Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1871-12-03
Death 1937-12-25
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Secretary of War during WWI

From the guide to the Newton D. Baker letters, 1918, 1920, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

American statesman.

From the description of Letter : Cleveland, to Edna Mannheimer, 1912 Jan. 9. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122349032

Baker was city solicitor (1903-1911) and mayor (1912-1916) of Cleveland, Ohio and U. S. Secretary of War (1916-1921).

From the description of [Letter] 1931 Jun. 5, Union Trust Building, Cleveland [to] Henry A. Yeomans, Cambridge / Newton Baker. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 156790302

U.S. secretary of war, author, lawyer, and municipal official of Cleveland, Ohio.

From the description of Newton Diehl Baker papers, 1896-1962 (bulk 1916-1937). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71065882

Newton Diehl Baker (1871-1937) was an American lawyer, political leader and United States Secretary of War during World War I.

From the description of Newton Diehl Baker letters, 1914-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122431216

From the guide to the Newton Diehl Baker letters, 1914-1937, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

City solicitor and mayor of Cleveland.

From the description of Letterbooks of Newton Diehl Baker, 1903-1915. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71070922

Cleveland, Ohio city solicitor (1903-1911) and Mayor (1912-1916), and U.S. Secretary of War (1916-1921).

From the description of Letters, 1891-1937. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 18059307

From the description of Newton D. Baker papers, series II, 1896-1917. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 18243362

From the description of Newton D. Baker papers, series III, 1892-1961 (1918-1937). (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 43514094

West Virginia native who became City Solicitor and Mayor of Cleveland, and U.S. Secretary of War.

From the description of Papers, 1917-ca. 1932. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17341445

Newton D. Baker was a West Virginia native who became City Solicitor (1903-1911) and Mayor (1912-1916) of Cleveland, and U.S. Secretary of War (1916-1921).

From the description of Newton D. Baker letter to William Ganson Rose, 1917 November 9. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755101786

From the description of Newton D. Baker letter to Jennie T. Ruprecht, 1915 September 3. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755101788

From the description of Newton D. Baker letter to Ohio C. Barber, 1917 August 1. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755101787

From the description of Newton D. Baker correspondence on Polonia Restituta, 1923 January 8-20. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755112542

From the description of Newton D. Baker letters to Tom, 1918 November 2-1924 April 6. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755112532

From the description of Newton D. Baker letter to J.W. Walton, 1914 November 12. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755113092

From the description of Newton D. Baker's account of the western front, undated. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755101785

From the description of Newton D. Baker letter to David Williams, 1927 December 27. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 755101784

Newton Diehl Baker was United States Secretary of War, 1916-1921.

He was a graduate of The Johns Hopkins University and also served as a trustee of the University.

From the description of Newton Diehl Baker letter, 1915. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 49301352

Biographical Note

  • 1871, Dec. 3: Born, Martinsburg, W.Va.
  • 1892: B.A., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.
  • 1894: L.L.B. Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Va.
  • 1902: Married Elizabeth Leopold
  • 1896 - 1897 : Private secretary to Postmaster General William L. Wilson
  • 1897 - 1899 : Private law practice, Martinsburg, W.Va.
  • 1899: Private law practice, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1901 - 1902 : First assistant city solicitor, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1902 - 1912 : City solicitor, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1912 - 1916 : Mayor, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1916 - 1921 : Secretary of war
  • 1918: Published Frontiers of Freedom. New York: George H. Doran Co.
  • 1921: Private law practice, firm of Baker, Hostetler, and Sidlo, Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1925: Published Progress and the Constitution. New York: Scribner's Sons
  • 1928: Appointed to permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1929: Appointed to Law Enforcement Commission
  • 1932: Published Bolshevism, Fascism and Capitalism. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press
  • 1936: Published Why We Went to War. Freeport, N.Y.: Harper & Brother for the Council on Foreign Relations
  • 1937, 25 Dec.: Died

From the guide to the Newton Diehl Baker Papers, 1896-1962, (bulk 1916-1937), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Emigration and Immigration--Government policy
  • Dogs--Law and legislation
  • Conscientious objection--United States
  • World War, 1914-1918--United States
  • International relations
  • Statesmen
  • Practice of law--Ohio--Cleveland
  • World War, 1914-1918--Transportation
  • Saint Mihiel, Battle of, Saint Mihiel, France, 1918
  • Consumers' leagues
  • Railroads--Management
  • Presidents--Health
  • Trust companies--Ohio--Cleveland
  • World War, 1914-1918--Civilian relief
  • Education--Societies, etc
  • World War, 1914-1918--Medals
  • Bridges
  • Practice of law
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1914-1918--Conscientious objectors
  • Banks and banking--Ohio--Cleveland
  • Trust companies
  • Reconstruction (1914-1939)
  • Bridges--Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh
  • Cabinet officers
  • Justice, Administration of
  • Politicians
  • International organization
  • Presidents--United States--Health
  • World War, 1914-1918--Sources
  • Military education
  • World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives
  • World War, 1914-1918--Participation, American
  • Banks and banking
  • Human services
  • Conscientious objection

Occupations:

  • Politicians
  • Cabinet officers
  • Authors
  • Lawyers
  • Public officials--Ohio

Places:

  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ohio (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • Ohio--Cleveland (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania--Pittsburgh (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ohio--Cleveland (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Cleveland (Ohio) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Poland (as recorded)
  • Ohio (as recorded)
  • Ohio--Cleveland (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Ohio--Cleveland (as recorded)