Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849

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Soldier, U.S. Army; served in War of 1812, Black Hawk War, Florida War and Mexican War; commanded Western Department and later Eastern Department; at odds with War Department over frontier defense during most of his career.

From the description of Letter : Sand Hills near Augusta, Ga., 1825 Sept. 30. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 31023735

U.S. Army general.

From the description of Papers, 1815-1857. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 39352945

Army officer.

From the description of Edmund Pendleton Gaines papers, 1811-1845. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450374

U.S. Army officer, fought in War of 1812 and the Black Hawk War, sent troops to Texas in 1836 to protect settlers from indians, and was major general in command of the Western Department of the U.S. Army at the outbreak of the Mexican War.

From the description of Collection, 1821-1846. (University of Texas at Arlington). WorldCat record id: 30349358

Surveyor, lawyer, commissioned into army in 1799, eventually attained rank of major general in 1814.

From the description of Papers, 1828 (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 31802949

American soldier.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Moultrieville, S.C., to Major MacCall, 1820 Oct. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269573877

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, 1846 Dec. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269576995

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "Hd. Qrs." Augusta, Ga., to J. Hunter, Cashier, 1819 Oct. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269568713

Edmund Pendleton Gaines, army officer, was born in Culpepper, Va. in 1777.

Following years of service on the frontier and in the War of 1812, Gaines was promoted to brigadier-general in 1814. He later participated in the Seminole Wars, commanded the Eastern Dept. of the Army, and led a successful campaign against Black Hawk. Gaines was at odds with the War Dept. through most of his career especially in regard to methods of frontier defense. He died in New Orleans in 1849.

From the description of Correspondence : to Governor [Israel] Pickens, Alabama, 1825 July 4. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 37264930

Edmund Pendleton Gaines, army officer, was born in Culpepper County, Va. in 1777.

Following years of service on the frontier and in the War of 1812, Gaines was eventually promoted to brigadier-general in 1814. He later participated in the Seminole Wars, commanded the Eastern Dept. of the U.S. Army, and led a successful campaign against Black Hawk. Gaines was at odds with the War Dept. through most of his career especially in regard to methods of frontier defense. He died in New Orleans in 1849.

From the description of Correspondence : to Br. Genl. H. [Henry] Atkinson, Fort Atkinson, Missouri, 1822 June 12. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 37265124

