Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858

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Army officer, governor, public official, and U.S. representative of Mississippi.

From the description of Certificate and letter of John Anthony Quitman, 1850-1855. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449461

John Anthony Quitman moved from Ohio to Natchez, Miss., in 1821, where he practiced law. He was a member of the State house of representatives (1826-1827), chancellor of the State (1828-1835), member and president of the State senate (1835-1836), acting governor of Mississippi (1835-1836), and judge of the high court of errors and appeals in 1838. Quitman rose to the rank of major general during the Mexican War, serving between 1846 and 1848. He later served as Governor of Mississippi (1850-1851) and U.S. Representative for Mississippi (1855-1858).

From the description of John Anthony Quitman letter, 1821 Dec. 20. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 310982353

From the description of John Anthony Quitman note, 1855. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 310982354

From the description of John Anthony Quitman papers, 1823-1872, 1919. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 310981636

From the description of John Anthony Quitman letter, 1848 Apr. 29. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 310981963

Lawyer, soldier, politician, and champion of states' rights, and Mississippi resident.

From the description of Papers of John Anthony Quitman, 1781-1867. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32671982

Quitman (1799-1858), a lawyer, soldier, statesman, and Southern planter, championed states' rights for his adopted state of Mississippi. He was a brigadier general in the Mexican War and appointed governor, then major-general of Mexico City. He served briefly as governor of Mississippi, was involved in the movement to annex Cuba, and spent his last years, 1855-1858, in the U.S. Congress.

From the description of John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612372860

From the guide to the John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk)., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American lawyer and politician.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to President Buchanan, 1857 Mar. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270616022

Born in 1798 in Rhinebeck, New York, John Anthony Quitman graduated from Hartwick Seminary in 1816 before studying law. Four years later he moved to Chillicothe, Ohio, upon being admitted to the bar, then to Natchez, Mississippi, in 1821. There he purchased the Monmouth Plantation and practiced law until being elected to the Mississippi House of Representatives. There he served as Chancellor of the state and on Mississippi’s Constitutional Convention in 1832. He was elected to the state senate three years later, and in 1838 became a judge on the High Court of Errors and Appeals.

At the start of the Mexican War, Quitman joined the military as Brigadier General of Volunteers and commanded a brigade in Northern Mexico. His unit fought at the battles of Monterrey, Veracruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Churubusco, Chapultepec, and received the surrender of Mexico City’s garrison. After the war, Quitman was appointed military governor of Mexico City until 1848, when he returned to Mississippi and served as governor in 1850 and 1851.

As governor of Mississippi, Quitman assisted Narciso Lopez in his filibuster expedition to Cuba in 1850. When the expedition failed, Quitman was charged with violations of neutrality and resigned his post as governor, though charges against him were dropped after three hung juries. In 1853, Quitman began preparing his own filibustering expedition with the support of President Franklin Pierce, though after the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Pierce stopped the operation fearing it would damage the Democratic Party in the North. Additionally, Quitman was elected to Congress where he served until his death in 1858.

Source:

Cutrer, Thomas W. "Quitman, John Anthony." Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed August 4, 2011.

