Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951

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Professor of Sociology at Stanford (1893-1900; dismissed in 1900).

From the description of Edward Alsworth Ross papers, 1892-1970. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703381594

Biographical/Historical Sketch

In the late 1890s, sociology professor Edward A. Ross gained notoriety following several years of political activism in favor of the free silver movement, municipal ownership of utilities (including the railroads), and Japanese exclusion. While Mrs. Stanford found his opinions personally objectionable, her main concern was the reputation of the univeristy which, she felt, would be damaged by hasty espousal of political and social fads. The founders had intended the university to be free from the pressures of political partisanship; the apolitical nature of the university was now endangered by Ross's activities. Publicly, Mrs. Stanford affirmed President Jordan's power as defined in the Founding Grant to "remove professors and teachers at will," giving him full responsibility for clearing up the matter; however, privately, she pressed for Ross's dismissal. She disagreed with Ross's economic theories and was indignant about the idea of municipal ownership of the railroads, but she was particularly shocked by his anti-Japanese stand. Mrs. Stanford identified such attitudes with the earlier anti-Chinese movement instigated by Dennis Kearny and its resulting "reign of terror" which had pervaded San francisco. Ross, she felt, was a racist.

Mrs. Stanford wished Ross to go quietly, as a gentleman; President Jordan surmised that the activist had little intention of doing so. A man whose administrative style had strongly impressed the academic community, Jordan now vacillated between pleas ing Mrs. Stanford and upholding his image. After several confused attempts at compromise, which engendered misunderstandings between Jordan, Mrs. Stanford, and Ross regarding the latter's reappointment to the faculty, Jordan finally asked Ross to resign in November 1900.

To ensure public sympathy, Ross promptly issued his version of the dismissal to the press on November 14, 1900. He had been dismissed arbitrarily by Mrs. Stanford, he declared, over the opposition of President Jordan. The actual roots of dissension were immediately blurred by extreme public reaction to the touted issue of academic freedom. The entire matter proved to be greatly embarrassing to the university, particularly to its President. Mrs. stanford was thenceforth disturbed by the notoriety the university received from the incident. Having assumed that in her absence (she was traveling in Europe) Jordan would handle the situation discreetly and with dispatch, she failed to understand that Jordan had no control over Ross's continuing press statements. Her trust in Jordan was shaken; following the incident, she increasingly questioned his actions in the areas of salaries, hiring, planned growth of the academic program, and faculty control of student conduct.

For more detail on the Ross Affair, see: Elliott, Orrin Leslie. Stanford University the First Twentv-five Years ; Mohr, James C. "Academic Turmoil and Publ ic Opinion: The Ross Case at Stanford," Pacific Historical Review, v . 29, #1 (Feb. 1970) pp. 39-61.

