United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs

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The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) was formed in 1824. An agency of the federal government of the United States within the US Department of the Interior, it is responsible for the administration and management of land held in trust by the United States for Native Americans in the United States, Native American Tribes and Alaska Natives.

From the guide to the Navajo Land, motion picture, undated, (J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah)

A Statistics Section was organized as a part of the Library Section of the Office of the Chief Clerk on March 8, 1909, to handle duties transferred for the Miscellaneous Division. In 1939 the Section, then assigned to the Office of the Finance Officer, was made a Division. It was abolished in 1947. The Statistics Division processed census rolls, reports, and statistical data, and compiled information for the ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.

From the description of Records of the Statistics Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122648479

Jones was a Commissioner at the BIA.

From the description of Correspondence, 1902. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 42427100

Established in 1885 to replace the Civilization and Education (Civilization) Division, this Division was responsible for school administration, agricultural and mechanical training, matters concerning law and order (including liquor suppression), and health, and sanitation. The Division by 1914 consisted of Employees, Law and Order, Health, Schools, Industries, Construction, and Statistics Sections. In 1926 the Education Division was designated the Administrative Division and was abolished in 1931, the Schools Section of the Administrative Division having become the Education Division in 1930.

From the description of Records of the Education Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122578392

The Finance Division, one of the original divisions organized in 1846, was responsible for administrative examination of accounts, appropriations, remittances, stock investments, settlement of claims, and generally for all matters involving expenditure of money for or on account of Indiands.

From the description of Records of the Finance Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122546855

The Construction Division was established in 1939, but a predecessor Division had operated from April 1908 until March 1909, when it became the Construction Section of the Education Division. The Division was responsible for construction and repair of schools, hospitals, agency buildings, water and sewage systems, housing facilities for employees, and heating and power plants. It functioned until about 1948 when it was replaced by the Division of Buildings and Facilities.

From the description of Records of the Construction Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122292114

The Forestry Division was not formally established until 1924.

From the description of Records of the Forestry Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122456538

The Law Office was established in 1908 under the supervision of a law clerk, formerly of the Land Division, and by 1911 was usually referred to as the Law Division. In 1913 the Heirship Section of the Land Division was transferred to the Law Division, which thereafter was chiefly concerned with probate work, and by 1917 was known as the Probate Division.

From the description of Records of the Law and Probate Divisions and Predecessors. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122554364

The Indian Organization Division was established in 1934 to supervise the organization of Indian tribes as provided by the Indian Reorganization Act (Wheeler-Howard Act) of June 18, 1934. In 1943 the Division became the Division of Tribal Relations.

From the description of Records of the Indian Organization Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122370704

The Division was established in 1885 in the Office of Education chiefly to supervise the education of Eskimo and Indian children in Alaska, but it duties were not limited to educational matters. Its representatives served as law enforcement agents, collected data for Government agencies, directed the Alaska Reindeer Service and supplied medical aid to the natives. In 1931 the Division was transferred from the Office of Education to the Office of Indian Affairs.

From the description of Records of the Alaska Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122640889

The Health Division was established in 1924 to conduct health activities formerly handled by the Education Division. From July 1924 until 1931 it was called the Medical division.

From the description of Records of the Health Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122457833

These records were created mainly by superintendencies, agencies, and nonreservation schools, most of which were discontinued and their records transferred to Washington, D.C. The kinds of records maintained by the superintendencies and agencies varied little between jurisdictions, although there are great differences in the quantities that survived. For the most part they consist chiefly of correspondence, frequently with indexes and registers to letters received and sent and to financial documents.

From the description of Field Office Records. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122578397

The Employees Section, known as the Appointments Section until 1911, was established in the Education Division on March 8, 1909, to handle appointments, transfers, separations, and promotions and other personnel actions of field employees. It was abolished in 1939, and the personnel work of the Bureau was centralized in a Personnel Division.

From the description of Records of the Employee Section. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86123306

The Rehabilitation Division was established in 1936 to carry out an Indian relief and rehabilitation program. Funds were provided through the Work Projects Administration, the Resettlement Administration, and its successor, the Farm Security Administration. On October 29, 1941, the Rehabilitation Division was consolidated with the Extension Division, but separate records for the Rehabilitation Division were maintained until 1944.

