Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870

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Army officer and author.

From the description of Papers of Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 1810-1873. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78216510

Soldier and author. During the Mexican War, Hitchcock served in Zachary Taylor's army of occupation and as Inspector-General on Winfield Scott's staff.

From the description of Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84926698

From the description of Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702150207

Ethan Allen Hitchcock was born in Vergennes, Vermont in 1798. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1817 and was a career Army officer. He served in the Second Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. A philosopher and scholar, he published several monographs, including Remarks Upon Alchemy and the Alchemists (1857), Swedenborg: A Hermetic Philosopher (1858), and Christ the Spirit (1860). His memoirs are collected in A Traveler in Indian Territory: The Journal of Ethan Allen Hitchcock (Cedar Rapids, Ia., The Torch Press,1930).

From the guide to the Ethan Allen Hitchcock collection on Indian removal, 1804-1896, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Ethan Allen Hitchcock, grandson of the American patriot Ethan Allen, attended West Point in 1817 and spent most of his life thereafter in the U.S. military.

He served under General Taylor in the Mexican War and held administrative posts with the Union Army during the Civil War.

From the description of Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, letter, 1845. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 23175331

Career army officer and author.

An 1817 U.S. Military Academy graduate born in Vergennes, Vt., Hitchcock served with distinction in various military assignments prior to his Jan., 1842, appointment as lieut. col. of the 3rd Infantry. Stationed at Fort Stansbury, Fla., Hitchcock was ordered in the fall of 1842 to reopen the Seminole War and to pursue, capture, and destroy the remnants of a fugitive Creek Indian band headed by the chief Pascofa. Exercising his belief that friendly negotiation was more effective than hostilities, Hitchcock dismissed two local volunteer companies and convinced the chief and his band to leave peaceably for Arkansas. Throughout his long army career, Hitchcock also studied philosophy, alchemy, and literature, and published several works on those topics.

From the description of Letters : Fort Stansbury, [Fla.], and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to Samuel Hitchcock, Burlington, Vt., 1843 Jan. 15 - Sept. 20. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 34916750

Biographical Note

  • 1798, May 18: Born, Vergennes, Vt.
  • 1817: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1824 - 1827 : Instructor, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1829: Commandant of corps, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1833: Offered governorship of Liberia by American Colonization Society
  • 1833 - 1836 : Frontier duty, Fort Crawford, Wis.
  • 1837 - 1840 : Indian duty, Northwest
  • 1841 - 1843 : General duty, Florida
  • 1846: Published, The Doctrines of Spinoza and Swedenborg Identified
  • 1851: Published, Christ the Spirit
  • 1855: Resigned from army
  • 1857: Published, Remarks upon Alchemy and the Alchemists
  • 1858: Published, Swedenborg, a Hermetic Philosopher
  • 1862: Commissioner for Exchange of Prisoners
  • 1865: Published, Remarks on the Sonnets, and Colin Clouts Commissary General of Prisoners of War
  • 1866: Published, Notes on the Vita Nuova
  • 1868: Married Martha Rind Nichols
  • 1870, Aug. 5: Died, Sparta, Ga.

