Anthony, Lucy Elmina

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Minister, physician, lecturer, and suffragist, Anna Howard Shaw was born on February 14, 1847, in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, the sixth of seven surviving children of Thomas Shaw and Nicolas (Stott) Shaw. AHS described her family's move to America (first to Massachusetts and later to the Michigan wilderness), their hardships on the frontier, her determination to get an education, and her career shifts from teacher to minister to physician to social reformer in her autobiography, The Story of a Pioneer (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1915).

An avid reader, AHS was largely self-taught before becoming a teacher at the age of 15. She later finished high school, and entered Albion College (Michigan) in 1873 at the age of 26. In 1878 she graduated from the divinity school of Boston University, the only woman in her class. In addition to performing various pastoral duties in the Methodist Protestant Church, AHS enrolled in Boston University's medical school in 1883, graduating with an M.D. in 1886. She became increasingly convinced that the problems she encountered in her ministry and as a physician could not be solved without major political and social reforms, and that obtaining the vote for women was a necessary first step.

Lecturing and organizing on behalf of the temperance and woman suffrage movements, AHS became one of the best-known women in the U.S. Her oratorical skills were legendary; in 1913 the National Anti- Suffrage Association forbade its members to engage in any further debate with her.

In addition to serving as vice president (1892-1904) and president (1904-1915) of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, AHS was chairman of the Woman's Committee of the U.S. Council of National Defense (1917-1919). For her extraordinary work and success in coordinating women's contributions to the war effort she was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by the U.S. government in May 1919.

AHS died of pneumonia on July 2, 1919, in the middle of an exhausting speaking tour on behalf of the League to Enforce Peace, an organization formed to rally support for Woodrow Wilson's proposed peace treaty and League of Nations. Lucy Elmina Anthony (LEA), niece of Susan B. Anthony, was also an active suffragist. For thirty years she was friend and secretary to AHS; she shared a home in Moylan, Pa., with AHS from 1903 until the latter's death in 1919.

For additional biographical information, see The Story of A Pioneer (see above); Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971); Wilmer A. Linkugel, "The Speeches of Anna Howard Shaw" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1960; available from University Microfilms); and #352-368 in this series.

