Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860

Variant names

Hide Profile

Quartermaster-general of the U.S. army, 1818-1860. Appointed commander of U.S., Georgia, and Alabama troops fighting the Creeks in Alabama, May 19, 1836, and of the army in Florida during the Second Seminole War, Dec. 6, 1836.

From the description of Letter : Tampa Bay, [Fla.], to C.C. Clay, Governor of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1836 Nov. 17. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 38110737

Thomas Sidney Jesup was a soldier in the U.S. Army. He rose to the rank of Major General. He served in the War of 1812 and was appointed Quarter Master General in 1818. In 1836 he was assigned to command U.S. troops and troops from Georgia and Alabama operating against the Creek Indians. In December of that year he succeeded to the command of the army in Florida. He was wounded in 1838 in a fight with the Seminole Indians, after which he assumed his duties as Quarter master General, a position he held for the remainder of his life. John Munroe was a Lieutenant at the time. He served in three campaigns against the Indians in Florida and in the War with Mexico. He rose to the rank of Colonel. He was the military and civil governor of Mexico, October 1849 - December 1850.

From the description of Thomas Sidney Jesup letter, 1822. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 85450345

T.S. Jesup (1788-1860) was a career Army officer. He served as Quartermaster from 1818-1826 and again from 1836 until his retirement. He served in Florida during the Seminole War (see DAB). He is responsible for setting up the office of the Quartermaster General.

From the description of Jesup bills and receipts, 1818-1826. (District of Columbia Public Library). WorldCat record id: 42712258

Army officer, from Berkeley County, Va. (now W. Va.).

From the description of Papers, 1787-1850. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19933907

From the description of Papers, 1787-1860. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41631482

U.S. Army officer and quartermaster general.

From the description of Thomas Sidney Jesup papers, 1780-1907. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81153358

General Thomas Sidney Jesup (1788-1860) was the third general to command Florida troops during the Second Seminole War. Jesup, a career military man, served 18 years as Quartermaster General before President Andrew Jackson called him to active duty during the Indian Wars.

He was assigned to go to Alabama, where he led a successful campaign to capture and remove hostile Creek Indians from the frontier. In Florida during this time, Governor-General Richard K. Call was having difficulties organizing and launching a campaign against the Seminole Indians. President Jackson directed Jesup to proceed to Florida upon completion of his business in Alabama and take command "unless General Call is in the field." When Jesup arrived in Florida in September of 1836, Call had finalized arrangements for a campaign against the Seminoles. Not willing to usurp Call's position, Jesup declined command but volunteered to serve under him. In December, however, the command was officially transferred to Jesup, and Governor Call returned to the duties of his office.

In a directive from General Benjamin Butler, then Secretary of War, Jesup was ordered to attack hostile Indians in their stronghold on the banks of the Withlacoochee and drive them from established posts at or near the mouth of the Withlacoochee, at Fort King, and at Volusia. Ultimately, he was to see to the "subrogation and removal" of the Indians. This "removal" referred to the migration of Indians to reservations west of the Mississippi River.

From the description of Diary, 1836-1837. (Florida State Archive). WorldCat record id: 32413159

Quartermaster General.

As Major General (1836-1838) General Jesup superseded Brigadier-General Richard Keith Call in command of the army in Florida, having at his command some eight thousand troops, after many exasperating experiences in which he was severely wounded in the face, Jesup finally took Osceola prisoner and confined him to Fort Moultrie until his death in January 1838. Relieved by General Zachary Taylor in May 1838, General Jesup resumed his duties as quartermaster general at Washington.

From the description of Papers, 1847. (Florida State University). WorldCat record id: 50678093

