Cherokee nation

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Although the Treaty of Hopewell (1785) defined the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation and the U.S., Congress during the Confederation period was unable to keep white squatters off Cherokee lands. With violence escalating between Cherokees and settlers, particularly those of the "State of Franklin" (now Tennessee), Congress in Sept. of 1788 issued a proclamation forbidding white intrustion on Cherokee land.

From the description of A talk from the head men warriers of the Cherokey Nation at a meeting held at Ustinare ... : addressed to the Honorable Richard Winn Esquire, superintendent for the Southern Department in answer to a talk sent by him dated the 12th Octor. 1788, 1788 Nov. 20. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36526242

On October 25, 1805, at Tellico, the Cherokees ceded lands in Tennessee and Kentucky to the federal government, but reserved specified tracts for the use of the Nation.

The reserved tracts included one opposite South West Point, one at the foot of Cumberland Mountain, and one on the north bank of the Tennessee River.

From the description of Letter : Washington, [D.C.], to George Graham, Dept. of War, 1816 Mar. 22. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36524918

Encompassing 800,000 acres north of the boundary of the Cherokee Nation along the southwest border of Missouri, the Neutral Lands had been granted to the Cherokees by the Treaty of 1835. In exchange, the U.S. deducted $500,000 from the fund accruing to the Cherokee Nation.

Faced with a mounting public debt and interested in unloading a useless and unproductive property, the Cherokee Council voted unanimously to retrocede the land to the United States. The efforts of the 1852 Cherokee Washington delegation to negotiate the Neutral Lands' sale were ended when the secretary of the interior, Alexander H.H. Stuart, refused to consider the matter.

From the description of Letter : Washington City, to Luke Lea, Comr. Indn. Affairs, 1852 June 17. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36495963

