Visscher, Maurice B., 1901-1983

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Maurice B. Visscher, B.S. (1922) Hope College (Holland, MI), Ph.D. (1925), M.D. (1931) University of Minnesota. Appointed as professor and head of the department of physiology at the University of Minnesota in 1936. Member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society, president of the American Physiological Society, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, the International Organization of Medical Sciences, the National Society for Medical Research, and secretary-general of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. Dr. Visscher was a world renowned expert in cardiac energy metabolism, heart membranes, and the use of isotopic tracers.Maurice Visscher was born in Holland, Michigan on August 25, 1901. After completing his bachelor's degree at Hope College in 1922, Dr. Visscher moved to Minnesota and attended the University of Minnesota, earning his Ph.D. in physiology in 1925 and his M.D. in 1931. He was a National Research Fellow at University College, London (1925-1926) and the University of Chicago (1926-1927). Dr. Visscher was the chair and professor of the department of physiology at the University of Tennessee (1927-1929), the University of Southern California (1929-1931), and the University of Illinois (1931-1936) before joining the faculty at the University of Minnesota in 1936. Appointed as Regents' Professor in 1967, the highest honor bestowed upon the faculty at the University of Minnesota and retired from the faculty in 1970 as Regents' professor emeritus. His academic interests included heart and lung research, digestive research, cancer, kidney research, aging and nutrition. Dr. Visscher led his department to form an interdisciplinary approach to physiological research, conducting weekly meetings with the then chief of surgery in the Department of Surgery, Owen Wangensteen. He was president.

From the description of Maurice B. Visscher papers 1926-1981. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 429023863

Maurice B. Visscher, B.S. (1922) Hope College (Holland, MI), Ph.D. (1925), M.D. (1931) University of Minnesota. Appointed as professor and head of the department of physiology at the University of Minnesota in 1936. Member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society, president of the American Physiological Society, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, the International Organization of Medical Sciences, the National Society for Medical Research, and secretary-general of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. Dr. Visscher was a world renowned expert in cardiac energy metabolism, heart membranes, and the use of isotopic tracers.

Maurice Visscher was born in Holland, Michigan on August 25, 1901. After completing his bachelor's degree at Hope College in 1922, Dr. Visscher moved to Minnesota and attended the University of Minnesota, earning his Ph.D. in physiology in 1925 and his M.D. in 1931. He was a National Research Fellow at University College, London (1925-1926) and the University of Chicago (1926-1927).

Dr. Visscher was the chair and professor of the department of physiology at the University of Tennessee (1927-1929), the University of Southern California (1929-1931), and the University of Illinois (1931-1936) before joining the faculty at the University of Minnesota in 1936. Appointed as Regents' Professor in 1967, the highest honor bestowed upon the faculty at the University of Minnesota and retired from the faculty in 1970 as Regents' professor emeritus.

His academic interests included heart and lung research, digestive research, cancer, kidney research, aging and nutrition. Dr. Visscher led his department to form an interdisciplinary approach to physiological research, conducting weekly meetings with the then chief of surgery in the Department of Surgery, Owen Wangensteen. He was president of the American Physiological Society (1948-1949), chairman of the American Association for Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, president of the National Society for Medical Research and was a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Known for his research, Dr. Visscher published over 250 articles and books during his academic career.

Dr. Visscher believed in promoting science to help solve social issues. He served as co-leader of the medico-nutrition unit dispatched to war-torn Italy in 1945 by the United Nations' Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. He opposed McCarthyism, atmospheric testing of nuclear bombs, the Vietnam War, and the anti-vivisectionist movement, was a supporter of civil liberties of academic faculty and scientists, and in 1957 helped establish the Group Health Plan, an early health maintenance organization. Maurice Visscher died on May 1,1983.

From the guide to the Maurice B. Visscher papers, 1926-1981, (University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives [uarc])

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Lyon, Elias Potter, 1867-1937. Elias Lyon papers, <192-?>, 1979. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn University of Minnesota. Dept. of Surgery. Papers of the University of Minnesota Department of Surgery, 1927-1968. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
creatorOf Visscher, Maurice B., 1901-1983. Maurice B. Visscher papers 1926-1981. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Records, 1942-1967. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Papers of the University of Minnesota Department of Surgery, 1927-1968 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
referencedIn Edward U. Condon Papers, Circa 1920-1974 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee papers, circa 1940s-1970s University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc]
creatorOf Maurice B. Visscher papers, 1926-1981 University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn E. Adamson Hoebel Papers, 1925-1993 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Edward U. Condon Papers, Circa 1920-1974 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Rea, Charles E. Inside looking inside : memoirs, [ca. 1976] / by Charles E. Rea. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Correspondence, 1860-1979. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Wangensteen, Owen H. (Owen Harding), 1898-1981. Owen H. Wangensteen [sound recording] : an oral history / interviewed by Peter D. Olch, Oct. 21 and 22, 1971, and Mar. 5, 1972, and Jan. 28, 1972. National Library of Medicine
referencedIn Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. Papers, ca. 1920-1974. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Unitarian Service Committee. Medical Missions. Unitarian Service Committee. Medical Missions. Records, 1942-1967. Harvard University, Divinity School Library
referencedIn Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906-. Papers, 1925-1993. American Philosophical Society Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Association for the Advancement of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association of Scientific Workers. corporateBody
associatedWith American Cancer Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Heart Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Medical Association. corporateBody
associatedWith American Physiological Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974. person
associatedWith Group Health Plan, inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906- person
associatedWith Lyon, Elias Potter, 1867-1937. person
associatedWith Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith National Academy of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith National Research Council (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Science Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith National Society for Medical Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Rea, Charles E. person
associatedWith Unesco. corporateBody
associatedWith Unitarian Service Committee. Medical Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota Dept. of Physiology. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Dept. of Surgery. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Medical School. corporateBody
associatedWith Wangensteen, Owen H. (Owen Harding), 1898-1981. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Physiology--Research
Medicine--Research--Moral and ethical aspects
Physiology--Study and teaching
Occupation
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Birth 1901

Death 1983

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