Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872

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Humphrey Marshall, the grandson of politician and historian Humphrey Marshall (1760-1841), was a politician, attorney, and Confederate general. Born in 1812 in Frankfort, Marshall graduated from West Point in 1832 and briefly served in the military before resigning his commission to pursue a career in law and politics. Marshall's military career resumed during the Mexican War, when he served as colonel of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry, which fought at the Battle of Buena Vista. After the war, as a Whig and later a Know Nothing, Marshall acted as ambassador to China from 1852 to 1854 and then served two terms in the United States House of Representatives from 1855 to 1859. After supporting Kentucky neutrality in 1860 and 1861, Marshall joined the Confederate army and earned a brigadier general's commission, commanding troops in eastern Kentucky and Tennessee. In the summer of 1863, Marshall resigned his commission and represented Kentucky in the Confederate Congress. When Richmond fell in April 1865, Marshall fled the city with the Confederate government and eventually reached Mexico. After the war, he returned to Louisville, where he practiced law and died on March 28, 1872.

From the description of Humphrey Marshall papers, 1827-1921 (bulk 1840-1872). (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 77530350

Kentucky lawyer, U.S. congressman, diplomat, Confederate general and congressman.

From the description of Humphrey Marshall : miscellaneous papers, 1835-1863. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49254293

Army officer, lawyer, U.S. representative from Kentucky, and C.S.A. representative from Virginia.

From the description of Humphrey Marshall papers, 1771-2002 (bulk 1846-1856). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 558717192

Biographical Note

  • 1812, Jan. 13: Born, Frankfort, Franklin County, Ky.
  • 1832: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1833: Married Frances E. McAllister Resigned from the United States Army Studied law and was admitted to the bar
  • 1833 - 1834 : Practiced law in Frankfurt, Ky.
  • 1834 - 1846 : Practiced law in Louisville, Ky.
  • 1846: Colonel of the First Kentucky Calvary during the Mexican War, where he fought at the Battle of Buena Vista
  • 1849 - 1852 : Elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses of the House of Representatives
  • 1852 - 1854 : Appointed United States Commissioner to China
  • 1855 - 1859 : Elected on the American Party ticket to the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses of the House of Representatives
  • 1861 - 1863 : Served as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army
  • 1863: Resigned from the Confederate Army Moved to Richmond, Va., and practiced law
  • 1864: Elected to the Second Confederate Congress as a representative from Virginia
  • circa 1865: Moved to New Orleans, La.
  • 1866: Returned to Louisville, Ky., and resumed his practice of law
  • 1872, Mar. 28: Died, Louisville, Ky.

