Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938

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George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., on 20 Sept. 1849. His father prospered after the Civil War with a wholesale dry goods business. He eventually developed an investment firm in which he hoped his son would develop an interest. While a student at Yale University, however, young Grinnell went on a fossil and dinosaur expedition to the west led by Professor O.C. Marsh. By 1874 Grinnell dissolved the investment firm his father had founded and moved to New Haven, Conn., to work with Marsh at the Peabody Museum. In 1880 he earned a Ph.D. in paleontology. Thereafter Grinnell devoted his professional energies to the West, exploring its land, people, customs, birds, and animals. He wrote books and articles, explored the land, lobbied governments, and researched topics of importance to the conservation and preservation of the West. He convinced his father to invest in Field and Stream Magazine, which George edited from 1876 to 1911. In 1885 Grinnell visited for the first time the beautiful, glaciated part of northwest Montana. For decades he worked to preserve the area now known as Glacier National Park, which was officially established as a national park in 1910. George Bird Grinnell married Elizabeth Curtis Williams in 1902 and she convinced him to write about his early expeditions to the West (1870-1881) for their nieces and nephews. George Bird Grinell died in New York City on 11 Apr. 1938.

From the description of George Bird Grinnell papers, 1915-1921. (Montana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70972289

George Bird Grinnell (1849-1938) was an editor, author, explorer, naturalist, and conservationist. He received his Ph.D from Yale in 1880, and was at the Peabody Museum from 1874-80. He served as naturalist with General Custer's expedition to the Black Hills in 1874 and with Ludlow's expedition to Yellowstone Park in 1875. He was an active member in various scientific and conservationist organizations, wrote various books and articles, and was editor of the publication, Forest and stream, from 1876-1911.

From the description of Papers of George Bird Grinnell, 1879-1951 (bulk 1905-1934). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122354222

American naturalist and conservationist.

From the description of A buffalo hunt with the Pawnees : autograph manuscript signed "Ornis", [1872]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270950295

George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York, on September 20, 1849. He received his B.A. degree from Yale University in 1870 and did graduate work there under O. C. Marsh, receiving his Ph.D. in 1880. From 1876 until 1911 Grinnell was associated with Forest and Stream magazine, becoming editor-in-chief in 1880. Grinnell was active in several organizations instrumental in conserving the American West and protecting wildlife. He was also an authority on the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and Pawnee Indians, and a prolific writer on Indian folklore and life, as well as on subjects relating to conservation. Grinnell died on April 11, 1938, in New York City.

From the description of George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702201188

Born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20, 1849. Received a B.A. and Ph. D. (1880) from Yale University. From 1876 to 1911 Grinnell was associated with Forest and Stream magazine, becoming editor-in-chief in 1880. Grinnell was active in several organizations instrumental in conserving the American West and preserving wildife. He was also an authority on the Blackfeet, Cheyenne and Pawnee Indians, and a prolific writer on Indian life and folklore, as well as subjects relating to conservation. He died April 1, 1938 in New York City.

From the description of Selected papers [microform] 1867-1923. (University of Montana, Mansfield Library). WorldCat record id: 42069406

George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20, 1849. He received his B.A. degree from Yale University in 1870 and did graduate work there under O. C. Marsh, receiving his Ph.D. in 1880. From 1876 until 1911 Grinnell was associated with Forest and Stream magazine, becoming editor-in-chief in 1880. Grinnell was active in several organizations instrumental in conserving the American West and protecting wildlife. He was also an authority on the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and Pawnee Indians, and a prolific writer on Indian folklore and life, as well as on subjects relating to conservation. Grinnell died on April 11, 1938, in New York City.

From the description of George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122568554

Grinnell (1849-1938), a naturalist and conservationist, was born in New York City and graduated from Yale in 1870. In 1870 he joined an expedition for fossil-collecting in Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming and Utah under the protection of federal troops and Pawnee Indians. In 1874 he accompanied General George Custer's expedition to the Black Hills and Colonel William Ludlow's expedition into the Yellowstone Park area in 1875 as expedition naturalist. He also later explored areas of Montana, Alaska and British Columbia.

Grinnell returned to Yale to receive a Ph. D in 1880 and was the natural history editor and eventually the owner of "Forest and Stream" magazine from 1876-1911. Grinnell helped to found the Audubon Society in 1886 and in 1925 was elected president of the National Parks Association.

