Chapin, Roy D. (Roy Dikeman), 1880-1936

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Papers of Roy D. Chapin, Jr., chairman of the board of American Motors Corporation.

From the description of Roy D. Chapin papers, 1942-1978. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34419057

President of Hudson Motor Car Company and U.S. Secretary of Commerce, 1932-1933.

From the description of Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34418948

Roy D. Chapin, automobile manufacturer and secretary of commerce in the administration of Herbert Hoover, was born February 23, 1880 in Lansing, Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan but did not graduate, leaving in 1901 to join the Olds Motor Works . Desiring to establish his own company, Chapin and other Olds employees went out in 1906 in search of the money needed to produce the car that had been designed by one of their number Howard E. Coffin. They first received financial backing from E. R. Thomas, then later in 1908, when Thomas dropped out of the picture, from Hugh R. Chalmers . The company they formed was Chalmers-Detroit Motor Company .

Within the Chalmer organization, Chapin and Coffin still had dreams of producing the Coffin-designed car. With backing from department store giant, Joseph L. Hudson, they established the Hudson Motor Car Company . Originally part of Chalmers, the Hudson became independent when Chalmers bought out the interest of Chapin and Coffin in his company. With this restructuring, Chapin became president of Hudson.

During World War I, Chapin served as chairman of the highway transport committee of the Council of National Defense. After the war, Chapin initiated changes in his company. He introduced a popularly priced car, the Essex, in 1919; in 1922, he began offering closed cars similarly priced to the traditional touring car; and in 1922 also, he reorganized the company's finances which provided new capital for expansion.

In 1923, Chapin resigned as president to become chairman of the board. This move allowed him to devote more time to other interests, such as the good roads movement. Chapin was vice president of the Lincoln Highway Association, chairman of the good roads committee of the Automobile Board of Trade, and chairman of the highway transport committee of the International Chamber of Commerce.

In 1932, Chapin was appointed Secretary of Commerce. He served briefly, returning in 1933 to Hudson to take over again as president. Chapin died February 16, 1936.

