Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903

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Cassius Marcellus Clay was born to Sally Lewis and Green Clay, one of the wealthiest planters and slaveholders in Kentucky, who became a prominent politician. He was one of six children who survived to adulthood, of seven born.

Clay was a member of a large and influential political family. His older brother Brutus J. Clay became a politician at the state and federal levels. They were cousins of both Kentucky politician Henry Clay and Alabama governor Clement Comer Clay. Cassius' sister Elizabeth Lewis Clay (1798–1887) married John Speed Smith, who also became a state and US politician. Their son, Green Clay Smith, became a state politician and was elected to Congress.

The younger Clay attended Transylvania University and then graduated from Yale College in 1832. While at Yale, he heard abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison speak, and his lecture inspired Clay to join the anti-slavery movement. Garrison's arguments were to him "as water is to a thirsty wayfarer." Clay was politically incrementalist, supporting gradual legal change rather than calling for immediate abolition the way Garrison and his supporters did.

In 1833, Clay married Mary Jane Warfield, daughter of Mary Barr and Dr. Elisha Warfield of Lexington, Kentucky. They had ten children, six of whom lived to adulthood:

* Elisha Warfield Clay (1835–1851)

* Green Cly (1837–1883)

* Mary Barr Clay (aka Mrs. J. Frank Herrick) (1839–1924)

* Sarah "Sallie" Lewis Clay Bennett (1841–1935)

* Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. (1843–1843)

* Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. (1845–1857)

* Brutus Junius Clay (1847–1932)

* Laura Clay (1849–1941)

* Flora Clay (1851–1851)

* Anne Clay Crenshaw (1859–1945)

Later, he adopted Henry Launey Clay, believed to be his son by an extra-marital relationship while in Russia.

In 1878 after 45 years of marriage, Clay divorced his wife, Mary Jane (Warfield) Clay, claiming abandonment after she no longer would tolerate his marital infidelities. In 1894, the 84-year-old Clay married Dora Richardson, the 15-year-old orphaned sister of one of his sharecropping tenants.

Cassius Clay was an early Southern planter who became a prominent anti-slavery crusader. Clay worked toward emancipation, both as a Kentucky state representative and as an early member of the Republican Party.

Clay was elected to three terms in the Kentucky House of Representatives, but he lost support among Kentuckian voters as he promoted abolition. His anti-slavery activism earned him violent enemies. During a political debate in 1843, he survived an assassination attempt by Sam Brown, a hired gun. The scabbard of Clay's Bowie knife was tipped with silver and, in jerking the Bowie knife out in retaliation pulled this scabbard up so that it was just over his heart. Brown's bullet struck the scabbard and embedded itself in the silver. Despite having been shot in the chest, Clay tackled Brown, and with his Bowie knife removed Brown's nose and one eye and possibly an ear before he threw Brown over an embankment.

In 1845, Clay began publishing an anti-slavery newspaper, True American, in Lexington, Kentucky. Within a month, he received death threats, had to arm himself, and regularly barricaded the armored doors of his newspaper office for protection, besides setting up two four-pounder cannons inside. Shortly afterward, a mob of about 60 men broke into his office and seized his printing equipment. To protect his venture, Clay set up a publication center in Cincinnati, Ohio, a center of abolitionists in the free state but continued to reside in Kentucky.

Clay served in the Mexican–American War as a captain with the 1st Kentucky Cavalry from 1846 to 1847. He opposed the annexation of Texas and the expansion of slavery into the Southwest. While making a speech for abolition in 1849, Clay was attacked by the six Turner brothers, who beat, stabbed, and tried to shoot him. In the ensuing fight, Clay fought off all six and, using his Bowie knife, killed Cyrus Turner.

