Pennsylvania Railroad

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The Pennsylvania Railroad Company was the largest railroad in the United States in terms of corporate assets and traffic from the last quarter of the nineteenth century until the decline of the northeast's and midwest's dominance of manufacturing, caused by the evolution of the interstate highway system and the advancements in air transportation. Originally created by Philadelphia merchants in 1846, it sought to build a trunk route from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Allegheny Mountains to compete for freight traffic that by-passed Pennsylvania for New York via the Erie Canal. From those humble beginnings, it stretched into an 11,000 mile system running through New York, Washington, Chicago, and Saint Louis before reaching its final destination in bankruptcy court. In the ensuing years, the Penn Central Corporation's holdings (created by a 1968 merger of the Pennsylvania and New York Central railroads), along with a number of other bankrupt railroads in the northeast were split between the federally-created National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) for passenger rail assets and the Consolidated Rail Corporation (ConRail) for freight traffic assets. The remaining local rail routes were divided between respective regional transportation authorities.

From the description of Records, 1847-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 727944392

The Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) maintained 122 subsidiary organizations (branch lines, electric traction, bus, and truck lines, coal companies, and utilities) that operated under the directorship of the PRR and its successor corporate entity, the Penn Central Railroad, in 1968 until bankruptcy in 1971.

From the description of Pennsylvania Railroad branch lines and subsidiaries annual reports and minute books, 1853-1965. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51996142

In 1863 construction began on the Union & Logansport line, linking Union City, in Randolph County, Indiana and Darke County, Ohio, with Logansport, in Cass County, and the Chicago & Great Eastern Railroad. The Pennsylvania Railroad provided some of the financing and the line was completed in 1867. On 12 February 1868 the U & L was consolidated with the Columbus & Indiana Central and the Toledo, Logansport & Burlington to form the Columbus, Chicago & Indiana Central.

From the description of Promissory notes, 1865-1867. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 57570538

Organized in 1869; traveled from Cincinnati to Chattanooga.

From the description of Pennsylvania Railroad transportation way-bill, 1881 Sept. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 237103557

The Pennsylvania Railroad Company was incorporated under the laws of Pennsylvania on April 13, 1846. Upon merger with the New York Central Railroad Company its name was changed to the Pennsylvania New York Central Transportation Company on February 1, 1968, to the Penn Central Company on May 8, 1969, to the Penn Central Transportation Company on October 1, 1969, and to the Penn Central Corporation on October 24, 1978. Rail properties were sold to Consolidated Rail Corporation, the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), and other local operators between April 1, 1976, and 1978. The firm remains in business and a diversified holding company.

The Pennsylvania Railroad was formed during a period of rivalry among the northeastern seaport cities to secure the trade of the Great Lakes and the Ohio valley. New York had achieved a commanding lead with the Erie Canal in 1825, followed by a railroad from Albany to Buffalo in 1843. A second New York railroad, the Erie, was under construction. On the south, Philadelphians feared being cut off by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, which had already reached Cumberland. Pennsylvania had put most of its resources into the state-owned Main Line of Public Works, a chain of canals and railroads that required three transshipments between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. It was operated more as a system of sectional patronage than a business and maximized tolls at the expense of traffic volume.

The Pennsylvania Railroad Company was originally a creation of Philadelphia merchants. By 1852, its tracks had linked up with the state railroads to form a through rail line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. In 1854, it completed a superior route over the Allegheny divide, giving it a continuous main line between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. In 1857, it purchased the Main Line of Public Works, primarily to control the railroad from Philadelphia to Columbia. Lease of the intervening Harrisburg, Portsmouth, Mt. Joy & Lancaster Railroad in 1861 brought the entire line under one management. The canal portions of the Main Line were gradually abandoned between 1863 and 1900.

Beginning in 1859, the company began to protect its flanks by securing control of the Cumberland Valley Railroad (Harrisburg to Hagerstown), the Northern Central Railway (Sunbury to Baltimore), the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad (Sunbury to Erie) and the Allegheny Valley Railroad (Pittsburgh to Oil City), making it the dominant railroad in the state by 1868. It then began to secure direct control of its eastern and western connections. The United New Jersey Railroad & Canal Company, controlling the territory between New York and Philadelphia, was leased in 1871, and over 3,000 route miles west of Pittsburgh had been acquired by lease and purchase by 1873.

