Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

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The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) grew out of the International Congress of Women held at The Hague in 1915 and the second congress of the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace held in Zurich in 1919. The League was active throughout the 1920s in matters of peace and freedom around the world, and sent out a number of "peace missions" in the 1920s and 1930s. In the years preceeding World War II, the WILPF vigorously opposed the Nationalist Socialist regime in Germany and the regime's anti-Semitism. Advocating freedom over peace, the WILPF survived during the war but a formal "new beginning' took place in 1946. Throughout the 1950s the League continued to seek international alternatives to violence. During the 1960s, the campaign for universal disarmament continued, as did the WILPF's advocacy of human rights and its opposition to the war in Vietnam. The 1970s and 1980s saw the League opposing racism, colonialism, apartheid, and adding a concern for the enviro.

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom papers, 1915-1978 (inclusive), [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122501494

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), established in 1915 in The Hague, Netherlands, was created to achieve world disarmament, full rights for women, racial and economic justice, and an end to all forms of violence through peaceful means. Now located in Geneva, Switzerland, WILPF functions at the international, national, and local levels and has sections and branches worldwide.

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom papers, 1915-1998. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 59225558

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom collection (Swarthmore College Peace Collection accession), 1915-2000. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 60643129

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom was founded in 1915. It works towards disarmament, political solutions to international conflicts, equal participation of women in activities, economic justice and the elimination of racism and discrimination. To achieve these goals, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom organises meetings, conferences and campaigns.

From the description of Throughout the years [manuscript] : 94 years. [2009] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 511684306

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom was founded in 1915 at The Hague by women active in the suffrage movements in Europe and America who wished to end the First World War and to insure that no further wars occurred. The League began its work in Canada in 1920 in Vancouver, led by Dorothy Steeves and Laura Jamieson, with Lucy Woodsworth, Agnes McPhail and Violet McNaughton among its members. The League's work has been to promote peace education and to campaign for disarmament and anti-militarism. During World War II it opposed the introduction of military cadet training in schools and it has investigated textbooks which glorified war. During World War II and its aftermath, however, the movement declined with only the Vancouver branch surviving.

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom fonds. 1917- (University of British Columbia Library). WorldCat record id: 606463435

Founded in 1915 in The Hague, Netherlands, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is the oldest international peace organization still in existence. The WILPF was established by prominent women in the International Suffrage Alliance, who saw the connection between their struggle for equal rights and the struggle for peace. Jane Addams of Chicago was the WILPF's first president and was the first woman to win the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize. The WILPF headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland and has a variety of sectional and branch offices in cities and towns around the world. Functioning on the international, national and local levels, the WILPF seeks to educate, inform and mobilize women for action to achieve its goal of establishing real peace. It sends missions to countries in conflict and reports to its members and friends and to the United Nations on their efforts to bring about peaceful settlements.

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 2nd Accession, 1915-1998. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 232120772

The International Office of WILPF is in Geneva. In Australia, there are branch offices in all states except the Northern Territory. The Australian Section was started in Victoria in 1920.

From the description of Records [manuscript]. 1960-1988. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225843992

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) is an activist organization addressing a variety of issues including world disarmament, full rights for women, racial and economic justice, and ending all forms of violence. Founded in 1915 by some 1,300 women from Europe and North America, WILPF is organized in 37 countries and lobbies governments at the international, national and local levels. The New York Metropolitan Branch of WILPF was established in 1920.

From the description of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 762079479

From the guide to the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Records, 1985-2007, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.) is a branch of an international peace advocacy organization founded in 1915.

