BAKER, NEWTON D.

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Newton Diehl Baker (1871-1937), was born on December 3, 1871, in Martinsburg, West Virginia, the second of four sons of Newton Diehl and Mary Ann (Dukehart) Baker. Baker entered Johns Hopkins University in 1888 and graduated from there in 1892. That same year, Baker went to Washington and Lee University where he obtained a law degree in 1894. From 1894 to 1896 Baker practiced law in Martinsburg. In 1896 he was summoned to Washington to serve as secretary to William L. Wilson, Postmaster-General in Cleveland's cabinet. When the Democrats left office the next year Baker went to Europe for a brief vacation. On his return voyage he met Martin A. Foran who invited him to practice law with his firm in Cleveland.

Baker accepted his offer and became a law clerk in Foran's firm until 1901 when he took the post as the assistant director of the city's law department. He became the city solicitor, a post he held until 1911. He was married to Elizabeth Leopold (ca. 1873-1951) in 1902. In 1911 he ran successfully for mayor and held that post until January I., 1916. After leaving office Baker had intended to practice law privately but his plans were altered on March 6, 1916, when President Wilson called him to Washington to be his Secretary of War. Baker served in this capacity until the end of Wilson's term. In 1921, Baker returned to practice law in Cleveland with his firm of Baker, Hostetler, Sidlo and Patterson. Baker died on December 25, 1937, and was survived by his wife and three children, Elizabeth B., Newton Diehl III, and Margaret B. Baker.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for Newton D. Baker

From the guide to the Newton D. Baker Papers, 1917-1932, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Newton Diehl Baker (1871-1937), was born on December 3, 1871, in Martinsburg, West Virginia, the second of four sons of Newton Diehl and Mary Ann (Dukehart) Baker. Baker entered Johns Hopkins University in 1888 and graduated from there in 1892. That same year, Baker went to Washington and Lee University where he obtained a law degree in 1894. From 1894 to 1896 Baker practiced law in Martinsburg. In 1896 he was summoned to Washington to serve as secretary to William L. Wilson, Postmaster-General in Cleveland's cabinet. When the Democrats left office the next year Baker went to Europe for a brief vacation. On his return voyage he met Martin A. Foran who invited him to practice law with his firm in Cleveland.

Baker accepted his offer and became a law clerk in Foran's firm until 1901 when he took the post as the assistant director of the city's law department. He became the city solicitor, a post he held until 1911. He was married to Elizabeth Leopold (ca. 1873-1951) in 1902. In 1911 he ran successfully for mayor and held that post until January I., 1916. After leaving office Baker had intended to practice law privately but his plans were altered on March 6, 1916, when President Wilson called him to Washington to be his Secretary of War. Baker served in this capacity until the end of Wilson's term. In 1921, Baker returned to practice law in Cleveland with his firm of Baker, Hostetler, Sidlo and Patterson. Baker died on December 25, 1937, and was survived by his wife and three children, Elizabeth B., Newton Diehl III, and Margaret B. Baker.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for Newton D. Baker

From the guide to the Newton D. Baker Papers, Series II, 1896-1917, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Newton Diehl Baker (1871-1937), was born on December 3, 1871, in Martinsburg, West Virginia, the second of four sons of Newton Diehl and Mary Ann (Dukehart) Baker. Baker entered Johns Hopkins University in 1888 and graduated from there in 1892. That same year, Baker went to Washington and Lee University where he obtained a law degree in 1894. From 1894 to 1896 Baker practiced law in Martinsburg. In 1896 he was summoned to Washington to serve as secretary to William L. Wilson, Postmaster-General in Cleveland's cabinet. When the Democrats left office the next year Baker went to Europe for a brief vacation. On his return voyage he met Martin A. Foran who invited him to practice law with his firm in Cleveland.

Baker accepted his offer and became a law clerk in Foran's firm until 1901 when he took the post as the assistant director of the city's law department. He became the city solicitor, a post he held until 1911. He was married to Elizabeth Leopold (ca. 1873-1951) in 1902. In 1911 he ran successfully for mayor and held that post until January I., 1916. After leaving office Baker had intended to practice law privately but his plans were altered on March 6, 1916, when President Wilson called him to Washington to be his Secretary of War. Baker served in this capacity until the end of Wilson's term. In 1921, Baker returned to practice law in Cleveland with his firm of Baker, Hostetler, Sidlo and Patterson. Baker died on December 25, 1937, and was survived by his wife and three children, Elizabeth B., Newton Diehl III, and Margaret B. Baker.

click here to view the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History entry for Newton D. Baker

From the guide to the Newton D. Baker Papers, Series III, 1892-1961, 1918-1937, (Western Reserve Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Newton D. Baker Papers, Series II, 1896-1917 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf Newton D. Baker Papers, Series III, 1892-1961, 1918-1937 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf White, George, 1872-1953. Papers 1914-1953. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Scandrett, Richard Brown, 1891-1969. Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966, 1907-1951 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Newton D. Baker Papers, 1917-1932 Western Reserve Historical Society
creatorOf Harmon, Judson, 1846-1927. Papers 1908-1912. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Cox, James M. (James Middleton), 1870-1957. Papers 1913-1920. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966, 1907-1951 (bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Seiberling, Frank Augustus, 1895-1955. Papers 1885-1960. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1981 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Morris S. Lazaron Papers., 1851-1979, 1930-1950 The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Russell, Isaac, 1879-1927. Isaac Russell papers, 1898-1927. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1888-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Daniel C. Roper Papers David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981 person
associatedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Cox, James M. (James Middleton), 1870-1957. person
associatedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Harmon, Judson, 1846-1927. person
correspondedWith Lazaron, Morris Samuel person
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964 person
associatedWith Richard Brown, Scandrett 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Roper, Daniel C. (Daniel Calhoun), 1867-1943 person
associatedWith Russell, Isaac, 1879-1927. person
associatedWith Scandrett, Richard Brown, 1891-1969. person
associatedWith Seiberling, Frank Augustus, 1895-1955. person
associatedWith White, George, 1872-1953. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Cabinet officers--United States
Cleveland (Ohio)--Politics and government
Baker family (Newton D. Baker)
League of Nations
Cramer, C. H. (Clarence Henley), 1905- Newton D. Baker, a Biography
Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924
United States--Politics and government--1901-1953
World War, 1914-1918--United States
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
Baker family
World War, 1914-1918--Sources
Politicians--United States
Statesmen--United States
Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937
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Active 1912

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