Browder, Earl, 1891-1973

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Earl Russell Browder (1891-1973) was General Secretary of the Communist party of the United States during the height of its popularity, in the 1930s and 1940s and twice represented the Party as its candidate for President. Earl Browder was born on May 20, 1891, in Wichita, Kansas. He was the son of William Browder and Martha Jane Hankins Browder. His father was a teacher and farmer who was avidly Populist. Earl Browder had little formal education and went to work to help support the family. At the age of 15 Browder joined the Socialist party, but within a few years he moved on to the newly formed Syndicalist League of North America, led by William Z. Foster. He took courses in law and business and became manager of a cooperative store in Olathe, Kansas where he authored a manual on the principles of accounting for cooperatives. In 1917, Browder was convicted of espionage for speaking out against potential US involvement in World War I and following his release from prison continued to oppose the war and was again convicted and served a second sentence. Soon after he left prison in 1919, he joined the newly organized Communist party. He also went to work for Foster's Trade Union Educational League (TUEL) in New York City. In 1921 Browder and Foster represented the TUEL at the Red International of Labor Unions (RILU) in Moscow. Browder became a top aide to Foster. In 1926 Browder travelled to Moscow and then China as part of an international Communist labor delegation. Returning to the United States in 1929, Browder helped Foster become General Secretary of the party. When poor health forced Foster into semi-retirement in 1932, Browder succeeded to the party leadership. During the 15 years of his leadership, the Communist party grew from a membership of a few thousand to over 100,000 and gained both visibility and considerable respectability with Browder as its "face" and "voice". Browder was the Party’s candidate for President in 1936 and 1940, both times with James W. Ford as his running mate. In 1940, Browder was convicted of passport fraud and sentenced to four years in federal prison in Atlanta but his sentence was commuted by President Roosevelt after 14 months. In the election of 1944, Browder supported Roosevelt’s reelection and presided over the dissolution of the United States Communist Party and the formation of the Communist Political Association. In 1946, Browder and his brother William were both expelled from the international Communist Party. Following his expulsion, Earl Browder wrote and lectured and worked with Soviet publishers and authors to get their books published in the United States. Browder died in Princeton, NJ on June 27, 1973.

From the guide to the Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Communist leader.

From the description of Reminiscences of Earl Browder : oral history, 1964. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309728731