The northwestern lines, terminating at Chicago, were operated through the medium of a holding company, the Pennsylvania Company, and the southwestern lines by the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad. The depression of 1873-1879 put an end to attempts to extend PRR influence south of the Potomac and Ohio and west of the Mississippi. The Baltimore & Potomac Railroad was completed to Washington in 1873, and acquisition of the Philadelpia, Wilmington & Baltimore in 1881 completed PRR control of the northeast corridor line.

Beginning with the administration of J. Edgar Thomson (1852-1874), the PRR came under the control of its salaried managers, most of whom were trained as civil engineers and passed through a set course of hierarchical advancement. Unlike most other railroads of the period, the PRR was never run by lone entreprenuers, politicians or bankers. Consequently, its management style was much more sytematic (pioneerng in the development of the line-and-staff type of structure), and it put greater emphasis on technical development and engineering virtuosity. In 1874, it employed one of the first professionally trained industrial chemists, and later developed its own testing laboratory. The greatest monuments to this approach were the great Pennsylvania Station project of 1907-1910 and the electrification of the main lines east of Harrisburg in 1915-1938. During this period it proclaimed itself the "Standard Railroad of the World."

After the extreme traffic conditions created by World War II, the PRR began to decline. In great measure this merely reflected the relative decline of the Northeast and Midwest and of the heavy manufacturing industries the company served, and losses to the 707, the Interstate Highway and the St. Lawrence Seaway. Most of its substantial passenger traffic was represented by short hauls in the urban Northeast which could not be priced to recover the full cost of service. Despite new programs like the development of the high-speed Metroliners, most of the company's problems were no longer amenable to engineerng solutions and old management patterns could no longer cope. Disruption of old patterns led to internal power struggles, as solvency came to depend more on outside investments, subsidies, market analysis and merger politics than on traditional railroading.

By the late 1950s, PRR executives increasingly saw the solution as a parallel merger that could eliminate redundant trackage in its territory, public funding of passenger services and diversification into more remunerative non-rail investments. The company began to invest in oil pipelines and Sun Belt real estate. In 1957, it announced its plan to merge with its major competitor, the New York Central. The Central did not finally agree until 1962, after its attempt to merge with the Chesapeake & Ohio failed. The merger was finally consummated on February 1, 1968.

From the description of Records, 1813-1968. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122573098

Incorporated in 1846, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company (PRR) began as a single-track railroad between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. In 1857 the PRR acquired multiple lines from Chicago through Pennsylvania, expanding quickly to 800 subsidiary companies. In terms of capital and trackage, the PRR was well-situated for its imminent task of mobilizing troops, munitions, and supplies during the Civil War. Following the Panic of 1873, a series of wage cuts at the Pennsylvania, New York Central, and other railroads precipitated a violent outbreak of strikes in the summer of 1877, the most hostile of which were directed at the PRR in Pittsburgh. Stone-throwing mobs supporting workers formed in Altoona, Johnstown, and Harrisburg while looting, destruction, injury, and death continued in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Previous to binding arbitration, this labor dispute ended with a strengthening of the Knights of Labor for workers, the enlargement of federal forces, and a strengthening of laws controlling the disruption of commerce by labor. In 1910, the first tunnel under the Hudson River allowed the PRR Railroad to establish a new terminal in New York City. Pennsylvania Station was, at the time of its completion, reputed to be the world's busiest train station.

Founded in July of 1853 as a consolidation of ten small railroads, the New York Central Railroad Company later merged with the Hudson River Railroad, forming the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company in 1869. Its creator, Erastus Corning, served as president until 1864. Under the leadership of Cornelius Vanderbilt, ten thousand miles of track connected New York with Boston, Chicago, Montreal, and St. Louis as the railroad grew to acquire more than 600 subsidiaries. The New York Central began to languish after World War II. After a lengthy legal dispute that reached the Supreme Court, the PRR and the New York Penn Central Railroad, former business rivals, merged in 1968 to create the Penn Central Transportation Company. The Penn Central Company acquired the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad in 1969, but filed for bankruptcy two years later. A new national passenger rail service, Amtrak, was formed in the same year, 1971, followed by the establishment of the Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) in 1976. Shortly thereafter, the Penn Central became a holding company composed primarily of energy, electronics, manufacturing, and real estate subsidiaries.