From the description of Records of the Rehabilitation Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122396365

Indian affairs, generally involving land, treaties, and trade, were handled by the Secretary of War before the Bureau of Indian Affairs was established in 1824.

From the description of Records [microform], 1796-1854. (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 38974660

Established December 5, 1930, as a successor to the Industries Section of the Administrative (Education) Division, this Division first was known as the Division of Agricultural Extension and Industry, but it was often called the Extension Division. It was organized to assist the Indians in solving domestic and economic problems through instruction and guidance classes, demonstrations, visits, and work supervision. Agricultural extension agents or the agency superintendents supervised the work at the agencies.

From the description of Records of the Division of Extension and Industry. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122292112

The Indian Emergency Conservation Work Division (IECW) was established May 22, 1933, but was renamed Civilian Conservation Corps - Indian Division (CCC-ID) when Emergency Conservation Work becmae the Civilian Conservation Corps on July 1, 1937. The objectives of the CCC-ID program were to provide employement for Indians and to accomplishe useful conservation work. An enrollee program provided training, recreation, and welfare for the Indians. CCC-ID fieldwork was terminated July 10, 1942, but the Washington office continued to operate in order to conclude its affairs.

From the description of Records of the Conservation Corps - Indian Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122515927

Zitkala is the Indian name for Gertrude Bonnin, 1876-1938.

From the guide to the National Council of American Indians records, 1926-1938, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

The Office of Indian Trade was formally established in 1806, although two Government trading houses had begun operating in 1795 among the Creek and Cherokee Indians. An act of April 18, 1796, which was reenacted from time to time with slight changes until 1822, authorized the President to establish Government trading houses or factories, and some 28 factories were in existence at different time under this system. Headquarters for supplying the factories and for receiving furs and peltries was at Philadelphia, and the system was operated mainly through the facilities of the War Department. In 1806 provision was made for a Superintendent of Indian Trade, who maintained a warehouse in Georgetown, D.C., and was responsible for purchasing and transporting goods to the factories until the system was abolished in 1822.

From the description of Records of the Office of Indian Trade. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86123298

The Board of Indian Commissioners was established June, 3, 1869, and given the right to inspect records of the Bureau of Indain Affairs, to visit and inspect superintendencies and agencies, to be present when goods were purchased for the Indian Service, and to inspect goods and make recommendations on matters concerning administration of Indian affairs. In its later years the Board limited its activities chiefly to inspections and surveys and to making recommendations. It was abolished by an Executive order of May 25, 1933.

From the description of Records of the Board of Indian Commissioners. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122391922

The Division was established in October 1885 to investigate claims against the Indians for depredations. In 1891 the investigation and determination of the Indian depredation claims were transferred to the United States Court of Claims. The Depredation Division continued to answer inquiries and to service records until it was abolished in 1893.

From the description of Records of the Depredation Division. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86133931

Established in 1846 as one of the original Divisions of the Bureau, the Civilization and General Statistics Division maintained information concerning Indian population, tribal wealth, missionary establishments, traders, and advancement in agricultural and mechanical arts and in schools and education. Later, responsibility for matters concerning depredation claims, conduct of the Indians, liquor control, intrusions on Indian lands, and field personnel was added. In 1881 educational matters came under its jurisdiction, and in 1885 it became the Education Division with all of its non-educational responsibilites assigned to other divisions. Since its records were transferred to the divisions inheriting its functions, the records of the Civilization Division are fragmentary.

From the description of Records of the Civilization Division. (Dana College, C.A. Dana-Life Library). WorldCat record id: 86118871

The Bureau of Indian Affairs was established in 1824 within the War Department, which from the establishment of the Federal Government had exercised jurisdiction over Indian affairs in their civilian aspects. Known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947 when it was officially designated the Bureau of Indian Affairs, it operated informally within the War Department from 1824 until 1832 when the Congress authorized appointment of a Commissioner of Indian Affairs. In 1849 the Bureau was transferred from the War Department to the newly created Department of the Interior.