From the description of Papers, 1870-ca. 1895. (University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center). WorldCat record id: 33975345

Biography

George Bird Grinnell, editor, author, explorer and conservationist, was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20, 1849. He studied at Yale University, where he took his doctorate in 1880, and was attached to the Peabody Museum from 1874 to 1880. In 1874 he served as naturalist with General Custer's expedition to the Black Hills, and in 1875 with Ludlow's expedition to Yellowstone Park. He accompanied the Harriman Alaska Expedition in 1899 in a similar capacity. An active member in a number of scientific and special interest organizations, he was especially interested in the New York Zoological Society, the American Ornithologists Union, the Audubon Society, the National Parks Association, and was a member of the Explorers' Club, the Authors' Club, and the Boone and Crockett Club. He was editor of Forest and Stream from 1876 to 1911, author of a number of books and articles on hunting, Indians, frontier life, camping and scouting, wild life, etc., and was editor and reviewer of many other publications. Grinnell died on April 11, 1938.

From the guide to the George Bird Grinnell Papers, 1879-1951, (bulk 1905-1934), (The Huntington Library)

An author, naturalist and explorer who was one of the nation's foremost advocates of game and forest conservation, George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20. 1849, the son of George Blake and Helen Lansing Grinnell. When he was seven his family moved to Audubon Park, a section of Washington Heights in which noted ornithologist James Audubon had his estate. Years later, Grinnell would be the organizer of the first Audubon Society.

Upon receiving his undergraduate degree from Yale University in 1870, Grinnell went west for six months with an expedition of the Peabody Museum at New Haven to collect vertebrate fossils. In 1874 General Custer invited him along as a naturalist on his expedition to the Black Hills.

Grinnell received a Ph.D. from Yale in 1880. His work, however, was concentrated mainly in the West where he became well versed on the Plains Indians, writing about the Blackfeet, the Cheyenne and the Pawnees. He wrote authoritative volumes also about game birds of America, particularly ducks, emphasizing the sharp decline in numbers and species. In his lifetime he wrote twenty-six books and edited eight more. From 1880 to 1911 he served as editor and president of Forest and Stream, a weekly periodical devoted to outdoor life. Grinnell co-founded the American Game Association in 1911 and was, at one time, chairman of the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife. He was also affiliated with the National Parks association.

In addition, Grinnell was instrumental in the creation of Glacier National Park in Northwestern Montana, a reserve of one million acres of mountain country. The Grinnell Glacier in the St. Mary's Region in Montana, one of his discoveries, was named in his honor. Throughout his lifetime he wrote extensively in defense of preservation and conservation. An extensive traveler and explorer until well into his seventies, Grinnell suffered a heart attack at his home in New York in July of 1929. Although the initial prognosis was grim he recovered slowly. Age and persistent illness kept Grinnell in the East during his final years. He passed away on April 11, 1938 at the age of eighty-eight.

From the guide to the George Bird Grinnell Collection, 1870-1970, (Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections)

George Bird Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 20, 1849. He received his B.A. degree from Yale University in 1870 and did graduate work there under O. C. Marsh, receiving his Ph.D. in 1880. From 1876 until 1911 Grinnell was associated with "Forest and Stream" magazine, becoming editor-in-chief in 1880. Grinnell was active in several organizations instrumental in conserving the American West and protecting wildlife. He was also an authority on the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and Pawnee Indians, and a prolific writer on Indian folklore and life, as well as on subjects relating to conservation. Grinnell died on April 11, 1938, in New York City.

For more information, consult: Dictionary of American Biography, Vol XXII, Supplement Two., or see additional information available in the repository.

