Malraux, André, 1901-1976

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French writer, government official, archaeologist, hero of antifascist resistence in Spanish Civil War and World War II. Writer of fictional and non-fictional works including "Condition humaine", "Tentation de l'Occident" and "Noyers de l'Altenbourg". Minister of Information, 1945-1946, Minister of State responsible for culture, 1959-1969.

From the description of Memoirs. ca. 1966. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 221087314

Author, adventurer, and statesman, André Malraux (1901-1976) led a diverse life right up until his death. Born in Paris in 1901, Malraux was raised by his mother and maternal grandmother. During his childhood, he had Tourette’s Syndrome, resulting in motor and vocal tics.

At the age of 21, Malraux left for Cambodia to undertake an exploratory expedition into the Cambodian jungle. He was subsequently arrested by French colonial authorities after having removed bas-reliefs from one of the temples he discovered. During the 1930s, Malraux was active in the anti-Fascist Popular Front in France. At the beginning of the Second World War, Malraux joined the French Army. He was captured in 1940 but escaped and later joined the French Resistance. After the war, General Charles de Gaulle appointed Malraux as his Minister for Information (1945-1946). During this post-war period, Malraux also worked on the first of his many books on art. Malraux became a Minister of State in De Gaulle’s 1958-1959 government and France’s first Minister of Cultural Affairs from 1959 to 1969.

Malraux died near Paris in November 1976.

Jimmy Kewanwytewa was the Museum of Northern Arizona’s custodian from 1930-196?, as well as a well-known Kachina carver and singer.

From the guide to the André Malraux collection, circa 1957, (The Museum of Northern Arizona)

Born on January 10, 1910 in Lyon, the French conductor and composer, Jean Martinon entered the Lyon and Paris conservatoires to study the violin. At Lyon, his teacher was Maurice Foundray and at the Paris Conservatory, he studied violin technique with Jules Boucherit. While at the Paris conservatory, Martinon took composition with Albert Roussel and Vincent d’Indy. After completing the composition courses, he studied conducting with Charles Munch and Désormière. He graduated from the Paris Conservatory in 1928, winning a premier prix.

Martinon’s familiarity with conducting started in France, followed by various appointments in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. In 1946, he embarked on a conducting career directing the Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris and the Bordeaux Symphony. The successful debut with the LPO led to his appointment as associate conductor of the orchestra in 1947. From 1947-1950 Martinon directed the Radio Eireann orchestra, Dublin and in 1951, he returned to Paris to conduct the Concerts Lamoureux until 1957. From 1957-1959, Martinon conducted the Israel Philharmonic. His appointment as the next conductor of the Düsseldorf Symphony occurred in 1959. Martinon was in Düsseldorf until 1963 when the Chicago Symphony Orchestra selected him as their music director, a position he held until 1968. During that same year, he returned to France to direct the French National Radio Orchestra and served as the principal conductor of the Hague Residentie–Orkest from 1974 until shortly before his death in 1976.

Martinon’s extensive experience as a composer led to his approach to conducting. The Symphoniette pour orchestre á cordes, piano, harpe et timbales, op. 16, from 1935, is one of three first attempts at composition. After enlisting in the war, Martinon’s imprisonment in a German camp, Stalag IX A, resulted in several new compositions, Psaume 136, le Chant des Captifs, Musique d’Exil, Sonatina No.3, Sonatina No. 4 for wind instruments, and various choral works. In 1946, the city of Paris awarded a prize to his composition le Chant des Captifs. After the war, other notable compositions include Symphonie no. 3 (Irlandaise), the Concerto no. 2 pour violin et orchestre, op. 5, dedicated to Szeryng, and the Concerto pour cello et orchestre, op. 52, composed for Pierre Fournier. For the stage Martinon composed two works, the ballet Ambohimanga ou la Cité Bleue and in 1949 the opera Hécube with a libretto by Serge Moreux. Symphony no.4 Altitudes was the outcome of a commission from the Chicago Symphony to commemorate its 75th anniversary.

Martinon had recently taken on a position at the Paris Conservatory to teach conducting when he died from a serious illness on March 1, 1976.

