Hayden, Joseph Ralston, 1887-1945

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University of Michigan professor of Political Science, exchange professor at the University of the Philippines (1922-1923), special correspondent in the Far East for the Christian Science Monitor in the 1920s, vice governor of the Philippines (1933-1935), advisor to the U.S. War Dept. during World War II.

From the description of Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1899-1945 [microform] (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 767731897

Professor of political science at University of Michigan; Vice Governor of the Philippines, 1933-1935, and aide to General Douglas MacArthur during World War II.

From the description of Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1854-1948. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34418928

Joseph Ralston Hayden was born on September 24, 1887 in Quincy, Illinois. He received his B.S. from Knox College in 1910, then his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1911 and 1915 respectively. From 1910 to 1912, while a student, Hayden was an assistant in American history at the University of Michigan. In 1912, he became a member of the university's department of political science, where he remained, except for his service with the government, until his death on May 19, 1945.

During World War I, Hayden was a lieutenant in the Michigan Naval Militia serving as senior officer of the University of Michigan division. He was in active service from April 1917 to February 1919. Following the war, Hayden returned to the University of Michigan.

Hayden was a recognized authority on the Philippine Islands. In this, Hayden was carrying on a tradition begun by Dean C. Worcester, who, like Hayden, was both on the faculty of the University of Michigan and called to public service in the Philippine Islands because of his expertise and experience. In 1922-23, Hayden was an exchange professor at the University of the Philippines; in 1930-31, he was the Carnegie Visiting Professor in the State University of the Philippines. In 1922-23, 1926, and 1930-31, Hayden was special correspondent in the Far East for the Christian Science Monitor . Hayden used each of these opportunities to travel in the islands, to study, and to make contacts with Philippine citizens, both government officials and private citizens.

In recognition of his learning and wide experience in Philippine matters, President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Hayden to serve as vice governor of the Philippines and secretary of public instruction. His choice for governor general, Frank Murphy, though possessing administrative skills and political charm, was coming to the Philippines without any real knowledge of the actualities of Filipino life and custom, and thus Roosevelt's reasoning for pairing Hayden with the former Detroit mayor. Hayden responded admirably to his selection by the president, performing his duties efficiently, even serving as acting governor general when Murphy returned to the United States for a six-month period.

With the establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1935, Hayden returned to the University of Michigan, where he taught and worked on what would be his classic work, The Philippines: A study in national development (1941). Following his return, Hayden was named James Orin Murfin Professor of Political Science and chairman of the department.

Hayden returned to public service with the outbreak of World War II, where his knowledge of the Philippines proved invaluable. From 1941 to 1945, he worked with the U.S. Office of the Coordinator of Information and, after June 1942, with its successor organization, the Office of Strategic Services. From 1943 to 1945, Hayden was named civil adviser and consultant on Philippine affairs with the U.S. War Department, attached to the staff of General Douglas MacArthur. As part of this later activity, Hayden developed and headed up as chief a special staff section of the United States Armed Forces for the Far East - the Philippine Research and Information Section. The role he envisioned for the Philippine Research and Information Section was three-fold: to prepare reports and studies about the Philippines; to distribute information about the Philippines as needed; and to collect books, magazines, newspapers, and printed and manuscript materials about the Philippines with a view to their "effectiveness in furthering the prosecution of the war."

From the guide to the Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1899-1945, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)

Joseph Ralston Hayden was born on September 24, 1887 in Quincy, Illinois. He received his B.S. from Knox College in 1910, then his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1911 and 1915 respectively. From 1910 to 1912, while a student, Hayden was an assistant in American history at the University of Michigan. In 1912, he became a member of the university's department of political science, where he remained, except for his service with the government, until his death on May 19, 1945.

During World War I, Hayden was a lieutenant in the Michigan Naval Militia serving as senior officer of the University of Michigan division. He was in active service from April 1917 to February 1919. Following the war, Hayden returned to the University of Michigan.

Hayden was a recognized authority on the Philippine Islands. In this, Hayden was carrying on a tradition begun by Dean C. Worcester, who, like Hayden, was both on the faculty of the University of Michigan and called to public service in the Philippine Islands because of his expertise and experience. In 1922-23, Hayden was an exchange professor at the University of the Philippines; in 1930-31, he was the Carnegie Visiting Professor in the State University of the Philippines. In 1922-23, 1926, and 1930-31, Hayden was special correspondent in the far east for the Christian Science Monitor. Hayden used each of these opportunities to travel in the islands, to study, and to make contacts with Philippine citizens, both government officials and private citizens.