From the guide to the Humphrey Marshall Papers, 1771-2002, (bulk 1846-1856), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Todd family. Todd family : papers, 1786-1967. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Guerrant, Edward O. (Edward Owings), 1838-1916. Edward Owings Guerrant : papers, 1858-1915. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Joyes family. Joyes family papers, 1780-1871. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Snodgrass, Alexander. Alexander Snodgrass letters, 1863-1864. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall papers, 1861-1867. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Savage, Frank A. Letters, 1854-1865. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Consolidated provision return of the 1st Regt. Vol. Cavalry under the command of Col. H. Marshall for one day : manuscript, 1846 July [4?]. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Correspondence, 1861-1863. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Guerrant, Edward O. (Edward Owings), 1838-1916. Edward O. Guerrant papers, 1861-1867. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Marshall family. Marshall family papers, 1815-1897. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Photographs of Confederate generals and Civil War political leaders, 1861-1865. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Pollard, Charles T. (Charles Teed), 1842-1873. Confederate officers photograph album, undated. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893. Edmund Kirby-Smith : miscellaneous papers, 1862-1871. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Sanders, Edwin Hanson,. Papers of the Graham and related Tate families, 1798-1979 (bulk 1857-1865). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Marshall family. Marshall Family : papers, 1806-1955. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Brown-Ewell family papers, 1781-1984. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Jefferson Davis collection, Davis, Jefferson collection, 1861-1865 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Roberts, John Todd, 1825-1869. John Todd Roberts : papers, 1839-1869. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall : miscellaneous papers, 1835-1863. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall papers, 1827-1921 (bulk 1840-1872). The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872. Humphrey Marshall papers, 1771-2002 (bulk 1846-1856). Library of Congress
referencedIn Confederate officers photograph album, n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn American Party. Letter, 16 Sept. 1856. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Jefferson Davis collection, 1861-1865. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Cox family. Cox family Journal 1851-1868. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Currier, Nathaniel, 1813-1888. Currier, Nathaniel, Mexican War lithographs, 1846-1847. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Humphrey Marshall Papers, 1771-2002, (bulk 1846-1856) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Party. corporateBody
correspondedWith Aulick, John H., d. 1873 person
associatedWith Benjamin, Judah P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884. person
associatedWith Bingham, Robert Worth, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Birney, James Gillespie, 1792-1857. person
associatedWith Breckinridge, John C. (John Cabell), 1821-1875. person
associatedWith Brownlow, William Gannaway, 1805-1877. person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. person
associatedWith Buckner, Simon Bolivar, 1823-1914. person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
correspondedWith Clark, George Rogers, 1752-1818 person
associatedWith Clay, Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Cox family. family
associatedWith Crittenden, George Bibb, 1812-1880. person
associatedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863. person
associatedWith Currier, Nathaniel, 1813-1888. person
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894. person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874. person
associatedWith Giltner, Henry Lyter, 1829-1892. person
associatedWith Guerrant, Edward O. (Edward Owings), 1838-1916. person
associatedWith Haldeman, Walter Newman, 1821-1902. person
correspondedWith Harris, Isham G. (Isham Green), 1818-1897 person
associatedWith Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841. person
correspondedWith Henry, Patrick, 1736-1799 person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850. person
associatedWith Johnston, Albert Sidney, 1803-1862. person
associatedWith Joyes family. family
correspondedWith Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893. person
correspondedWith Law, George, 1806-1881 person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. person
associatedWith Marshall family. family
associatedWith Marshall family. family
associatedWith Marshall family. family
associatedWith Marshall family. family
associatedWith Marshall family. person
associatedWith McLaughry, William E. person
associatedWith McLean, John, 1785-1861. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, John Hunt, 1825-1864. person
associatedWith Perry, Matthew Calbraith, 1794-1858. person
associatedWith Pollard, Charles T. (Charles Teed), 1842-1873. person
associatedWith Prentice, George D. (George Denison), 1802-1870. person
correspondedWith Reed, William B. (William Bradford), 1806-1876 person
associatedWith Roberts, John Todd, 1825-1869. person
associatedWith Savage, Frank A. person
associatedWith Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. person
associatedWith Shaler, Nathaniel Southgate, 1841-1906. person
associatedWith Snodgrass, Alexander. person
associatedWith Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883. person
correspondedWith Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Todd family. family
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Naval Expedition to Japan (1852-1854) corporateBody
associatedWith Utah Expedition (1857-1858) corporateBody
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Whig Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
China
United States
Kentucky
Liberia
Shanghai (China)
Richmond (Va.)
Virginia
China
Kentucky
Southern States
Japan
China
Kentucky
Virginia
Kentucky
United States
Kentucky
Richmond (Va.)
Japan
Kentucky--Louisville
United States
Southern States
United States
Subject
Americans--China
States' rights (American politics)
Practice of law--Kentucky
Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Patronage, Political
Canals
River boats
Practice of law--Virginia
Protectionism--United States
Land grants--Virginia
Practice of law
Compromise of 1850
Thames, Battle of the, Ont., 1813
Hemp industry
Slavery
Nativism
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Fugitive slaves
Europeans--China
Slavery--Political aspects
Steamboats
Protectionism
Opium trade
Land grants
Manuscripts, American
American
Hemp
Europeans
Occupation
Army officers
Lawyers
Representatives, C.S.A. Congress--Virginia
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Kentucky
Function

Person

Birth 1812-01-13

Death 1872-03-28

Information

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