Biographical Note

  • 1788, Dec. 16: Born, Berkeley County, Va.
  • 1808: Commissioned second lieutenant, 7th Infantry
  • 1809: Commissioned first lieutenant, 7th Infantry
  • 1813: Commissioned captain, 19th Infantry Commissioned major, 19th Infantry
  • 1814: Brevetted lieutenant-colonel for distinguished and meritorious service at Battle of Chippewa Brevetted colonel for gallant conduct and distinguished skill at Battle of Fort Niagara (Lundy's Lane) Sent to Hartford, Conn., on recruiting duty
  • 1817: Promoted to lieutenant-colonel, 3rd Infantry
  • 1818: Promoted to colonel and adjutant general of the army Promoted to brigadier-general and appointed quartermaster general of the army Organized and defined the objectives of the quartermaster’s department
  • 1826: Acted as second to Henry Clay in latter’s duel with John Randolph of Roanoke, Va.
  • 1828: Promoted to major-general
  • 1836: Assigned to command United States troops and troops of Alabama and Georgia in the Creek War Assigned to command all United States troops in Florida during Second Seminole War
  • 1838: Wounded at Battle of Jupiter Inlet, Florida Relieved of command of the army in Florida by Zachary Taylor Resumed his duties as quartermaster general in Washington, D.C.
  • 1860, June 10: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Thomas Sidney Jesup Papers, 1780-1907, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Letter, 1823 October 22, Baton Rouge, Louisiana [to] Genl. Thos. L. [i.e. S] Jesup, Q.M. Genl., U.S. Army, Washington City. Bridwell Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf William L. Clements Library. Thomas S. Jesup collection, 1812-1917, bulk 1812-1858. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Diary, 1836-1837. Florida State Archive
creatorOf Lyon, Nathaniel, d. 1861. Nathaniel Lyon correspondence, 1851. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Creek Indian collection, 1798-1837. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Weedon, Frederick, 1784-1857. Family papers, 1818-1951. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Letter : [Washington, D.C.], to Thomas Sidney Jesup, n.p., 1849 Feb. 9. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Janin family. Janin family papers, 1735-1932. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Knowlton, Miner, 1804-1870. Letter, 1839 Sept. 17th [to] Gen'l T.S. Jesup, Quartermaster General, U.S. Army. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Sitgreaves family papers, 1801-1875. Library of Congress
creatorOf Blair, Jesup, 1852-1902. Blair-Janin family papers, 1850-1933. Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
referencedIn Thomas S. Jesup collection, Jesup, Thomas S. collection, 1812-1917, 1812-1858 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Kearny, Philip, 1815-1862. Letter : to T. S. Jesup / by Philip Kearny, 1848 Sep 12. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850. Richard M. Johnson : miscellaneous papers, 1814-1848. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas S. The Thomas S. Jesup papers, 1813-1835. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Kearny, Philip, 1815-1862. Letters, 1846. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States. War Dept. Letters, 1846-1847. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn O'Fallon, John, 1791-1865. John O'Fallon : papers, 1809-1850. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Jesup-Sitgreaves family. Jesup-Sitgreaves family papers, 1846-1919, bulk 1883-1902. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Henry Leavenworth letters, 1833-1834 University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Kanas Collection
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Jesup bills and receipts, 1818-1826. District of Columbia Public Library
creatorOf Records of the Adjutant General's Office. 1762 - 1984. Generals' Papers and Books. 1830 - 1884. Papers and Books of Major General Thomas S. Jesup
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Thomas Sidney Jesup papers, 1780-1907. Library of Congress
referencedIn Armistead, Walker Keith, 1783-1845. Letter book, 1824-1827. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Folsom, Joseph Libbey, 1817-1855. Letter : to Maj. Gen. Thomas S. Jesup / by Joseph Libbey Folsom, 1847 Oct 5. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. Edward Everett letter, 1831 Sept. 9. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Jesup, Charles Edward, 1835-1861. Cadet letters. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Zachary Taylor papers, 1814-1931. Library of Congress
referencedIn Ingalls, Rufus, 1820-1893. Letter : to Major General Thomas S. Jesup, Quartermaster General U.S.A. / by Rufus Ingalls, 1859 Jan 15. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Papers, 1787-1860. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. Letter to Thomas Sidney Jesup, from Washington, [manuscript] 1825 Apr. 19. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Papers, 1787-1850. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Ethan Allen Hitchcock collection on Indian removal, 1804-1896 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Thomas Sidney Jesup letter, 1822. Georgia Historical Society
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas S. (Thomas Sidney), 1788-1860,. Cutts and Lloyd families papers, 1790-1817. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ringgold, T. Letter : Fort Dade, East Florida, to Westerlo Woodworth, Albany, N.Y., 1837 Mar. 7. Newberry Library
creatorOf Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. ALS, 1832 August 15 : Fort Crawford Prairie du Chien, to Major General Thomas S. Jesup, U.S. Army, Washington City. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf DuVal, Benjamin T., 1822-1905. Benjamin T. DuVal family papers, 1816-1957. University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
creatorOf Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857. William L. Marcy papers, 1835-1854. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Zachary Taylor Papers, 1814-1931 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Papers, 1847. Florida State University
referencedIn Smith, Joseph Rowe, 1802-1868. Diary, 1837-1840. University of Florida