From the guide to the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.) Records, 1939-2005 and undated, (David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University)

Organizational History

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) was founded in 1915 at the First International Congress, held in The Hague, Netherlands. The delegates, representing more than 1,000 women from Europe and the United States, assembled to protest the First World War and to chart a course toward permanent world peace. The United States delegates were led by Jane Addams, a social reformer and the founder of Chicago's Hull House and the Women's Peace Party, an American peace organization. Addams would later become WILPF's first president as well as the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom is one of the oldest and largest international women's peace and justice organizations in the world. It was founded on the principle that peace is achieved through economic and social justice, and it has continued to work for measures to remove the economic causes of war, for universal disarmament and for equal rights. In a policy statement delivered at its Third International Congress of 1921, WILPF declared its mission to "transform the economic system in the direction of social justice." [WILPF website: Principles and Policies: http://www.wilpf.org/history/about3.htm]

Throughout its history, WILPF took stands on nuclear disarmament and the Vietnam War and sponsored or participated in the International Year of the Child, the U.N. Seminar on World Disarmament, the International Women's Year and Stop the Arms Race (STAR).

The WILPF International Office is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and is composed of 37 countries from Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America. The United States Section, WILPF's national organization, is based in Philadelphia. The Jane Addams Peace Association, or JAPA, promotes WILPF educational programs and is also located in Philadelphia. WILPF's Legislative Office, based in Washington, DC, monitors national legislation, political activities and participates in lobbying efforts. The United Nations Bureau in New York City conducts programs and seminars in its capacity as a non-governmental organization, or NGO.

The United States Section is further composed of local branches and chapters, currently about 100. At the branch level, members elect local and national officers, hold monthly executive meetings and chapter meetings and choose their own action priorities. The National Board, comprised of branch officers, elects committee chairs and appoints members to the Executive Committee. Although the basic structure of WILPF has remained constant since its inception, the composition and naming conventions of its various national divisions have changed over the years, reflecting the nature and number of its membership. At one time, the California branch was formally subdivided into two state branches: the Northern and Southern California Branches. The California state branch was part of the Western Region, which was represented by Washington State, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, Oregon and California. Currently, California consists of the following local chapters: Berkeley-East Bay, Fresno, Los Angeles, Sacramento, Monterey County, Peninsula-Palo Alto, San Francisco, San Jose and Santa Barbara. Each branch has a branch president, a secretary and a treasurer who represent their branch at regional and national board meetings.

From the guide to the Register of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Los Angeles Chapter Records, 1931-2002, (Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research)