From the guide to the Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994, (Music Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn André Malraux collection, circa 1957 The Museum of Northern Arizona
creatorOf Dahl, Arthur L., 1942-. Arthur L. and Joyce Lyon Dahl papers, 1926-1988. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Malraux, André, 1901-1976. Memoirs. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Nicola Chiaromonte papers, 1921-1982 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Caraman, Philip, 1911-1998. Philip Caraman, SJ, papers, 1928-1998. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Gilbert, Stuart. Papers of Stuart Gilbert, 1900-1985 (bulk 1928-1975). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn R. Buckminster Fuller papers, ca. 1920-1983 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Malraux, André, 1901-1976. André Malraux [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Pantheon Press. Pantheon Press records. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Witherell, Louise Rowan, 1920-. Louise Rowan Witherell Collection University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 670
referencedIn Fry, Varian, 1907-1967. Varian Fry papers, [ca. 1940]-1967. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Victoria Ocampo papers, 1908-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn [Gyula Kosice] [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Abraham Aaron Roback papers, 1909-1965. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ranke, Hubert von. Zwischen Traum und Wirklichkeit [Microforme] : Erinnerungen / Hubert von Ranke. Agence bibliographique de l'enseignement supérieur, ABES
referencedIn Anshen, Ruth Nanda. Ruth Nanda Anshen papers, 1938-1986. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Martin du Gard, Roger, 1881-1958. Hommage à André Gide [Multimédia multisupport] / Roger Martin du Gard, Jean Schlumberger, André Malraux... [et al.], aut. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Lake, Carlton. Carlton Lake Collection of French Manuscripts, 1377-2000, (bulk 1895-1940). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Malraux, André, 1901-1976 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 671
creatorOf Albee, George Sumner, 1905-1964. Collection of letters to Kyle Crichton from leftist activists, screenwriters, novelists, literary critics, fans, etc., [1927]-1960. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Varian Fry Papers, [ca. 1940]-1967 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Malraux, André, 1901-1976. Condition humaine. University of Manchester Library, Main Library
referencedIn Fonds Louis Jouvet Bibliothèque nationale de France. Département des arts du spectacle
creatorOf Malraux, André, 1901-1976. André Malraux [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Ruth Nanda Anshen Papers, 1938-1986. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Boris Souvarine papers, 1915-1984 (inclusive), 1940-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Malraux, André, 1901-1976. La voie royale, [between 1923 and 1930]. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Voices from the Food Revolution: People Who Changed The Way Americans Eat, An oral history project conducted by Judith Weinraub, 2009-2011 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888. Collection of books from the library of William Faulkner. Part II. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mary Lasker Papers, 1940-1993. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Lasker, Mary. Mary Lasker papers, 1940-1993. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. Bennett Cerf papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Jean Martinon papers, 1923-1994 Music Library
referencedIn The Koestler Archive & Other Papers Relating to Arthur Koestler, 1939-1993 Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Chiaromonte, Nicola. Nicola Chiaromonte papers, 1921-1982. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Erskine, Albert, 1911-1993. Albert Erskine papers, 1930-1999. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. Papers: 1873-1993 (inclusive), 1899-1961 (bulk). John F Kennedy Presidential Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. : Series I., General Correspondence, 1922-1977 (bulk 1946-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Martin du Gard, Roger, 1881-1958. Hommage à André Gide [Multimédia multisupport] / Roger Martin du Gard, Jean Schlumberger, André Malraux... [et al.], aut. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf MALRAUX, ANDRE. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn The Moldenhauer Archives at Harvard University: Correspondence, literary manuscripts, sound recordings, and other material, 1873-2001. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Choderlos de Laclos, Pierre-Ambroise-François, 1741-1803. Les liaisons dangereuses / Choderlos de Laclos ; préface d'André Malraux ; notice et notes de Joël Papadopoulos. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Random House (Firm). Random House Records, 1925-1999. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Stuart Gilbert Papers TXRC98-A7., 1900-1985, (bulk 1928-1975) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Adams, Elbridge L., 1866-. Collection of books from the library of William Faulkner. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bennett Cerf Papers, ca. 1898-1977. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Ocampo, Victoria, 1890-1979. Victoria Ocampo papers, 1908-1979. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Janet Flanner and Solita Solano Papers, 1870-1976, (bulk 1955-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf André Malraux collection, circa 1957 The Museum of Northern Arizona
referencedIn Troeller, Ruth. Ruth Troeller papers and diaries, 1929-2010. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Autograph File, M, 1648-1985. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. Janet Flanner and Solita Solano papers, 1870-1976 (bulk 1955-1975). Library of Congress
