Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878

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Gideon Johnson Pillow (1806-1878) was born in Williamson County, Tennessee. He practiced law with James Knox Polk (1795-1849), the 11th presdient of the United States. Pillow was appointed Brigadier General of the U.S. Volunteers in 1846 and later promoted to Major General because of his friendship with President Polk. He served during the Mexican War (1846-1848) and fought during the battles of Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, and Chapultepec. He was appointed Senior Major General of the Provisional army of Tennessee and later became Brigadier General of the Confederate Army in 1861.

From the description of Letter from Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1847. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122332622

Lawyer, U.S. general in Mexican War, Confederate general in Civil War. From March to August 1862 he was suspended from command for errors in judgement at Fort Donelson.

From the description of ALS : to his brother, 1862 July 20. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122380626

Confederate army general.

From the description of Papers. 1861. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 39208712

Gideon J. Pillow, a lawyer and politician, served as a major general in the Mexican-American War and later as a general in the Confederate army.

From the description of Letter, dated 7 August 1847, Pueblo, Mexico, to James W. Breedlove. (University of Tennessee). WorldCat record id: 59282295

Army officer and lawyer.

From the description of Letters of Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1847-1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450073

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Letter: to his wife /by Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1847 Aug 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Confederate States of America. Confederate States of America records, 1856-1915. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Ripley, R. S. (Roswell Sabine), 1823-1887. R. S. Ripley papers, 1846-1847. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Duncan, James, 1813-1849. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Nicholas Philip Trist Papers, 1795-1873, (bulk 1831-1848) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn De Lancey Floyd-Jones Letters AR491., 1846-1862, 1846-1848 Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library
referencedIn Thompson, Meriwether Jefferson, 1826-1876. Meriwether Jefferson Thompson letters, 1861-1862. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Papers. 1861. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Davis, Varina, 1826-1906,. Letters from Gideon Pillow and Varina Howell Davis, 1861, 1888. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Brayton, Mary Clark. Civil War miscellany, 1860-1875. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Letter : to his wife Mary / by Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1846 Aug 8. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876. Letter : to Gen. Gideon Pillow, 1861 September 7. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Blackburn family. Blackburn family : papers, 1840-1896. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Brown, John, fl. 1847. Letters : to his parents / by John Brown, 1847. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Haskell, Clinton H. Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection, 1841-1895. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Freaner, James L. James L. Freaner letters and other papers, 1847-1849. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Thomas J. Barclay journal, Barclay, Thomas J., 1846-1848 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864. Papers of Leonidas Polk, 1856-1868 (bulk 1861-1863). Library of Congress
referencedIn Eddy, Ira, 1866-1948. Ira Eddy family papers, 1823-1983 (bulk 1823-1851) North Dakota State University Library
referencedIn Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. Papers of James K. Polk, 1775-1891 (bulk 1830-1849). Library of Congress
referencedIn Fuller, Corydon Eustathius. Corydon E. Fuller journals, 1856-1859. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of War. 1791 - 1948. Letters Sent by Secretary of War William Marcy to General Officers in the Field During the Mexican War
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Letters of Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1847-1867. Library of Congress
referencedIn Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864. Papers, 1828-1871. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Letter from Gideon Johnson Pillow, 1847. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Buchanan, James, 1791-1868. Papers of the Trist, Burke, and Randolph families [manuscript] 1832-1886. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Floyd-Jones, De Lancey, 1826-1902. De Lancey Floyd-Jones letters, 1846-1862 University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Reilly, Thomas William. Tom W. Reilly collection, 1964-2001. California State University, Northridge
referencedIn Kirkpatrick, Pauline. Papers, 1856-1867 and n.d. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Pickett, George E. (George Edward), 1825-1875. Correspondence, 1861. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Cheairs and Hughes family papers, 1864-1926 : addition, 1988. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
creatorOf Jackson, Andrew, 1809-1865. Letter : to Maj. Gen. Pillow, 1861 October 19. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Parker, Lucien B. Parker family correspondence, 1834-1866. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902,. Political and military history papers, 1518-1864. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf War Department Collection of Confederate Records. 1825 - 1927. Papers of General Gideon J. Pillow