In recognition of his learning and wide experience in Philippine matters, President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Hayden to serve as vice governor of the Philippines and secretary of public instruction. His choice for governor general, Frank Murphy, though possessing administrative skills and political charm, was coming to the Philippines without any real knowledge of the actualities of Filipino life and custom, and thus Roosevelt's reasoning for pairing Hayden with the former Detroit mayor. Hayden responded admirably to his selection by the president, performing his duties efficiently, even serving as acting governor general when Murphy returned to the United States for a six-month period.

With the establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1935, Hayden returned to the University of Michigan, where he taught and worked on what would be his classic work, The Philippines: A study in national development (1941). Following his return, Hayden was named James Orin Murfin Professor of Political Science and chairman of the department.

Hayden returned to public service with the outbreak of World War II, where his knowledge of the Philippines proved invaluable. From 1941 to 1945, he worked with the U.S. Office of the Coordinator of Information and, after June 1942, with its successor organization, the Office of Strategic Services. From 1943 to 1945, Hayden was named civil adviser and consultant on Philippine affairs with the U.S. War Department, attached to the staff of General Douglas MacArthur. As part of this latter activity, Hayden developed and headed up as chief a special staff section of the United States Armed Forces for the Far East - the Philippine Research and Information Section. The role he envisioned for the Philippine Research and Information Section was three-fold: to prepare reports and studies about the Philippines; to distribute information about the Philippines as needed; and to collect books, magazines, newspapers, and printed and manuscript materials about the Philippines with a view to their "effectiveness in furthering the prosecution of the war."