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. Jacob Brown papers, 1812-1828. Library of Congress
creatorOf Mitchell, David Brydie, 1766-1837. David Brydie Mitchell papers, 1777-1843, bulk 1807-1822. Newberry Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Edmund Pendleton Gaines papers, 1811-1845. Library of Congress
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Autograph letter signed : New York, 1846 Dec. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Miller, Virginia. Papers of Leesburg, Va., families [manuscript] 1650, 1782-1926, 1961. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Butler, Frances Parke Lewis, 1799-1875,. Lewis family letters, 1827-1832. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Letter : to Chancellor James Kent / by Edmund Pendleton Gaines, 1847 Jan 16. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Pendleton, Nathaniel, 1756-1821. Nathaniel Pendleton papers, 1767-1867. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Harris, Samuel D. (Samuel Devens). Samuel D. Harris War of 1812 and Boston Fire Dept. papers, 1812, 1828. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
referencedIn Gaines, John Wesley, 1861-1926. Papers of John Wesley Gaines and Edmund Pendleton Gaines, 1793-1926, bulk 1835-1845, 1915-1925. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
creatorOf Records of U.S. Army Commands. 1784 - 1874. Letters and Orders Sent by General Edmund Gaines
referencedIn McCall, George A. (George Archibald), 1802-1868. Papers of George A. McCall, 1831-1853. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Darby, William. William Darby letter, 1815. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. Letter, 1824 July 1 [to] General Edmund P. Gaines, President of the Board of Vistors at the Military Academy. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Correspondence : to Br. Genl. H. [Henry] Atkinson, Fort Atkinson, Missouri, 1822 June 12. Newberry Library
referencedIn Bullitt-Chenoweth family : papers, 1786-1930. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Papers, 1828 Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Nathaniel Pendleton Papers, 1767-1867 @ 2011 New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Chambers, Talbot. Baton Rouge Barracks papers, 1821. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Documents relating to Indians on the Georgia frontier, 1820s. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Correspondence : to Governor [Israel] Pickens, Alabama, 1825 July 4. Newberry Library
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. Letters, 1818-1821. University of Florida
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Henry Wheaton, 1847 June 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Arbuckle, Matthew, 1776-1851. Matthew Arbuckle letter, 1817 Nov. 24. Library of Congress
creatorOf McCall, Hugh. Papers, 1802-1824. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Muhlenberg, Peter, d. 1844. Peter Muhlenberg letter, 1817 Dec. 3. Library of Congress
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Letter : Sand Hills near Augusta, Ga., 1825 Sept. 30. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Arbuckle, Matthew, 1776-1851. Matthew Arbuckle letter, 1817 Nov. 24. Library of Congress
referencedIn Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. Duncan Lamont Clinch papers, 1834-1859. Library of Congress
referencedIn United States. Army. Eastern Department. Orderly book of the Eastern Department of the United States Army, 1821 June 1 - 1828 July 30. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher, 1795-1864. Papers, 1812-1860. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Kearny, Stephen Watts, 1794-1848. Letters : Fort Leavenworth, [Kan.] and St. Louis, Mo., to E.A. Hitchcock, St. Louis, Mo., and Fort Jesup, La., 1837-1845. Newberry Library
referencedIn Military -- Fort Jessup. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Overton, John, 1766-1833. John Overton papers, 1790-1840 [microfilm manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Autograph letter signed : "Hd. Qrs." Augusta, Ga., to J. Hunter, Cashier, 1819 Oct. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Potter, Woodburne. History of Florida Hillsborough County Public Library Cooperative, HCPLC
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. Andrew Jackson papers, 1775-1874 (bulk 1785-1845). Library of Congress
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Letters, 1818. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Douglass, David Bates, 1790-1849. Papers, 1814-1847. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Randolph, Edward Brett, 1792-1848. Edward Brett Randolph diary, 1818 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Letters, 1845-1848. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Burt, Andrew S. The Andrew S. Burt papers, 1813-1915. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn McCall, George A. (George Archibald), 1802-1868. Papers, 1818-1864. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Andrew Jackson Papers, 1775-1860, (bulk 1785-1845) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Houston Endowment Texana collection MC042. 48149722., 1805-1936, (Bulk: 1839-1848) Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library,
creatorOf Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. Pickett's, History of Alabama and incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi: scrapbooks, [188-?-]-[ca.1919]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Campbell, George Washington, 1769-1848. George Washington Campbell papers, 1793-1886. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. Ethan Allen Hitchcock papers, 1837-1839. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Travis, William Barret, 1809-1836. Houston Endowment Texana collection, 1805-1836, (bulk 1839-1848). San Jacinto Museum of History
creatorOf Records of U.S. Army Commands. 1784 - 1874. Orderly Books of the Adjutant at Sackett's Harbor