From the guide to the Roy Dikeman Chapin Papers, 1886-1945, 1910-1936, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Arthur Lyon Cross Papers, 1897-1940 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Roy Dikeman Chapin Papers, 1886-1945, 1910-1936 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Squier, George Owen, 1865-1934. George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Chapin, Roy D. (Roy Dikeman), 1880-1936. Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Wilber M. Brucker Papers, 1877-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Marion L. Burton Papers, 1895-1925, 1921-1925 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn James Couzens Papers, 1903-1940 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Detroit Trust Company. John F. Dodge Estate Trust Lawsuit collection, 1902-1928 (bulk 1925-1928) The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Victor Hugo Lane papers, 1897-1929 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1895-1925. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Automotive industry design oral histories collection, 1980-1988. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Lincoln Highway Association. Lincoln Highway Association archive, 1912-1939. University of Michigan
creatorOf Lane, Victor H. (Victor Hugo), 1852-1930. Victor Hugo Lane papers, 1897-1929. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Fitzgerald, Frank D. (Frank Dwight), 1885-1939. Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn McMillan, William C.,. William C. McMillan picture collection, ca. 1920-1945. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
referencedIn Chase S. Osborn Papers, ca. 1870-1949, 1889-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1901-1925. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Chapin, Roy D. (Roy Dikeman), 1880-1936. Roy D. Chapin papers, 1942-1978. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944, 1930-1939 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Duryea, Charles E., 1861-1938. Papers of Charles E. Duryea, 1878-1957 (bulk 1898-1930). Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
referencedIn Dept. of History (University of Michigan) student papers, 1930-1987 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Squier, George Owen, 1865-1934. George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954, 1904-1934 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Michener, Earl Cory, 1876-1957. Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Harry Burns Hutchins Papers, 1879-1930 Bentley Historical Library University if Michigan
creatorOf Lane, Victor H. (Victor Hugo), 1852-1930. Victor Hugo Lane papers, 1897-1929. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Fitzgerald, Frank D. (Frank Dwight), 1885-1939. Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Couzens, James, 1872-1936. James Couzens papers, 1903-1940. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hudson Motor Car Company. Hudson Motor Car Company records, 1910-1943. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. Dept. of History. Dept. of History (University of Michigan) student papers, Series II, 1943-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn James Orin Murfin papers, 1896-1940 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Clarence Cook Little papers, 1924-1929 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Alger, Frederick Moulton, 1876-1933 person
associatedWith American Automobile Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith American Motors Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Automobile Manufacturers Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Baruch, Bernard M. (Bernard Mannes), 1870-1965 person
associatedWith Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949 person
associatedWith Battle Creek Sanitarium. corporateBody
associatedWith Battle Creek Sanitarium. corporateBody
associatedWith Bezner, Frederick O. person
associatedWith Brucker, Wilber Marion, 1894-1968 person
associatedWith Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. person
associatedWith Chalmers-Detroit Motor Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Chalmers, Hugh, 1873-1932 person
associatedWith Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934 person
associatedWith Coffin, Howard Earle, 1873-1937 person
correspondedWith Couzens, James, 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Cross, Arthur Lyon, 1873-1940 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Detroit Trust Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Dingell, John D. (John David), 1894-1955 person
associatedWith Durant, William Crapo, 1861-1947 person
correspondedWith Duryea, Charles E., 1861-1938. person
associatedWith Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937 person
associatedWith Economic Club of Detroit. corporateBody
associatedWith Ferris, Woodbridge Nathan, 1853-1928 person
associatedWith Firestone, Harvey Samuel, 1868-1938 person
associatedWith Fisher, Carl G. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald, Frank D. (Frank Dwight), 1885-1939. person
associatedWith Fitzgerald, Frank Dwight, 1885-1939 person
associatedWith Fleming, Arthur. person
associatedWith Ford, Edsel, 1893-1943 person
associatedWith Ford, Henry, 1863-1947 person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924 person
associatedWith Green, William, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 person
associatedWith Hays, Will H. (Will Harrison), 1879-1954. person
associatedWith Henderson, Leon, 1895- person
associatedWith Henderson, Leon, 1895-1986 person
associatedWith Hoffman, Paul G. (Paul Gray), 1891-1974 person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Hudson, Joseph Lowthian, 1846-1912 person
associatedWith Hudson Motor Car Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948. person
associatedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930. person
associatedWith Johnson, Pyke. person
associatedWith Joy, Henry Bourne, 1864-1936 person
associatedWith Knox, Frank, 1874-1944 person
associatedWith Lane, Victor Hugo, 1952-1930 corporateBody
associatedWith Lane, Victor H. (Victor Hugo), 1852-1930. person
associatedWith Lasker, Albert Davis, 1880-1952 person
associatedWith Leland, Henry Martyn, 1843-1932 person
associatedWith Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969. person
associatedWith Lincoln Highway Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Little, Clarence C. (Clarence Cook), b. 1888 person
associatedWith Long, John Cuthbert, 1892- person
associatedWith Macauley, Alvan, 1872-1952 person
associatedWith McMillan, William C., person
associatedWith Meyer, Eugene, 1875-1959 person
associatedWith Michener, Earl Cory, 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Michigan Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Murfin, James Orin, 1875-1940 person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949. person
associatedWith Nash, Charles W., 1868-1944 person
associatedWith Newberry, Truman Handy, 1864-1945 person
associatedWith Olds Motor Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Olds Motor Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Olds, Ransom Eli, 1864-1950 person
associatedWith Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), b. 1860 person
associatedWith Paley, William S. (William Samuel), 1901- person
associatedWith Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948 person
associatedWith Putnam, George Palmer, 1887-1950 person
associatedWith Reeves, Alfred L., 1873- person
associatedWith Republican Party (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rice, Grantland, 1880-1954 person
associatedWith Rickenbacker, Eddie, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Rockefeller, John D. (John Davison), 1874-1960 person
associatedWith Romney, George W., 1907- person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944 person
associatedWith Sloan, Alfred Pritchard, 1875-1966 person
associatedWith Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959 person
associatedWith Squier, George Owen, 1865-1934. person
associatedWith Strauss, Lewis Lichtenstein, 1896- person
associatedWith Street, Julian Leonard, 1879- person
associatedWith Student Religious Association (University of Michigan) corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Lowell, 1892-1981 person
associatedWith Townsend, Charles Elroy, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 person
associatedWith United Automobile Workers Federal Labor Unions. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Commerce. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Recovery Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Alumni Association. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. College of Engineering. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Library. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Student Religious Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith White, Albert Easton, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Woodin, William H. (William Hartman), 1868-1934 person
associatedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927 person
associatedWith Wright, Orville, 1871-1948 person
associatedWith Yost, Fielding Harris, 1871-1946 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Grosse Pointe (Mich.)
United States
United States
Grosse Pointe (Mich.)
Subject
Airplanes
Balloon ascensions
Presidents--United States--Election--1932
Strikes and lockouts
Transportation
Roads
Automobiles
Commerce
Roads--United States
World War, 1914-1918
Trade-unions--Automobile industry workers--Michigan
Automobile industry and trade--United States
Balloons (Aircraft)--1910
Michigan--Politics and government--1929-1938
Automobile industry
Labor and laboring classes
Aeronautics
Automobile industry and trade
Presidents--Election--1932
Strikebreakers--Michigan
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1880-02-23

Death 1936-02-16

Information

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