Lyons, Eugene, 1898-1985Variant names
American journalist and author; correspondent in the Soviet Union, 1928-1934; editor, Reader's Digest, 1946-1968; president, American Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia, 1951-1952.
From the description of Eugene Lyons papers, 1919-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754872158
Eugene Lyons (1898-1985) was Russian-born journalist and writer who was associated with Tass News Agency, American mercury, The pageant, and Reader's digest. A student of Soviet affairs, the U.S.S.R., and communism, Lyons wrote and lectured extensively on the Soviet system and world communism.
From the description of Eugene Lyons papers, 1933-1967. (University of Oregon Libraries). WorldCat record id: 18830762
1898, July 1:
Born, Uzlian, Russia
Arrived in the United States
1917- 18: Student, College City of New York
Private, U.S. Army
1918- 19: Student, Columbia University
Naturalized as United States citizen
Employee, Erie Dispatch (Pennsylvania)
Employee, Boston Telegram
1922- 23: Editor, Soviet Russia Pictorial
1923- 27: Assistant Director, Tass Agency
Author, The Life and Death of Sacco and Vanzetti
1928- 1934: United Press correspondent in the Soviet Union
Author, Six Soviet Plays
Author, Moscow Carousel
1935- 39: Member, Ames and Norr Public Relations
Author, Assignment in Utopia
Editor, We Cover the World
1939- 1944: Editor, The American Mercury
Author, Stalin, Czar of all the Russias
Author, The Red Decade
1944- 45: Editor, Pageant
1946- 1968: Editor, The Readers Digest
Author, Our Unknown Ex-President, a Portrait of Herbert Hoover
1951- 52: President, American Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia
Author, Our Secret Allies: The Peoples of Russia
Author, The Herbert Hoover Story
Author, Herbert Hoover: a Biography
Author, David Sarnoff: a Biography
Author, Workers' Paradise Lost: 50 Years of Soviet Communism: a Balance Sheet
1985, January 10:
Died, New York City
From the guide to the Eugene Lyons Papers, 1919-1981, (Hoover Institution Archives)
Eugene Lyons has been a newspaperman, foreign correspondent, editor, radio commentator, and a prolific political writer. He has corresponded with many of the prominent people responsible for major historical events in the twentieth century, and has dedicated himself to a lifetime of studies of Soviet affairs, the U.S.S.R., and communism. At first sympathetic to the "communist experiment," Lyons later turned fervently against it. He has written and lectured extensively on the Soviet system and world communism.
Lyons was born in Uzlain, Russia, on July 1, 1898, to Nathan and Minnie (Privin) Lyons. In 1907 he came to the United States. He attended the College of the City of New York in 1916-17, and Columbia University in 1917. In 1918, he joined the U.S. Army.
His career as a journalist began in 1919 as a reporter and editor for several eastern papers. In 1924, he received a position with the Tass News Agency offices in New York as either an editor or assistant director, depending upon the reference work cited.
In 1928, he was hired as a foreign correspondent for United Press and was stationed in Moscow. During this assignment he became the first foreign reporter granted an interview with Joseph Stalin. His experiences during this period are related in his book, Assignment in Utopia, published late in 1937.
During the war years (1939-1944) Lyons was the editor for The American Mercury in New York. In 1945 he initiated and served as the first editor for The Pageant ; and in 1946, he was offered a post on the editorial staff of Reader's Digest where he remained until his retirement in 1968.
In his other activities, he helped found and served as the first president for the American Committee for the Liberation of Peoples of Russia (known later as the Radio Liberty Committee), was among the founding members and the second president (1939-1940) of the Overseas Press Club and was a member of the Dutch Treat Club. Lyons currently resides in New York.
From the guide to the Eugene Lyons papers, 1929-1964, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|Foreign correspondents--United States|
|Communism History 20th century|
|Anti-communist movements--United States|
|Authors, American--20th century--Correspondence|
|Authors, American--20th century|