Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951

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Radical, labor organizer, socialist, and communist; b. Ella Reeve; married 1st: Lucien Ware; 2nd: Louis Cohen; and 3rd: Andrew Omholt; also known as "Mother Bloor", of Arden, Del.

From the description of Papers, 1890-1973. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122404940

"Mother Bloor [Ella Reeve Bloor] speaking at a picnic in Akron, Ohio, 1942"

Ella Reeve Bloor, popularly known as "Mother Bloor," was noted for her energetic organizing work on behalf of labor, communism, socialism, and radical causes from the 1910s to the 1930s. "Mother Bloor" was born in 1862 on Staten Island, New York. She married Lucien Ware in 1881 and gave birth to six children between 1882 and 1892. In 1895, Bloor published Three Little Lovers of Nature. The following year, she divorced Ware and in 1897, she married Louis Cohen. In the brief span of her second marriage, Bloor had two sons and published Talk about Authors and Their Works for young adults. Bloor was an activist in the suffrage movement during the 1880s and 1890s. In 1901, she joined the Socialist Party and approximately a year later she divorced Cohen. Partnered with Richard Bloor in 1906 to investigate Chicago's meat packing industry, Bloor took her colleague's name despite the fact that they were never married. Throughout the 1910s-30s, Bloor was an advocate for political prisoners and conscientious objectors as well as an organizer of mining, textile, and farming strikes. She ran for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the socialist ticket in 1918 and participated in the formation of the Communist Party of the U.S.A. in 1919. Two years later, she served as a union delegate to the Second International. Upon her return from the Soviet Union, Bloor hitchhiked throughout the United States while writing articles for the Daily Worker. In 1930, she married Andrew Omholt, her third husband. Seven years later, Bloor returned to the Soviet Union for the twentieth anniversary celebration of the October Revolution. When Bloor returned to the United States she retired to April Farm, Pennsylvania in 1937. Three years later, she published her autobiography, We Are Many. In her early eighties, Bloor undertook a campaign against fascism between 1942 and 1945. In 1951, Bloor died at the age of 89.

For more information, please refer to the biographical essay by Thomas and Richard Edwards in Notable American Women: The Modern Period .

From the guide to the Ella Reeve Bloor Papers MS 19., 1890-1979, 1910-1940, (Sophia Smith Collection)

Labor organizer; Radical; Socialist; Communist.

Born Ella Disbrow Reeve in Staten Island (NY), 1862; also known as "Mother Bloor"; married Lucien Ware, 1881, had 6 children (divorced, 1896); married Louis Cohen, had 2 children (divorced circa 1902); took colleague Richard Bloor's name, but they never married; married Andrew Omholt, 1930. Bloor was active in suffrage movement circa 1880s-90s; joined the Socialist Party, 1901; investigated the meat-packing industry for Upton Sinclair, 1906; organized worker strikes in mining, textile, farming, circa 1910s-30s; participated in formation of Communist Party of U.S.A., 1919; wrote for the Daily Worker; and went to Russia for 20th Anniversary of the October Revolution in 1937. Bloor published several works including Three Little Lovers of Nature (1895); Talk About Authors and Their Works (1899); and her autobiography, We Are Many (1940).

From the description of Ella Reeve Bloor Papers, 1890-1979 (bulk 1910-1940). (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 28417048

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Caylor, George Nathan, 1885-1973. Papers, ca. 1955-1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Anna Rochester papers, 1880-1958 University of Oregon Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Papers, 1896-1964 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn New York Bureau of Legal Advice. Records, 1917-1919. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Guide to the Communist Party of the United States of America Records, 1892-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Photographs, 1895-1967 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Labor Research Association Records, 1914-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Louis Weinstock Papers and Photographs, circa 1910-1994 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Sophia Smith Collection. Communism Collection, 1916-1970 (bulk 1935-1960). Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Lloyd, William Bross, 1908-. William Bross Lloyd papers, 1912-1986. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1947. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Ella Reeve Bloor Papers MS 19., 1890-1979, 1910-1940 Sophia Smith Collection
creatorOf Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Papers, 1890-1973. Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Guide to the New York Bureau of Legal Advice Records, 1917-1919 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Photographs, 1895-1967 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Labor Research Association Records, 1914-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Jerome, V. J. (Victor Jeremy), 1896-1965. Victor Jeremy Jerome papers, 1923-1967 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn William Bross Lloyd, Jr. papers, 1912-1991, 1960-1983 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Guide to the Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Papers, 1896-1964 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Labor Research Association Records, 1914-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Papers of Doris Stevens, 1884-1983 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Communism, Socialism, and Left-Wing Politics Collection MS 452., 1891-1998 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn Earl Browder Papers, 1879-1990 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Rochester, Anna. Anna Rochester papers, 1880-1958. University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Doris Stevens, 1884-1983 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951. Ella Reeve Bloor Papers, 1890-1979 (bulk 1910-1940). Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Browder, Earl, 1891-1973 person
associatedWith Caylor, George Nathan, 1885-1973. person
associatedWith Cohen, Louis, of Brooklyn, N.Y. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. National Committee. corporateBody
correspondedWith Doris Stevens person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. person
associatedWith Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley. person
associatedWith Foster, William Z., 1881-1961 person
associatedWith Harris, Lement, 1904- person
associatedWith Haywood, Big Bill, 1869-1928 person
associatedWith Jerome, V. J. (Victor Jeremy), 1896-1965. person
associatedWith Labor Research Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lloyd, William Bross, 1875-1946 person
associatedWith Lloyd, William Bross, 1908- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith Nearing, Scott, 1883- person
associatedWith New York Bureau of Legal Advice. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Hare, Kate Richards, 1877-1948 person
associatedWith Omholt, Andrew, 1883-1969 person
associatedWith Reeve, Carl, 1900- person
associatedWith Reeve, Richard, 1898- person
associatedWith Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976 person
correspondedWith Rochester, Anna. person
associatedWith Socialist Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Strong, Anna Louise, 1885-1970 person
associatedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 person
associatedWith Ware, Hamilton Disbrow, 1892- person
associatedWith Ware, Harold M., 1890-1935 person
associatedWith Ware, Lucien person
associatedWith Weinstock, Louis, 1903-1994 person
associatedWith Whitney, Anita, 1897-1955. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Arden (Del.)
Delaware
Soviet Union
Soviet Union
United States
United States
Subject
Labor leaders--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Women--Suffrage--History--20th century--Sources
Women's rights
Communism--Newspapers
Radicalism
Labor movement
Radicals--History--20th century--Sources
Strikes and lockouts
Labor unions
Communism--Newspapers--History--Sources
Labor movement--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Radicals--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Women in labor movement--United States--History--20th century
Political parties
Women communists--History--20th century--Sources
Socialism
Women and socialism--History--20th century--Sources
Labor leaders--History--20th century--Sources
Labor movement--History--20th century--Sources
Communists--History--20th century--Sources
Women in the labor movement--History--20th century--Sources
Communists--United States--History--Sources
Socialist parties
Communism
Communism--Newspapers--United States--History--Sources
Women and socialism--United States--History--20th century--Sources
Women--Suffrage--United States--History--Sources
Socialists--History--20th century--Sources
Occupation
Communists--United States
Women socialists--United States
Labor leaders--United States
Socialists--United States
Women communists--United States
Radicals--United States
Activity

Person

Birth 1862

Death 1951

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6571954

Ark ID: w6571954

SNAC ID: 72559178