Archival Resources
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referencedIn Hull, Hannah Clothier, 1872-1958. Papers, 1889-1958. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Clement, Marilyn. Marilyn Clement papers, 1967-2005. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973. Papers, 1879-1976 (inclusive), 1916-1973 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.). Records, 1958-2002. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf O'Connor, Jessie Lloyd, 1904-. Jessie Lloyd O'Connor papers, 1909-1983. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Woods, Amy. Letter, 1924 Jan. 4, Washington, D.C., to William C.[!] Hobbs, Ann Arbor, Mich. University of Michigan
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referencedIn LaFollette Family Papers, 1781-1988, (bulk 1900-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1967-1994 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Seattle Branch. Records of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Seattle Branch, 1940-2000. University of Washington Libraries
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referencedIn Papers, 1879-1976 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn Gwladys Thoday Papers, 1926-1943 Bangor University
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creatorOf Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Records, 1985-2007 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn State University of New York at Buffalo. University Archives. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom : papers, 1960-1973. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (ALFA) Archives, ca. 1972-1994 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, c.1850s-1992 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Papers of the Hamilton Family, 1879-1947 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn Papers, 1919-1991 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Jessie Lloyd O'Connor papers, 1909-1983 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Papers of Rebecca Hourwich Reyher, (inclusive), (bulk), 1877-1988, 1915-1970 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom collection (Swarthmore College Peace Collection accession), 1915-2000. University of Colorado Boulder
creatorOf Guimard, Hector, 1867-1942. Hector Guimard architectural drawings and papers, circa 1903-1933, (bulk circa 1903-1929). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
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referencedIn Castle, Mabel Wing. Papers, 1865-1957 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
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referencedIn Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. Papers, 1838-, 1880-1935 (bulk). Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Papers, 1766-1962 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn Lamb, Helen Boyden. Papers, 1937-1975 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
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referencedIn Lola Maverick Lloyd papers, 1856-1949 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
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creatorOf Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.) Records, 1939-2005 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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referencedIn Henry Ernest Sigerist papers, 1891-1991 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
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creatorOf Hanighen, Frank C. Uncensored records, 1938-1941. New York Public Library System, NYPL
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referencedIn Durr, Virginia Foster. Papers, 1919-1991 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Records, 1915-1968. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
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referencedIn Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. Papers, 1896-1927 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, British Section, c.1893-2008 British Library of Political and Economic Science
referencedIn Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Seattle Branch records, 1940-2000 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Borchard, Edwin Montefiore, 1884-1951. Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950 (inclusive). Yale University Library
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referencedIn Papers, (inclusive), (bulk), 1884-1983, 1920-1960 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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referencedIn Papers, 1856-1987 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Register of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Los Angeles Chapter Records, 1931-2002 Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research.
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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Allen, Corinne Marie Tuckerman, 1856-1931. person
associatedWith American Interracial Peace Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrews, Fannie Fern, 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Arnold, Mary Ellicott. person
associatedWith Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance. corporateBody
associatedWith Baer, Getrude person
associatedWith Baker, Adelaide Nichols. person
associatedWith Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981. person
associatedWith Ballis, George Elfie, 1925-2010 person
associatedWith Ballis, Maia person
associatedWith Barwick, Garfield Sir, 1903-1997 person
associatedWith Benson, Naomi Achenbach person
associatedWith Benson, Naomi Achenbach. person
associatedWith Bleistein, Charlotte Anschuetz. person
associatedWith Borchard, Edwin Montefiore, 1884-1951. person
associatedWith Boulding, Elise. person
associatedWith Brainerd, Heloise, 1881-1969. person
associatedWith Brandt, Zelma Corning, 1891-1990 person
associatedWith Breslauer, Helen person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
correspondedWith Buchanan, Scott Millross, 1895-1968 person
associatedWith Buck, Pearl S. (Pearl Sydenstricker), 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Campaign for World Government (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Camp, Kay. person
associatedWith Castle, Henry Northrup, 1862-1895 person
associatedWith Civilian Training Unit for Women. corporateBody
associatedWith Clement, Marilyn. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Curti, Merle (Merle Eugene), 1897-1996. person
associatedWith Cynthia Rich corporateBody
associatedWith Davidon, Ann Morrissett. person
correspondedWith Doris Stevens person
associatedWith Doty, Madeleine Z. (Madeleine Zabriskie), 1877-1963 person
associatedWith Drageaux, Barbara, person
associatedWith Drake, Martha. person