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Wirt, William, 1772-1834. Letter : Baltimore, Maryland, to Daniel Webster, 1830 Jun 5. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Cherokee Nation Ethnic Heritage Studies Program - Tribal Education Project. Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies Library
referencedIn Cherokee Bread, fl. 1907-1913,. [Cherokee Bread manuscript], [between 1907 and 1913?]. Newberry Library
referencedIn Illinois. Governor. Correspondence, 1809-1816. Illinois State Archive
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Letter : Washington, [D.C.], to George Graham, Dept. of War, 1816 Mar. 22. Newberry Library
referencedIn Halifax, George Montagu-Dunk, Earl of, 1716-1771. Letter to Robert Dinwiddie, 1754 July 6. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Miscellaneous documents relating to Indian affairs [1846-1884] Northeastern State University, Tahlequah Campus, John Vaughan Library
creatorOf Keeler, William Wayne, 1908-1987. Papers, ca. 1875-ca. 1975. Cherokee National Historical Society
referencedIn Koels, Alfonso E. Reise von Saint-Louis nach dem "Fort Gibson" im "Indian Territory, Che-rokee Nation," und von dort weiter ... im Sommer 1850, [1850?]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn United States. Post Office Dept. 3-cent Indian centennial commemorative U.S. postage stamp 1948. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Contract between Leonard W. Colby and the Shawnee tribe of Indians in the Cherokee Nation and related documents, 1893 Oct 16-17. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Duncan, John Ellis, 1861-1947. Papers, 1879-1947. Cherokee National Historical Society
referencedIn Civil War collection, 1806-1882 (bulk 1861-1865). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Deane, Ernie. Major Ridge, December 1959 [graphic] / Ernie Deane [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Diary, 1867-1887. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. An act to define the status of freedmen and their descendents now resident in the Cherokee Nation and who were slaves in the country at the commencement of the rebellion 1881? The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Watie (Stand) Letters June 1924., 1838-1865 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Copy book 1836-1888. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Samuel Austin Worcester correspondence and provenance, 1826-1832. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Ballenger, Thomas Lee, 1882-1987. Thomas Lee Ballenger papers, 1730-1968 (bulk 1835-1968). Newberry Library
referencedIn Mead, Jeffrey Bingham. Dr. Marcus Palmer, Greenwich, Connecticut : missionary to the Cherokees / transcribed and edited by Jeffrey Bingham Mead, the Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, Connecticut. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. North American Indian missions records, 1803-1883. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Deane, Ernie. Stand Watie marker, December 1959 [Watie monument] [graphic] / Ernie Deane [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Letter : Washington City, to Luke Lea, Comr. Indn. Affairs, 1852 June 17. Newberry Library
referencedIn Contract between Leonard W. Colby and the Shawnee tribe of Indians in the Cherokee Nation and related documents, 1893 Oct 16-17. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1977-1995. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Washington, George, 1732-1799. Address to the Cherokee Nation, 1796. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Cherokee Nation documents relating to the proposed purchase of Cherokee Nation bonds by Edwin D. Chadick : Tahlequah, Indian Territory, 1893 Dec 13-1894 Jan 18. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. An act in regard to the East and West Rail-way Company : holograph, 1870 Dec 14. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Deane, Ernie. Markers and Monuments, Stand Watie Monument, Tahlequah, Okla. [graphic] / Ernie Deane [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Colby, Leonard Wright, 1846-1925. Report of the attorney for the Cherokee Nation at Washington, D.C., 1894 Dec 1. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Killen, James C., Mrs. Killen, Florence Fields, Papers, 1915-1981 (bulk 1958-1979) University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Wirt, William, 1772-1834. Letter : Baltimore, Maryland, to Daniel Webster, 1830 Jun 5. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bracken, Eugene L. The tragedy of Going Snake. Northeastern State University, Tahlequah Campus, John Vaughan Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Records, 1948-1976. Cherokee National Historical Society
referencedIn Cherokee Loyal League. Resolutions of Pin League to John Ross document 1864. Appalachian State University, ASU
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Articles of a treaty between the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians, 1799. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation report of the High Sheriff, December 31, 1875; January 1, 1876 and ending March 31, 1876 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Kansas Collection.
referencedIn Allen, Penelope Johnson, 1886-1985. Cherokee collection, 1775-1963. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Brown, Catherine, a. 1800-1826. Papers, 1819-1824. Morris Brown College
referencedIn Paul Wilson research materials, 1962-1995 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Kansas Collection.
referencedIn Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797. Plans et position a l'estime des forts Anglois, batis sur une des branche de la riviere Cherakis, 1758 / Selon le raport de plusieur deserteur a mr. Macarty. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation record book, 1902-1903, 1902-1903 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Buckham, Robert, fl. 1844. Letters from Little River Creek Nation, 1841-1844. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Colby, Leonard Wright, 1846-1925. Report of the attorney for the Cherokee Nation at Washington, D.C., 1894 Dec 1. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Brown, David. Letter, 1822 November 6, Andover, Mass., to Lydia Sigourney, Hartford, Conn. Connecticut Historical Society