referencedIn Caleb Cushing Papers, circa 1785-1906, (bulk 1820-1878) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Cleveland, Moses A., 1822-. Diary, 1864-1865. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Wilkins, John Darragh, d. 1900. Memorandum and letters, 1846-1848. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Reynolds, Thomas C. (Thomas Caute), 1821-1887. Letter, October 10, 1861. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Confederate States of America Records 66-26; 95-094; 98-025; 2009-318., 1856-1915 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Arthur, T. S. (Timothy Shay), 1809-1885,. Washington Family papers, 1770-1883. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Thompson, E. J. Telegram, 1861 Dec. 12, Nashville, Tennessee [to] Gen. G.J. Pillow, Columbus. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn McCoid, M. A. (Moses Ayers), 1840-1904. Papers of Moses A. McCoid, 1859-1884. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Palmer, William Pendleton, 1861-1927,. Civil War miscellany, 1832-1910, bulk 1860-1866. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879. Caleb Cushing papers, circa 1785-1906 (bulk 1820-1878). Library of Congress
referencedIn Clinton H. Haskell Civil War collection, Haskell, Clinton H., Civil War collection, 1841-1895 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Barclay, Thomas J. 1825-1881. Thomas J. Barclay journal 1846-1848. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn White, Robert H. (Robert Hiram), 1883-1970. Papers, 1832-1970. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Norton, John Alston, b. 1845. John Alston Norton books, 1861-1865 [microfilm manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Trist, Nicholas Philip, 1800-1874. Nicholas Philip Trist papers, 1795-1873 (bulk 1831-1848). Library of Congress
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family papers, 1823-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Brown-Ewell family papers, 1781-1984. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn James K. Polk Papers, 1775-1891, (bulk 1830-1849) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Corydon E. Fuller journals, Fuller, Corydon E., 1856-1859 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. Letter, dated 7 August 1847, Pueblo, Mexico, to James W. Breedlove. University of Tennessee, John C. Hodges Library
referencedIn DeSaussure, William Ford, 1792-1870. William Ford DeSaussure papers, 1825-1868. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878. ALS : to his brother, 1862 July 20. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Fentress, James, 1837-1903. Talbot-Fentress family papers, 1817-1957. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Anonymous. Patriotic covers collection, 1861-1862. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896,. Civil War Manuscripts, 1854-1868. Porterville Public Library
referencedIn McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1820-1894. William Gibbs McAdoo papers, 1846-1847, undated. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Commentary on Winfield Scott's campaign in the Mexican War, [18--]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Catlett, Hanson, d. 1824. Figuers collection, 1764-1965. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Sanderson, Winslow F., d. 1853. Winslow Fuller Sanderson papers, 1846-1860. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Henry, Gustavus A. (Gustavus Adolphus), 1804-1880. Gustavus A. Henry papers, 1804-1895. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Lacy, William R. Letter, dated 14 November 1861, to Amarila Lemons. University of Tennessee, John C. Hodges Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anonymous. person
associatedWith Barclay, Thomas J. 1825-1881 person
associatedWith Blackburn family. family
correspondedWith Breedlove, James W. person
associatedWith Brown, John, fl. 1847. person
associatedWith Cleveland, Moses A., 1822- person
associatedWith Confederate States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
correspondedWith Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith DeSaussure, William Ford, 1792-1870. person
associatedWith Dreer, Ferdinand Julius, 1812-1902, person
associatedWith Duncan, James, 1813-1849. person
associatedWith Eddy, Ira, 1866-1948. person
associatedWith Floyd-Jones, De Lancey. person
associatedWith Floyd-Jones, De Lancey, 1826-1902. person
associatedWith Freaner, James L. person
associatedWith Fuller, Corydon E., b. 1830 person
associatedWith Fuller, Corydon Eustathius. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Haskell, Clinton H. person
associatedWith Henry, Gustavus A. (Gustavus Adolphus), 1804-1880. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, Pauline. person
associatedWith Lacy, William R. person
associatedWith McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1820-1894. person
associatedWith McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896, person
associatedWith McCoid, M. A. (Moses Ayers), 1840-1904. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Norton, John Alston, b. 1845. person
associatedWith Palmer, William Pendleton, 1861-1927, person
associatedWith Parker, Lucien B. person
associatedWith Pickett, George E. (George Edward), 1825-1875. person
associatedWith Pillow, Mary Martin. person
associatedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849. person
associatedWith Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864. person
associatedWith Reynolds, Thomas C. (Thomas Caute), 1821-1887. person
associatedWith Ripley, R. S. (Roswell Sabine), 1823-1887. person
associatedWith Sanderson, Winslow F., d. 1853. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Thompson, E. J. person
associatedWith Thompson, Meriwether Jeff, 1826-1876. person
associatedWith Thompson, Meriwether Jefferson, 1826-1876. person
correspondedWith Trist, Nicholas Philip, 1800-1874. person
associatedWith White, Robert H. (Robert Hiram), 1883-1970. person
associatedWith Wilkins, John Darragh, d. 1900. person
associatedWith Yandell family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
Charleston (Mo.)
Subject
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Psychological aspects--Sources
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Personal narratives
Chapultepec, Battle of, Mexico City, Mexico, 1847
Slavery
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Personal narratives, American
Occupation
Soldiers--United States
Slaveholders
Army officers
Lawyers
Slaves
Function

Person

Birth 1806-06-08

Death 1878-10-08

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6gt5kpb

SNAC ID: 22885055