From the guide to the Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers, 1793-1888, (bulk 1830-1865), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 60: Meteorological Project, 1849 1875.
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Letter : n.p., to unknown person, n.p., [ca. 186-?]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. Papers of Joseph Holt, 1817-1895 (bulk 1859-1889). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Letters : Fort Stansbury, [Fla.], and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to Samuel Hitchcock, Burlington, Vt., 1843 Jan. 15 - Sept. 20. Newberry Library
referencedIn Joseph Holt Papers, 1817-1895, (bulk 1859-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. C.M. Hitchcock leave of absense : by order of General Hitchcock, 1852 Sept. 28. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Hawthorne family. Hawthorne family papers, 1825-1929. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Letter, 1841. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Ethan Allen Hitchcock collection on Indian removal, 1804-1896 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Indiana Indian agents. Papers, 1835-1838. Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Letters: to John Canfield Spencer, 1842 Jan 9. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Letters, 1841. [microform]. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Emerson family papers, 1699-1939. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Ethan Allen Hitchcock letter to his brother Samuel, from Fort Jesup, Louisiana : ALS, 1845 June 14. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Remarks upon alchymists, and the supposed object of their pursuit : showing that the philosopher's stone is a mere symbol, signifying something which could not be expressed openly without incurring the danger of an auto de fé / by an officer of the United States Army. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers, 1793-1888, (bulk 1830-1865) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn California. Governor (1851-1852 : McDougal). Letter: to Brevet Brigadier General E. A. Hitchcock /by Governor McDougal, 1851 Dec 7. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gratiot, Charles, 1788-1855. Letter, 1828 Nov. 22, Washington [to] Col Thayer. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Nicollet, J. N. (Joseph Nicolas), 1786-1843. J.N. Nicollet papers, 1797-1843. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hough, Emerson, 1857-1923. Papers of Emerson Hough [manuscript], 1900-1920. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Augustus Mendon Lord collection, Lord (Augustus Mendon) collection, (bulk 1876-1908), 1778-1908 John Hay Library, Special Collections
referencedIn Library Of Congress, Manuscript Division. Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers.
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Melville, George W. (George Wallace), 1841-1912. Papers of George W. Melville, 1880-1911. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 1804-1864. Papers of Nathaniel Hawthorne [manuscript] 1659-1963 (bulk 1839-1864). Clifton Waller Barrett Library
referencedIn Letters to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1761-1904 (inclusive) 1820-1888 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn J. N. Nicollet Papers, 1797-1843 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn W. A. Croffut Papers, 1774-1933, (bulk 1880-1915) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Sprague, Achsa W., 1827-1861. Achsa W. Sprague papers, 1840-1862. Vermont Historical Society
referencedIn Hawthorne Family Papers, ca. 1800-1926 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Croffut, W. A. (William Augustus), 1835-1915. Papers of W. A. Croffut, 1774-1933 (bulk 1880-1915). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Ethan Allen Hitchcock papers, 1837-1839. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Kearny, Stephen Watts, 1794-1848. Letters : Fort Leavenworth, [Kan.] and St. Louis, Mo., to E.A. Hitchcock, St. Louis, Mo., and Fort Jesup, La., 1837-1845. Newberry Library
referencedIn Beaumont, William, 1785-1853. William Beaumont collection, 1834-[ca. 1879]. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, letter, 1845. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Edward Davis Townsend letter : San Francisco, to his mother : ALS, 1853 Dec. 13 and 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn United States. War Dept. Letter : War Dept., Washington, [D.C.], to Brvt. Brig. General E.A. Hitchcock, Comm. Pacific Division, 1851 May 3. Newberry Library
referencedIn William Roscoe Thayer papers, 1762-1927 (inclusive), 1872-1921 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Petition to Abraham Lincoln for exchange of officers held as prisoners of war in Texas, 1864. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Photographic Portrait File The Huntington Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Papers [microform]. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Papers of Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 1810-1873. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Archive of materials related to published versions and corrections to the book Christ the Spirit. University of North Texas Library, UNT
creatorOf Putnam, George Palmer, 1814-1872. Correspondence. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Transcript in the hand of Mrs. W.A. Croffert of excerpts from the diary of Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 1864-1866 [manuscript], copied 1933. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Robert Gould Shaw letters to his family and other papers, 1852-1947 (inclusive) 1855-1863 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Truman, George. Papers, 1844-1891. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
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correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
correspondedWith Herndon, William Henry, 1818-1891 person
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associatedWith Hitchcock, C. M. person
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correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Texas
Missouri.
Fort Jesup (La.)
Florida.
Florida
Alabama.
Mexico
Saint Louis (Mo.)
Missouri
North America
United States
Mexico
United States
Fort Wayne (Okla.)
United States
California
San Francisco (Calif.)
United States
Florida
Missouri
Oklahoma.
Fort Crawford (Wis.)
St. Peters (Minn.)
Florida--Fort Stansbury
Galena (Ill.)
Jefferson Barracks
California
Fort Wayne (Ind.)
Fort Gibson (Okla.)
Fort Leavenworth (Kan.)
Southern States.
Fort Leavenworth (Kan.)
Georgia.
Missouri--Jefferson Barracks
Mexico
Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
Osage River (Mo.)
Portage (Wis.)
United States
United States
Texas
Mexico
Council Bluffs (Iowa)
Fort Snelling (Minn.)
United States
Florida
Liberty (Mo.)
Subject
Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875
Indians of North America--Oklahoma
Indians of North America--Missouri
Indians of North America--Wars--1815-1875--Sources
Iowa Indians
Hermetism
Oto Indians
Scientific Method
Indians of North America--Alabama
Fox Indians
Military Bases
Pawnee Indians
Indians of North America--Relocation--History--19th century--Sources
Cherokee Indians
Soldiers--United States
Sauk Indians
Creek Indians
Fortification
Indian agents
Chemistry
Indians of North America--Treaties
Alchemy--History
Seminole Indians
Shawnee Indians
Creek Indians--Wars--History--19th century--Sources
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Generals--United States
Quapaw Indians
Omaha Indians
Meteorology
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842
Indian Removal, 1813-1903
Seneca Indians
Ojibwa Indians
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Campaigns
Creek Indians--History--19th century--Sources
Indians of North America
Creek War, 1836
Potawatomi Indians
Delaware Indians
Smithsonian Library
Soldiers--Correspondence
Occultism
Kickapoo Indians
Winnebago Indians
Indians, treatment of
Indians of North America--Florida
Dakota Indians
Osage Indians
Indians of North America--Georgia
Scientific publications
Philosophy
Choctaw Indians
Alchemy
Metaphysics
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indian dance
Manuscripts, American
Occupation
Generals--United States
Soldiers--United States--19th century
Indian agents--19th century
Army officers
Soldiers--United States
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1798-05-18

Death 1870-08-05

Americans

English

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