Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855

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Born in Missouri, 1788, the son of Charles Gratiot and Victoire Chouteau; appointed to West Point by Jefferson; graduated from the academy, 1806 as 2nd lieutenant of engineers; captain, 1808; served with distinction in War of 1812; major, 1815; lieutenant colonel, 1819; from 1819 to 1829 erected forces of Hampton Roads, including Fortress Monroe; became colonel and principal engineer, Bureau of Topographical Engineer, Washington, in 1828; appointed inspector of West Point; held offices until Dec. 6, 1838, when he was dismissed for having failed to pay into Treasury certain balances placed in his bands; was clerk in the Land Office, Washington, 1840-1855; returned to St. Louis and died there in destitute circumstances May 18, 1855. Fort Gratiot, Mich, Gratiot, Mich, and Gratiot, Wis. were named in his honor. (from Appleton. Cyclo. Am. Biog. ; Dic. Am. Biog. --art. "Gratiot, Charles, 1720-1817" ; Heitman. Reg. U.S. Army, 1903 ed.) (blue index cards)

From the description of Charles Gratiot papers, 1814-1851. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 383860180

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Eveleth, William Sanford, d. 1818. Map of the island of Michilimackinac / drawn by W.S. Eveleth of U.S. engineers. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. Letters of Robert E. Lee, 1830-1860. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Joseph Wheaton papers, 1797-1839 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Douglass, David Bates, 1790-1849. Papers, 1814-1847. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1788-1855. Proceedings of a court of enquiry [sic] ... United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn United States. Congress. The Brooks-Queen family collection. Catholic University of America
referencedIn Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Papers, 1771-1922. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855. Charles Gratiot papers, 1814-1851. Detroit Public Library, Detroit Main Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1788-1855. Correspondence. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855. Papers, 1817-1861. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Biography clippings : "G" [surname] folder 1893-1993. Monterey Public Library
creatorOf Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. Letter, 1828 December 10 [to] Col. Charles Gratiot, Chief of the Corps of Engineers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Wheaton, Joseph, 1755-1828. Joseph Wheaton papers, 1797-1839 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855. Fort Holmes, Mackinack Isld., Michigan. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Gratiot, C. Papers, 1812 Dec. 30. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. Papers, 1774-1924 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1788-1855. Letter, 1828 Nov. 22, Washington [to] Col Thayer. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855. Fort Holmes, Mackinaw, Mich. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Harris, Harry,. Fortress Monroe papers and confederate and union letters, 1820-1871. Library of Virginia
referencedIn Dumas, Hipolite, d. 1841. Hipolite Dumas papers, 1813-1828 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Fraser, William Davidson, d. 1856. William Davidson Fraser letter books and Mexican War diary, 1837-1847. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn L'Ardoise, Elizabeth Bizet. Petition, September 15, 1778. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Swift, J. G. (Joseph Gardner), 1783-1865. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Fraser, William Davidson, d. 1856. William Davidson Fraser letter books and Mexican War diary, 1837-1847. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Cobb, James D., fl. 1809-1814. person
associatedWith De Russy, René Edward, 1790-1865. person
associatedWith Douglass, David Bates, 1790-1849. person
associatedWith Dumas, Hipolite, d. 1841. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. person
associatedWith Eveleth, William Sanford, d. 1818. person
associatedWith Fraser, William Davidson, d. 1856. person
associatedWith Gardner, John Lane, 1793-1869. person
associatedWith Harris, Harry, person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. person
associatedWith Irvine, Callender, d. 1841. person
associatedWith L'Ardoise, Elizabeth Bizet. person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Mackay, Aeneas, d. 1850. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Partridge, Alden, 1785-1854. person
associatedWith Porter, Peter B. (Peter Buell), 1773-1844. person
associatedWith Swift, J. G. (Joseph Gardner), 1783-1865. person
associatedWith Talcott, Andrew, 1797-1883. person
associatedWith Thayer, Sylvanus, 1785-1872. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy corporateBody
associatedWith Wheaton, Joseph, 1755-1828. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Wood, Eleazer Derby, 1783-1814. person
associatedWith Worth, William Jenkins, 1794-1849. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ohio
Michigan
Michigan
Fort Holmes (Mich.)
Fort Holmes (Mich.)
Subject
Manuscript maps--Facsimiles
Maps shelf
National Archives Maps
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1786-08-29

Death 1855-05-18

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SNAC ID: 46677506