From the description of Pennsylvania Railroad and New York Central Railroad records, 1830-1975. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 435447598

Herschel G. Wray was born in Oxford, Ohio in 1890. He received a civil engineering degree from Purdue University in 1913, and began his career with the Pennsylvania Railroad in June of that year. He worked for the railroad for ten years where he was in charge of grade separation construction in Indianapolis, Indiana and Cleveland, Ohio.

The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago, and St. Louis Railway was created through mergers on August 29, 1890. After various other mergers and reorganizations, the railway came to be operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1921.

From the description of Elevated track construction photographs [graphic], 1918-1923. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 55643971

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Central System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. Corporate records, 1850-1956. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn J. Walter Thompson Company. Domestic Advertisements Collection, 1875-2001 and undated, bulk 1920s-1990s David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Diven family. Diven family papers, 1828-1940. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company. Penn Central Transportation Company records, 1835-1981. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Seidenberg, Jacob. Arbitration case files, 1961-1983. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Henry Carter Adams papers, 1964-1924 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Hiebert, Ray Eldon. Ray Hiebert papers, 1910-1960. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn American Car and Foundry Company. Jackson & Sharp Plant. Job files, 1898-1905. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Huston, Charles Lukens, 1856-1951. Papers, 1806-1951 (bulk 1870-1951). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Scott, Robert Edward. The history and construction of the Pope's Creek branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines. Office of Secretary-Treasurer. Secretary's record papers, 1866-1976. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Jenkins family papers, 1905-1955 Hudson Library & Historical Society
referencedIn Unger, C. W. Papers, 1675-1936, bulk dates 1820-1870. Winterthur Library
referencedIn Friedman, Jacob. The history and construction of the old Calvert Street station of the Pennsylvania Railroad at Baltimore, Maryland [electronic resource] / [Jacob Friedman]. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Broadaway, E. Broadaway and Cooper family papers, [18--]-[19--]. Camden County Historical Society
creatorOf C.W. Hunt Company. Trade catalogs of railroads, 1885-1941. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Don Ball, Jr. Railroad Photograph Collection., undated, 1895-1975. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Raymond Loewy Associates. Sales portfolio, c. 1952. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Rorer, Francis C. W. Freight conductor's car report, 1893-1902. Historical Society of Princeton
creatorOf Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Eureka Lodge no. 14 (Indianapolis). Records, 1875-1975. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Accounting Dept. Publications and ephemera, 1907-1940. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Historic American Engineering Record. Records of Delaware sites, 1975. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Archives Organization File, 1875-1986, pt.2. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Hivner, Harry J., 1880-1956. Papers, 1898-1911. York County Historical Trust
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. [Scrapbook containing newspaper clippings, etc., dated 1897-1904, concerning the Pennsylvania Railroad] Princeton University Library
referencedIn Ludwig, Charles Herbert. The history and methods of electrification of the Pennsylvania Railroad between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. / by Charles Herbert Ludwig. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Burd, Eliza Howard Simms, 1793-1860. Account book, 1850-1860. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn City planning vertical file, 1920-1990. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Foote, Samuel Edmond, 1787-1858. Sumner-Rockwell collection, 1854-1925. New Haven Colony Historical Society Library
referencedIn Altoona Co-operative Society. Minute book of Altoona Co-operative Society, 1874-1879. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn University of Pennsylvania. Bureau of Publicity. Grounds along the Schuylkill photographs, 1910-1913. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Cass, Lewis,. Faulkner family papers [manuscript] 1829-1929. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Van Alstine, Fayette S., ca. 1833-1879. Fayette Van Alstine letters, 1861-1879, bulk 1862-1863. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. The Pennsylvania Railroad : a collection of rosters for the Western & Northwestern regions, Fort Wayne Division and the Grand Rapids Branch / gathered and compiled by John Perrey. Allen County Public Library, ACPL
