Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893

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Townsend was Assistant Adjutant General during the Civil War. He was a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy (1837) and served in the Florida War as a Lt. Col. In 1861 he was promoted to Colonel. From Nov. 1861 to March 1862 he served in the Adj. Gen.'s Office. He was promoted to Acting Adj. Gen. of the Army on March 23, 1862. He retired in 1880. (For further information see his biography in the Civil War Dictionary.).

From the description of United States Colored Troops Circulars, 1864. (Clarke Historical Library). WorldCat record id: 40905288

American army officer.

From the description of Telegram signed : [Washington, D. C.], addressed to General Meade, 1863 Sept. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572941

From the description of Letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office," Washington, D.C., to Thomas A. Harris, at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, 1865 Jul. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572923

From the description of Report signed : [Washington], 1870 Oct. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572920

From the description of Letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office," Washington, D.C., to the Commanding General, Department of Dakota, in Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1876 Feb. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572931

From the description of Letter signed : Washington, to Thomas H. Talbot, Asst. Attorney-General, 1870 Jul. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572916

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office" Washington, D.C., to Commodore A.A. Harwood, 1863 Sept. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572912

Edward Davis Townsend was principal executive officer of the War Department during the Civil War and was in close contact with President Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. He was chosen to represent the Army at the various funerals for Lincoln. As Adjutant General of the Army, he also was responsible for developing the plan for a United States military prison, resulting in the establishment of the prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

From the description of Edward Davis Townsend Collection, ca. 1864-1878. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 234322406

Born in Boston, Mass., Edward D. Townsend had a long career in the U.S. Army, serving during the Florida war in 1837-1838, on the northern frontier during the Canada border disturbances in 1838-1841, and in the office of the adjutant-general of the Army and as chief of staff to Lieutenant-General Winfield Scott in 1861. During the Civil War General Townsend was the principal executive officer of the War Dept. and had frequent contact with President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State Edwin M. Stanton. In 1869 he was breveted adjutant-general with rank of brigadier-general. He retired from active service in 1880.

From the description of Edward D. Townsend letter, 1865 May 30. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 230930277

Adjutant General of the U.S. Army and principal executive officer of the War Department during the Civil War; Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton chose Townsend to represent the army at the various funerals for Lincoln and other events such as this program at Fort Sumter; Townsend was an 1837 graduate of the USMA (West Point, N.Y.).

From the description of Description of ceremonies at Fort Sumter, 1865 May 28. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 30846506

American army officer; Adjutant General.

From the description of Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to an unidentified recipient, 1871 Jan. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270572936

Edward Davis Townsend, son of David S. Townsend and Eliza Gerry Townsend and grandson of Elbridge Gerry. A West Point graduate (1837), he served in the Florida War and in 1846 was transferred to the adjutant general's department. In 1851 he was assigned to the Pacific Division and served on the Pacific Coast until February 1856. During the Civil War, Townsend was adjutant general to Winfield Scott, and in 1862 became U.S. Adjutant-General. After the war, he supervised the compilation of the documents published as the War of the Rebellion : Official Records. He retired in 1880.

From the description of Papers of Edward Davis Townsend, 1761-1928 (bulk 1837-1879). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122383374

United States Army lieutenant, second Seminole War campaign.

From the description of Letter, 1837 December 21, Fort New Smyrna, Florida, to his mother, Eliza Gerry Townsend, Boston, Massachusetts [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647823258

Assistant Adjutant General during the Civil War.

From the description of Papers, 1863-1867. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 55941355

"Townsend was principal executive officer of the War Department during the Civil War and was in close contact with President Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. He was chosen to represent the army at the various funerals for Lincoln. As adjutant general of the army, he also was responsible for developing the plan for a United States military prison, resulting in the establishment of the prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas." -- "Edward Davis Townsend Collection." Online Archives of California. http://content.cdlib.org/ (Retrieved May 20, 2009)

Henry W. Cleveland "acted as private secretary to Vice President Alexander H. Stephens of the Confederate Government during the civil war. He also was Mr. Stephens's biographer. He served in the Confederate Army and was on President Jefferson Davis's staff." -- "Cleveland Library Sale." New York Times. May 3, 1908. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free (Retrieved May 20, 2009)

From the description of E.D. Townsend letter, 1884. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 328300544