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [OCT. 10]
referencedIn United States. President (1933-1945 : Roosevelt). Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1933-1943. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Papers, 1890-1973. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn [Biographical newspaper articles on Earl Russell Browder / collected and photocopied by the Kansas State Historical Society] Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Yale in World War II collection, 1938-1946 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
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referencedIn Smith, Vern, 1892-. Vern Smith files on the Industrial Workers of the World, 1916-1935, bulk 1924-1925. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America. Communist Party of the United States of America records. Central Control Commission records, [ca.1929-1953] [microform]. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Labor Collection, 1872-1988, 1930-1955 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Granich, Grace, 1895-1971. Grace and Max Granich papers, 1929-1993. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Negatives Collection, Bulk, 1968-1990, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Wilson, Bill (William Bryan), 1914-1993. Bill Wilson photographs : People, 1938-1984, undated Atlanta History Center, Kenan Research Center / Cherokee Garden Library
referencedIn Daniel Bell Research Files on U.S. Communism, Socialism, and the Labor Movement, Bulk, 1920-1960, 1886-1980, (Bulk 1920-1960) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Baxandall, Rosalyn Fraad, 1939-. Reformers and radicals. California State University, Long Beach
referencedIn Ganley, Nat, 1903-1969,. Oral history interview with Nat Ganley, 1960. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949. Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Ella Reeve Bloor Papers MS 19., 1890-1979, 1910-1940 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Harry Randall: Fifteenth International Brigade Photographs, August 1937-September 1938 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Records, Bulk, 1950-1990, 1892-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Citizens' Committee to Free Earl Browder (N.Y.). [Citizens' Committee to Free Earl Browder : correspondence and pamphlet]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Wallace, Mike, 1918-. Mike Wallace interviews : black and white 16mm film, 1957-1958. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Prisons. 1870 - 2009. quot;New Eraquot; Inmate Newspaper
referencedIn Billings, Warren K., 1893-1972. Papers of Warren K. Billings, 1899-1973 (bulk 1920-1939). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bittelman, Alex, 1890-1982. Things I have learned, Autobiographical typescript, 1963. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Tamiment Library Manuscript Files, Bulk, 1910-1965, 1749-1988 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Budenz, Louis F. (Louis Francis), 1891-1972. [Guide to the Louis F. Budenz papers] 1912-1971. Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library, Phillips Memorial Library
creatorOf Browder, Earl, 1891-1973. Reminiscences of Earl Browder : oral history, 1964. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Ella Reeve Bloor Papers, 1890-1979 (bulk 1910-1940). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Minor, Robert, 1884-1952. Rober Minor papers, 1907-1952. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
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creatorOf Hawkins, Oscar F. (Oscar Ferdinand), 1872-1964. Oscar F. Hawkins and family papers, 1888-1963. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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referencedIn Day, Vince A. (Vincent Alpheus), 1885-1945. Vince A. Day papers, 1906-1945. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Van Sickle, Leftist Pamphlet Collection, 1900-1993 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Central Florida Libraries,
referencedIn Radical Pamphlets Collection, 1899-1973 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
creatorOf Brown, Elizabeth Churchill. Elizabeth Churchill Brown papers, 1943-1984. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Jaffe, Philip J. (Philip Jacob), 1895-1980. Papers, 1920-1980. Emory University, Robert W. Woodruff Library
creatorOf Browder, Earl, 1891-1973. Browder pamphlets. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
creatorOf Browder, Earl, 1891-1973. The Browder school for victory. Pittsburg State University, Leonard H. Axe Library
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn William S. Paley Letters, 1936 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Richards, Augustus L. Papers, 1941-1944. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Earl Browder letters to Broadus Mitchell, 1957-1960 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Granville Hicks Papers, 1906-1980 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1923-1978 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Printed Ephemera Collection, 1918-2004 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Max Bedacht Autobiographical Typescript: On the Path of Life: Memoirs of Your Father, 1967 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
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referencedIn Citizens's Committee to Free Earl Browder. Harvard Chapter. General information by and about the Harvard Committee to Free Browder, 1942. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Reference Center for Marxist Studies Pamphlet Collection, Bulk, 1940-1975, 1900-2004 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Communist Party of the United States of America. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1931-1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Browder, Earl, 1891-1973. [A collection of printed material pertaining to Earl Browder]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Warren K. Billings Papers, 1899-1973, (bulk 1920-1939) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rodney Gilbert Papers, 1910-1968 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Alvin Warren Photographs, 1936-1938 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JULY 3]