creatorOf Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Collection 1810-1975 (bulk). Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Friedman, Jacob. The history and construction of the old Calvert Street station of the Pennsylvania Railroad at Baltimore, Maryland / [Jacob Friedman]. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Harry F. Brown, Papers., 1908-1933, 1959, 1964. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Palmer, William Jackson, 1836-1909. William Jackson Palmer letters, 1859-1903 (bulk 1859-1867). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Northwest System. Office of General Superintendent. Records, 1885-1920 (bulk 1905-1920). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Jackson, F. Wolcott. Jackson family of New Jersey collection, 1846-1924. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Richards, Joseph T., 1845-1915. Memoranda relating to the Pennsylvania Railroad. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Loewy, Raymond, 1893-1986. Raymond Loewy papers, 1929-1988 (bulk 1960-1976). Library of Congress
referencedIn Corbin, Francis Porteus, 1801-1876. Papers, 1662-1885. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Edwin Shearin Railroad Memorabilia Collection, 1931-1981 North Carolina State University. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Powell, Thomas Reed, 1880-1955. Papers, 1905-1955 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Savery family. Papers, 1835-1960. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Vulcan Iron Works. Records, 1884-1948. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Evans, Allen, 1849-1925. Allen Evans architectural records and family papers, 1831-1952 (bulk 1883-1929). University of Pennsylvania, Architectural Archives
referencedIn International Association of Machinists. District Lodge 40. Report of officers and financial statements for quarter ... Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Mary Hyde Eccles papers Houghton Library
referencedIn Reading Company. Office of Secretary-Treasurer. Records, 1836-1979 (bulk, 1945-1976). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Loewy, Raymond, 1893-1986. Personal papers, 1903-1982 (bulk, 1950-1973). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Water and Power Company. Records, 1896-1957. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Richard C. Carpenter Papers, 1889-2001. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company. Penn Central Transportation Company records, 1796-1986, bulk (1835-1974). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Series 5, Subseries 2. Mediation and dispute files, 1891-1967. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Ross, George M. George M. Ross Pennsylvania Railroad passes, 1894-1915. Lancaster County Historical Society
referencedIn Samuel M. Vauclain papers A1980. 0220., 1856-1940 DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University
creatorOf Vauclain, Samuel M. (Samuel Matthews), 1856-1940. Samuel M. Vauclain papers, 1856-1940. Southern Methodist University DeGolyer Library
referencedIn East St. Louis Relay Passenger Station Association. Records, 1928-1937. Virginia Tech
referencedIn Painter, Uriah Hunt, 1837-1900. Papers, 1855-1936. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf J.P. Morgan & Co. Columbus Sandusky & Hocking R.R. securities purchase a/c Pennsylvania & Hocking Valley R.R. jointly : syndicate records, 1902 Jan. 14. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. Promissory notes, 1865-1867. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Snyder, W. C., b. 1844. Diary, 1859-1914. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Austin, William Liseter, 1852-1932. Papers, 1855-1932, (bulk 1870-1932). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Scott, Thomas Alexander, 1823-1881. Letter to the Western and Pacific Railroad Companies, 1871. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Office of Chief of Corporate Work. Records, 1901-1949 (bulk 1925-1946). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn LMHS.06: Lower Merion Historical Society audiovisual collection, 1973-2011 Lower Merion Historical Society
referencedIn Albert, Alphaeus Homer, 1891-. Albert photograph collection : railroads, ca. 1876-1981. Hightstown-East Windsor Historical Society
referencedIn T.A.R. McCutcheon papers 1874-1894 [manuscript] Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Ludwig, Charles Herbert. The history and methods of electrification of the Pennsylvania Railroad between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. [electronic resource] / by Charles Herbert Ludwig. University of Maryland (College Park, Md.). Libraries
referencedIn Wilson, William Hasell, 1811-1902. Papers, 1779-1900. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Raymond Loewy Papers, 1929-1988, (bulk 1960-1976) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. Correspondence from Henry Charles Lea, 1885-1889. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Executive Dept. Records, 1893-1919 (bulk 1903-1912). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Pemberton & Hightstown Railroad Company. Records, 1869-1897. Hightstown-East Windsor Historical Society