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Edward Davis Townsend letter : San Francisco, to his mother : ALS, 1853 Dec. 13 and 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Ripley, James W. (James Wolfe), 1794-1870. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Edward Davis Townsend, n.p., 1861 June 8. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Robert Anderson : miscellaneous papers, 1836-1864 (bulk 1860-1864). The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Description of ceremonies at Fort Sumter, 1865 May 28. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Autograph letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office" Washington, D.C., to Commodore A.A. Harwood, 1863 Sept. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. Letter : Hoboken, N.J., to Sweeny Stute, [Lehighton], Pa., 1870 June 16. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. Letter : Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, to E[dward] D. Townsend, Washington, D.C., 1861 Aug. 8. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Henry Jackson Hunt Papers, 1841-1978, (bulk 1862-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hunt, Henry Jackson, 1819-1889. Papers of Henry Jackson Hunt, 1841-1978 (bulk 1862-1889). Library of Congress
creatorOf Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Printed document (engrossed) signed and filled out in another hand : Washington, D.C., 1864 May 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Fry, James B. (James Barnet), 1827-1894. Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1864-1871. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Telegram signed : [Washington, D. C.], addressed to General Meade, 1863 Sept. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. War Department special orders, 1866 Sept. 29. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Ripley, James W. (James Wolfe), 1794-1870. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Edward Davis Townsend, n.p., 1861 June 8. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Papers, 1843-1969 (bulk 1843-1908) Library of Congress
creatorOf Smith, William Farrar, 1824-1903. Letter signed for him by James J. Brady : New York, to Joseph Holt, 1865 Aug. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Jones, Louis D. Papers of Louis D. Jones and related families, 1830-1946. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Certificates : Washington, D.C., 1864-1865. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter signed : Washington, to Thomas H. Talbot, Asst. Attorney-General, 1870 Jul. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Report signed : [Washington], 1870 Oct. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Papers, 1863-1867. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Edward D. Townsend letter, 1865 May 30. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868. General Frederick Steele papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Palfrey family papers, 1713-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office," Washington, D.C., to Thomas A. Harris, at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, 1865 Jul. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. Letter : Headquarters, Division of the Potomac, to E[dward] D. Townsend, Washington, D.C., 1861 Aug. 8. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Edward Davis Townsend Collection, ca. 1864-1878. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Dorothea Lynde Dix papers, 1798-1893 (inclusive), 1827-1887 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945, (bulk 1862-1904). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Mary Edwards Walker Papers, 1799-1919 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. Winfield Scott letters and pass, 1838-1861. Buffalo History Museum, Research Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter signed : "Adjutant General's Office," Washington, D.C., to the Commanding General, Department of Dakota, in Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1876 Feb. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Ulysses S. Grant papers, 1819-1974 (bulk 1843-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Comstock, C. B. (Cyrus Ballou), 1831-1910. C.B. Comstock papers, 1847-1908 (bulk 1862-1890). Library of Congress
creatorOf Benham, Henry W. Henry W. Benham papers, 1863-1876. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Bell, John T. (John Thomas), b. 1842. John T. Bell papers, 1864-1918. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Ulysses S. Grant Papers, 1819-1969, (bulk 1843-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Brinton McClellan Papers, 1783-1898, (bulk 1850-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter : n.p., to an unknown general, n.p., [186-] Jan. 23. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter, 1837 December 21, Fort New Smyrna, Florida, to his mother, Eliza Gerry Townsend, Boston, Massachusetts [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. E.D. Townsend letter, 1884. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter : Washington, D.C, to Colonel S. W. Crawford, Washington, D.C., 1872 Jan. 25. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Patterson, Robert, d. 1881. Letterbook, 1861. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. Letter : Washington, D.C., to E[dward] D. Townsend, Washington, D.C., 1861 Aug. 7. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Benham, Henry Washington, 1813-1884. Report of his second campaign, 1861-1862. New-York Historical Society
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893,. Lincoln memorial album / comp. by General E.D. Townsend, who had charge of the funeral from Washington to Springfield. Chicago History Museum
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Papers of Edward Davis Townsend, 1761-1928 (bulk 1837-1879). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Gear, Ezekiel G. (Ezekiel Gilbert), 1793-1873. Ezekiel G. Gear and family papers, 1833-1926. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Certificates : Washington, D.C., 1864-1865. Texas Christian University
referencedIn John A. Dix Collection, 1831-1879 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. United States Colored Troops Circulars, 1864. Clarke Historical Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. General orders no. 113, 1864 Mar. 19. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hardie, James Allen, 1823-1876. James Allen Hardie papers, 1844-1886 (bulk 1847-1876). Library of Congress
