Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937

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Burleson (1863-1937) graduated from the University of Texas Law Department in its first class (1884). As postmaster general he expanded parcel post and was responsible for the government takeover of telephone, telegraph, and cable during World War I and the initiation of air mail in 1918 at the end of the war.

From the description of Burleson, Albert Sidney, papers, 1841-1946. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 20659759

U.S. representative from Texas and U.S. postmaster general.

From the description of Papers, 1856-1947. (Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library). WorldCat record id: 70926914

Congressman and United States Postmaster.

From the description of Albert Sidney Burleson papers, 1856-1947. (Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library). WorldCat record id: 310355867

U.S. representative from Texas, postmaster general in Woodrow Wilson's cabinet, and Democratic Party leader.

From the description of Albert Sidney Burleson papers, 1845-1943 (bulk 1902-1943). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82466482

Albert Sidney Burleson was born in San Marcos, Texas, on 1863 June 7, the son of Edward Burleson, Jr. and Lucy Emma Kyle Burleson. He attended the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) and received a B.A. degree from Baylor University in 1881 and an LL.B. degree from the University of Texas in 1884.

After briefly practicing law, Burleson served as assistant city attorney of Austin, Texas (1885-1890), and in 1891 was appointed attorney of the Twenty-sixth Judicial District. A leader in the Democratic party, he represented Texas in the U.S. Congress (1899–1913) and served as Postmaster General in President Woodrow Wilson’s cabinet (1913-1921), the first native Texan to serve in a presidential cabinet.

Burleson retired from public life in 1921 and returned to Austin, where he engaged in banking, pursued agricultural interests, and raised livestock. He died there on 1937 November 24.

Adele Lubbock Steiner was born in Austin, Texas, on 1863 July 8, the daughter of Josephus Murray and Laura June Fisher Steiner. A noted author, playwright, and poet, she was the author of the plays The Congressman's Secretary and The Lobbyist and the books Every Politician and His Wife, The Gift I'd Ask, and Toughey, Childhood Adventures on a Texas Ranch . She died in Austin on 1948 January 8 and was buried with her husband in Oakwood Cemetery.

Albert Sidney Burleson and Adele Lubbock Steiner were married on 1889 December 22. The couple had five children: Laura Schley Burleson Negley (1890-1973), Steiner Burleson (1892-1899), Lucy Kyle Burleson Grimes (1894-1967), Adele Sidney Burleson Smith (1897-1995), and an infant son (1901-1901).

References

Connor, Seymour V. "Albert Sidney Burleson." Handbook of Texas Online . http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fbu38 .

"Albert Sidney Burleson (1863-1937)." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B001110 .

"Albert S. Burleson (1913–1921): Postmaster General." American President, An Online Resource: Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) . Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. http://millercenter.org/president/wilson/essays/cabinet/458 .

From the guide to the Albert Sidney and Adele Steiner Burleson Papers Doc 6883., 1856-1947, (Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas)

Attorney, politician, and Postmaster General Albert Sidney Burleson (1863-1937) was born in San Marcos, Texas. He graduated from the University of Texas Law Department in its first class in 1884. After practicing law and serving in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1899 to 1913, President Wilson appointed Burleson as Postmaster General. During his tenure from 1913 to 1921, he expanded parcel post and was responsible for the government takeover of telephone, telegraph, and cable during World War I as well as the initiation of airmail in 1918. Burleson was the first Texan to serve on a president's cabinet while launching the first official air mail in history.

Source:

“Burleson, Albert Sidney.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 14, 2011. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B001110.