referencedIn Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. Letter: [Washington, D.C.?, 1846?]. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Letter, 1823. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Kirby, Reynold Marvin, 1790-1842. Diary, 1837-1838. University of Florida
creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867,. Lee family papers [microform] 1652 [1769-1870] 1890. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ingalls, Rufus, 1818-1893. Rufus Ingalls letter, 1853 Sept. 9. Maine Historical Society Library
creatorOf Beard, W. C. Fort Selden letters, 1819, 1821. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Jefferson Davis : miscellaneous papers, 1848-1881. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Jesup, Thomas Sidney, 1788-1860. Letter : Tampa Bay, [Fla.], to C.C. Clay, Governor of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala., 1836 Nov. 17. Newberry Library
referencedIn Croghan family. Croghan family papers, 1826-1883. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Thomas Sidney Jesup Papers, 1780-1907 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf United States. Quartermaster's Dept. United States, Quartermaster's Dept. correspondence, 1848-1857. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf McCall, Hugh. Papers, 1802-1824. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Croghan, William, 1752-1823. William Croghan : papers, 1788-1879. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. Letter, 1853 January, Boston, to Major General Jesup [n.p.]. Dartmouth College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Alabama. Governor (1835-1837 : Clay) corporateBody
associatedWith Armistead, Walker Keith, 1783-1845. person
correspondedWith Armstrong, John, 1758-1843 person
associatedWith Benton, Thomas Hart, 1782-1858. person
associatedWith Blair family. family
associatedWith Blair family. family
associatedWith Blake, Jacob Edmund, 1811 or 12-1846. person
correspondedWith Brent, Robert, 1764-1819 person
correspondedWith Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828 person
associatedWith Brown, James. person
associatedWith Call, Hugh. person
correspondedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866 person
correspondedWith Chase, Leslie, fl. 1847 person
correspondedWith Chase, Leslie, fl. 1847- person
correspondedWith Clay, Clement Comer, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
associatedWith Croghan family. family
associatedWith Croghan family. family
associatedWith Croghan family. family
associatedWith Croghan, William, 1752-1823. person
correspondedWith Cross, Truman, 1796-1846 person
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 person
associatedWith DuVal, Benjamin T., 1822-1905. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865. person
associatedWith Folsom, Joseph Libbey, 1817-1855. person
associatedWith Gardner, John Lane, d. 1869. person
correspondedWith Hancock, George, 1754-1820 person
associatedWith Heintzelman, L. P. person
correspondedWith Hetzel, A. R. (Abner Riviere), 1805-1847 person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 person
correspondedWith Ingalls, Rufus, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Janin family. family
associatedWith Jesup, Charles Edward, 1835-1861. person
associatedWith Jesup-Sitgreaves family. family
associatedWith Jesup, William C., 1833- person
associatedWith Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850. person
associatedWith Kearny, Philip, 1815-1862. person
associatedWith Kirby, Reynold Marvin, 1790-1842. person
associatedWith Knowlton, Miner, 1804-1870. person
associatedWith Lane, J. F., fl. 1834-1835. person
correspondedWith Leavenworth, Henry, 1783-1834 person
associatedWith Linnard, William. person
associatedWith Livingston, Edward. person
correspondedWith Loper, R. F. (Richard F.) person
associatedWith Lyon, Nathaniel, d. 1861. person
associatedWith Mackay, Aeneas, d. 1850. person
associatedWith Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857. person
associatedWith McCall, Hugh. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Fallon, John, 1791-1865. person
associatedWith Osceola, Seminole chief, 1804-1838. person
correspondedWith Parker, Daniel, 1782-1846 person
associatedWith Phillips, Joseph Augustus, 1805-1846. person
correspondedWith Pickett, J. C. (James Chamberlayne), 1793-1872 person
associatedWith Preston, William Ballard, 1805-1862. person
associatedWith Ringgold, T. person
associatedWith Robins, Brintnel. person
associatedWith Schley, William, 1786-1858. person
associatedWith Shover, William H., 1814-1850. person
associatedWith Smith, Joseph Rowe, 1802-1868. person
correspondedWith Stanton, Henry, ca. 1796-1856 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
correspondedWith Todd, John G. person
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster's Department. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster's Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Quartermaster's Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Quartermaster's Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Webster, Lucien Bonaparte, 1801-1853. person
associatedWith Weedon, Frederick, 1784-1857. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Tybee Island (Ga.)
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Tampa Bay (Fla.)
United States
Collier--12021
Alabama
Florida--Tampa Bay
Volusia (Fla.)
Collier County (Fla.)
United States
United States
Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)
Florida
Georgia
Florida
Washington (D.C.)
Southern States
Subject
Creek Indians--Removal
Creek War, 1836
Lundy's Lane, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Slave trade
Quartermasters
Seminole Indians--Government relations
Camels
Withlacoochee (Fla.), Battle of, 1835
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Military administration
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842--Sources
Shipbuilding
Invoices--History--19th century--Sources
Manuscripts, American
Seminole Indians--Wars
Chippewa, Battle of, Ont., 1814
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842
Seminole Indians--Wars--History--19th century--Sources
Seminole Indians--Removal
Indians of North America--Relocation
Occupation
Army officers
Activity

Person

Birth 1788-12-16

Death 1860-06-10

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fx7cxg

Ark ID: w6fx7cxg

SNAC ID: 59939978