In 1853, Clay granted 10 acres of his expansive lands to John G. Fee, an abolitionist who founded the town of Berea. In 1855 Fee founded Berea College, open to all races. Clay's connections to the northern antislavery movement remained strong. He was a founder of the Republican Party in Kentucky and became a friend of Abraham Lincoln, whom he supported him for the presidency in 1860. Clay was briefly a candidate for the vice presidency at the 1860 Republican National Convention, but lost the nomination to Hannibal Hamlin.

President Lincoln appointed Clay to the post of Minister to the Russian court at St. Petersburg on March 28, 1861. The Civil War started before he departed and, as there were no Federal troops in Washington at the time, Clay organized a group of 300 volunteers to protect the White House and US Naval Yard from a possible Confederate attack. These men became known as Cassius M. Clay's Washington Guards. President Lincoln gave Clay a presentation Colt revolver in recognition. When Federal troops arrived, Clay and his family embarked for Russia. As Minister to Russia, Clay witnessed the Tsar's emancipation edict.

During the Civil War, Russia came to the aid of the Union, threatening war against Britain and France if they officially recognized the Confederacy. Cassius Clay, as minister to Russia during that time, was instrumental in securing Russia's aid. Emperor Alexander II of Russia gave sealed orders to the commanders of both his Atlantic and Pacific fleets, and sent them to the East and West coasts of America. They were instructed that the sealed orders were to be opened only if Britain and France entered the war on the side of the Confederacy. When the Russian Atlantic fleet entered New York harbor, Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles wrote in his diary:

In sending these ships to this country, there is something significant. What will be its effect on France, and French policy, we shall learn in due time. It may be moderate, it may exacerbate. God bless the Russians.

The action of Alexander II was confirmed in 1904 by Wharton Barker of Pennsylvania, who in 1878 was the financial agent in the United States of the Russian government.

Recalled to the United States in 1862 to accept a commission from Lincoln as a major general with the Union Army, Clay publicly refused to accept it unless Lincoln would agree to emancipate slaves under Confederate control. Lincoln sent Clay to Kentucky to assess the mood for emancipation there and in the other border states. Following Clay's return to Washington, DC, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in late 1862, to take effect in January 1863.

Clay resigned his commission in March 1863 and returned to Russia, where he served until 1869. He was influential in the negotiations for the purchase of Alaska.

Later, Clay founded the Cuban Charitable Aid Society to help the Cuban independence movement of José Martí. He also spoke in favor of nationalizing the railroads and later against the power being accrued by industrialists. Clay left the Republican Party in 1869. He also disapproved of the Republican Radicals' watered-down reconstruction policy after Lincoln's assassination.

In 1872, Clay was one of the organizers of the Liberal Republican revolt. He was instrumental in securing the nomination of Horace Greeley for the presidency. In the political campaigns of 1876 and 1880, Clay supported the Democratic Party candidates. He rejoined the Republican party in the campaign of 1884.

Clay had a reputation as a rebel and a fighter. Due to threats on his life, he had become accustomed to carrying two pistols and a knife for protection. He installed a cannon to protect his home and office. At the 1890 Kentucky Constitutional Convention, Clay was elected by the members as the Convention's President. Cassius Clay died at his home on July 22, 1903 of "general exhaustion." Survivors included his daughters, Laura Clay and Mary Barr Clay, who were both women's rights activists.

His family home, White Hall, is maintained by the Commonwealth of Kentucky as White Hall State Historic Shrine.

Herman Heaton Clay, a descendant of African-American slaves, named his son Cassius Marcellus Clay, who was born nine years after the death of the emancipationist, in tribute to him. This Cassius Clay gave his own son the same name, Cassius M. Clay, Jr., a world heavyweight champion boxer who gained international renown and changed his name to Muhammad Ali after his conversion to Islam. After Ali converted to Islam he stated that his earlier name was a "slave name" and added that "I didn't choose it and I don't want it." He further explained in his autobiography that while Clay may have gotten rid of his slaves, he "held on to white supremacy." This led Ali to conclude: "Why should I keep my white slavemaster's name visible and my black ancestors invisible, unknown, unhonored?”