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. Letter : Washington, D.C., to E[dward] D. Townsend, Washington, D.C., 1861 Aug. 7. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. George Brinton McClellan papers, 1783-1898 (bulk 1850-1885). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wicker, Henry C. (Henry Clarkson), 1839-fl. 1904. Letter, May 2, 1865. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Colonel S.W. Crawford, Washington, D.C., 1872 Jan. 25. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Davis, Jefferson Columbus, 1828-1879. Jefferson Columbus Davis papers, 1867-1878. Newberry Library
creatorOf Fisk, James Liberty, 1835-1902. James Liberty Fisk and family papers, 1856-1968. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn C. B. Comstock Papers, 1847-1908, (bulk 1862-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, 1861-1872. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. Letter, 1857 Sept. 20, Fort Bliss, Tex., to Col. Samuel Cooper. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. Note : [Washington, D.C.?], to Henry Wager Halleck, n.p., [1861-1865?]. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Smith, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1897. Andrew Jackson Smith letter to E.D. Townsend [manuscript], 1855 July 17. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to an unidentified recipient, 1871 Jan. 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn United States War Department correspondence and records regarding Indian affairs and activities with Indian nations, 1798-1874. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn General Frederick Steele Papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk) Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Steptoe, Edward Jenner, 1816-1865. To Edward D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General report of march to California and related papers, 1854-1855 : Benicia, Calif., 1855 Aug. 1. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945 (inclusive), 1862-1904 (bulk). [microform]. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
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associatedWith Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887. person
associatedWith Bell, John T. (John Thomas), b. 1842. person
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associatedWith Bittinger, John L. (John Lawrence), b. 1833. person
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correspondedWith Cleveland, Henry W. person
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correspondedWith Comstock, C. B. (Cyrus Ballou), 1831-1910. person
associatedWith Crawford, Samuel Wylie, 1829-1892. person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson Columbus, 1828-1879. person
associatedWith Davis, Varina, 1826-1906, person
correspondedWith Dix, Dorothea Lynde, 1802-1887 person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1979 person
associatedWith Drane, [Gustavus S.?], d. 1846. person
associatedWith Fisk, James Liberty, 1835-1902. person
associatedWith Fry, James B. (James Barnet), 1827-1894. person
associatedWith Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. person
associatedWith Gear, Ezekiel G. (Ezekiel Gilbert), 1793-1873. person
associatedWith Gerry, Ann Thompson. person
correspondedWith Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814 person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Grant, U. S. (Ulysses S.), 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Gray, John P. (John Purdue), 1825-1886. person
correspondedWith Hardie, James Allen, 1823-1876. person
associatedWith Harris, Thomas A., person
associatedWith Harwood, Andrew Allen, 1802-1884, person
associatedWith Hays, William R. person
associatedWith Henderson, D. P. (David Patterson), 1810-1897. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870. person
associatedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894. person
associatedWith Hunt, Henry Jackson, 1819-1889. person
associatedWith Jones, Louis D. person
associatedWith Jones, Sam, fl. 1837. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. person
associatedWith Marsh, Roswell, 1793-1875. person
associatedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872, person
correspondedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Mills, James K. person
associatedWith Nelson, Edward D. person
associatedWith Osceola, Seminole chief, 1804-1838. person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
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associatedWith Ripley, James W. (James Wolfe), 1794-1870. person
associatedWith Schofield, John McAllister, 1831-1906. person
associatedWith Schriver, Edmund, 1812-1899. person
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associatedWith Smith, Andrew Jackson, 1815-1897. person
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associatedWith Welles, Gideon, 1802-1878. person
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associatedWith Wicker, Henry C. (Henry Clarkson), 1839-fl. 1904. person
associatedWith William E. Barton Collection of Lincolniana (University of Chicago) corporateBody
associatedWith Winfield Scott (Steamship) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Confederate States of America
United States
United States
East Carroll Parish (La.)
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
South Carolina--Charleston
Kentucky--Louisville
United States
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
United States
United States
United States
South Carolina--Fort Sumter
Massachusetts--Boston
California--Santa Barbara Channel
California
Florida
Charleston (S.C.)
Louisiana--Goodrich's Landing
Georgia
Missouri
Washington (D.C.)
Louisiana--East Carroll Parish
United States
Illinois--Chicago
Chicago (Ill.)
United States
United States
New Smyrna Beach (Fla.)
Massachusetts--Boston
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
Goodrich's Landing (La.)
Subject
Seminole War, 2nd--1835-1842--Personal narratives
Abolitionists
Withlacoochee, Battle of, 1837
Seminole Indians
Shipwrecks
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
African American criminals
Sermons, American--18th century
Prisoners of war--History
Compensation (Law)
Military courts
African American soldiers
Prisoners of war--History--19th century
Slaves--Emancipation
Prison sentences
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842
Robbery
Funerals--19th century
Women--Correspondence
Flags
Indians of North America--Relocation
Slaveholders
Occupation
Public officers--Missouri
Adjutants--Washington (D.C.)
Clergy--Kentucky--Louisville
Compilers
Adjutants--Massachusetts--Boston
Generals--Massachusetts--Boston
Function

Person

Birth 1817-08-22

Death 1893-05-10

Information

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