Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892

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United States engineer and architect, Meigs served in the Army Corps of Engineers as supervising architect of the United States Capitol from 1853 to 1861, during which time the building was expanded with wings and the central dome was designed and constructed.

From the description of United States Capitol architectural drawings, circa 1853-1861. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 269260958

American army officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Hall Neilson, 1853 Nov. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270638404

Montgomery C. Meigs was an army officer and engineer. He was born in Augusta, Ga. on May 3, 1816. Meigs graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1836, where he studied civil and military engineering. Meigs was engaged in several federal engineering and surveying projects from 1836 to 1851. Between 1852 and 1860, he was supervising engineer for the Washington Aqueduct and for the U.S. Capitol dome and wings. Meigs served as a brigadier general during the Civil War and participated in the battles of Bull Run and Chattanooga. After the war, he supervised plans for the War Department Building. In a private capacity, Meigs designed his own house, a plan for the National Museum Building of the Smithsonian, and the Pension Building. Meigs married Louisa Rodgers in 1847; they had seven children. Meigs was a regent of the Smithsonian, member of the American Philosophical Society, and an early member of the National Academy of Science. He died in Washington, D.C. on January 2, 1892 and was buried at the Arlington National Cemetery.

From the description of Papers, 1856-1892, 1856-1860. (Winterthur Library). WorldCat record id: 84666039

West Point graduate and the Union Army's quartermaster general, dispatching men and equipment to the scattered battlefields of the war. His understanding of the north's overwhelming superiority in manpower and resources led Lincoln to make Meigs one of his principal military advisers. As a military engineer Meigs had already built the stone aqueduct that provided Washington with pure water and supervised construction of the Capitol's cast-iron dome. His son, John Rodgers Meigs also a West Point graduate, was killed in 1864 in the Shenandoah Valley and buried at Arlington Cemetery, which his father was instrumental in creating. Meigs was buried next to his son at Arlington.

From the description of Recollections of the relations of President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton in the military conduct of the Civil War. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 52751228

Engineer and army officer.

From the description of Letters, 1859. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70952991

Army officer, engineer, architect, and scientist.

From the description of Montgomery C. Meigs papers, 1799-1971 (bulk 1849-1892). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981184