From the guide to the Edward Alsworth Ross papers, 1892-1970, (Department of Special Collections and University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf House, Floyd Nelson, 1893-1975. Papers of Floyd Nelson House [manuscript], 1919-1974. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Swett, Helen, 1875-. Helen Swett letters to her fiancé, Charles E. Schwartz : and other papers, 1898-1901. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Arthur Gleason Papers, 1863-1931, (bulk 1900-1923) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Immigration Restriction League (U.S.) records, 1893-1921 Houghton Library
creatorOf Bernard, L. L. (Luther Lee), 1881-1951. Luther Bernard collection, 1854-1961. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn [Ross: dismissal from Stanford]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Hand, Learned. Learned Hand papers. 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929. Charles Horton Cooley papers, 1872-1930. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library
referencedIn La Follette, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1855-1925. Robert M. La Follette Sr. papers, 1879-1910, 1922-1924. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Dora Moody Williams papers, 1894-1947, 1894-1897 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Papers of Ethel Sturges Dummer, 1689-1962 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Stanford University. President's Office. Stanford University, President's Office, faculty salary records, 1893-1906. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Blaine, John J. (John James), 1873-1934. John J. Blaine papers, 1894-1938. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951. Edward Alsworth Ross papers, 1892-1970. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Perlman, Selig, 1888-1959. Papers, circa 1909-1998. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Read Bain papers, 1893-1972 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Anderson family Papers, 1848-1963 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Elmer, M. C. (Manuel Conrad), b. 1886. Papers, 1907-1980. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Walling, William English, 1877-1936. Papers [microform], 1871-1962. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Leon Trotsky exile papers, 1929-1940. Houghton Library
creatorOf Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1918. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Stanford University. Presidents Office. University clippings, 1891-1945. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Edward Alsworth Ross papers, 1892-1970 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Charles Horton Cooley papers, 1872-1930 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Edward A Ross papers Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. Papers, 1846-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Elmer, Manuel Conrad. Papers, 1907-1980 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Ellen Coit Elliott papers, 1891-1942 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Ross, Edward Alsworth, 1866-1951. Letters, 1910. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Papers, 1846-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Fetter, Frank A. (Frank Albert), 1863-1949. Papers, 1875-1988. Indiana University
referencedIn Nelson, John Mandt, 1870-1955. John Mandt Nelson papers, 1897-1977. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. David Starr Jordan papers, 1861-1964. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stanford University clippings collection, 1891-1945 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Elliott, Ellen Coit. Ellen Coit Elliott papers, 1891-1942. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Immigration Restriction League (U.S.) records, 1893-1921 Houghton Library
referencedIn Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. Papers, 1904-1939. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Roscoe Pound papers, 1888-1964 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn David Starr Jordan papers, 1861-1964 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Bragdon, Henry Wilkinson. Henry Wilkinson Bragdon collection. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Stanford, Jane Lathrop, 1828-1905. Jane Lathrop Stanford papers, 1860-1975. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Orrin Leslie Elliott papers, Bulk, 1891-1936 1860-1940, 1891-1936 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Anderson family. Anderson family papers, 1848-1963. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923. Papers, 1835-1924, 1963. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Williams, Dora Moody. Dora Moody Williams papers, 1894-1947 (inclusive), 1894-1897 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Walling, William English, 1877-1936. Papers, 1863-1962. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Richard T. Ely papers, 1812-1963 (bulk 1882-1939) Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Gleason, Arthur, 1878-1923. Arthur Gleason papers, 1863-1931 (bulk 1900-1923). Library of Congress
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Walling, William English, 1877-1936. William Walling papers [microform], 1871-1962. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Patten" to "Sargent". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Elliott, Orrin Leslie, 1860-1940. Orrin Leslie Elliott papers, 1891-1936. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Edith, 1876-1957. person
associatedWith Adams, Edward Francis, 1839-1929. person
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith American Civil Liberties Union. corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson family family
associatedWith Anderson family. family
associatedWith Bain, Read, 1892- person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Barnes, Harry Elmer, 1889-1968. person
associatedWith Bemis, Edward Webster, 1860-1930. person
associatedWith Berger, Victor L., 1860-1929. person
associatedWith Bernard, L. L. (Luther Lee), 1881-1951. person
associatedWith Birge, E. A. (Edward Asahel), 1851-1950. person
associatedWith Blaine, John J. (John James), 1873-1934. person
associatedWith Bogardus, Emory Stephen, 1882- person
associatedWith Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940. person
associatedWith Bragdon, Henry Wilkinson. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Commons, John R. (John Rogers), 1862-1945. person
associatedWith Cooley, Charles Horton, 1864-1929. person
associatedWith Darrow, Clarence, 1857-1938. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dewey, John, 1859-1952. person
associatedWith Elliott, Ellen Coit. person
associatedWith Elliott, O. L. (Orrin Leslie), 1860-1940 person
associatedWith Elliott, Orrin Leslie, 1860-1940. person
associatedWith Elmer, M. C. (Manuel Conrad), b. 1886. person
associatedWith Ely, Richard Theodore, 1854-1943. person
associatedWith ETHEL STURGES DUMMER, 1866-1954 person
associatedWith Evjue, William Theodore, 1882-1970. person
associatedWith Fairchild, E. M. (Edwin Milton), 1865- . person
associatedWith Fellows, George Emory, 1858- . person
associatedWith Fetter, Frank A. (Frank Albert), 1863-1949. person
associatedWith Filene, E. A. (Edward Albert), 1860-1937. person
associatedWith Gale, Zona, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Giddings, Franklin Henry, 1855-1931. person
associatedWith Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. person
correspondedWith Gleason, Arthur, 1878-1923. person
associatedWith Gumberg, Alexander, 1887-1939. person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Hibbard, Carlisle V., d. 1954. person
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1841-1935. person
associatedWith Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith House, Floyd Nelson, 1893-1975. person
associatedWith Howard, G. E. (George E.) person
associatedWith Howard, George E. person
associatedWith Husting, Paul Oscar, 1866-1917. person
correspondedWith Immigration Restriction League (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith James, Edmund J. (Edmund Janes), 1855-1925. person
associatedWith Jones, Richard Lloyd, 1873-1963. person
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Kiekhofer, William Henry, 1883- . person
associatedWith La Follette, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1855-1925. person
associatedWith Lenroot, Irvine Luther, 1869-1949. person
associatedWith Lenroot, Katharine F. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Henry Demarest, 1847-1903. person
associatedWith McCarthy, Charles, 1873-1921. person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, John Mandt, 1870-1955. person
associatedWith Niebuhr, Reinhold, 1892-1971. person
associatedWith Perlman, Selig, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Pound, Roscoe, 1870-1964. person
associatedWith Reinsch, Paul Samuel, 1869-1923. person
associatedWith Robins, Raymond, 1873-1954. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Ryan, John A. (John Augustine), 1869-1945. person
associatedWith Sanger, Margaret, 1879-1966. person
associatedWith Sedgwick, Ellery, 1872-1960. person
associatedWith Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson, 1861-1939. person
associatedWith Sellery, George C. (George Clarke), 1872-. person
associatedWith Shebley, George. person
associatedWith Shumway, Edgar Solomon, 1856- . person
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Small, Albion Woodbury, 1854-1926. person
associatedWith Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Stanford, Jane Lathrop, 1828-1905. person
associatedWith Stanford University corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Sociology corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Dept. of Sociology corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanford University. Presidents Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Stillman, John Maxson, 1852-1923. person
associatedWith Swett, Helen, 1875- person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Taussig, F. W. (Frank William), 1859-1940. person
associatedWith Taylor, Graham Romeyn, 1880-1942. person
associatedWith Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940. person
associatedWith University of Wisconsin corporateBody
associatedWith Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950. person
associatedWith Van Hise, Charles Richard, 1857-1918. person
associatedWith Walling, William English, 1877-1936. person
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Warner, Amos Griswold, 1861-1900. person
associatedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944. person
associatedWith Williams, Dora Moody. person
associatedWith Williams, Dora Moody. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
Soviet Union
United States
China
Subject
Temperance
Sociologists
Birth control
Academic freedom
Voyages and travels
Bimetallism
Emigration and immigration law
Social problems
Civil rights
Ross Affair
Sociology
Eugenics
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1866

Death 1951

Americans

English

Information

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