referencedIn Union Station (Indianapolis, Ind.). Collection, 1882-1996. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Purman, Andrew A. (Andrew Armstrong), 1823-1903. Andrew Armstrong Purman letters received, and legal documents, 1853-1900. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. Diaries, 1800-1851 [microfilm and photoprints]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn George Escol Sellers papers, 1829-1898, 1829-1898 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad and Penn Central railroad publications, 1951-1971. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Railroad collection. Photographs. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Insurance Dept. Annual report - loss and damage - freight, 1926. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Guide to the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives Moving Images Collection, 1920-1969 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Lee, Ivy L. (Ivy Ledbetter), 1877-1934. Ivy L. Lee papers, 1881-1989 (bulk 1915-1946) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Jackson and Sharp Company. Records, 1869-1946 (bulk 1898-1905). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Linder, Richard, 1924-. Collection 1814-1982 [manuscript]. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania, Heinz History Center Detre Library and Archives
referencedIn Tucker, John F. (John Foster), 1950-2008, collector. John F. Tucker transit history collection, 1895-2002 (bulk, 1920-1990). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Leonard Eicholtz diaries, 1838-1910 Univerisity of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Peter Wright & Son. Peter Wright & Son records, 1875-1879. Library of Congress
referencedIn Railroads and trolleys in the United States and Mexico : photographs, 1889-1972 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Bryant, Phyllis Roberts. Phyllis Roberts Bryant, The New York and Pennsylvania Railroad, 1946. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Social History of Spencer, Indiana, 1974-1975 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Preston, Charles B. Charles B. Preston collection [graphic], ca. 1900-ca. 1967. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Reading Company. Law Dept. Reading Company Law Dept. records, 1833-1979 (bulk, 1920-1976). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Briefs, 1928-1976 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Repman, William C. Papers, 1896-1961. York County Historical Trust
creatorOf J.P. Morgan & Co. Penn. Co. guaranteed 3 1/2% 40 year gold trust certificates : syndicate records, 1904 Nov. 21. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Association of the Transportation Officers of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Records, 1879-1929. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. Pennsylvania Railroad branch lines and subsidiaries annual reports and minute books, 1853-1965. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Metzler, Christian E., collector. Transportation miscellany, 1836-1932. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Platt, Thomas Collier, 1833-1910. Thomas Collier Platt papers, 1851-1915 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad. Papers, 1889. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Kobus, Ken. Ken Kobus photograph collection, 1980-1990. University of Pittsburgh
referencedIn McCrea, Charles R. Charles R. McCrea papers. [manuscript]. 1835-1922. (bulk 1863-1884). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Series 4, Subseries 5. Selected subject files, 1915-1968. Cornell University Library
referencedIn New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad Photograph Collection., undated, 1900-1971. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
creatorOf J.P. Morgan & Co. Pennsylvania Railroad gn'l mtge 4 1/2% bds. syndicate : syndicate records, 1915 May 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Ticket envelope, n.d. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company. Records, 1834-1977 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
referencedIn Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Non-railroad subsidiary companies. Corporate records, 1808-1960. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn McCabe, James Dabney, 1842-1883. James D. McCabe papers, 1862-1881. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Union Depot Company (Columbus, Ohio). Corporate records, 1872-1942 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Oliver Max Gardner Papers (#3613), 1892-1966 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Blume, Frederick. [Collection of miscellaneous manuscript business papers.]. Library Company of Philadelphia
referencedIn Association of the Freight Traffic Officers of the Pennsylvania System. Minutes and proceedings, 1900-1904. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company records, 1796-1986, 1835-1974 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Budd Company. Budd Company historical files, 1914-1993 (bulk, 1929-1982). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn United States. Interstate Commerce Commission. In the matter of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company merger with New York Central Railroad Company. Finance Dockett #'s 21989, 21990. Photocopies of stenographers minutes, incomplete. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Wilgus, William J. (William John), 1865-1949. William J. Wilgus papers, 1895-1947. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Miscellaneous publications and ephemera, 1851-1969 (bulk, 1918-1960). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Reading Company. Records, 1795-1979. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Penn Central Transportation Company Records, 1835-1981, 1835-1960 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Stickel, Edward R., collector. Edward Stickel collection, 1931-1987. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Company. Records, 1840-1937. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Lipp, Delmar. A short history of the Princeton branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1939. Historical Society of Princeton