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bedacht, Max, 1883-1972. On the path of life [manuscript] : the memoirs of your father. Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Tamiment Library. Tamiment Library manuscript files collection relating to individuals and organizations associated with radicalism, the labor movement, and progressive social action in the United States, 1950-2001 (bulk 1910-1965). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Alex Bittelman Papers, 1931-1972 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Harvard Browder-Ford Club. General information by and about the Harvard Browder-Ford Club, 1940. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Norman Thomas papers, 1904-1967, 1933-1967 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn MacKay, Rachael Starobin. Joseph R. Starobin and Robert S. Starobin papers, 1945-1976. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn International Brigades Archive, Moscow: Selected Images, 1937-1938 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Darcy, Samuel, 1905-. Papers, 1924-1985 (bulk 1930-1945). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Louis Budenz papers, Budenz (Louis F.) papers, 1930-1969 Phillips Memorial Library, Special and Archival Collections
creatorOf Harris, Leon A. Papers, 1931-1977. Indiana University
referencedIn Samuel Adams Darcy Papers, Bulk, 1930-1945, 1924-1985, bulk 1930-1945 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Labor Collection, 1872-1988 (bulk 1930-1955). Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Yale in World War II collection, 1938-1946 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
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associatedWith Adamic, Louis, 1899-1951 person
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associatedWith Brown, Elizabeth Churchill. person
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associatedWith Communist Paty (Soviet Union) corporateBody
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associatedWith Ćopić, Vladimir, 1891-1939 person
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associatedWith Coughlin, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1891-1979 person
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associatedWith Curran, Edward Lodge, b. 1898 person
associatedWith Dana, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1881-1950 person
associatedWith Darcy, Samuel, 1905- person
associatedWith Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964 person
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associatedWith Granich, Max, 1896-1987 person
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associatedWith Lumpkin, Katharine Du Pre, 1897- person
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associatedWith Trade Union Unity League (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Transport Workers Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Tresca, Carlo, 1879-1943 person
associatedWith Trimble, South. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith Unión Nacional Sinarquista (Mexico) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Civil Service Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Information Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1933-1945 : Roosevelt). corporateBody
associatedWith University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Sickle person
associatedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Wallace, Henry A. (Henry Agard), 1888-1965 person
associatedWith Wallace, Mike, 1918- person
associatedWith Warren, Alvin person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith Welles, Sumner, 1892-1961 person
associatedWith Wicks, Harry, 1905-1989 person
associatedWith Wilder, Isabel, 1900-1995 person
associatedWith Willkie, Wendell L. (Wendell Lewis), 1892-1944 person
associatedWith Wilson, Bill (William Bryan), 1914-1993 family
associatedWith Wilson, Earl, 1907-1987 person
associatedWith Winchell, Walter, 1897-1972 person
associatedWith Windsor, Edward, Duke of, 1894-1972 person
associatedWith Wolfe, Bertram David, 1896-1977 person
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. corporateBody
associatedWith Workers' Defense League. corporateBody
associatedWith Workers Library Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Workers Party of America. corporateBody
associatedWith World Jewish Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Yarborough, Ralph Webster, 1903-1996 person
associatedWith Young, Art, 1866-1943 person
associatedWith Zeligs, Meyer Aaron, 1909-1978 person
associatedWith Zhdanov, Andreĭ Andreevich. person
associatedWith Zhou, Enlai, 1898-1976 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Honduras
United States
Colombia
China
Great Britain
Costa Rica
Soviet Union
South Africa
Ireland
Poland
Yugoslavia
Germany
Chile
Argentina
Hungary
Mexico
Spain
Algeria
Australia
United States
Philippines
United States
Czechoslovakia
Greece
Haiti
New York (N.Y.)
India
Canada
Venezuela
United States
United States
Morocco
New Zealand
Peru
France
Uruguay
Brazil
Cuba
Italy
Bolivia
Puerto Rico
Austria
Spain
Subject
Communism--Greece
Communism--Austria
Authors and publishers--Soviet Union
Communism--Venezuela
Communism--Haiti
Communism--Hungary
Authors and publishers--United States
Politics, government and public administration
Communism--Germany
Communism--India
Communism--Bolivia
Communism--Colombia
Communism--Great Britain
Communism--Uruguay
Popular fronts
Communism--Ireland
Communism
Politics and culture
Communism--Brazil
Communism--Soviet Union
Communism--Cuba
Communism--Argentina
Communism--Italy
Working class
Communism--United States
Publishers and publishing--Soviet Union
Labor unions--United States
Communism--Yugoslavia
Communism--1917-
Labor unions and communism
Communism--South Africa
Birobidzhan (Russia)
Communism--Mexico
Communism--Morocco
Communism--Spain
Antisemitism
Communism--France
Communism History 20th century
Communism--Honduras
Communism--Australia
Radicalism
Communism--Czechoslovakia
Labor movement
Communism--China
World War, 1939-1945
Communism--Poland
Labor unions
World politics
Communism--New Zealand
Publishers and publishing--United States
Political parties
Communism--Peru
Communism--Chile
Communism--Canada
Communism--Costa Rica
Communism--Puerto Rico
Communism--Philippines
Communism--Algeria
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1891-05-20

Death 1973-06-27

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6n29z9f

SNAC ID: 65158848