and conservationist from central Ohio who gained international recognition winning the Pulitzer Prize and pioneering innovative scientific farming concepts.

From the guide to the Louis Bromfield correspondence to Edna Wolfe, 1942-1949, (Ohio University)

American author and conservationist. From 1939-1969 he lived and did sustainable farming at Malabar Farm, Lucas, Ohio.

From the description of [Signature, 19--] / Louis Bromfield. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 174549131

Louis Bromfield was a world-famous author who wrote stories, plays, Hollywood film scripts, articles, essays, and over 37 novels and non-fiction books, many of which appeared in more than ten languages. He was also an influential farmer. Bromfield was born in 1896 in Mansfield, Ohio. After serving in World War I in the French Army, he returned to New York City and began to write for his living. He became a contributing columnist for Time magazine and theatre, music, and art critic for The Bookman, among other jobs. In 1924 he published his first novel, The Green Bay Tree, and he won a Pulitzer Prize for his novel Early Autumn, published in 1926. Bromfield moved to France with his family, where they lived from 1925 until 1938. He mixed with the nobility of Europe, stars of the stage and screen, and literary figures such as Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Edna Ferber, and Edith Wharton. He and his family also traveled widely in Europe and parts of Asia. A trip to India furnished him with material for his novel The Rains Came, which was later made into a movie. Just before the outbreak of World War II, they returned to Ohio where Bromfield purchased the land that became known as Malabar Farm. For the rest of his life he was concerned with soil conservation and productive farming techniques. He traveled in the United States and South America advocating a "new agriculture" that would save the soil and keep it rich and productive. Malabar Farm became a showplace for visiting agronomists, businessmen, and farmers, as well as celebrities such as Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, who were married at the farm in 1945. He also made room for friends from Europe who had been displaced by the war. At Malabar, he continued to write. One of many works written there is Pleasant Valley, published in 1945.

From the description of Louis Bromfield collection, ca. 1920-1956. (Ohio State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 65429304

American writer and experimental farmer.

From the description of Letters of Louis Bromfield [manuscript], 1952 & n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647812936

American novelist.

From the description of Letters, [ca 1942]-1949 / Louis Bromfield. (Ohio University). WorldCat record id: 12681506

Louis Bromfield was born in Ohio and studied agriculture and journalism at Cornell. After serving in World War I, he began writing popular novels, culminating in the Pulitzer Prize in 1927. He and his family lived thirteen years in France, where he wrote and joined in the expatriate American literary circle, returning to America only when World War II became imminent. With money earned by screenwriting, he bought 1,000 acres of farmland in Ohio, named it Malabar Farm, and sought to revitalize it with modern agricultural methods. He continued to write throughout his life, including novels, short stories, plays, and social commentary.

From the description of Louis Bromfield letter and newspaper article, 1939-1973. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 63173079

Trotti was a Hollywood screenwriter.

From the guide to the Brigham Young script, 1940, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Screenplay writer, author, and motion picture director.

From the guide to the Collection on Brigham Young, 1940, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

American author and experimental farmer.

From the description of Letters : of Louis Bromfield, 1917-1919 [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647833972

Louis Bromfield was a midwestern novelist, screenwriter, and farmer. His early novels, often with rural themes, were popular and highly-praised, culminating in the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. His later years were increasingly devoted to farming, including lecture tours on topics such as conservation and agricultural innovations. His efforts raised American consciousness on agriculture and nature.

From the description of An Alsatian idyll / by Louis Bromfield, 1941. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52523592

Louis Bromfield was born on December 27, 1896, in Mansfield, Ohio. After studying agriculture at Cornell University and journalism at Columbia University, Bromfield served in the American Field Service during World War I and was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor medals. After a brief post-war stay in the United States, Bromfield and his wife returned to Europe where they lived in France until 1938. In the early 1920s, Bromfield began to publish his fiction writing, and was an instant critical success with his first book, The Green Bay Tree, in 1924. Bromfield enjoyed continued, popular success over the next three decades, and won the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for Early Autumn .