From the guide to the George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Ditmars, Raymond Lee, 1876-1942. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Bendire, Charles, 1836-1897. Charles Bendire papers, 1874-1919 (bulk 1884-1896). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bates, Charles Francis, b. 1862. Charles F. Bates papers, 1866-1977. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Papers, 1888-1937. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. Selected papers [microform] 1867-1923. University of Montana, Mansfield Library
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Isle Royale papers, 1885-1955, 1921-1946 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Boone and Crockett Club records, 1888-2009 University of Montana--Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Margaret Terry Chanler family papers, 1815-1939 (inclusive) 1845-1939 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1915-1921. Montana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. Papers, 1870-ca. 1895. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Ellison, Robert Spurrier. Papers, 1833-1951. American Primers
referencedIn Frank B. Linderman Memorial Collection, 1885-2005 Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn William B. Mershon Papers, 1848-1943 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Audubon family. Correspondence, 1846 Nov. 17-1942 Jan. 28 (bulk 1898-1914). American Museum of Natural History
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Wister, Owen, 1860-1938. Papers and correspondence of Owen Wister [manuscript], 1890-1938. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Records 1895-1940. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
referencedIn Hammer, Kenneth. Robert S. Ellison, Walter M. Camp papers, 1864-1944. Denver Public Library, Central Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. [United States, Montana, Piegan Agency, Blackfoot Indians, 1897] [sound recording] / collected by George Bird Grinnell. Indiana University, Archives of Traditional Music
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. Papers of George Bird Grinnell, 1879-1951 (bulk 1905-1934). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn De Yong, Joe, b. 1894. Joe De Yong / Richard J. Flood collection, circa 1860-1975 (bulk 1910-1940). National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
referencedIn George Burritt Sennett papers, 1885-1899. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Farnam family papers, 1721-1941 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf George Bird Grinnell Collection, 1870-1970 Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn Charles Bendire Papers, 1874-1919, (bulk 1874-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Photographic Archives. Photographs, [ca. 1860]-1987, 1890-1930 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Robert Bigart's George Bird Grinnell research files, 1905-1929 University of Montana--Missoula Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn John Burnham papers, 1882-1977 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf George Bird Grinnell Papers, 1879-1951, (bulk 1905-1934) The Huntington Library
referencedIn Alexander, J. B. Letter : Sacaton, Ariz., to George Bird Grinnell, New York, N.Y., 1906 Jun 7. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Papers 1888-1937. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
creatorOf George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Garvan-Sheldon collection, 1796-1943 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Sheldon, Charles, 1867-1928,. Garvan-Sheldon collection, 1796-1943 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Wood, William Henry, 1844-1935. [Reminiscences of William Henry Wood : b. 12/19/1844, d. 5/5/1935, in his 91st year : dictated in 1927, in his 83rd year : typescript]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. Robert Underwood Johnson papers, 1889-1924. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Roberts, Thomas S. (Thomas Sadler), 1858-1946. Thomas S. Roberts and family papers, 1857-1947. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird 1849-1938. Two great scouts and their Pawnee battalion manuscript ca 1925 The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Sennett, George B. (George Burritt), 1840-1900. George Burritt Sennett papers, 1885-1899. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Montana History Conference (37th: Helena, Mont.: 2010). Proceedings, 2010. Montana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Wister, Owen, 1860-1938. Letter to George Bird Grinnell. Hot Springs, VA. 1907 Apr. 19. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Burnham, John (John B.), founder of the American Game Protective and Propagation Association. John Burnham papers, 1882-1977. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Alexander, J. B. Letter : Sacaton, Ariz., to George Bird Grinnell, New York, N.Y., 1906 Jun 7. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Farnam family. Farnam family papers, 1721-2002 (inclusive), 1850-1937 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Huntington Free Library. Native American biography vertical file [ca.1850-2000.]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Charles F. Bates papers, 1866-1977 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George B.,1849-1938. A buffalo hunt with the Pawnees : autograph manuscript signed "Ornis", [1872]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Schultz, James Willard, 1859-1947. James Willard Schultz letters to George Bird Grinnell, 1903-1933 (bulk 1903-1908). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Albright, Horace M. (Horace Marden), 1890-1987. Isle Royale papers, 1885-1955 (bulk 1921-1946). University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. Letters, 1907. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Barrett, Glen. Papers, ca. 1970-1980. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, J. B. person
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associatedWith Badè, William Frederic, 1871-1936. person
associatedWith Bannon, Henry. person
associatedWith Bannon, Henry. person