associatedWith Durr, Virginia Foster. person
associatedWith ETHEL STURGES DUMMER, 1866-1954 person
associatedWith Farquharson, Mary U. person
associatedWith Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.). Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith Florence Hope Luscomb, 1887-1985 person
associatedWith Foster, Hazel E. (Hazel Elora), b. 1885. person
associatedWith Fraser, Liz person
associatedWith FREDA KIRCHWEY, 1893-1976 person
associatedWith GERDA LERNER, 1920- person
associatedWith Gilman, Robbins, 1878-1955. person
associatedWith Goucher College Class of 1903. corporateBody
associatedWith Grace Allen (Fitch) Johnson, 1871-1952 person
associatedWith Grant, Madeleine P. (Madeleine Parker), 1895- person
associatedWith Guimard, Hector, 1867-1942. person
associatedWith Hamilton family. family
associatedWith Hamilton family. family
associatedWith HAMILTON FAMILY family
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Harris, Erna Prather, 1908-1995. person
associatedWith Hawkins, Oscar F. (Oscar Ferdinand), 1872-1964. person
associatedWith Hayler, Guy Wilfrid. person
associatedWith Higher Education Resource Services (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith Holly Near, 1949- person
associatedWith Holmes, Margaret person
associatedWith Hough, Merrill (C. Merrill) person
associatedWith Hull, Hannah Clothier, 1872-1958. person
associatedWith International Alliance of Women corporateBody
associatedWith JEANNETTE RANKIN, 1880-1973 person
associatedWith Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952. person
associatedWith Kent, William, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Kimball, Chase, 1902- person
associatedWith Kirchwey, Freda. person
associatedWith LaFollette family family
associatedWith Lamb, Helen Boyden. person
associatedWith Lloyd, George, 1913-1998. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Georgia, 1913- person
associatedWith Lloyd, Lola Maverick, 1875-1944. person
associatedWith Luscomb, Florence, 1887- person
associatedWith Madeleine Parker Grant, 1895-1981 person
associatedWith Marshall, Lenore, 1897-1971. person
associatedWith Mary (Kenney) O'Sullivan, 1864-1943 person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Mead, Edwin D. (Edwin Doak), 1849-1937. person
associatedWith Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation corporateBody
associatedWith Microfilming Corporation of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Moore, Eleanor, 1875-1949 person
associatedWith Morgan, Angela, 1874-1957 person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Philadelphia Branch (Pa.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith O'Connor, Jessie Lloyd, 1904- person
associatedWith Olsen, Andrea, corporateBody
associatedWith O'Sullivan, Mary Kenney, 1864-1943. person
associatedWith Pearson, Beatrice, 1902- person
associatedWith Pruitt, Ida. person
associatedWith Randall, John Herman, 1899-1980. person
associatedWith Rankin, Jeannette, 1880-1973. person
associatedWith Rebecca Hourwich Reyher person
associatedWith Rich, Cynthia. person
associatedWith Roth, Louise. person
associatedWith Rowan, Reta Guenever Mary, d. 1983. person
associatedWith Shapiro, Goldie. person
associatedWith Sheepshanks, Mary person
associatedWith Shelley, Rebecca, 1887-1984, person
associatedWith Shelton, Bernice Dutrieuille. person
associatedWith Sigerist, Henry E. (Henry Ernest), 1891-1957. person
associatedWith Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Starr, Ellen Gates person
associatedWith Starr, Ellen Gates. person
associatedWith Stokes, Meredith. person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. person
associatedWith Thoday, Gwladys person
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith University Microfilms International. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado Libraries. Archives Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado Libraries. Archives Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado Libraries. Archives Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Colorado Libraries. Western Historical Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Vernon, Mabel. person
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Vroland, Anna, 1902-1978 person
associatedWith War Resisters League. Southeast. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilcox, Jean M. person
associatedWith Williams, Mary Wilhelmine, 1878-1944. person
correspondedWith Women's History Research Center corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Australian Section. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, British Section corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Chapel Hill Branch (N.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Congress (8th : 1934 : Zürich) corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. New York Metropolitan Branch. corporateBody
correspondedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. New Zealand Section corporateBody
correspondedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.Portland branch. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Queensland Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Seattle Branch. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League of Peace and Freedom. corporateBody
associatedWith Woods, Amy. person
associatedWith Young, Sheila. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Australia
Illinois--Chicago
Colorado--Boulder
Chicago (Ill.)
United States
Subject
Nuclear arms control
Peace movements
Peace--Societies, etc
Nuclear disarmament
Women and peace
Peace
Women and peace--History--Sources
Women and peace--History--20th century--Sources
Disarmament
Women's rights
Women--Political activity--Societies and clubs--20th century
Peaceful change (International relations)--History--20th century--Sources
Peace--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
International cooperation
Pacifism--History--20th century--Sources
Nuclear energy
Peaceful change (International relations)--Societies, etc.--History--20th century--Sources
Manuscripts on microfilm
Police patrol--Surveillance operations--20th century
Peace movements--History--20th century
Chemical weapons
Pacifism--Societies, etc.--History--20th century--Sources
Women pacifists--History--Sources
Civil rights
Arms control
International Women's Year, 1975
Aboriginal Australians--Civil rights
Draft
Peace--Societies, etc.--Archives
Peace movements--History--Sources
Iraq War, 2003-2011--Protest movements
Peace--History--20th century--Sources
Peace--History--Sources
Peace--Societies, etc.--20th century
Iraq War, 2003---Protest movements--United States
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1936

Active 1966

International

Multiple languages,

French,

English,

German

Information

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Ark ID: w6d83477

SNAC ID: 36114665