Bromfield returned to central Ohio in 1938, where he turned his attention to sustainable farming and soil management. At his Malabar Farm, Bromfield put into practice many of the theoretical principles of scientific farming. In his later life, despite his fame as a writer of fiction, Bromfield continued to shift his focus to sustainable agriculture, conservation, and related political issues effecting these endeavors. Much of Bromfield's writing in these areas has become a permanent addition to the study of agriculture.

Louis Bromfield died in 1956; after his death, Malabar Farm was sold by the Bromfield family to the Friends of the Land organization, who in turn donated the property to the state of Ohio in 1972. In 1976, the site formally became Malabar Farm State Park.

From the guide to the Louis Bromfield Collection, 1850-1986, 1906-1986, (The Ohio State University. Rare Books and Manuscripts Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter from Louis Bromfield [manuscript], 1938. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Wharton, Edith, 1862-1937. Papers, 1836-1975. Indiana University
creatorOf Eppes, William D. Autograph collection of William D. Eppes, 1908-1998. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter to Florence Lipkin. Sen Lis, France. 1932 May 27. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Bainbridge, John, 1913-1992. John Bainbridge collection, 1939-1992 bulk 1940-1980. Boston University, School of Medical
creatorOf Barrymore, Ethel, 1879-1959. Ethel Barrymore television theater. Ethel Barrymore in "The daughters of Mars" / by Louis Bromfield ; adapted by Zoe Akins. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
creatorOf Brigham Young script, 1940 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letters : of Louis Bromfield, 1917-1919 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ferber, Edna, 1887-1968. Edna Ferber papers, 1910-1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Donald and Katharine Foley Collection of Penguin Books, 1935-1965 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Autograph inscription from Louis Bromfield [manuscript], nd.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cornell University. Cooperative Extension. Teaching and Information Dept. Cornell Cooperative Extension Teaching and Information Dept. recordings, [ca. 1937-1955]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Boyd, James, 1888-1944. James Boyd papers, 1906-1952 ; 1964-1969. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1939. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Hawkins, Arthur. Papers of Arthur Hawkins [manuscript], 1929-1970. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Trotti, Lamar, 1900-1952. Brigham Young script, 1940. Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library
creatorOf Mills, Emma, d. 1956. Emma Mills correspondence, 1920-1946. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Cornell Cooperative Extension Teaching and Information Dept. recordings, [ca. 1937-1955] Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letters from Louis Bromfield [manuscript], 1928-1940 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sir Hugh Walpole collection of papers, 1909-1962, 1913-1937 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter to Florence Lipkin. Gstaad, Switzerland. 1932 Jan. 20. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Emma Mills correspondence, 1920-1946 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Louis Bromfield correspondence to Edna Wolfe, 1942-1949 Ohio University
referencedIn Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters to Rabbi Solomon Goldman, Jan.-Sept. 1946. Drew University Library, Rose Memorial Library
referencedIn Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Malabar Farm Architectural Drawings, 1939-1941, 1939-1941 Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Fuller, Henry Blake, 1857-1929. Henry Blake Fuller papers, 1874-1940, bulk 1874-1929. Newberry Library
referencedIn Sears, Paul B. (Paul Bigelow), 1891-1990. Paul Bigelow Sears papers, 1910-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. [Signature, 19--] / Louis Bromfield. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Hertzberg, Sidney. Sidney Hertzberg papers, 1924-1984. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Letters of Louis Bromfield, 1952 and n.d. Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Louis Bromfield collection, ca. 1920-1956. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Sherman, Jean. Letters received concerning Spanish Civil War writers auction, 1936-1949 (bulk 1938-1939). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Palestine Statehood Committee: "Concerning the campaigns for a Jewish Army; to save the Jewish people of Europe and the establishment of a Hebrew Republic in Palestine" papers, 1933-1972 (inclusive), 1939-1949 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Charles D. Field collection of Ernest Hemingway materials. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Correspondence, 1924-1946. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Delano, William Adams, 1874-1960. William Adams Delano papers, 1902-1960 (inclusive), 1939-1960 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Palestine Statehood Committee : "Concerning the campaigns for a Jewish Army ; to save the Jewish people of Europe and the establishment of a Hebrew Republic in Palestine" papers, 1933-1972 (inclusive), 1939-1949 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letters to [Earl E.] Harper. [Lucas, OH.]. 1945-1946. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter to McGee. Hollywood, CA. 1941 Oct. 14. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Heinrich Eduard Jacob Collection, 1929-1983 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Collection on Brigham Young, 1940 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Letters from Louis Bromfield, 1928-1940 and n.d. Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Louis Bromfield correspondence to Edna Wolfe 1942-1949. Ohio University, Alden Library
creatorOf Autograph Inscription from Louis Bromfield, n.d. Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letters of Louis Bromfield [manuscript], 1952 & n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. The girl who knew everybody / by Louis Bromfield : typescript, 1932. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter from Louis Bromfield [manuscript], n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Marshall, Lenore, 1897-1971. Papers, 1887-1980. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Pace, Robert S.,. Papers of Robert S. Pace [manuscript], 1669-1993 (bulk 1830-1965). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf League of American Writers, Inc. Letter, 1939, Nov. 1, New York, to Merrill Moore. Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter to [Florence] Lipkin. Princeton, NJ. 19--. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Macy, John Albert, 1877-1932. Correspondence, 1926-1931. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Correspondence to Franz Werfel, ca. 1943. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Hackett, Helen. Letters received, 1929-1946 and n.d. getty research institute
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter 1920-1930, [New York City] to Mr. Edwin Markham, [Staten Island] / Louis Bromfield. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. An Alsatian idyll / by Louis Bromfield, 1941. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Trotti, Lamar, 1900-1952. Brigham Young, 1940. American Primers
referencedIn William Stanley Braithwaite Papers, 1916-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Letter from Louis Bromfield, September 21, 1938 Special Collections, University of Virginia Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letters, [ca 1942]-1949 / Louis Bromfield. Ohio University, Alden Library
creatorOf Louis Bromfield letters and signature card, 1930-1941 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Louis Bromfield letter and newspaper article, 1939-1973. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Sidney Hertzberg papers, 1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Wilbur, Richard, 1921-. Letters of Richard Wilbur, 1972. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Ernest Hemingway papers [manuscript], 1925-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Papers of Louis Bromfield [manuscript], 1929. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Letter 1920-1930, [New York City] to Mr. Edwin Markham, [Staten Island] / Louis Bromfield. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Meloney, Marie Mattingly, 1883-1943. Papers, 1891-1943. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Friends of the Land (Ohio). Records. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Paul Bigelow Sears papers, 1910-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas papers, 1837-1961. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Bromfield, Louis, 1896-1956. Louis Bromfield letters to Marian Hall [manuscript], 1927-1938 and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Meade, Julian R. (Julian Rutherfoord), 1909-1940. Papers of Julian Meade Rutherfoord, 1928-1940. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Louis Bromfield Collection, 1850-1986, 1906-1986 The Ohio State University. Rare Books and Manuscripts Library.
referencedIn Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. Papers, 1876-1955 (inclusive), 1900-1955 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Historical Biographical Files, [18--?] - 2012. Columbia University. University Archives. Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Robert Benney research materials, 1926-1978 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, James Donald, 1891-1968. person
associatedWith Allen, Hervey, 1889-1949. person
associatedWith American Field Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Appleton, Paul P., person
associatedWith Atherton, Gertrude Franklin Horn, 1857-1948. person
associatedWith Bainbridge, John, 1913-1992. person
associatedWith Barton, Ralph, 1891-1931. person