The Bureau of Indian Affairs is responsible for most of the Federal Government's relations with Indians, including their economic development, education, and legal rights. The Bureau's responsibility has, however, never extended to all Indians, but only to Indians living on reservations or maintaining their tribal affiliation in some manner. Some tribes, particularly in the East, have been under State rather than Federal authority. The Indians and Eskimos of Alaska came under the Bureau's jurisdiction in 1931 with the transfer to the Bureau of the Alaska Division of the Office of Education, which had been established in 1885 to administer matters relating to the education and health of natives of Alaska. In 1955 the Bureau's health activities, including those in Alaska, were transferred to the Public Health Service.

In 1824 the Bureau inherited a well-established system of Indian superintendencies and agencies, and the basic organizational structure has remained unchanged. The Bureau now consists of the central office, area offices, and field installations including Indian agencies, boarding schools, and irrigation projects.

From the description of Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Records Group 75). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122355269

Bureau of Indian Affairs program to relocate Native Americans to urban areas.

Beginning with the Navajo-Hopi rehabilitation project in 1948, the BIA urban relocation program was expanded to other tribes in 1950. In addition to placing relocation officers at reservation agencies, the Bureau opened urban field offices in Denver, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles, and Chicago by 1951, and later added offices in St. Louis, Oakland, San Jose, San Francisco, Dallas, and Cleveland. The program provided transportation, job placement, subsistence funds, counseling, and vocational training (added in 1956) for urban migrants.

From the description of Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian relocation records, 1936-1975, (bulk 1956-1958). (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 47721986