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Collection, 1821-1846. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Bankhead, James, d. 1856,. Letters pertaining to Virginia [manuscript], 1821-1867. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Siege of Fort Erie by the British under Genl. Drmd. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850,. Letters to Benjamin Watkins Leigh [manuscript] 1819-1842. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf DuVal, Benjamin T., 1822-1905. Benjamin T. DuVal family papers, 1816-1957. University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
referencedIn United States. Army. Western Division. Circular, 1846 Jan 15. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. War of 1812 collection, 1813-1932. Gadsden Public Library
referencedIn Galt, William Richard, 1818-1892. Recollections of the Hermitage in 1828 [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Reuben T. Durrett Collection on Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley (University of Chicago. Library). Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1674-1912 (inclusive), 1776-1829 (bulk). University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Claiborne, William C. C. (William Charles Cole), 1775-1817. William C.C. Claiborne letters and depositions, 1799-1846 (bulk 1805-1812). Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Muhlenberg, Peter, d. 1844. Peter Muhlenberg letter, 1817 Dec. 3. Library of Congress
referencedIn War of 1812 mss., 1776-1879 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Inventory of the Samuel Erson Asbury Papers Texas MSS 00044., 1872-1960 Cushing Memorial Library,
creatorOf Call, R. K. (Richard Keith), 1791-1862. Correspondence, 1820-1860. Florida State Archive
referencedIn Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. General Jacob Brown letterbook, [microform] Apr. 17 - Aug. 20, 1814. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Papers, 1815-1857. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Records of U.S. Army Commands. 1784 - 1874. Letters Sent and Received
creatorOf Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849. Autograph letter signed : Moultrieville, S.C., to Major MacCall, 1820 Oct. 30. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Trowbridge, Amasa, 1779-1859. Amasa Trowbridge papers, circa 1813-1856. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. Correspondence, 1794-1814 (bulk 1804 June). New-York Historical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Arbuckle, Matthew, 1776-1851. person
correspondedWith Asbury, Samuel E. (Samuel Erson), 1872-1962 person
associatedWith Atkinson, Henry, 1782-1842. person
associatedWith Bodley family. family
associatedWith Brown, Bertram Erwin, b.1871. person
associatedWith Brown, Jacob, 1775-1828. person
associatedWith Burt, Andrew S. person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
associatedWith Call, R. K. (Richard Keith), 1791-1862. person
correspondedWith Campbell, George Washington, 1769-1848. person
associatedWith Claiborne, William C. C. (William Charles Cole), 1775-1817. person
correspondedWith Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. person
associatedWith Darby, William. person
associatedWith Douglass, David Bates, 1790-1849. person
associatedWith DuVal, Benjamin T., 1822-1905. person
associatedWith Eagle, Robert Nelson, fl. 1846-1855. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Galt, William Richard, 1818-1892. person
associatedWith Glasscock, Thomas. person
associatedWith Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804. person
associatedWith Harris, Samuel D. (Samuel Devens). person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. person
associatedWith Hopothlayohola, Indian chief. person
associatedWith Houston Endowment Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Hunter, J., person
correspondedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith Kearny, Stephen Watts, 1794-1848. person
associatedWith Kent, James, 1763-1847. person
associatedWith MacCall, Major, person
associatedWith McCall, George A. (George Archibald), 1802-1868. person
associatedWith McCall, Hugh. person
associatedWith McIntosh, William, ca. 1775-1825. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Mitchell, David Brydie, 1766-1837. person
correspondedWith Muhlenberg, Peter, d. 1844. person
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Nicks, John, d. 1832. person
associatedWith Overton, John, 1766-1833. person
associatedWith Pendleton, Nathaniel, 1756-1821. person
associatedWith Pickens, Israel, 1780-1827. person
associatedWith Randolph, Edward Brett, 1792-1848. person
associatedWith Reuben T. Durrett Collection on Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher, 1795-1864. person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Trowbridge, Amasa, 1779-1859. person
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Eastern Department. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Western Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Creek Agency corporateBody
associatedWith Wheaton, Henry, 1785-1848, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Georgia
Nebraska
Georgia
United States
Georgia
United States
Kentucky--Louisville
Great Plains
United States
Fort Atkinson Site (Neb.)
Subject
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Railroads--History--19th century
Manuscripts, American
Indians of North America--Commerce--History--1789-1869--Sources
Indians of North America
Military bases--History--19th century--Sources
Indians of North America--Alcohol use--History--19th century--Sources
Creek Indians--Government relations--Sources
Alcohol--Law and legislation--History--19th century--Sources
Creek Indians--Politics and government--19th century--Sources
General
Creek Indians--Treaties--History--19th century--Sources
Indians of North America--Government relations--History--19th century--Sources
Military planning--History--19th century
Indians of North America--Government relations--sources
New York Harbor (N.Y.)
Indian traders--History--19th century--Sources
Occupation
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1777-03-20

Death 1849-06-06

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6jd4wtz

SNAC ID: 22805669