Biographical Note

  • 1816, May 3: Born, Augusta, Ga.
  • 1832: Entered United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1837: Second lieutenant, Corps of Engineers Surveyed Upper Mississippi River
  • 1838: Survey engineering work, Delaware River
  • 1839: Duty at army headquarters, Washington, D.C.
  • 1841: Married Louisa Rodgers (died 1879)
  • 1843 - 1852 : Stationed in Detroit, Mich., until return to permanent duty in Washington, D.C.
  • 1852: Supervised construction of the Washington aqueduct for Great Falls, Va., and various United States Capitol improvements, including a new and larger dome
  • 1861, June: Appointed quartermaster general, United States Army
  • 1865, Apr. 15: Present at the death of Abraham Lincoln
  • 1867: Postwar illness and trip to Europe
  • 1882: Retired from the United States Army Began engineering work on the Pension Office building, Washington, D.C.
  • 1892, Jan. 2: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, 1799-1892, (bulk 1849-1892), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. ALS, 1864, July 9, City Point, Va., to Montgomery C. Meigs, Washington, D.C. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to [John A. Rawlins?], n.p., 1865 June 10. Texas Christian University
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Lewis Cass papers, 1774-1924. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Parsons, Lewis B. (Lewis Baldwin), 1818-1907. Papers, 1799-1908 (bulk 1836-1908). Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. ALS, 1857 Feb. 7, Washington, to M.C. Meigs. George Washington University
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. The National Building Musem [model]. Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn H. W. Halleck Papers, 1843-1896, (bulk 1862) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bancroft-Bliss Families Papers, 1788-1928, (bulk 1815-1875) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Additional papers of Montgomery C. Meigs, 1799-1967 [microform]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Meigs family. Meigs family papers 1848-1958 (bulk 1875-1910). Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery Cunningham, 1816-1892. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Hall Neilson, 1853 Nov. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Dana, James J. Office of the Quartermaster General circulars, 1868. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Rodgers Family Papers, 1740-1987, (bulk 1804-1932) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry S. Clubb letterbook; Payne and Swiney letterbook, Clubb, Henry S. letterbook; Payne and Swiney letterbook, 1836-1840, 1865 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. H.W. Halleck papers, 1843-1896 (bulk 1862). Library of Congress
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Letters, 1859. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Notes : Quartermaster's Office, 1863-1864. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Montgomery C. Meigs papers, 1799-1971 (bulk 1849-1892). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bancroft, Elizabeth Davis, 1803-1886. Bancroft-Bliss families papers, 1788-1928 (bulk 1815-1875). Library of Congress
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1861-1872. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. United States Capitol architectural drawings, circa 1853-1861. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Farnsworth, H. J. Letter from Captain H. J. Farnsworth to General Montgomery Meigs, 1865, Dec. 18. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Babcock, Orville E., 1835-1884. Letter, 1874 Aug. 21, Long Branch, N.J., to William Belknap. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn William T. Sherman Papers, 1759-1897, (bulk 1848-1891) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Meigs, Charles D. (Charles Delucena), 1792-1869. Meigs / Rodgers family papers, 1825-1866. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Barriger, John W. (John Walker), 1832-1906. The John W. Barriger papers, 1864-1867. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn King, Horatio, 1811-1897. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Ginery] Twichell, Boston, 1864 Dec. 5. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Rodgers, John, Mrs. Letter, April 17, 1865. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
referencedIn Lewis Cass papers, Cass, Lewis, papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Alger, Louisa Taylor, 1866-1962. Reminiscences, 1866-1962. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
creatorOf Wheeler, William A. (William Almon), 1819-1887. Letter : to M.C. Meigs, 1861 July 15. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn The Naval History Society Collection, 1721-1995 (bulk 1781-1936) © 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. ALS, 1879 April 1, Winona, Minn. to Father / M. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior. 1826 - 2009. Personal Letters Sent by Montgomery C. Meigs
creatorOf Anderson, Joseph Reid, 1813-1892,. Papers of the Rives family [manuscript] (1777) 1822-1945. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn King, Horatio C. (Horatio Collins), 1837-1918. Letterbooks, 1862 Sept.-1868 Nov. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery, 1847-1931. Family papers, 1866-1931 (bulk 1878-1891) Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Papers, 1856-1892, 1856-1860. Winterthur Library
creatorOf Davis, Varina, 1826-1906. Letter to Genl. Montgomery Meigs 1865 June? University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Army Continental Commands. 1817 - 1947. Reports
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General. 1774 - 1985. Letters Sent to the Quartermaster General
referencedIn Pollock, William, blacksmith. William Pollock letter, 1855 July 9. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