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Altschuler, Constance Wynn. Constance Wynn Altschuler collection, 1965-1996. Arizona State University Libraries
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creatorOf Pawnee Business Council. Reading file, 1970-1990. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Bureau of Indian Affairs collection, 1689-1859. Museum of New Mexico Library
referencedIn Holst, John Henry, 1873-. The Navajos and the Indian Bureau, ca. 1950. University of Arizona Libraries
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creatorOf Navajo Land, motion picture, undated J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahAudio Visual Archives
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Law and Probate Divisions and Predecessors. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
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referencedIn Indian Schools collection, 1929-1945. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
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referencedIn United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Indian appropriations : [Washington, D. C.], 1870-1909. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Land Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Alaska file : a selection of letters and a report from the U.S. Bureau of Education teachers in Alaska, 1903-1932. Alaska State Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Correspondence, 1902. Clarke Historical Library
referencedIn Liebel collection, 1939. Anchorage Museum Atwood Resource Center, ANCHORAGE MUSEUM OF HIST & ART LI
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-81 [microform] : Florida Superintendency. 1828-1838. University of Miami, Otto G. Richter Library
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referencedIn Sokaogon Chippewa Community. Tribal archives project collection, 1851-1980. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
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referencedIn Society of American Indians. Records, 1911-1916. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Register of Indian Families at the Nez Perce Agency, 1884-1909. University of Idaho Library
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referencedIn Wounded Knee Legal Defense/Offense Committee records., 1966-1990 . Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Conservation Corps - Indian Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. United States Bureau of Indian Affairs photograph collection [graphic] : Alaska "Good Friday" Earthquake, 1964. Alaska State Library
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Selected documents.[Letters received 1846-1878.]. [microfilm]. Utah Division of State History, Utah Historical Society
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creatorOf Price, Robert E.,. Alaska Native rights and history collection, 1741-1990. Alaska State Library
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referencedIn Indian Affairs - Florida Seminoles Collection, 1820-1974, 1881-1947 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
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creatorOf Holbrook, Bernard D. Field notes of the boundary lines of the Pawnee Indian Reserve under the Treaty of September 24th 1857 [microform] / surveyed in pursuance of instructions issued July 12th 1858, by Bernard D. Holbrook. Newberry Library
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creatorOf Garrison, Hazle Dean Shields, d. 1953. Correspondence of Hazle Deane Shields Garrison [manuscript] 1923-1935. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Education Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. A true copy of the record of the official proceedings at the council in the Walla Walla Valley [manuscripts], 1855. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Newell, Robert, 1807-1869. Collection of biographical materials of Robert Newell, including his 1868 diary, 1863-1931. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Quinn, Rex (Reginald W.). Papers, 1892-1970, (bulk 1950-1968). University of Florida
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Index to Register of Families in the Nez Perce Agency, 1909?. University of Idaho Library
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creatorOf Pawnee Business Council. Reading file, 1990. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
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creatorOf Minnesota Chippewa Tribe. 1964 tribal leadership training program / Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, B.I.A. Bemidji State University, A.C. Clark Library
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referencedIn IAIA Records--Compiled by Chuck Dailey, 1961, 1961 Institute of American Indian Arts
creatorOf Schuyler, James D. (James Dix), 1848-1912. Report on the Zuni Dam and Reservoir, in McKinley Co., N.M., under construction by the U.S. Indian Bureau, for irrigation storage / by James D. Schuyler. Water Resources Collections and Archives, WRCA
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Office of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior presents... : typescript, [ca. 1935]. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-81 [microform] : Florida Superintendency. 1838-1850. University of Miami, Otto G. Richter Library
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creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Employee Section. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Cartographic Records. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf Taylor, Walter, 1918-. Walter Taylor papers, 1854-1968 bulk 1959-1968. Haverford College Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Indian Organization Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