From the guide to the Joseph Ralston Hayden Papers, 1854-1975, (Bentley Historical Library University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1901-1925. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Michigan Commission on Reform and Modernization of Government records, 1938-1939 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Gregorio, Domingo H. Domingo H. Gregorio papers, 1977-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn James K. Pollock papers, 1920-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan. Dept. of History. Dept. of History (University of Michigan) student papers, Series II, 1943-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Scientific Club (University of Michigan) records, 1875-1998 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Jesse Siddall Reeves Papers, 1853-1942, 1901-1942 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Alexander G. Ruthven Papers, 1901-1961, 1906-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan. Scientific Club. Scientific Club (University of Michigan) records, 1875-1974. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1899-1945 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Michigan Civil Service Study Commission records, 1935-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Michigan. Commission on the Reform and Modernization of Government. Michigan Commission on the Reform and Modernization of Government records, 1938-1939. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Hayden, Joseph Ralston, 1887-1945. Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1899-1945 [microform] University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Arthur Scott Aiton papers, 1922-1959 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan Faculty and Staff Portraits, ca. 1860-ca. 1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Aiton, Arthur S. (Arthur Scott), 1894-1955. Arthur S. Aiton papers, 1922-1959. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Santiago Artiaga papers, 1914-1957 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Yost, Fielding Harris, 1871-1946. Fielding Harris Yost papers, ca. 1900-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Reed, Thomas Harrison, b. 1881. Thomas H. Reed papers, 1902-1971. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Marion L. Burton Papers, 1895-1925, 1921-1925 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn University of Michigan. Scientific Club. Scientific Club (University of Michigan) records, 1875-1998. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Esson M. Gale papers, 1909-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Fielding Harris Yost Papers, ca. 1898-1971 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. Esson M. Gale papers, 1909-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974, 1915-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949. Papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949. Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.). [Honorary degrees series] / [Knox College, Galesburg, Ill.]. Knox College, Seymour Library
creatorOf Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. Esson M. Gale papers, 1926-1965. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Ann Arbor National Defense Committee (Mich.). Ann Arbor National Defense Committee records, 1940-1942, 1944, and 1946. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Hayden, Joseph Ralston, 1887-1945. Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1854-1948. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Junius E. Beal Papers, 1869-1946 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Shirley Wheeler Smith Papers, 1881-1959 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942. Junius Emery Beal papers, 1869-1946. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Joseph Ralston Hayden Papers, 1854-1975 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn George Murphy papers, 1911-1961 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. Marion LeRoy Burton papers, 1895-1925. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Clarence Cook Little papers, 1924-1929 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Michigan. Commission on Reform and Modernization of Government. Michigan Commission on Reform and Modernization of Government records, 1938-1939. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Gregorio, Domingo H. Papers, 1977-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Thomas Harrison Reed Papers, 1902-1971 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Artiaga, Santiago, 1878-1962. Santiago Artiaga papers, 1914-1957. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Michigan. Civil Service Study Commission. Michigan Civil Service Study Commission records, 1935-1942. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Henry Moore Bates papers, 1886-1950 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Dept. of History (University of Michigan) student papers, 1930-1987 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Randolph Greenfield, 1892-1951. person
associatedWith Aguinaldo, Emilio, 1869-1964. person
associatedWith Aiton, Arthur S. (Arthur Scott), 1894-1955. person
associatedWith Ann Arbor National Defense Committee (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Artiaga, Santiago, 1878-1962. person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Bates, Henry Moore, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942. person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Burton, Marion Le Roy, 1874-1925. person
associatedWith Carpenter, Frank Watson. person
associatedWith Carpenter, Frank W. (Frank Watson), 1871-1938 person
associatedWith Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934. person
associatedWith Cox, Creed Fulton, 1877-1950. person
associatedWith Crawford, Fred L. (Fred Lewis), 1888-1957. person
associatedWith Diekema, Gerrit J. (Gerrit John), 1859-1930. person
associatedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959. person
associatedWith Fugate, James, 1877-1938 person
associatedWith Fugate, James R., 1877-1938. person
associatedWith Gale, Esson M. (Esson McDowell), 1884-1964. person
associatedWith Gilmore, Eugene Allen, b. 1871. person
associatedWith Green, Fred W. (Fred Warren), 1872-1936. person
associatedWith Gregorio, Domingo H. person
associatedWith Guest, Edgar A. (Edgar Albert), 1881-1959. person
associatedWith Harllee, William Curry, 1877-1944. person
associatedWith Harrison, Francis Burton, 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Hester, Evett D. person
associatedWith Hester, Evett D. person
associatedWith Hill, Norman Hingston, 1887-1971. person
associatedWith Hornbeck, Stanley Kuhl, 1883-1966 person
associatedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Jones, J. Weldon (James Weldon), 1896- person
associatedWith Kellogg, Frank B. (Frank Billings), 1856-1937 person
associatedWith Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Kuder, Edward Metcalfe, 1896- person
associatedWith Laurel, Jose P. (Jose Paciano), 1891-1959 person
associatedWith Little, Clarence C. (Clarence Cook), b. 1888 person
associatedWith Malcolm, George A. (George Arthur), 1881-1961 person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul Vories, 1891-1955 person
associatedWith Michener, Earl C. (Earl Cory), 1876-1957 person
associatedWith Michigan. Civil Service Study Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan. Civil Service Study Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan. Commission on Reform and Modernization of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan. Commission on the Reform and Modernization of Government. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan Historical Collections corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan Naval Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan Naval Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith Mosher, Gouverneur Frank, 1871-1941 person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith Murphy, George, 1897-1961 person
associatedWith Osias, Camilo, 1889- person
associatedWith Osmeóna, Sergio, 1878-1961 person
associatedWith Parker, Francis LeJau, 1873- person
associatedWith Parker, Frank, 1872-1947 person
associatedWith Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. person
associatedWith Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944 person
associatedWith Ralston, Jackson Harvey, 1857-1945 person
associatedWith Reed, Thomas Harrison, b. 1881. person
associatedWith Reeves, Jesse Siddall, 1872- person
associatedWith Romulo, Carlos P. (Carlos Peóna), 1899-1985 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944. person
associatedWith Roth, Fred G. person
associatedWith Roxas, Manuel. person
associatedWith Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882- person
associatedWith Sayre, Francis Bowes, 1885-1972 person
associatedWith Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959 person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Swanson, Claude Augustus, 1862-1939 person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Tomlinson, Mathew. person
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of History. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of Political Science. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Dept. of Political Science. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Scientific Club. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Michigan. Scientific Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Van Schaick, Louis J. person
associatedWith Warren, Fiske, 1862-1938. person
associatedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927 person
associatedWith Worcester, Dean C. (Dean Conant), 1866-1924. person
associatedWith Worcester, Nanon Fay Leas. person
associatedWith Yost, Fielding Harris, 1871-1946. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Philippines
Sulu Archipelago (Philippines)
Philippines
China
China
Philippines
Mindanao Island (Philippines)
Philippines
Sulu Archipelago (Philippines)
United States
Mindanao Island (Philippines)
Subject
Depressions--1929-1938
World War, 1939-1945
Governors--Philippines
Spanish--American War, 1898
World War, 1914-1918
Depressions--1929--United States
Muslims
New Deal, 1933-1939
Muslims--Philippines
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1887

Death 1945-05-10

Information

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Ark ID: w6862hnv

SNAC ID: 31671341