associatedWith Bannon, Henry Towne, 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Barrett, Glen. person
associatedWith Barringer, Daniel Moreau, 1860- person
associatedWith Bates, Charles Francis, b. 1862. person
correspondedWith Bendire, Charles, 1836-1897. person
associatedWith Bent, George, 1843-1917 person
associatedWith Bent, George, 1843-1917. person
correspondedWith Bigart, Robert person
associatedWith Black Hills Expedition (1874) corporateBody
associatedWith Black-Looks. person
associatedWith Boone and Crockett Club. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bowman, Daniel H., b. 1863 person
associatedWith Brooks, Allan, 1869-1946. person
associatedWith Burnham, John B. person
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associatedWith Burnham, John (John B.), founder of the American Game Protective and Propagation Association. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Chanler, Margaret Terry, 1862-1952 person
associatedWith Chews-Black-Bones. person
associatedWith Cross-Guns. person
associatedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. person
associatedWith Detroit News. corporateBody
associatedWith De Yong, Joe, b. 1894. person
associatedWith Diettert, Gerald A. person
associatedWith Ditmars, Raymond Lee, 1876-1942. person
associatedWith Eddy, John R. person
associatedWith Ellison, Robert Spurrier. person
associatedWith Evans, Mary. person
associatedWith Farnam family family
associatedWith Farnam family. family
associatedWith Fisher, A. K. (Albert Kenrick), 1856-1948. person
associatedWith Fisher, Albert Kenrick, 1856- person
associatedWith George G.(George Gustav), Heye 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Gould, George, 1898- person
associatedWith Grant, Madison, 1865-1937. person
associatedWith Grinnell family. family
associatedWith Grinnell family. family
associatedWith Grinnell family. family
associatedWith Grinnell, Joseph, 1877-1939. person
associatedWith Ground, Mrs. person
associatedWith Hallock, Charles, 1834-1917. person
associatedWith Hampton, H. Duane (Harold Duane), 1932- person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Hardy, Manly. person
associatedWith Hershaw, Henry W. person
associatedWith Hershaw, Henry W. person
associatedWith Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Hofer, T. Elwood. person
associatedWith Hofer, T. Elwood. person
associatedWith Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. person
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University, Bloomington. Archives of Traditional Music. corporateBody
associatedWith Indian Rights Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith Kipp, Joseph. person
associatedWith Kipp, Joseph. person
associatedWith Linderman, Frank Bird, 1869-1938 person
associatedWith Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942. person
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associatedWith Monroe, J. B. person
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associatedWith Montana History Conference (37th: Helena, Mont.: 2010). corporateBody
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associatedWith National Parks Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith North, Frank. person
associatedWith North, Frank. person
associatedWith North, Frank J. 1840-1885 Frank Joshua person
associatedWith North, Luther Heddon, 1846-1935. person
associatedWith Osgood, Wilfred Hudson, 1875-1947. person
associatedWith Perrine, James. person
associatedWith Perrine, James. person
associatedWith Phillips, John C. (John Charles), 1876-1938. person
associatedWith Rides-at-the-Door. person
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associatedWith Roberts, Thomas S. (Thomas Sadler), 1858-1946. person
associatedWith Robinson, Anna A. person
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associatedWith Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934. person
associatedWith Sennett, George B. (George Burritt), 1840-1900. person
associatedWith Sheldon, Charles, 1867-1928. person
associatedWith Shiras, George, 1859-1942. person
associatedWith Sitting Bull, 1831-1890. person
associatedWith Starr, George. person
associatedWith Stigand, C. H. (Chauncey Hugh), 1877-1919. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Stohr, A. C. person
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associatedWith Union Pacific Railroad Company corporateBody
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associatedWith Woodcock, A. J. person
associatedWith Woodcock, A.J. person
associatedWith Wood, William Henry, 1844-1935. person
associatedWith Yard, Robert Sterling. person
associatedWith Yard, Robert Sterling, 1861-1945. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North America
Wyoming
West (U.S.)
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
United States
North America
Glacier National Park
Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park.
Chester County (Pa.)
Alaska.
Alaska
West (U.S.)
British Columbia
Alaska
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
Pennsylvania--Chester County
Yellowstone National Park
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Nebraska
Montana
Subject
Siksika Indians--Music
National parks and reserves
Hunting
Periodicals--Publishing
Water resources development
Folk-lore, Indian
Indians, Treatment of--North America
Pioneers
Voyages and travels
Wildlife conservation
Conservation of natural resources
Cheyenne Indians--History--Sources
Scouting (Reconnaissance)
Forests and forestry
Siksika Indians--History--Sources
Pawnee Indians--History--Sources
Frontier and pioneer life--West (U.S.)
Birds--Research
Birds, Protection of
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890
Songs, Siksika
Environmental Conditions
Montana
Indians of North America
Indians of North America--History--Sources
Indians of North America--Folklore
Conservationists--Correspondence
Photographs
Pawnee Indians
Cheyenne Indians
Indians, treatment of
Indians of North America--Wars
Birds
Frontier and pioneer life
Journalism
Expeditions and Adventure
Occupation
Collector
Naturalist
Letters (correspondence)--United States
Conservationists
Function

Person

Birth 1849-09-20

Death 1938-04-11

Americans

English

Information

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