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creatorOf Shen, Hsieh Wen, 1931-. Inventory of dams related to Indian communities in Northern California / principal investigator, Hsieh Wen Shen [and] Gary Nakamura. Water Resources Collections and Archives, WRCA
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creatorOf Emmons, Glenn Leonidas, 1895-1980. Papers, 1922-1974 (bulk 1953-1960). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Paul Wilhelm Collection, 1936-86 Agua Caliente Cultural Museum
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Selected files regarding Minnesota Chippewa agencies, 1890-1939. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
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referencedIn John Collier papers, 1910-1987 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn AURA - Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated, 1983-1984 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
creatorOf Walker, John C. Conservation survey of the Southern Ute allotments : La Plata River Basin, Colorado / prepared by John C. Walker, Soil Scientist. Fort Lewis College, John F. Reed Library
referencedIn Young, Robert W., 1912-2007. Papers, 1860-2003 (bulk 1823-1980). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Lyman, June K., 1912-. The June K. Lyman papers. 1930-2007. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Osage Indian Agency allotment schedules, 1906-1909 (e. 178) [microform] Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Worth Library
referencedIn Milroy, Robert Huston, 1816-1890. Robert H. Milroy's correspondence, 1872-1880. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
referencedIn Myer, Dillon S. (Dillon Seymour), 1891-. Papers, 1934-1966. Harry S Truman Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Chippewa of Michigan land records : track books no. 46, 46A, 46B & 46F. Library of Michigan
referencedIn Winner, Lee B., 1921- . Papers, 1939-1984. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Sherman, George D. Letters, 1880-1881. American Primers
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referencedIn Adams, Henry, 1944-. Hank Adams papers, 1958-1978. Princeton University Library
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referencedIn Fort Mohave Industrial School. Fort Mohave Industrial School records. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
referencedIn Chapman, Michael, Menominee tribal official. Native American Educational Services Michael Chapman papers, 1985-2003 (inclusive) University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Thomas, Elmer, 1876-1965. Congressional papers, 1900-1954, bulk 1927-1950. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
referencedIn Frank L. Benepe Records, 1880-1893 Montana State University-Bozeman Library, Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
creatorOf Collier, John, 1884-1968. John Collier papers, 1932-1936, [microform] New Mexico State Library
referencedIn Slidell, John, 1793-1871. John Slidell letters and miscellany, 1844-1861. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Wayne D. Criddle photograph collection, 1960-1975 Utah State University. Special Collections and ArchivesPhotograph Collection
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Alaska Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Bureau of Indian Affairs Indian relocation records, 1936-1975, (bulk 1956-1958). Newberry Library
creatorOf Albert, Carl Bert, 1908-2000. Congressional papers, 1910-1998, bulk 1946-1998. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. Tribal Planner. Records, 1983-1984. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
creatorOf Pelcyger, Robert S. Pyramid Lake Tribe's comments and additions to 3/16/87 'Issues and options.' Water Resources Collections and Archives, WRCA
referencedIn Connelly, O. C. Photograph album, 1938-1941. UAA/APU Consortium Library, Consortium Library
referencedIn William Medill Papers, 1834-1864 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Zimmerman, William, 1890-1967. Papers, 1933-1976. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
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creatorOf Heard Museum. Churchill roll, 1907-1908 : statements by applicants for enrollment. The Heard Museum Library
referencedIn New Mexico Indian Education Association Records, 1981-2009, 1990-1995 Institute of American Indian Arts
creatorOf Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010. Possessory rights of the Natives of southeastern Alaska : a detailed analysis of the early and present territory used and occupied by the Natives of southeastern Alaska, except the Natives of the village of Kake (partially treated), Hydaburg, and Klawock : a report to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs / by Walter R. Goldschmidt and Theodore H. Haas. Alaska State Library
referencedIn Campbell, Millard. Millard Campbell collection of John B. Campbell papers, 1847-1905 Mid-Continent Public Library, Administrative Headquarters
referencedIn Native American Church of North America. Native American Church certificate of incorporation and letter, 1918-1937. Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Health Division. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
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referencedIn Wilbur, Rueben Augustine. Rueben Wilbur Augustine papers, 1867-1897, 1871-1880. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf United States. National Archives and Records Service. Fort Madison factory [microform] (also known as Le Moin and Belle Vue) : miscellaneous accounts, 1808-1815. Loras College
referencedIn James E. Curry papers, 1932-1958 National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.). Archive Center