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn McKinley (1897-1901): Clay, Cassius M. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Christian, John Beverly, 1859-1916. Papers, 1829-1904; (bulk 1852-1900). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Cassius Marcellus Clay, 1810-1903. Papers, ca. 1860-ca. 1950. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky Guide Project Office
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Letter, 1845 January 29, Lexington, Ky., to Daniel Webster, Boston. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. Papers of Henry Wilson, 1851-1875. Library of Congress
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Collection, ca. 1905-ca. 1980. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn McMurtry, Walter J. Walter J. McMurtry : papers, 1847-1853. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Mendenhall, R. Junius (Richard Junius), 1828-1906. Richard Junius and Abby S. Mendenhall papers, 1853-1861. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Richardson, Robert Carter, 1826-1896. Robert Carter Richardson : Papers, 1858-1897. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library
creatorOf Clay, Sidney P. (Sidney Payne), 1800-1834. Sidney P. Clay family collection, 1783-1846 (bulk 1800-1844) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Wickliffe-Preston family. Wickliffe-Preston family papers, 1753-1897 1770-1887. University of Kentucky Libraries
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Cassius Clay scrapbook, 1835-1861. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Cassius Marcellus Clay letters and miscelany, 1843-1886 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874. Correspondence, 1829-1874 Houghton Library
referencedIn Hand, Learned, 1872-1961. Papers, 1840-1961 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Brown, Orlando, 1801-1867. Orlando Brown : papers, 1780-1898. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Fuller, B. A. G., 1879-1956. Autograph collection, 1620-1920 Houghton Library
referencedIn Photographic Portrait File The Huntington Library
referencedIn Buckner family : Papers, 1784-1991 1788-1844. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Durrett, Reuben T. (Reuben Thomas), 1824-1913. Reuben T. Durrett added papers, 1883-1910. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Fox, Gustavus Vasa, 1821-1883. Letter, 1866, Oct. 5, Berlin, to "My dear Sir" [i.e. Cassius M. Clay, St. Petersburg] Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896. Letter, 1853, Nov. 9 : Andover, to "Dear Sir" [i.e. Cassius M. Clay]. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Brainerd, Cephas, 1831-1910. Letter, 1859, Dec. 19, No. 61, Wall Street, New York, to Hon. C. M. Clay. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
creatorOf Channing, William F., 1820-1901. Papers, 1851-1898. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Norman, James, 1912-. James Norman papers 1934-1983. Ohio University, Alden Library
referencedIn McConochie, James Robert, ca. 1786-1853. James Robert McConochie Papers, 1812-1869. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. ALS : Madison County, Kentucky, to W.S. Colon, 1853 Aug. 29. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Mills, Madison, d. 1873. Diary, 1846-1847. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall papers, 1827-1921 (bulk 1840-1872). The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874. Papers, 1762-1962 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library
referencedIn Smiley, David L., 1921-. David Smiley papers 1940s-2005 1960-2004. Wake Forest University - ZSR Library, Z. Smith Reynolds Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Chamberlain" to "Cooke". Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906. Papers, 1878-1952 [bulk 1872-1905]. Library Council of Metropolitan Milwaukee
creatorOf Smith, Caleb B. (Caleb Blood), 1808-1864. Papers of Caleb Blood Smith and Charles William Spooner, 1820-1916 (1861-1875). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Gaines, John Pollard, 1795-1857. Papers, 1832-1864. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Clay, Sidney Payne, 1800-1834. Sidney Payne Clay : papers, 1779-1898. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Suiter, James P. Papers, 1860-1865. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius . 1810-1903. Cassius Clay Collection, 1860-1915 Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
creatorOf Beatty-Quisenberry family. Beaty-Quisenberry familty papers, 1798-1962. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Cassius M. Clay Collection, 1827-1901 Eastern Kentucky University, Crabbe Library
referencedIn Autograph File, L, 1641-1976. Houghton Library
referencedIn Slaughter family. Slaughter family : papers, 1774-1952. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915 Houghton Library