From the guide to the Papers, ca. 1863-1955, (Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series II, 1894-1948 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1851-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers, 1815-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1908-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dillon, Mary Earhart,. Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1863-1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. Papers: Series V-VII, 1906-1947 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1877-1983 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Florence Woolsey Hazzard Papers MS 76., 1940-1950 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Stewart, Ella Jane Seass, 1871-. Series XII of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1895-1939 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Catharine Waugh McCullouch papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1869-1945 Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. ALS, 1890 February 7 : Washington, D.C., to Mrs. M.T. Henderson, Jameston, N.Y. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Series X of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Edna Fischel Gellhorn Papers, 1919-1960 Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1869-1945 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hazzard, Florence W. (Florence Woolsey). Papers, 1940-1950. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Papers, ca. 1863-1955 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964 person
associatedWith Anna Howard Shaw, 1847-1919 person
associatedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906. person
associatedWith Avery, Rachel G. (Foster), 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Avery, Susan Look person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937 person
associatedWith Bartol, Emma J. person
associatedWith Barton, Clara, 1821-1912 person
associatedWith Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909 person
associatedWith Bok, Edward William, 1863-1930 person
associatedWith Booth-Tucker, Emmaline, 1860-1903 person
associatedWith Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCulloch, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCullouch, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie (Lane) Chapman, 1859-1947 person
associatedWith Coit, Adela person
associatedWith Crane, Caroline Bartlett, 1858-1935 person
associatedWith Crosset, Ella (Hawley), 1853- person
associatedWith Cunningham, Minnie (Fisher), 1882-1964 person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Coffin (Ware), 1972-1947 person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. person
associatedWith Dillon, Mary Earhart, person
associatedWith Fawcett, Millicent (Garrett), 1847-1929 person
associatedWith FitzGerald, Susan W., 1871-1943 person
associatedWith Fry, Susanna M. D. (Susanna Margaret Davidson), 1841-1920 person
associatedWith Gannett, Mary T. L. person
associatedWith Gardener, Helen Hamilton (Chenoweth), 1853-1925 person
associatedWith Gellhorn, Edna Fischel, 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Gifford, W. S. person
associatedWith Harper, Ida A. (Husted), 1851-1931 person
associatedWith Harriet Wright (Burton) Laidlaw, 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Hay, Mary Garrett, 1857-1928 person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence W. (Florence Woolsey) person
associatedWith Hazzard, Florence Woolsey, 1903-1992 person
associatedWith Hepburn, Katharine (Houghton) person
associatedWith Holley, Marietta, 1836-1926 person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Howe, Julia (Ward), 1819-1910 person
associatedWith Howland, Emily, 1827-1929 person
associatedWith Howland, Isobel person
associatedWith International Council of Women corporateBody
associatedWith Ivins, Emma person
associatedWith Jacobs, Aletta H. (Aletta Henrietta), 1854-1929 person
associatedWith Jewett, Mary B., 1858- person
associatedWith Kent, Juliet (Crosset), 1880- person
associatedWith Ketcham, Emily B. person
associatedWith Laidlaw, Harriet Wright (Burton), 1873-1949 person
associatedWith Laidlaw, H. B. (Harriet Burton), b. 1874. person
associatedWith Lathrop, Julia Clifford, 1858-1932 person
associatedWith League to Enforce Peace corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, Katherine Bell person
associatedWith Livermore, Mary Ashton (Rice), 1820-1905 person
associatedWith Lynch, Mrs. G. H. person
associatedWith Malone, Maud, 1877- person
associatedWith Manus, Rosa person
associatedWith Mastin, Florence Ripley, 1886- person
associatedWith McCormick, Joseph Medill, 1877-1925 person
associatedWith McCormick, Katharine (Dexter), 1875-1967 person
associatedWith McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, b. 1862. person
associatedWith Mills, Harriet May, 1857- person
associatedWith National American Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina College for Women (Greensboro) corporateBody
associatedWith North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College (Greensboro) corporateBody
associatedWith Osburn, Clara A. person
associatedWith Osburn(?), Eliza W. person
associatedWith Palmer, Bertha Honore, 1849-1918 person
associatedWith Pankhurst, Christabel, 1880-1958 person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. person
associatedWith Patterson, Hannah Jane, 1879- person
associatedWith Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938 person
associatedWith Purdy, I. Marcia person
associatedWith Reilly, Caroline I. person
associatedWith Rennes, Catarina van, 1858-1940 person
associatedWith Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. person
associatedWith Short, William Harrison, 1868-1935 person
associatedWith Smith, Ethel M. person
associatedWith Snowden, Ethel person
associatedWith Stevens, Lillian M., 1844- person
associatedWith Stevenson, Katharine Lente person
associatedWith Stewart, Ella Jane Seass, 1871- person
associatedWith Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893 person
correspondedWith SUSAN BROWNELL ANTHONY, 1820-1906 person
associatedWith Taft, William Howard, 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Tarbell, Clara person
associatedWith Tarbell, Ida Minerva, 1857-1944 person
associatedWith Thomas, Martha Carey, 1857-1935 person
associatedWith U.S. Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Villard, Fanny (Garrison), 1844-1928 person
associatedWith Ward, Lydia Avery (Coonley), 1845-1924 person
associatedWith Wetmore, Maude person
associatedWith Willard, Frances Elizabeth, 1839-1898 person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Wise, Stephen Samuel, 1874-1949 person
associatedWith Woman's Christian Temperance Union corporateBody
associatedWith Woolley, Mary Emma, 1863-1947 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Women clergy
Frontier and pioneer life
Caribbean Area--Description and travel
Women travelers
Women orators
Caribbean Area--Social conditions
World War, 1914-1918--War work--Women
Temperance--United States
Political rights
Blacks--Caribbean Area
World War, 1914-1918--Peace
Women social reformers
Women physicians
Women--Suffrage--United States




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SNAC ID: 6800367