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. List of enrolled California Indians entitled to a percapita payment ... California State University, Chico, Chico State
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records [microform], 1796-1854. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
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creatorOf Tamarin, Alfred H. Alfred Tamarin papers, 1968-1975. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Minnesota. Dept. of Human Rights. Records, 1947-1987 (bulk 1955-1979). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Superintendents' annual narrative and statistical reports from field jurisdictions of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1907-1938 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1793-1999. Reports of Indian Schools, 1941-1949. National Archives at Riverside (U.S.)
referencedIn George P. Hammond collection, 1933-1956. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
creatorOf Hagerman, Herbert James, 1871-1935. Herbert J. Hagerman papers, 1924-1932. New Mexico State Library
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Records of the Division of Extension and Industry. National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration
referencedIn Boldt, George H. (George Hugo), 1903-1984. Papers, [18--]-[19--]. Washington State Historical Society
referencedIn Pawnee Business Council. Records, 1949-1974. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
creatorOf Bureau of Indian Affairs Collection, 1689-1859 Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library.
referencedIn Herbert J. Hagerman Papers, 1924-1932 New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. Testimony of Indian school and reservation superintendents in regard to a law and order bill, 1930. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Finzel, Roger A. American Indian Movement papers, 1965-1995 (bulk 1973-1979). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Sadovich, Maryellen Vallier. [Papers] / Maryellen Vallier Sadovich. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
creatorOf Cunningham, E. E. Survey field notes, Pawnee trust lands, 1872 [microform]. Newberry Library
creatorOf Pawnee Business Council. Reading file, 1989. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
creatorOf United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Las Vegas Paiute tribal archives : 1911-1976. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Libraries
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referencedIn Carson, Kit, 1809-1868. Papers, 1854-1867. American Primers
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referencedIn The Big Chance, motion picture, 1968 J. Willard Marriott Library, University of UtahAudio Visual Archives
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Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry, 1944- person
associatedWith Albert, Carl Bert, 1908-2000. person
associatedWith Allen, Don B. person
associatedWith Allen, Terry D. person
associatedWith Aller, Robert person
associatedWith Allison, William B. (William Boyd), 1829-1908. person
associatedWith Altschuler, Constance Wynn. person
associatedWith Altshuler, Constance, person
associatedWith American Indian Defense Association corporateBody
associatedWith American Indian Tribal Court Judges Association corporateBody
associatedWith Ammon Hennacy and Associates. corporateBody
associatedWith Arny, W. F. M. (William Frederick Milton), 1813-1881 person
associatedWith Arrow, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Association on American Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Atwood, Stella M. person
associatedWith Ayer, Harry Darius, 1878-1966. person
associatedWith Baasch, Hans H. person
associatedWith Bailey, Josiah William, 1873-1946 person
associatedWith Barry, Edward E. person
associatedWith Bartholet, Suzanne Erwin, 1884-1973. person
associatedWith Benepe, Frank L., b. 1851 person
associatedWith Benepe, Frank L., b. 1851. person
associatedWith Bentzin, David A. (David Allan), 1936- person
associatedWith Bergen, Knute W., 1895-1968 person
correspondedWith Blumer, Thomas J., 1937- person
associatedWith Boldt, George H. (George Hugo), 1903-1984. person
associatedWith Bonnin, Raymond, 1880-1942 person
associatedWith Broen, P. J. (Philip J.), person
associatedWith Brown, Joseph Renshaw, 1805-1870. person
associatedWith Brown, Orlando, 1801-1867. person
associatedWith Brown, Samuel J., 1844-1925. person
associatedWith Brunot Family. family
associatedWith Carleton, James Henry, 1814-1873 person
associatedWith Carson, Kit, 1809-1868. person
associatedWith Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866. person
associatedWith Chapman, Michael, Menominee tribal official. person
associatedWith Charles, John. person
associatedWith Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, William, 1770-1838. person
associatedWith Collier, John, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Colorado River Indian Agency. Arizona. corporateBody
associatedWith Connelly, O. C. person
associatedWith Crawford, Thomas Hartley, 1786-1863. person
correspondedWith Crawford, William James, 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Criddle, Wayne D., 1914- person
associatedWith Curry, James E., 1907-1972 person
associatedWith De Cost, Smith 1864-1939. person
associatedWith Delano, Columbus, 1809-1896. person
associatedWith Del Monte, H. D. person
associatedWith Denver, James William, 1817-1892. person
associatedWith DePoe, Robert R. person
correspondedWith Dole, William P., ca. 1818-1889. person
associatedWith Dowling, John, ca. 1808-1878. person
associatedWith Downs, Thomas, 1845-1911. person
associatedWith Dudley, L. Edwin. person
associatedWith Echohawk, Larry person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Emmons, Glenn Leonidas, 1895-1980. person