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Blair family papers, 1755-1968 (bulk 1829-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Judd, Norman B. (Norman Buel), 1815-1878. Correspondence, 1860 July 14-1860 Oct. 2. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Papers, 1844-1907 The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn True American (Lexington, Ky.). Broadside, 1845. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Clay family. Clay family papers, 1780-1959. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Filson Club. Filson Club records, 1890-1893. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. Dabney Howard Smith : miscellaneous papers, 1847-1926. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Seiberling, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1859-1955. Collection, ca. 1840-ca. 1934. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Daniel, William H. Diary, 1846-1847. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Blair Family Papers, 1755-1968, (bulk 1829-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Curtis F. Burnam Papers, 1803-1942 Eastern Kentucky University, Crabbe Library
referencedIn Clark, Thomas Dionysius, 1903-2005. Thomas D. Clark collection, 1792-2003. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Autograph letter signed : White Hall, Richmond, Ky., to Col. John B. Johnston, Baltimore, 1860 May 5. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Halford, Elijah Walker, 1843-1938. Elijah Walker Halford papers, 1848-1938. Library of Congress
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Icarus / Cassius M. Clay. Eastern Kentucky University, Crabbe Library
creatorOf Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. Pamphlet collection, 1788-1902. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Letters, 1855. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Letter, 1860, July 20 : Springfield, Ill., to Hon. Cassius M. Clay. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Consolidated Military Officer's File of General Cassius Marcellus Clay, 1st Kentucky Cavalry Regiment National Archives at Washington, D.C
referencedIn John J. James Memoir, ca 1931 Eastern Kentucky University, Crabbe Library
referencedIn Toleman family. Toleman family papers, 1840-1945. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Papers of Cassius Marcellus Clay, 1817-1877. Library of Congress
creatorOf Filson Club. Filson Club lectures, 1887-1992. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. Papers of Elizabeth Oakes Prince Smith [manuscript], 1823-1894. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn English family. English family papers, 1884-1986 1893-1986 (bulk dates). University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Clay, Cassius . 1810-1903. Cassius Clay Collection, 1860-1915 Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Autograph letter signed : Philadephia, to Horace Greeley, 1846 Jan. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Papers, 1851-1875. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903,. Autograph letter signed from Cassius Marcellus Clay, Madison County, Kentucky, to [Frances Anne] Kemble [manuscript], 1850 January 20. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Morehead, James T. (James Turner), 1797-1854. James T. Morehead papers : letters, 1836. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Papers, 1831-1867. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Papers, 1842-1901, (bulk 1855-1886). Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Autograph letter signed : Zanesville, Ohio, to James M. Dalzell, 1884 Sept. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George T. Downing Papers, Downing, George T. Papers, 1850-1886, (bulk 1861-1873) Roger Williams University
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Morrison, Robert. Letter: to his cousin, Miss Eloise P. Morrison /by Robert Morrison, 1847. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Todd family. Todd family : papers, 1786-1967. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878. Letters by Bayard Taylor and others , 1844-1909. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Hart, Joel T. (Joel Tanner), 1810-1877. Joel Tanner Hart Papers, 1836-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Clay, Brutus Junius, 1808-1878. Brutus Junius Clay papers, 1782-1873. Library of Congress
referencedIn Clay family. Clay family papers, 1818-1898 1895-1898. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn James, John J. Reminiscences of Cassius M. Clay : typescript, 1940, 1960. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1850-1895 (inclusive), 1852-1878 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Todd, Robert S., 1792-1849. Letters, 1826-1846. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Charles E.L. Wingate papers, 1821-1919 (bulk 1892-1898) Houghton Library