referencedIn Kievit, Joyce Ann. Dissention in the Cherokee Nation 1860 to 1866 / by Joyce Ann Kievit. University of Houston, Clear Lake, Alfred R. Neumann Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. A talk from the head men warriers of the Cherokey Nation at a meeting held at Ustinare ... : addressed to the Honorable Richard Winn Esquire, superintendent for the Southern Department in answer to a talk sent by him dated the 12th Octor. 1788, 1788 Nov. 20. Newberry Library
referencedIn Lipe, DeWitt. DeWitt Lipe - Cherokee Strip papers, 1870-1913. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Miscellaneous letters, protests, court cases, appointments, etc., relating to Indian affairs [1836-1888.] Northeastern State University, Tahlequah Campus, John Vaughan Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Miscellaneous business documents [1832-1882.] Northeastern State University, Tahlequah Campus, John Vaughan Library
referencedIn George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. George G. Heye autograph collection, 1886-1928. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. The convention of duly enrolled Cherokees by blood in Oklahoma, Tahlequah, Oklahoma typescript 1948 July 30. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Cherokee Nation. National Council. Cherokee Nation National Council documents relating to legislation appropriating funds to reimburse J. C. Starr, 1902-1903. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Allen, Penelope Johnson, 1886-1985. Penelope Johnson Allen papers, 1930-1931. University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Library
creatorOf Cherokee Nation. Record book, 1902-1903. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Florida letters, 1837-1891. Florida State University
referencedIn Killen, Florence Fields, Papers 93-270., 1915-1981 (bulk 1958-1979) Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adair, John L. 1828-1896. person
associatedWith Allen, Penelope Johnson, 1886-1985. person
associatedWith Allen, Penelope Johnson, 1886-1985. person
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ballenger, Thomas Lee, 1882-1987. person
associatedWith Barnes, Henry C. person
associatedWith Bracken, Eugene L. person
associatedWith Brown, Catherine, a. 1800-1826. person
associatedWith Brown, David. person
associatedWith Buckham, Robert, fl. 1844. person
associatedWith Butler, Thomas, 1748-1805. person
associatedWith Chadick, Edwin D. person
associatedWith Cherokee Loyal League. corporateBody
associatedWith Cherokee Nation. Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Cherokee Nation. General Business Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Cherokee Nation. National Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Colby, Leonard Wright, 1846-1925. person
associatedWith Deane, Ernie. person
associatedWith Downing, Lewis. person
correspondedWith Downing, Lewis, 1823-1872 person
associatedWith Duncan, John Ellis, 1861-1947. person
associatedWith Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Ethnic Heritage Studies Program (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fletcher, Thomas C. 1827-1899. person
associatedWith Fogelson, Raymond D. person
associatedWith George G.(George Gustav), Heye 1874-1957. person
correspondedWith Graham, George, 1770-1830 person
associatedWith Gunter, John E. person
associatedWith Halifax, George Montagu-Dunk, Earl of, 1716-1771. person
associatedWith Harris, C. J., fl. 1893-1894. person
associatedWith Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Illinois. Governor. corporateBody
associatedWith Keeler, William Wayne, 1908-1987. person
associatedWith Kievit, Joyce Ann. person
associatedWith Killen, Florence Fields person
associatedWith Killen, James C., Mrs. person
associatedWith Killen, James C., Mrs. person
associatedWith Koels, Alfonso E. person
correspondedWith Lea, Luke, 1810-1898 person
associatedWith Lipe, DeWitt. person
associatedWith Little Turkey. person
associatedWith Lynch, C. L. person
associatedWith Mead, Jeffrey Bingham. person
associatedWith Meigs, John person
associatedWith Milam, Jesse Bartley. person
associatedWith Miller, W. L. G. person
associatedWith Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Morgan, Gideon. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Rodgers, Lovby person
associatedWith Sixkiller, Samuel person
associatedWith St. Louis National Bank. corporateBody
associatedWith Stuart, Alexander H. H. 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Tincup, James person
associatedWith United States. 1791 July 2. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Dept. of the Interior corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Post Office Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Southern Indian Dept. corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Walton, George, 1749 or 50-1804. person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Watie (Stand) person
associatedWith Wickliffe, John person
associatedWith Wilson, Paul E. person
associatedWith Winn, Richard, 1750-1818. person
associatedWith Wirt, William, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. person
associatedWith Wright, John L. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Holston River (Va. and Tenn.)
Tennessee
Indian Territory
Kansas
Richmond (Va.)
Washington (D.C.)
Tennessee
Washington (D.C.)
Oklahoma
Indian Territory
Oklahoma
Georgia--Calhoun
Indian Territory
Subject
Freedmen--Relations with Indians
African Americans--Relations with Indians
Manuscripts, American
Cherokee Indians--Treaties
Cherokee Indians--History
Cherokee Indians--Treaties--History--19th century--Sources
Cherokee Indians--Government relations
Industrialization
Cherokee Indians
Railroads
Cherokee Indians--Genealogy
Cherokee Indians--Land tenure--History--19th century--Sources
Cherokee Indians--Wars--History--18th century--Sources
Law enforcement. Indian Territory
Indians of North America--Government relations
Cherokee Indians--Government relations--Sources
Cherokee Indians--Social life and customs
Cherokee Indians--Legal status, laws, etc
Slaveholders
Sheriffs. Indian Territory
Cherokee Indians--Politics and government
Five Civilized Tribes
Cherokee Indians--Health
Cherokee Indians--Economic conditions
Cherokee Indians--Societies, etc
Freedmen--History
Cherokee Indians--Housing
Real property
Housing
Oklahoma. History. 1865-1898
Real property--History--19th century--Sources
Indians of North America--Economic conditions
Indians of North America
Debts, Public--History--19th century--Sources
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1893

Active 1894

Americans

Multiple languages

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65472p6

Ark ID: w65472p6

SNAC ID: 8145175