associatedWith Federal Records Center (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Finzel, Roger A. person
associatedWith Finzel, Roger A. person
associatedWith Flecther, Alice C. 1838-1923. person
associatedWith Fletcher, Alice C. 1838-1923. person
associatedWith Ford, Ed. person
associatedWith Fort Apache (Ariz.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fort Mohave Indian School. corporateBody
associatedWith Fort Mohave Industrial School. corporateBody
associatedWith Foster, Don C., 1895-1971, person
associatedWith Franciscans. Province of St. John the Baptist. corporateBody
associatedWith Garrison, Hazle Dean Shields, d. 1953. person
associatedWith Garvey, George. person
associatedWith General Federation of Women's Clubs corporateBody
associatedWith Gibson, H. D. person
associatedWith Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010. person
associatedWith Graham, George. person
associatedWith Griffen, H. A. person
associatedWith Guassac family family
associatedWith Hagerman, Herbert James, 1871-1935. person
associatedWith Hajdukovich, John. person
associatedWith Hall, David. person
associatedWith Hamblin, Jacob, 1819-1886 person
associatedWith Hammond, John Henry, 1833-1890. person
associatedWith Hanrick, Edward person
associatedWith Hayden, Carl Trumbull, 1877-1972. person
associatedWith Helmer, Kathy C. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Heritage, William, 1888-. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. person
associatedWith Holbrook, Bernard D. person
associatedWith Holeman, Jacob H. person
associatedWith Holst, John Henry, 1873- person
associatedWith Howe, Richard, 1799-1872. person
associatedWith Hoynes, William, 1846-1933. person
associatedWith Hunter, Dwight person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith Indian Rights Association corporateBody
associatedWith Intermountain School. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Leroy F. (Leroy Freeman), 1881-1958. person
correspondedWith Jackson, Ruth W., 1830-1994 person
associatedWith Jennings, Evelyn person
associatedWith Johnson, Emery A. person
associatedWith Johnson, Ross S., person
associatedWith Jones, William A. (William Arthur), 1844-1912. person
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associatedWith Jordan, Benjamin Everett person
associatedWith Kane, Thomas Leiper, 1822-1883. person
associatedWith Keeler, William Wayne, 1908-1987. person
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associatedWith Lopp, William Thomas, 1864-1939. person
associatedWith Lumpkin, Wilson, 1783-1870. person
associatedWith Lyman, June K., 1912- person
associatedWith Lyman, Stanley D., 1913-1979. person
associatedWith Mason, Stevens Thomson, 1811-1843. person
associatedWith Matte, Jacqueline Anderson, 1935- person
associatedWith McCabe, Robert A. (Robert Adams) person
associatedWith McConnelley, George. person
correspondedWith McKenny, T. I. (Thomas Irving) 1830-1900. person
associatedWith McNickle, D'Arcy, 1904-1977. person
associatedWith Medill, William, 1802-1865. person
associatedWith Meldrum, John W., 1843-1936. person
associatedWith Mereness, Newton Dennison. person
associatedWith Meriwether, D. (David), 1800-1893. person
associatedWith Meza, Santiago person
correspondedWith Milroy, Robert Huston, 1816-1890. person
associatedWith Minnesota. Department of Human Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Dept. of Health. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Dept. of Human Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Governor's Human Rights Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923. person
associatedWith Mowry, Sylvester. person
associatedWith Myer, Dillon S. (Dillon Seymour), 1891- person
associatedWith Nash, Philleo, 1909-1987. person
associatedWith National Council of American Indians corporateBody
associatedWith Native American Church of North America. corporateBody
associatedWith Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Newell, Robert, 1807-1869. person
associatedWith Officer, James E. person
associatedWith Ogee's Ferry. person
associatedWith Oregon. Dept. of Forestry. corporateBody
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associatedWith Palmer, Joel, family
associatedWith Palmer, Joel, 1810-1881. person
associatedWith Parker, Dorothy R. (Dorothy Ragon), 1927- person
associatedWith Parkhurst, Austin Flint, 1885-1965 person
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associatedWith Partridge, F. H. person
associatedWith Paul, William Lewis, 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Paul, William L. Jr person
associatedWith Pawnee Business Council. corporateBody
associatedWith Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. Tribal Executive Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma. Tribal Planner. corporateBody
associatedWith Pelcyger, Robert S. person
associatedWith Pipestone Indian Industrial Training School. corporateBody
associatedWith Porter, George B. person
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associatedWith Redfield, Robert, 1897-1958. person
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associatedWith Roe family. family
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associatedWith Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. person
associatedWith Sadovich, Maryellen Vallier. person
associatedWith Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe. corporateBody
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. person
associatedWith Schuyler, James D. (James Dix), 1848-1912. person
associatedWith Shane, Ralph M. person
associatedWith Shen, Hsieh Wen, 1931- person
associatedWith Sherman, Daniel. person
associatedWith Sherman, George D. person
associatedWith Sherman, George D. person
associatedWith Slidell, John, 1793-1871. person
associatedWith Smith, De Cost, 1864-1939. person
associatedWith Smith, Edward Parmelee, 1827-1876. person