associatedWith Benney, Robert, 1904-2001 person
associatedWith Blackwell, Charles A., person
associatedWith Boyd, James, 1888-1944. person
associatedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
associatedWith Braun, Edith, person
associatedWith Bromfield family family
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith CARE (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints corporateBody
associatedWith Columbia University. University Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Cornell University. Cooperative Extension. Teaching and Information Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Cortes, Noel J., person
associatedWith Delano, William Adams, 1874-1960. person
associatedWith Edgett, Edwin Francis, 1867-1946, person
associatedWith Eppes, William D. person
associatedWith Ferber, Edna, 1887-1968. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald, F. Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940. person
associatedWith Flagg, Mildred Buchanan, 1886-1980. person
associatedWith Foley, Donald L. person
associatedWith Foley, Katharine person
associatedWith Friends of the Land (Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith Friends of the Land (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fuller, Henry Blake, 1857-1929. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Garrett, Betty. person
associatedWith Hackett, Helen. person
associatedWith Hall, Marian, person
associatedWith Harper, Earl E., person
associatedWith Hathaway, Henry, 1898-1985 person
associatedWith Hawkins, Arthur. person
associatedWith Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. person
associatedWith Hertzberg, Sidney person
associatedWith Hertzberg, Sidney. person
associatedWith Hurst, Fannie, 1889-1968. person
associatedWith Jacob, Heinrich Eduard, 1899-1967 person
associatedWith Lamoreux, Louis A. person
associatedWith Lamoreux, Louis A. person
associatedWith League of American Writers, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, Sinclair, 1885-1951. person
associatedWith Lipkin, Florence, person
associatedWith Louis Bromfield Institute. National Development Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Louis Bromfield Malabar Farm Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Macy, John Albert, 1877-1932. person
associatedWith Mann, Thomas, 1875-1955. person
associatedWith Markham, Anna Catherine, 1859-1938, person
associatedWith Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940, person
associatedWith Marshall, Lenore, 1897-1971. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Meade, Julian R. (Julian Rutherfoord), 1909-1940. person
associatedWith Meloney, Marie Mattingly, 1883-1943. person
associatedWith Miller, Henry, 1891-1980. person
associatedWith Mills, Emma, d. 1956. person
associatedWith Morley, Christopher, 1890-1957. person
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Pace, Robert S., person
associatedWith Parrish, Anne, 1888-1957. person
associatedWith Peterkin, Julia Mood, 1880-1961. person
associatedWith Porter, Cole, 1891-1964. person
associatedWith Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Power, Tyrone, 1914-1958 person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Raleigh, Henry, 1880-1945, person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Sears, Paul B. (Paul Bigelow), 1891-1990. person
associatedWith Sherman, Jean. person
associatedWith Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. person
associatedWith Street, Julian, 1879-1947. person
associatedWith Suckow, Ruth, 1892-1960. person
associatedWith Tittmann, Harold Hilgard, 1893-, person
associatedWith Toklas, Alice B. person
associatedWith Trotti, Lamar, 1900-1952. person
associatedWith Van Loon, Hendrik Willem, 1882-1944. person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Walpole, Hugh, 1884-1941 person
associatedWith Waugh, Alec, 1898-1981 person
associatedWith Wharton, Edith, 1862-1937. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Richard, 1921- person
correspondedWith Wolfe, Edna person
associatedWith Wolfe, Edna. person
associatedWith Young, Brigham, 1801-1877 person
associatedWith Zanuck, Darryl Francis, 1902-1979 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Senlis (France)
Ohio
Ohio
Athens (Ohio)
Mansfield (Ohio)
Subject
Farms--Ohio--Mansfield
Mormons in motion pictures
Athens (Ohio)
Conservationists--History--Sources
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives
Motion pictures--Plots, themes, etc
Aisne, Battle of the, France, 1918
Environmental protection--History--Sources
Male authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Material Types
Moving Images
Authors, American--20th century--Correspondence
Architects--Ohio--20th century
Farms
Farmers--Ohio
Environmental protection
Mormons--History--Fiction
Conservationists--Ohio
Agriculture--Ohio--History--20th century
Motion picture actors and actresses
Authors, American--20th century
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1896-12-27

Death 1956-03-18

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz8j01

Ark ID: w6nz8j01

SNAC ID: 59963365