Squier, George Owen, 1865-1934

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Major general in the U.S. Army, physicist, and inventor.

From the description of George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 85778217

From the description of George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34422345

George Owen Squier (b. March 21, 1865, Dryden, Mich.-d. March 24, 1934), Major General in the U.S. Army, graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1887 and was a signal officer with the volunteers before joining the signal corps U.S.A. in 1899. He was commander of the U.S. Cable-ship Burnside from 1900 to 1902, during the laying of the Philippine cable-telegraph system. He later served as U.S. military attaché in London, as chief signal officer U.S.A., and was in charge of the Army Air Service during World War I.

From the description of Squier, George Owen, 1865-1934 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10573224

Not only a soldier but also a scientist, inventor and engineer, George Squier was an instrumental figure in major changes in the United States military. While at the United States Artillery School he invented the Synchrograph, which uses telegraphy to study the flight of projectiles. Then as a member of the Signal Corps, he was tireless in his efforts to improve the Army's wireless telegraphy and telephony and applied for numerous patents during his lifetime. In 1905 he established the Army Signal School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and later the Radio Research Laboratory at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. His interest in aviation led to his writing specifications for the first military aircraft, flying with Orville Wright and, finally, the development of the Aviation Research Laboratory at Langley Field, Virginia. In addition to his many stateside assignments, Squier also served in the Philippines, where he was in charge of laying the Trans-Pacific communication cable, and in London, England, where he served as Military Attaché. Brigadier General Squier retired from the military in 1924 but continued work in engineering communication and created one more contribution to society, piped-in music, which Squire named "Muzak."

From the description of George Owen Squier collection, 1883-1961. (US Air Force Academy). WorldCat record id: 244567673

Graduated from West Point in 1887 as 2nd Lieutenant in artillery. Transferred to Signal Corps in 1899 as 1st Lieutenant. In 1900 he was placed in charge of a cable ship and established communications with the Philippines. He became Chief, Signal Officer, Dept. of Calif. and then was assistant commandant of the Signal School. Was stationed in the office of the Chief Signal Officer and from 1914 to 1916 as Lt. Colonel was a military attaché in London. Performed research on telegraphic and telephony communication and observed British military operations during World War I.

In 1917 he became Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army and was a technical advisor at several communications conferences in the 1920's and was known as an authority on electrical communications. He participated in various arms limitations conferences as a representative of the State Dept. during 1920's and died in 1934.

From the description of The George O. Squier papers, 1914-1961 (bulk 1914-1923). (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 23958459

George Owen Squier was born in Dryden, Michigan on March 21, 1865. He entered the army as a second lieutenant of artillery following his graduation from West Point Military Academy in 1887. He was then stationed at Fort McHenry, Md., during which time he studied physics, chemistry, and mathematics at Johns Hopkins University, receiving his Ph.D. in 1893. From 1894 to 1895, he attended the Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and from November 1895 to April 1898, he was an instructor in the school.

From 1900 to 1902, Squier was commander of the US cable-ship Burnside which laid submarine cables in the Philippine archipelago. He next superintended the construction of telegraph lines in the Philippine Islands. During the coming years, Squier advanced in rank and would be stationed at San Francisco, Fort Leavenworth, and Washington DC. In 1911-1912, he became military attaché at the US embassy in London. The army provided Squier with many opportunities for study and research in areas of interest to him. As a scientist, he conducted research on such topics as the electrochemical effects due to magnetization; the sine wave systems of telegraphy and ocean cabling, the absorption of electro-magnetic waves by living vegetable organisms, among others. His inventions were primarily in the area of telephony: wireless, multiple, and long-distance. He was also inventor of the monophone for broadcasting over telephone wires.

George O. Squier died March 24, 1934

From the guide to the George Owen Squier papers, 1883-1934, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)

Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Beard, Daniel Carter, 1850-1941. person
associatedWith Chapin, Roy D. (Roy Dikeman), 1880-1936. person
associatedWith Coffin, Howard Earle, 1873-1937. person
associatedWith Couzens, James, 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Cramton, Louis C. (Louis Convers), b. 1875. person
associatedWith Forrestal, James, 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army. British Expeditionary Force. corporateBody
associatedWith House, Edward Mandell, 1858-1938. person
associatedWith Johns Hopkins University. corporateBody
associatedWith Kennely, Arthur Edwin, 1861-1939. person
associatedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Sligh family family
associatedWith Squier family. family
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Signal Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith Wainwright, Jonathan Mayhew, 1883-1953. person
associatedWith Wright, Orville, 1871-1948. person
associatedWith Yerkes, Robert Mearns, 1876-1956. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
United States
United States
Lapeer County (Mich.)
Great Britain
Dryden (Mich.)
United States
Vermont
Lapeer County (Mich.)
Lapeer County (Mich.)
Dryden Community Park (Dryden, Mich.)
Subject
World War, 1914-1918--Cavalry operations
Aeronautics, Military--Communication systems
Communication devices--1921-1930
World War, 1914-1918
World War, 1914-1918 Aerial operations, British
Voyages and travels
Physicists--United States
World War, 1914-1918--Military intelligence
Boats
Military telephone
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns
Scientists
Travel
Muzak (Trademark)
Military telegraph
Military engineers
World War, 1914-1918--Medical care
Dwellings
Inventions
Military attachés
Scientists--United States
Soldiers--American
Parks--Michigan--Dryden
Physicists
Camps
World War, 1914-1918--Artillery operations
Radio
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1865-03-21

Death 1934-03-24

English

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