referencedIn Salmon P. Chase Papers Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Doolittle, James Rood. James Rood Doolittle Papers, 1858-1927. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Blair family papers, 1755-1968 (bulk 1829-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Signature, 1889 July 1, White Hall. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Coleman, J. Winston (John Winston), 1898-1983. J. Winston Coleman scrapbooks, 1799-1983. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Durr family. Papers, 1868-1968. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Salmon P. Chase Papers, 1775-1898, (bulk 1824-1872) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. Henry Watterson : papers, 1856-1965 (bulk 1910-1919). The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Levi P. Morton Correspondence, 1860-1912 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Inventory of the Everette B. Long Papers Ragan MSS 00080., 1949-1981 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Portrait file: Guide. Houghton Library
referencedIn Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. Salmon P. Chase papers, 1755-1898 (bulk 1824-1872). Library of Congress
referencedIn Risley, Hanson A. Papers, 1774-1908. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Spring, Rebecca. Rebecca Spring papers, ca. 1830-1900. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Elijah Walker Halford Papers, 1867-1938 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Goodloe, William Cassius, 1841-1889. William Cassius Goodloe Civil War scrapbooks, 1860-1865. University of Kentucky Libraries
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Cassius Clay letter, 11 September 1876. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896. Harriet Beecher Stowe collection of papers, 1847-1895. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Cassius Marcellus Clay : miscellaneous papers, 1815-1899. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Cassius M. Clay papers : letter and petition, 1847-1881. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Dulaney, Robert L., 1818-1903. Diary regarding his trip to the South [manuscript] 1847-48. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassisus Marcellus, 1810-1903. Correspondence, 1862, 1880. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Edward Morris Davis papers, 1830-1941 (inclusive), 1837-1850 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. Papers, 1831-1867. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Sea, Andrew McBrayer, Collector, b. 1876. Collection, 1781-1936. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Grand Army of the Republic. Encampment, 1895. Records, 1895. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library
referencedIn Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906. Papers [microform], 1861-1869, ca. 1906. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Harriet Beecher Stowe collection of papers, 1847-1895 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Clay, Green, 1871-1962. C.M. Clay biography / by Green Clay. Eastern Kentucky University, Crabbe Library
referencedIn Speed family. Speed family papers, 1813-1981. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Farnsley family. Farnsley family papers, 1889-1948. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, C, 1554-2002. Houghton Library
referencedIn Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882. Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (bulk 1820-1888) Houghton Library
creatorOf Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. Letter, 24 August 1852. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn PH 1716, Young, Brigham 1801-1877. Brigham Young photographs circa 1860-1870 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Church History Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Clay, Cassius M - State: Kentucky - Regiment: 1 Kentucky Cavalry, Company I - Enlistment Rank: Capt - Discharge Rank: Capt National Archives at Washington, D.C
referencedIn Cassius M. Clay National Archives at College Park
contributorOf Clay, C M - Pennsylvania - 1863 National Archives at Washington, D.C
referencedIn Hon. Cassius M. Clay National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Abraham Lincoln to Emperor Alexander II of Russia National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Cassius M. Clay Battalion Defending White House, April 1861. Washington, DC National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Cassius M. Clay, Ky National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
associatedWith American Colonization Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906 person
associatedWith Appleton, John, 1815-1864. person
associatedWith Ballard, C. M. person
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associatedWith Beatty-Quisenberry family. family
correspondedWith Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950 person
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associatedWith Bodley family. family
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correspondedWith Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873. person
associatedWith Christian, John Beverly, 1859-1916. person
associatedWith Clark, Thomas Dionysius, 1903-2005. person
sibling of Clay, Brutus J. 1808-1878 person
associatedWith Clay, Brutus Junius, 1808-1878. person
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associatedWith Clay, Cassius M. 1810-1903 person
associatedWith Clay, Cassiuss Marcellus. 1810-1903 person