creatorOf Callehen, James, fl. 1864. Leadbeatter family papers [manuscript], 1861-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to [John A. Rawlins?], n.p., 1865 June 10. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. Papers of William Silliman Hillyer, 1822 (1861-1874) 1931, [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Macomb, Alexander, 1888-1970. Rodgers family papers, 1740-1987 (bulk 1804-1932). Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. Army. Dept. of the South. Records, 1862-1866. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Letters to E. M. Stanton and M. C. Meigs, 1862-1866. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Magruder, Thomas C. Letter, 1859. Historical Society of Washington, Dc
referencedIn Fox, Gustavus Vasa, 1821-1883. Gustavus Vasa Fox Collection, 1823-1919 (bulk 1860-1889). New-York Historical Society Library
referencedIn Kelly, Thomas H., 1841-. Thomas H. Kelly papers, 1865-1866. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gustavus Vasa Fox Collection, 1823-1919 (bulk 1860-1889) © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Clubb, Henry Stephens, 1827-1922. Henry S. Clubb letterbook ; Paybe and Swiney letterbook 1836-1840, 1865. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. ALS, 1861 Oct. 19, New York, N.Y., to an unknown correspondent. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Montgomery C. Meigs Papers, 1799-1892, (bulk 1849-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Colburn, Webster J. Letter, 1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior. 1826 - 2009. Records Concerning the Compensation of Montgomery C. Meigs
creatorOf Meigs, Montgomery C. (Montgomery Cunningham), 1816-1892. Recollections of the relations of President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton in the military conduct of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alger, Louisa Taylor, 1866-1962. person
associatedWith Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867. person
associatedWith Babcock, Orville E., 1835-1884. person
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 person
correspondedWith Bancroft family family
associatedWith Barriger, John W. (John Walker), 1832-1906. person
associatedWith Barton, William Eleazar, 1861-1930, person
correspondedWith Bliss family family
correspondedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868 person
correspondedWith Bülow, Bernhard Ernst von, 1815-1879 person
correspondedWith Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881 person
correspondedWith Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889 person
associatedWith Clubb, Henry Stephens, 1827-1922. person
correspondedWith Cluss, Adolph, 1825-1905 person
associatedWith Colburn, Webster J. person
associatedWith Dana, James J. person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 person
associatedWith Davis, Varina, 1826-1906. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Farnsworth, H. J. person
correspondedWith Floyd, John B. (John Buchanan), 1806-1863 person
associatedWith Fox, Gustavus Vasa, 1821-1883. person
associatedWith General Post Office corporateBody
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. person
correspondedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894 person
associatedWith Hutten, William R. person
associatedWith Kelly, Thomas H., 1841-. person
associatedWith King, Horatio, 1811-1897. person
associatedWith King, Horatio C. (Horatio Collins), 1837-1918. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Magruder, Thomas C. person
correspondedWith Manning, Charles P. person
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
correspondedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885 person
correspondedWith Meigs, Charles D. (Charles Delucena), 1792-1869 person
correspondedWith Meigs, Emlen person
associatedWith Meigs family. person
associatedWith Meigs, John Rodgers, 1842-1864. person
correspondedWith Meigs, Louisa Rodgers person
associatedWith Meigs, Montgomery, 1847-1931 person
correspondedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
correspondedWith Moltke, Helmuth, Graf von, 1800-1891 person
associatedWith Naval History Society corporateBody
associatedWith Nielson, Hall, person
associatedWith Parsons, Lewis B. (Lewis Baldwin), 1818-1907. person
associatedWith Patrick, M. R. person
associatedWith Pollock, William, blacksmith. person
correspondedWith Porter, David D. (David Dixon), 1813-1891 person
associatedWith Rawlins, John A. (John Aaron), 1831-1869. person
associatedWith Rivers, Alfred L. person
correspondedWith Rodgers family family
associatedWith Rodgers, John, Mrs. person
correspondedWith Seward, Frederick William, 1830-1915 person
correspondedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872 person
correspondedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 person
correspondedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869 person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
correspondedWith Totten, Joseph Gilbert, 1788-1864 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the South. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster's Department. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster's Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Pension Bureau corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia corporateBody
associatedWith Wheeler, William A. (William Almon), 1819-1887. person
associatedWith William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
United States
Texas
Washington Aqueduct (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
Washington Aqueduct (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
Washington Aqueduct (Md. and Washington, D.C.)
United States
Texas
United States
Maryland
Europe
United States
United States
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Europe
Subject
Architecture
Architectural drawing--Detailing
Buildings--Washington (D.C.)
Public buildings
Mechanical drawing
Steam-engineering
Buildings
Distribution of decedents estates
Aqueducts
Public buildings--Heating and ventilation
Aqueducts--Washington (D.C.)
Architectural design
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Structural engineering
Civil engineering
Military sketching
Architecture--Designs and plans
Civil engineers--Archives
Public architecture
Architecture--History--19th century
Aqueducts--Maryland
Occupation
Engineers
Army officers
Architect
Scientists
Function

Person

Birth 1816-05-03

Death 1892-01-02

Americans

English

Information

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