From the guide to the Quitman, John Anthony, Letters 2005-150., 1836-1853, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Cargill, Henry A. Henry A. Cargill letter, 1843 May 20. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Henry Raup Wagner collection of Louisiana manuscripts, 1792-1827 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Biography -- Quitman, John Anthony. Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library
referencedIn Claiborne, J. F. H. (John Francis Hamtramck), 1809-1884. J. F. H. Claiborne papers, 1797-1884 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Churchill family. Churchill family : papers, 1735-1905. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn DEARMOND (ELIZABETH) FAMILY PAPERS, 34921770., 1827-1848 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. Certificate and letter of John Anthony Quitman, 1850-1855. Library of Congress
referencedIn John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. Letter: to Major General Quitman /by Winfield Scott, 1847 May 31. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Tennent, Henry. Tennent, Henry, papers, 1834-1847. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Freemasons. Grand Lodge of the State of Mississippi. Mississippi Freemasons slate of officers, 1825 Jan. 5. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Ballard, Rice C. (Rice Carter), d. 1860. Rice C. Ballard papers, 1822-1888. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. John Anthony Quitman letter, 1821 Dec. 20. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, Letters 2005-150., 1836-1853 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn United States. Army. Letter : to the Adjutant General of the Army, Roger Jones / by United States Army of Mexico, 1847 Jan 7. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. Autograph letter signed : Washington, to President Buchanan, 1857 Mar. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Quitman, Frederick Henry, d. 1884. Papers, 1841-1858. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. John Anthony Quitman letter, 1848 Apr. 29. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Seabrook, Whitemarsh B. (Whitemarsh Benjamin), 1795-1855. Whitemarsh B. Seabrook papers, 1840-1859 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Dearmond family. Dearmond, Elizabeth, family papers, 1827-1848. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Stockwell, Eunice J. Eunice J. Stockwell genealogical notes, 1946 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Seabrook, Whitemarsh B. (Whitemarsh Benjamin), 1795-1855. Whitemarsh B. Seabrook correspondence, 1849-1852. Library of Congress
referencedIn Davis, G. T. M. (George Trumbull Moore), 1810-1888. Papers, 1834-1847. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Southern filibusters collection, 1851-1914 (bulk 1851-1858). Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Wagner, Henry Raup, 1862-1957,. Henry Raup Wagner collection of Louisiana manuscripts, 1792-1827. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Aztec Club of 1847. Papers of the Aztec Club [manuscript], 1874-1887. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Quitman family. Quitman family papers, 1784-1978. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Moore, H. Judge, d. 1847. Mexican War diary, 1846-1847. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Johnston-Harris family papers, 1776-1935, bulk 1840-1890 Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Jarvis, James Jones. James Jones Jarvis observations on agriculture and stock raising : Fort Worth, Texas, 1886. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Chappel, Alonzo, 1818-1877. John Anthony Quitman engraving, 1864. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. John Anthony Quitman note, 1855. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony. Letter: to Captain George T. M. Davis /by John Anthony Quitman, 1856 Apr 8. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn John Anthony Quitman papers, 1833-1858 (inclusive) 1847-1858 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Wilkins, John Darragh, d. 1900. Memorandum and letters, 1846-1848. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Brown, Andrew. Anonymous lumber company account book, 1841-1842. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Hagan, Robert Diary 71-10., 1847-1858 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Harney, Thomas, b. 1802. Thomas Harney scrapbook, 1832-1870. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. Quitman (John A.) papers. Volume 1, Springfield Plantation account book, 1841-1853 [microform]. University of Mississippi
referencedIn Sanderson, Winslow F., d. 1853. Winslow Fuller Sanderson papers, 1846-1860. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. Papers of John Anthony Quitman, 1781-1867. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Autograph File, Q, 1728-1990. Houghton Library
creatorOf Quitman, John Anthony, 1798-1858. John Anthony Quitman papers, 1823-1872, 1919. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Rice C. Ballard Papers, 1822-1888 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Eberstadt Collection AR 76-62., 1699-1959 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico City (Mexico)
United States
Mississippi
Mississippi--Adams County
Natchez (Miss.)
Mississippi
Texas
Mississippi
Adams County
United States
Mississippi
Netherlands
Cuba
United States
Springfield Plantation (Miss.)
Natchez (Miss.)
New Orleans (La.)
Southern States
United States
Mississippi
United States
Mississippi--Natchez
United States
Cuba
Mexico City (Mexico)
Mississippi--Natchez
Subject
Decedents' estates--History--19th century
States' rights (American politics)
Loyalty oaths
Lutheran
Southern States--Commerce--History--19th century
Deeds
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Internal migrants
Migration, Internal
Craniology--History
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Historiography
Plantations
Slave trade--History--Sources
Legal documents
Frontier and pioneer life--Mississippi--History--19th century
Slavery--Extension to the territories
Freemasonry
Slaves--History
Occupation
Public officials--Mississippi
Legislators--United States
Army officers
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Mississippi
Lawyers--Mississippi--Natchez
Generals
Politicians
Generals--United States
Legislators--Mississippi
Governors--Mississippi
Soldiers--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1798-09-01

Death 1858-07-17

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

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