relativeOf Clay, Clement Comer, 1789-1866 person
memberOf Clay family. family
memberOf Clay family. family
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parentOf Clay, Laura, 1849-1941 person
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associatedWith Clay, Mary Jane, b. 1815. person
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associatedWith Clay, Sidney P. (Sidney Payne), 1800-1834 person
associatedWith Coleman, J. Winston (John Winston), 1898-1983. person
correspondedWith Colon, W. S. person
associatedWith Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. person
associatedWith Curtin, Andrew Gregg, 1815-1894. person
associatedWith Curtin, Jeremiah, 1835-1906. person
associatedWith Dalzell, James M., person
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correspondedWith Davis, Edward Morris, 1811-1887 person
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associatedWith Dulaney, Robert L., 1818-1903. person
associatedWith Durrett, Reuben T. (Reuben Thomas), 1824-1913. person
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correspondedWith Kemble, Fanny, 1809-1893 person
memberOf Kentucky. General Assembly. House of Representatives corporateBody
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associatedWith Lincoln Memorial University. corporateBody
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associatedWith Morehead, James T. (James Turner), 1797-1854. person
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associatedWith Morrison, Robert. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. person
associatedWith Morton, Levi P. (Levi Parsons), 1824-1920 person
associatedWith Motley, John Lothrop, 1814-1877. person
associatedWith Norman, James, 1912- person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884. person
associatedWith Pierce, Edward Lillie, 1829-1897 person
associatedWith Pike, James Shepherd, 1811-1882. person
associatedWith Quincy, Edmund, 1808-1877. person
memberOf Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Richardson, Robert Carter, 1826-1896. person
associatedWith Risley, Hanson A. person
associatedWith Russell, William Howard, Sir, 1820-1907. person
associatedWith Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906. person
associatedWith Sea, Andrew McBrayer, Collector, b. 1876. person
associatedWith Seiberling, Frank A. (Frank Augustus), 1859-1955. person
associatedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. person
associatedWith Slaughter family. family
associatedWith Slaughter, Gabriel C. person
associatedWith Smiley, David L., 1921- person
correspondedWith Smith, Caleb B. (Caleb Blood), 1808-1864. person
associatedWith Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince, 1806-1893. person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874 person
associatedWith Smith, W. Scott. person
associatedWith Speed family. person
associatedWith Spring, Rebecca. person
correspondedWith Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Storer, Bellamy, 1798-1875. person
associatedWith Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896. person
associatedWith Suiter, James P. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Swope, Samuel. person
associatedWith Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878 person
associatedWith Todd family. family
associatedWith Todd, Robert S., 1792-1849. person
associatedWith Toleman family. person
associatedWith Tolstoy, Leo, graf, 1828-1910. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Transylvania University corporateBody
foundedBy True American (Lexington, Ky.) corporateBody
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
memberOf United States. Department of State corporateBody
child-in-law of Warfield, Elisha, 1781-1859. person
associatedWith Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. person
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith White Hall (Ky.) corporateBody
associatedWith Whiteley, Simon. person
associatedWith Wickliffe-Preston family. family
associatedWith William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875. person
associatedWith Wingate, Charles E. L. (Charles Edgar Lewis), b. 1861 person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Yale University. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Brigham 1801-1877 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cincinnati OH US
Mexico 00 MX
Washington City DC US
Lexington KY US
White Hall KY US
White Hall KY US
Saint Petersburg 66 RU
New Haven CT US
Frankfort KY US
Subject
Civil War, 1861-1865
Democratic Party
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Diplomats
Diplomats, American
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Presidents
Republican Party
Scrapbooks
Statemen, Kentucky
Suffragists
User charges
Vice
Women
Slavery
Slavery
Slavery
Abolitionists
Abolitionists
Abolitionists
African Americans
African Americans
Agriculturists
Alaska
Antislavery movements
Occupation
Diplomats
Farmers
Lawyers
Politicians
Soldiers
Abolitionists
Authors
Activity

Person

Birth 1810-10-19

Death 1903-07-22

Male

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 83752385