referencedIn Loewy, Raymond, 1893-1986. General office files, 1931-1982 (bulk, 1960-1977). Hagley Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry Carter, 1851-1921 person
associatedWith AFL-CIO. corporateBody
associatedWith AFL-CIO. Railway Employes' Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Allegheny Portage Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Altoona Co-operative Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Car and Foundry Company. Jackson & Sharp Plant. corporateBody
associatedWith American Locomotive Company. corporateBody
associatedWith American Steamship Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Arcade Real Estate Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ashbourne, Cheltenham and Philadelphia Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Association of American Railroads. corporateBody
associatedWith Association of the Freight Traffic Officers of the Pennsylvania System. corporateBody
associatedWith Association of the Transportation Officers of the Pennsylvania Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Atterbury family. family
associatedWith Atterbury family. family
associatedWith Atterbury, William Wallace, b. 1866. person
associatedWith Austin, William Liseter, 1852-1932. person
associatedWith Bala, Haverford and Villanova Passenger Railway. corporateBody
associatedWith Baldwin Locomotive Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Ball, Don, Jr. person
associatedWith Baltimore and Eastern Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Baltimore and Eastern Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Barksdale, Francis Nelson, 1855-1916. person
associatedWith Bentz, Brooks A. person
associatedWith Bethlehem Steel Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Big Four Railroad Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Bitner, George A., 1830- person
associatedWith Bitter, Karl Theodore Francis, 1867-1915. person
associatedWith Bogar, John D. person
associatedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Broad Street Underground and Market Street Underground Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Eureka Lodge no. 14 (Indianapolis) corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees. Pennsylvania Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. corporateBody
associatedWith Brown, Harry F. person
associatedWith Brown, Harry F. person
associatedWith Brown, Harry F. (Harry Farnsworth), 1886-1980. person
associatedWith Bryant, Phyllis Roberts. person
associatedWith Budd Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Buffalo, New York and Philadelphia Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Burd, Eliza Howard Simms, 1793-1860. person
associatedWith Bustleton and Easton Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Bustleton Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Camden and Amboy Railroad and Transportation Company corporateBody
associatedWith Camden and Atlantic Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie Museum of Natural History. corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Carpenter, Richard C. person
associatedWith Cassatt, A. J. (Alexander Johnston), 1839-1906. person
associatedWith Cassatt, Alexander J., (Alexander Johnston), 1839-1906 person
associatedWith Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Chapman, Herman H. person
associatedWith Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation corporateBody
associatedWith Clifford family. family
associatedWith Connecting Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Cope, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854. person
associatedWith Corbin, Francis Porteus, 1801-1876. person
associatedWith Coughlin, William Bruce. person
associatedWith Covode, John, 1808-1871. person
associatedWith Cunningham, Richard. person
associatedWith Darlington family. family
associatedWith Darlington family. family
associatedWith Davis, Joseph LeConte, 1877-1912 person
associatedWith Delaware and Schuylkill Market Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Delaware State Grange. corporateBody
associatedWith Diven family. family
associatedWith Donovan, Francis D. person
associatedWith Dover (Tugboat) corporateBody
associatedWith Dudden, Arthur Power, 1921- 2009, person
associatedWith Duke, Alfred W. person
associatedWith Dunaway, Wayland Fuller, 1875-1956. person
associatedWith Dunbar Furnace Company (Dunbar, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954. person
associatedWith East St. Louis Relay Passenger Station Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Eicholtz, Leonard H. person
associatedWith Embley, Marion, 1897-1994, person
associatedWith Engleside Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Evans, Allen, 1849-1925. person
associatedWith Evarts, William Maxwell, 1818-1901 person
associatedWith Fairhill Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Flagg, Louis Francis. person
associatedWith Frankford and Holmesburg Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Frankford Creek Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Frederick, Robert A. person