creatorOf Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. TLS, [1935] April 3 : [London to] Quentin [Bell] / Virginia. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Outgoing Letters
creatorOf Nelson, Paul, 1895-. Paul Nelson architectural records and papers, 1924-1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Ernest Hemingway Papers. 1899 - 1977. Incoming Letters
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Anshen, Ruth Nanda. person
associatedWith Anshen, Ruth Nanda. person
associatedWith Baltimore Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Barraud, Henry, 1900-1997 person
associatedWith Baudo, Serge, 1927- person
associatedWith Berliner Philharmoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Böhm, Karl, 1894-1981 person
associatedWith Borsari, Amédée, 1905-1999 person
associatedWith Boston Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Brisson, Pierre, 1896-1964 person
associatedWith Canarina, John, 1934- person
associatedWith Caraman, Philip, 1911-1998. person
associatedWith Casadesus, Francis, 1870-1954 person
associatedWith Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. person
associatedWith Charles, Edouard person
associatedWith Chiaromonte, Nicola. person
associatedWith Chicago Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Chouraqui, André, 1917-2007 person
associatedWith Comissiona, Sergiu person
associatedWith Cziffra, Georges, 1921-1994 person
associatedWith Dahl, Arthur L., 1942- person
associatedWith Drake University. College of Arts and Sciences corporateBody
associatedWith Düsseldorfer Symphoniker corporateBody
associatedWith Dutilleux, Henri, 1916-2013 person
associatedWith Erskine, Albert, 1911-1993. person
associatedWith Ferras, Christian, 1933-1982 person
associatedWith Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. person
associatedWith Fournet, Jean person
associatedWith Fournier, Jean, 1911-2003 person
associatedWith Fournier, Pierre, 1906-1986 person
associatedWith Francescatti, Zino, 1902-1991 person
associatedWith Fry, Varian, 1907-1967. person
associatedWith Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983 person
associatedWith Gavoty, Bernard person
associatedWith Gilbert, Stuart. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Stuart, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Gingold, Josef person
associatedWith Haitink, Bernard, 1929- person
associatedWith Hamon, Jean person
associatedWith Hasselmann, Roland person
associatedWith Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961. person
associatedWith Henze, Hans Werner, 1926-2012 person
associatedWith Hétu, Pierre, 1936-1998 person
associatedWith Indiana University. School of Music corporateBody
associatedWith Inghelbrecht, D. E. (Désiré Emile), 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Jean Martinon Society corporateBody
associatedWith Jolivet, André, 1905-1974 person
associatedWith Jouvet, Louis (1887-1951) person
associatedWith Karajan, Herbert von person
associatedWith Kewanwytewa, Jimmy, ca. 1888-1966 person
associatedWith Kubelík, Rafael, 1914-1996 person
associatedWith Lake, Carlton. person
associatedWith Landowski, Marcel, 1915-1999 person
associatedWith Lasker, Mary. person
associatedWith Lees, Benjamin, 1924-2010 person
associatedWith Leinsdorf, Erich, 1912-1993 person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
associatedWith Le Roux, Maurice person
associatedWith Lescuyer, Christian person
associatedWith Loewenguth, Alfred person
associatedWith Lumbroso, Nelly, b. 1877 person
associatedWith Malraux, André, 1901-1976 person
associatedWith Martinon, Jean, 1910-1976 person
associatedWith Menuhin, Yehudi, 1916-1999 person
associatedWith Messiaen, Olivier, 1908-1992 person
associatedWith Mihalovici, Marcel, 1898-1985 person
correspondedWith Moldenhauer, Hans, collector. person
associatedWith Moreux, Serge, 1900-1959 person
associatedWith Munch, Charles, 1891-1968 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, Paul, 1895- person
associatedWith Norddeutscher Rundfunk corporateBody
associatedWith Nussy Saint-Saëns, Marcel person
associatedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1890-1979. person
correspondedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1891- person
associatedWith Ohana, Maurice, 1913-1992 person
associatedWith Orchestre des concerts Lamoureux corporateBody
associatedWith Otterloo, Willem van person
associatedWith Pantheon Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Peck, Donald person
associatedWith Proffit, André person
associatedWith Radiodiffusion française. Orchestre national corporateBody
associatedWith Random House (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Ranke, Hubert von. person
associatedWith Reiner, Fritz, 1888-1963 person
associatedWith Remoortel, Edouard van, 1926-1977 person
correspondedWith Roback, A. A. (Abraham Aaron), 1890-1965 person
associatedWith Rosenthal, Manuel, 1904-2003 person
associatedWith Roussel, Albert, 1869-1937 person
associatedWith Rózsa, Miklós, 1907-1995 person
associatedWith Ruchpaul, Eva, 1928- person
associatedWith Schmidt-Isserstedt, Hans, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Schoenberg, Gertrud person
associatedWith Serkin, Rudolf, 1903-1991 person
associatedWith Solano, Solita, 1888-1975 person
associatedWith Solti, Georg, 1912-1997 person
correspondedWith Souvarine, Boris. person
associatedWith Starker, Janos person
associatedWith Stern, Isaac, 1920-2001 person
associatedWith St. Louis Symphony Orchestra corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971 person
associatedWith Szeryng, Henryk person
associatedWith Troeller, Ruth. person
associatedWith Witherell, Louise Rowan, 1920- person
associatedWith Woolf, Virginia, 1882-1941. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Subject
Kachina dolls
Novelists, French--20th century--Biography
Civilization, Modern--20th century
Statesmen--Biography
Occupation
Authors, French
Collector
Narrators
Function

Person

Birth 1901-11-03

Death 1976-11-23

French

English,

French

Information

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