Herndon, Angelo, 1913-1997

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Communist Party organizer in Georgia and renowned African-American political prisoner in the 1930s. Angelo Herndon, who helped organized a protest march of Black and white unemployed workers in Atlanta in 1932, was found guilty of "inciting to insurrection" in a Fulton County court, under an 1861 slave stature, and condemned to 18 to 20 years on a Georgia chain gang. A petition drive for his release organized by the International Labor Defense collected two million signatures. Freed on bail in December 1934, he toured the United States, speaking to thousands of supporters. The Georgia Supreme Court upheld the lower court's decision, but the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in his favor in April 1937. Earlier that year, his autobiography "Let Me Live" was published by Random House. Herndon continued with his literary and political activities into the next decade, co-editing with Ralph Ellison the short-lived "Negro Quarterly: a Review of Negro Life and Culture," but retired to private life before the onset of the Cold War. He died in 1997.

From the description of Angelo Herndon papers, 1932-1940. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 85221568

From the guide to the Angelo Herndon papers, 1932-1940, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Angelo Herndon was a labor and Communist Party organizer who was convicted and sentenced to twenty years hard labor on charges of attempting to incite insurrection in Georgia in 1932. He had led a demonstration of unemployed African Americans and whites to protest cuts in relief rations, and was later arrested for possessing Communist literature and charged with insurrection. The latter charge was based on an 1861 anti-slavery insurrection law. Herndon's case was a cause celebre among leftist and civil rights circles. He was released from prison before serving the full term, through the efforts of these organizations, particularly the International Labor Defense.

From the description of Angelo Herndon collection, 1934-1938. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122517351

From the guide to the Angelo Herndon collection, 1934-1938, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn International Labor Defense records, 1926-1946 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Miller, Loren. Papers of Loren Miller, 1876-2003 (bulk dates 1932-1966) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Pittman, John. Papers, 1905-1987 (bulk 1926-1983). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn International Labor Defense. International Labor Defense records, 1926-1946. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Angelo Herndon papers, 1932-1940 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Negro Publication Society of America. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1941. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Angelo Herndon collection, 1934-1938 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn John Pittman Papers, Bulk, 1926-1983, 1905-1987, (Bulk 1926-1983) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Southern Negro Youth Conference. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1939. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Tuttle, Elbert P. (Elbert Parr), 1897-. Elbert P. Tuttle oral history interview, 1992 Apr. 17. Georgia State University
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Herndon, Angelo, 1913-1997. Angelo Herndon collection, 1934-1938. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Loren Miller papers, 1876-2003, 1932-1966 Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery
referencedIn Jacobs, Joseph, 1908-. Joseph Jacobs oral history interview, 1991 Mar. 6. Georgia State University
creatorOf Herndon, Angelo, 1913-1997. Angelo Herndon papers, 1932-1940. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Reference Center for Marxist Studies Pamphlet Collection, Bulk, 1940-1975, 1900-2004 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Angelo Herndon Petition Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
associatedWith Damon, Anna person
associatedWith Damon, Anna. person
associatedWith Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith International Labor Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith Jacobs, Joseph, 1908- person
associatedWith Miller, Loren person
associatedWith Miller, Loren. person
associatedWith Mooney, Tom. person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Negro Publication Society of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
associatedWith Reference Center for Marxist Studies. corporateBody
associatedWith Southern Negro Youth Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Talmadge, Eugene, 1884-1946. person
associatedWith Tuttle, Elbert P. (Elbert Parr), 1897- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Georgia
United States
Georgia
United States
Georgia
Subject
Political prisoners
Trials (Sedition)
Communist trials--Georgia
African American writers
Chain gangs--Georgia
Communist trials
Communist parties--United States
Chain gangs
Trials (Sedition)--Georgia
Death row inmates--Georgia
Death row inmates
African American activists
Labor movement
Political prisoners--United States
Communist parties
Labor movement--United States
African American comunists
African American communists
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1913-05-06

Death 1997-12-09

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SNAC ID: 66971911