associatedWith Friedman, Jacob. person
associatedWith Furness, Evans & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947 person
associatedWith General Electric Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Germantown and Chestnut Hill Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Girard Point Storage Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Gordon, Douglas H. person
associatedWith Gunn, Charles B. person
associatedWith Gunn, Charles B. person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hankins, F. W. 1876-1958. person
associatedWith Harris, Joseph S. (Joseph Smith), 1836-1910. person
associatedWith Hastie, William. person
associatedWith Heard, G. M. D. person
associatedWith Heinz, Fred. person
associatedWith Henry, C. J. person
associatedWith H. H. Copeland and Son corporateBody
associatedWith Hiebert, Ray Eldon. person
associatedWith Hill, Leonard U. (Leonard Uzal), b. 1885. person
associatedWith Hill, Mary person
associatedWith Historic American Engineering Record. corporateBody
associatedWith Hivner, Harry J., 1880-1956. person
associatedWith Hubman, Helen Reybold. person
associatedWith Huston, Charles Lukens, 1856-1951. person
associatedWith Hutchinson, J. B. person
associatedWith Indianapolis Union Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Machinists. District Lodge 40. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson and Sharp Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Thomas Hoopes. person
associatedWith Jeffrey, Harry S., fl. 1920. person
associatedWith Jenkins family family
associatedWith J.P. Morgan & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Judd, Orrin G. person
associatedWith J. Walter Thompson Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Kensington and Tacony Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Keystone Association of Miscellaneous Force Employes corporateBody
associatedWith Kimball, Thomas Lord, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith King, Paul L. person
associatedWith Kinsley, Edward W. (Edward Wilkinson), b. 1829. person
associatedWith Kirk, R. A., (Reuben Albert) person
associatedWith Kobus, Ken. person
associatedWith La Follette, Robert M. 1855-1925. person
associatedWith Lamb family family
associatedWith Lancaster County Planning Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Lee, Ivy L. (Ivy Ledbetter), 1877-1934. person
associatedWith Lehigh Valley Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Leonard, Levi O., 1854-1942. person
associatedWith Lesley, Allen person
associatedWith Lesley, J. P., (J. Peter), 1819-1903 person
associatedWith Linder, Richard, 1924- person
associatedWith Lipp, Delmar. person
associatedWith Loewy, Raymond, 1893-1986. person
associatedWith Logansport and Toledo Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Long Island Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lovell, Joseph D. person
associatedWith Lower Merion Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Ludwig, Charles Herbert. person
associatedWith Lukens Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith McCabe, James Dabney, 1842-1883. person
associatedWith McComb, Henry S., 1825-1881. person
associatedWith McCrea, Charles R. person
associatedWith McGrath, Thomas, 1783-1841. person
associatedWith McShain, John, 1898-1989. person
associatedWith Meredith family. family
associatedWith Metro-North Railroad corporateBody
associatedWith Metzler, Christian E., collector. person
associatedWith Midwest Railroad Historical Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Miller, LeRoy A., person
associatedWith Montague, C. F. person
associatedWith New York Central and Hudson River Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Central Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith New York World's Fair (1939-1940) corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Central Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Liberties Gas Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ohio River Improvement Celebration ((Oct., 1929) corporateBody
associatedWith Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen. corporateBody
associatedWith Orr, Garrett person
associatedWith Osborne, Richard B. (Richard Boyse), 1815-1899. person
associatedWith Overbrook, Bryn Mawr amd Paoli Street Railway. corporateBody
associatedWith Overbrook, Wayne and Paoli Railway. corporateBody
associatedWith Painter, Uriah Hunt, 1837-1900. person
associatedWith Palmer, William Jackson, 1836-1909. person
associatedWith Paoli, Wayne and Overbrook Street Railway. corporateBody
associatedWith Patton, William Augustus, 1849-1927. person
associatedWith Pemberton & Hightstown Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Penn Central Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Penn Central Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Central System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Executive Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Northwest System. Office of General Superintendent. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Northwest System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Southwest System. Office of General Superintendent. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. Southwest System. Predecessor and subsidiary companies. corporateBody
associatedWith Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh. St. Louis System. Office of General Superintendent.