associatedWith Society of American Indians. corporateBody
associatedWith Sokaogon Chippewa Community. corporateBody
associatedWith Steck, Michael person
associatedWith Steck, Michael. person
associatedWith Stenson, Carl T. (Carl Thurston), 1902-1970, person
associatedWith Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, family
associatedWith Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, 1818-1862. person
associatedWith Stigler, William Grady, 1891-1952. person
associatedWith Stoddard, Charles Hatch, 1912- person
associatedWith Superneau, Regina person
correspondedWith Swan, James G. person
correspondedWith Sweet, Evander McIver, Jr. person
associatedWith Tamarin, Alfred H. person
associatedWith Tanner, George S. person
associatedWith Taylor, James, fl. 1855. person
associatedWith Texas Indian Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Elmer, 1876-1965. person
associatedWith Tolan, Providencia, Sister person
associatedWith Tolan, Providencia, Sister. person
associatedWith Udall, Stewart L. person
associatedWith Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984. person
associatedWith United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Board of National Missions. Department of Work in Alaska. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Board of Indian Commissioners. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Anchorage Field Office. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pierre Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Turtle Mountain Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Chippewa Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Indians. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept of the Interior. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Farm Security Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Indian Claims Commission corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Archives and Records Service. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Consolidated Chippewa Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Fort Peck Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Mackinac Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Malheur Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Menominee Indian Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Saulte Ste. Marie Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Winnebago Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Public Works Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Resettlement Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Idaho. Library. Special Collections Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith University of New Mexico. Navajo Reading Study. corporateBody
associatedWith Utah (Territory). Superintendency of Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Vanderburgh, Henry, 1760-1812. person
associatedWith Wadley, Marie L. person
associatedWith Walker, John C. person
associatedWith Waters, Sidney D. person
associatedWith Watkins family. family
associatedWith Wellington, J. W. person
associatedWith Wellington, J. W. (Joseph W.) person
associatedWith Wessel, Thomas R. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Ruben Augustine, 1845-1882. person
associatedWith Wilbur, Rueben Augustine. person
associatedWith Wilhelm, Paul person
associatedWith Wilkinson, Ernest L., 1899-1978 person
associatedWith Wilson, Joseph Rogers, 1847-1929. person
associatedWith Winner, Lee B., 1921- person
associatedWith Winner, Lee B., 1921- . person
associatedWith Wisconsin. Division for Instructional Services. corporateBody
associatedWith Wolf, Robert, 1920-2005, person
associatedWith Wounded Knee Legal Defense/Offense Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Wyckoff, Larry Michael, person
associatedWith Young, John, Indian agent. person
associatedWith Young, Robert W. person
associatedWith Young, Robert W., 1912-2007. person
associatedWith Zahn, Frank, 1891-1966. person
associatedWith Zimmerman, William, 1890-1967. person
associatedWith Zitkala-S̈a, 1876-1938. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Copper Center (Alaska)
Alaska--Wales
Leech Lake Indian Reservation (Minn.)
Michigan
Alaska
United States
Michigan
South Dakota
Utah
New Mexico
Washington (State)
South Dakota
Indiana
Concho (Okla.)
New Mexico
Washington (D.C.)
Leech Lake Indian Reservation (Minn.)
Chitina (Alaska)
Superior National Forest (Minn.).
Andarko (Okla.)
Chippewa National Forest (Minn.).
Missouri--Saint Louis
Nebraska City Machine, 1862
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico
New Mexico
North Dakota
Alaska
Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation (Utah)
Red Lake
Florida
South Dakota
Lake Traverse Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Zia Pueblo (N.M.)
Flathead
Oregon
Zia Pueblo (N.M.)
Oregon
Alaska--Unalaska
Old Harbor (Alaska)
North Dakota
English Bay (Alaska)
Illinois--Chicago
Nebraska
Santo Domingo Pueblo (N.M.)
Arizona
Michigan
Red Lake Indian Reservation (Minn.).
Montana
Montana
Utah
Attu (Alaska)
Florida
Alaska--Wainwright
New York (State)
Tanana River Region (Alaska)
Washington (State)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Wisconsin
Alaska--Klawock
Clinton (Okla.)
Washington (State)
Isleta Pueblo (N.M.)
Idaho--Nez Percé Indian Reservation
Pueblo of Laguna (N.M.)
Minnesota
Tanacross (Alaska)
Alaska
Isleta Pueblo (N.M.)
Copper River Region (Alaska)
Wyoming
Santo Domingo Pueblo (N.M.)
Wisconsin
Alaska--Bethel
Lawton (Okla.)
Minnesota
Utah
Santa Clara Pueblo (N.M.)
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Chenega (Alaska)
Arizona
Alaska
Jemez Pueblo (N.M.)
Nez Percé Indian Reservation (Idaho)
Alaska--Cape Prince of Wales
Spokane
Idaho--Nez Percé Indian Reservation
Atka (Alaska)
Tetlin (Alaska)
Choctaw Trading Post
Afognak (Alaska)
Nabesna Region (Alaska)
Superior National Forest (Minn.)