Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Worcester worked as a missionary for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions from 1825 to 1859, serving the Cherokee Nation at Brainerd Mission, Tennessee; New Echota, Georgia; and in Indian Territory [Oklahoma]. During the state of Georgia's attempt to remove the Cherokee, Worcester refused to cooperate fully and was imprisoned from 1831 to 1833. In 1835, he and his wife Ann moved to Indian Territory where he set up his printing press at Dwight Mission and later Park Hill. During his career, he published many books and pamphlets in Choctaw, Creek, and Cherokee.

From the description of Journals, 1831-1841 [microform]. (Presbyterian Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 57239741

From the description of Journals, 1831-1841 [microform]. (Presbyterian Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 57239722

Samuel A. Worcester went to Cherokee Nation in 1825 as a missionary, and established his mission in Cherokee territory. He defied an 1830 Georgia law that required white men in Cherokee country to take an oath of allegiance to the state and receive a license from the Governor, for which he was jailed. The case was taken to the Supreme Court, Worcester vs. State of Georgia, and Worcester won.

From the description of Letter : Penitentiary, Milledgeville, [Georgia], to Rev. Ebenezer Porter, Charleston, S.C., 1832 Nov 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702162453

From the description of Letter : Penitentiary, Milledgeville, [Georgia], to Rev. Ebenezer Porter, Charleston, S.C., 1832 Nov 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84410338

Worcester was a missionary who lived with the Cherokee Indians in Georgia. He worked on translating religious texts into the Cherokee language. He and fellow missionary Elizur Butler were sent to jail in 1831 for violating an 1830 law that forbade white person, except for those specifically licensed by the governor, to live among the Cherokees. Despite winning an appeal in the Supreme Court case, Worcester v Georgia, both served two years of hard labor. The intention of their appeal was not to grant their release, but to challenge the State of Georgia's jurisdiction over the Cherokee Nation as unconstitutional. President Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the Court's decision, but both were eventually granted clemency by the governor of Georgia.

Alice Robertson was a Congresswoman from Oklahoma, born a member of the Creek Nation. She also served as a clerk in the Indian Office in Washington D.C. and taught at several Indian schools.

From the description of Samuel Austin Worcester correspondence and provenance, 1826-1832. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64063662

Missionary to the Cherokee Indians, and translator and printer of the Bible and other works in the Cherokee language.

Worcester began his missionary work with the Cherokee Indians in East Tennesse in 1825, and moved to New Echota, Ga. in 1827. In 1831 he and Elizur Butler were arrested and imprisoned for violating a Georgia ordinance forbidding white persons to live among the Indians without taking an oath of allegiance to the state and obtaining a license. The case was appealed in 1832 to the Supreme Court, which declared the Georgia law unconstitutional, but Worcester and Butler were not released until 1833. In 1835 Worcester established the Park Hill Mission among the Cherokees residing west of the Mississippi in the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).

From the description of Letter : Park Hill, Cherokee Nation, [Indian Territory], to Rev. W.B. Sprague, Albany, N.Y., 1840 Feb. 24. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40998986

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Letter : Penitentiary, Milledgeville, [Georgia], to Rev. Ebenezer Porter, Charleston, S.C., 1832 Nov 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Letter : Park Hill, Cherokee Nation, [Indian Territory], to Rev. W.B. Sprague, Albany, N.Y., 1840 Feb. 24. Newberry Library
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Samuel Austin Worcester correspondence and provenance, 1826-1832. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Robertson, Alice Mary 1854-1931. Papers of the Robertson and Worcester families, 1815-1932. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Channing, William Ellery. Papers, 1803-1900. Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Additional papers, 1784-1924 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1820-1894. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Letter : Penitentiary, Milledgeville, [Georgia], to Rev. Ebenezer Porter, Charleston, S.C., 1832 Nov 12. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Journals, 1831-1841 [microform]. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
creatorOf Worcester, S. A. (Samuel Austin), 1798-1859. Journals, 1831-1841 [microform]. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions archives, 1810-1961. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records, 1937-1941. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
Relation Name
associatedWith American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith Butler, Elizur, 1794-1857. person
correspondedWith Channing, William Ellery, 1780-1842 person
associatedWith Cherokee Nation. corporateBody
associatedWith Choctaw Nation. corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Foreman, Grant, 1869-1953. person
associatedWith Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894 person
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Huss, John, Cherokee minister. person
associatedWith McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Porter, Ebenezer, 1772-1834. person
associatedWith Robertson, Alice, 1854-1931. person
correspondedWith Sprague, William B. (William Buell), 1795-1876 person
correspondedWith SWANTON FAMILY family
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Oklahoma
Georgia
Georgia
Indian Territory
Georgia
Georgia
Milledgeville (Ga.)
Oklahoma
Subject
Missionaries
Indians of North America
Civil disobedience--History--19th century--Sources
Cherokee Indians
Manuscripts, American
Cherokee Indians--Missions
Cherokee language--Alphabet
Prisoners--History--19th century--Sources
Cherokee language
Missionaries--History--19th century--Sources
Prisons
Indians of North America--Languages
Indians of North America--Missions
Prisoners--Correspondence
Cherokee language--Texts
Cherokee Indians--Missions--History--19th century--Sources
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1798-01-19

Death 1859-04-20

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w647489b

Ark ID: w647489b

SNAC ID: 41173706