From the guide to the Burleson (Albert Sidney) Papers 63-137; 65-135; 66-185; 72-085; 81-175; 82-053; 84-251; 87-299; 88-019; 89-076; 89-147; 98-142. 20659759., 1841-1946, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin)

Biographical Note

  • 1863, June 7: Born, San Marcos, Tex.
  • 1881: Graduated, Baylor University, Waco, Tex.
  • 1884: Graduated, law department, University of Texas, Austin, Tex. Admitted to the Texas bar
  • 1885 - 1890 : Assistant city attorney, Austin, Tex.
  • 1891 - 1898 : District attorney, twenty-sixth judicial circuit, Texas
  • 1899 - 1913 : United States Congressman, Ninth and Tenth Districts of Texas
  • 1913 - 1921 : Postmaster general
  • 1918: Instituted air mail service, New York, N.Y., to Washington, D.C., using Army pilots
  • 1918: Chairman, United States Telephone & Telegraph Administration
  • 1920: Chairman, United States Commission to International Wire Communication Conference
  • 1921: Retired from public life to pursue banking interests
  • 1937, Nov. 24: Died, Austin, Tex.

From the guide to the Albert Sidney Burleson Papers, 1845-1943, (bulk 1902-1943), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Negley, Laura Burleson, 1890-1973. Laura Burleson Negley Family papers, 1880-1973 bulk (1912-1947) University of Texas at San Antonio, John Peace Library (JPL)
creatorOf Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937. Albert Sidney Burleson papers, 1856-1947. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Husting, Paul Oscar, 1866-1917. Papers, 1909-1918. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946. Vance Criswell McCormick papers, 1907-1946 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Thomas Watt Gregory Papers, 1896-1933, (bulk 1919-1933) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Burleson (Albert Sidney) Papers 63-137; 65-135; 66-185; 72-085; 81-175; 82-053; 84-251; 87-299; 88-019; 89-076; 89-147; 98-142. 20659759., 1841-1946 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Brooks, Victor Lee. Brooks, Victor Lee Papers, 1908-1927 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Woodrow Wilson papers, 1786-1957 (bulk 1876-1924). Library of Congress
creatorOf Albert Sidney Burleson letter to General James L. Davenport, 1909 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007, 1885-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn William Jennings Bryan Papers, 1877-1940, (bulk 1896-1925) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-2007 (inclusive), 1885-1938 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Laura Burleson Negley Family Papers MS 84., 1880-1973, (1912-1947) University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.
referencedIn Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. William Jennings Bryan papers, 1877-1940 (bulk 1896-1925). Library of Congress
referencedIn McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946. Vance Criswell McCormick papers, 1907-1946 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Civil Service Reform Association (New York, N.Y.). Civil Service Reform Association records, 1880-1947. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937. Burleson, Albert Sidney, papers, 1841-1946. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. Edward Mandell House papers, 1885-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Josephus Daniels Papers, 1829-1948, (bulk 1913-1921) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Certificates of appointment, 1915-1916. American Primers
creatorOf Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letters, chiefly from Wilson, to Richard Heath Dabney, 1881-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937. Papers, 1856-1947. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Woodrow Wilson Papers, 1786-1957, (bulk 1876-1924) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933. Thomas Watt Gregory papers, 1896-1933 (bulk 1919-1933). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letters, chiefly from Woodrow Wilson, to Richard Heath Dabney [manuscript], 1881-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gilliam, Mary Hoge,. Papers of the Hoge family, 1868-1925. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Vance Criswell McCormick papers, 1907-1946 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Edward Sanford Martin correspondence and compositions, 1882-1939 (inclusive), 1900-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Albert Sidney Burleson Papers, 1845-1943, (bulk 1902-1943) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Sulzer Letters, 1898-1941 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937. Albert Sidney Burleson papers, 1845-1943 (bulk 1902-1943). Library of Congress
creatorOf Weber, Max. Max Weber papers, 1894-1916. University of Texas at El Paso
referencedIn Robinson, John H. John H. Robinson papers, 1912-1919. University at Albany, University Libraries
referencedIn Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948. Papers of Josephus Daniels, 1806-1948 (bulk 1913-1921). Library of Congress
creatorOf Albert Sidney and Adele Steiner Burleson Papers Doc 6883., 1856-1947 Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas
referencedIn Brooks, Victor Lee Papers, 1908-1927 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
correspondedWith Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946 person
associatedWith Bell, Charles Keith person
correspondedWith Breckinridge, Henry, 1886-1960 person
associatedWith Brooks, Victor Lee person
associatedWith Brooks, Victor Lee person
correspondedWith Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. person
associatedWith Buchanan, James Paul person
associatedWith Burleson, Adele S. (Adele Steiner) person
associatedWith Burleson, Adele Steiner, 1863-1948 person
associatedWith Burleson family. family
associatedWith Cannon, William Jarvis person
correspondedWith Carlton, Newcomb, 1869-1953 person
associatedWith Civil Service Reform Association (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
correspondedWith Creel, George, 1876-1953 person
associatedWith Daniel, Josephus person
correspondedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.). State Convention (1898 : Galveston, Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (Tex.). State Convention (1898 : Galveston, Tex.) corporateBody
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Foster, Lafayette Lumpkin person
associatedWith Gibson, Robert person
associatedWith Giddings, DeWitt Clinton person
correspondedWith Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Harrington, E. S. person
correspondedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938 person
associatedWith Houston, David Franklin, 1866-1940 person
correspondedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Husting, Paul Oscar, 1866-1917. person
correspondedWith Judson, William V. (William Voorhees), 1865-1923 person
associatedWith King, William V. person
associatedWith Kone, Edward Reeves person
associatedWith Lamar, William H. person
correspondedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928 person
associatedWith Lauderdale, C. W. person
correspondedWith Martin, Edward Sanford, 1856-1939 person
associatedWith McAdoo, William Gibbs, 1863-1941 person
associatedWith McCarthy, George L. person
associatedWith McCormick, Vance Criswell, 1872-1946. person
associatedWith Negley, Laura Burleson, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Olmstead, Victor H. person
associatedWith Patton, James A. person
associatedWith Potts, Paum M. person
associatedWith Price, Theodore H. person
associatedWith Redfield, William C. person
associatedWith Riche, C. S. person
associatedWith Robinson, John H. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
correspondedWith Roper, Daniel C. (Daniel Calhoun), 1867-1943 person
associatedWith Steiner, Josephus Murray, 1823-1873 person
associatedWith Sulzer, William, 1863-1941 person
associatedWith Texas Postmasters Association corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Postmasters Association. Convention corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Postmasters League corporateBody
associatedWith Texas Postmasters League. Convention corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Post Office Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vail, Theodore Newton, 1845-1920 person
associatedWith Violett, Atwood person
associatedWith Weber, Max. person
associatedWith Willoughby, C. A. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Austin (Tex.)
United States
United States
Texas
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Austin (Tex.)
Texas
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Texas
Subject
Parcel post--United States
Agricultural laws and legislation
Air mail service
Margarine--Law and legislation
United States--Politics and government--1865-1933
Margarine--Law and legislation--United States
World War, 1914-1918--Communications
Postmasters--Societies, etc
World War, 1914-1918 Censorship
Cotton
Postal service--United States
World War, 1914-1918--Peace
Telephone--United States
Telephone
Legislators--United States--History--20th century
Presidents--Election
Agriculture--United States--Law and legislation
Telephone--Law and legislation
Postal rates
Telegraph--United States
Austin (Tex.)--History--Sources
Presidents--United States--Election
Cotton--United States
Washington (D.C.)--History--Sources
Legislators--Texas--History--20th century
Speeches, addresses, etc., American--20th century
Postal rates--United States
United States--Politics and government--Caricatures and cartoons
Postal service
Telegraph--Law and legislation--United States
Air mail service--History--Sources
Air mail service--United States--History--Sources
Telegraph--Law and legislation
Telegraph
Parcel post
Agriculture--Texas
World War, 1914-1918--Censorship--United States
Agriculture
World War, 1914-1918--Photographs
Politics, Practical--Texas--History--20th century
Air mail service--United States
Telephone--Law and legislation--United States
Occupation
Legislators--United States
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Texas
Cabinet officers
Postmasters general--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1863-06-07

Death 1937-11-24

Information

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