Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938

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James Weldon Johnson was a publisher, educator, lawyer, composer, artist, diplomat and civil rights leader. Together with his brother, J. Rosamond Johnson, he wrote the song "Lift Every Voice and Sing," which came to be known as the "Negro National Anthem" as well as a large number of popular songs for the musical stage of the early twentieth century. Johnson also served as consul of the United States to Venezuela and Nicaragua. His literary contributions include several books and his position as editor of "New York Age." From 1920-1931 Johnson was field secretary, then secretary, of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In 1930 he became chair of Creative Literature and Writing at Fisk University.

From the description of James Weldon Johnson collection, 1930-1998. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 86164211

From the guide to the James Weldon Johnson collection, 1930-1998, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

James Weldon Johnson was an African-American educator, civil rights leader, and lecturer as well as author of prose, poetry, and songs.

From the description of James Weldon Johnson pamphlets, 1919-1974. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 49016460

From the description of James Weldon Johnson pamphlets, 1919 and 1950. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 82558546

African-American writer and a founder of the NAACP.

From the description of Photograph of James Weldon Johnson [manuscript], 1920. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647833778

James Weldon Johnson, (1871-1938), African-American educator, journalist, diplomat, lyricist, poet, and human rights activist.

From the description of James Weldon Johnson collection, 1886-1980 (bulk 1916-1930). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173863347

Poet.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Herbert J. Seligmann, [ca. 1930]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871156

Lawyer, field secretary for the NAACP, U.S. Consul to Venezuela and Nicaragua, and author of The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man.

From the description of James Weldon Johnson papers, 1899-1952. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 70972581

James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938), writer, educator, diplomat, and civil rights activist.

Grace Nail Johnson (1885-1976), wife of James Weldon Johnson, prominent hostess and donor to the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Collection at the Beinecke Library.

From the description of James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005 (bulk 1900-1976). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702135954

James Weldon Johnson was born on June 17, 1871, in Jacksonville, Florida. Both of his parents were freeborn, and his family was relatively well-to-do. Johnson's father, James Johnson, was the head waiter in local resort hotel and the minister of a small church. His mother, Helen Louise Johnson, was the daughter of a prominent black civil servant in Nassau. She was well educated and taught in the local black school. Johnson had one brother, John Rosamond Johnson, and an adopted sister, Agnes M. Edwards.

Johnson attended Stanton School, in Jacksonville, where his mother and eventually his sister taught. The school provided only an elementary education, but Johnson was an apt student and received encouragement at home. At this time he became fluent in Spanish through association with a young Cuban who was his family's ward. In 1887 Johnson entered the junior preparatory department of Atlanta University. Despite a year's absence he advanced rapidly to the college department and was graduated in 1894. During his year's absence he continued his studies in Greek and Latin under a private tutor, and he also had access to the library of a local white physician. It was during his school years that Johnson began to write poetry and songs, and he also at that time set out to develop himself as a public speaker. Johnson's associations with Atlanta University continued to be productive throughout his life. Among the alumni of the school were a substantial number of college teachers, college administrators, and businessmen, with whom Johnson became acquainted later in his life. From 1924 until his death he was an active member of the school's Board of Trustees.

After graduating from Atlanta, Johnson returned to Jacksonville to take over the principalship of Stanton School. Each year he added a grade to the school until he developed Stanton into a high school. Becoming recognized as a leader in black education, Johnson was elected president of the Negro State Teacher's Association. He retained the principalship of Stanton School until 1902, but did not limit his interests to his duties there. With a group of friends he founded The Daily American, the first daily black newspaper in the country. Though the paper met with initial success the backers were forced to suspend publication after eight months. Johnson then turned his attention to reading for the law. In 1897 he passed the entrance examination for the Florida State Bar, becoming the first black man licensed in that state by an open examination. He found, however, that there was little chance of a black man making a living from the practice of law.

Johnson's most important activity outside of Stanton School was lyric writing. His brother, J. Rosamond Johnson, in partnership with Bob Cole, was beginning to be successful in musical comedy. Rosamond persuaded his brother to add words to some tunes he had written, and between 1899 and 1902 Johnson spent his winters at Stanton and his summers in New York writing lyrics. The song writing team of Cole and Johnson brothers became relatively successful, and Johnson helped in writing many songs that were popular successes. The most enduring piece written by the Johnson brothers was "Lift Every Voice and Sing" (1900), which became the official song of the N.A.A.C.P. and is known as the "Negro National Anthem."

Johnson's success as a lyricist induced him to leave Jacksonville and move to New York permanently in 1902. He continued to write lyrics but again started a new group of activities. Between 1902 and 1906 he attended Columbia University, taking courses in literature from Brander Matthews. Johnson was also active in New York politics, helping to found the Colored Republican Club of New York, and serving as its president.

Johnson entered the United States Consular Service in 1906. This came about largely as a result of his activities on behalf of the Republican Party and the efforts of Booker T. Washington and Charles W. Anderson, an influential black New York politician. He was assured of a good career in the service as long as the Republicans were in power, and served as a consul for six years. From 1906 to 1909 he was posted in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. This post was considered a sinecure even though Johnson performed the consular duties there for Cuba, Panama, and France as well as for the United States. In 1909 he was promoted and transferred to Corinto, Nicaragua, where Johnson's duties were more demanding than they had been at Puerto Cabello. During his stay in Corinto that city for several days was the scene of gunfire resulting from an attempt to overthrow the Nicaraguan government. Johnson negotiated with both sides and coordinated his actions with the United States Navy.

While Johnson was in the consular service he continued to write poetry and managed to have some of his pieces published. In 1910, he married Grace Nail, a member of a wealthy and distinguished black New York family. He also found time to write a novel, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, (1912). Johnson made a good record in the consular service but as consular posts were at that time used for political patronage, opportunities for advancement would disappear with the advent of a Democratic administration in 1913. Rather than face a long period of service in Corinto, Johnson resigned from the service in 1913 and returned to Jacksonville to put his father's estate in order. After remaining there for a year he began to divide his time between Jacksonville and New York, in order to reestablish himself as a lyricist. He collaborated with Will Marion Cook, Harry T. Burleigh, and James Reese Europe, the top talents of the period. Musical taste, however, had changed greatly in the preceding ten years, and Johnson had little success. He did translate the libretto of Fernando Periquet's Goyescas, which was performed at the Metropolitan Opera House.

Johnson met with more success outside the field of music. In 1914 he became a contributing editor to the New York Age, and in 1917 his first volume of poetry, Fifty Years and Other Poems, was published. The New York Age under the editorship of Fred Moore was an influential black paper with strong ties to Booker T. Washington. Johnson wrote a weekly column called "Views and Reviews" and contributed unsigned editorials. Through his association with the New York Age he was invited to the Amenia Conference of 1916. There he met and impressed Joel E. Spingarn. Despite Johnson's position on an anti-N.A.A.C.P. paper, Spingarn offered him the job of Field Secretary for the Association, which he accepted.

Johnson's association with the N.A.A.C.P. continued from 1916 until his death. As Field Secretary he helped establish a strong network of local branches. He expanded the organization in the South, a section that had not received emphasis in the National Office. In 1920 Johnson became the Executive Secretary of the Association, and in that year he investigated for the Association the nature of the United States occupation of Haiti. As a result of this investigation he wrote a series of articles called "Self Determining Haiti". Johnson's tenure in the secretaryship marked the strengthening of the National Office, reflecting the growing influence of the organization. He was particularly active in lobbying for an anti-lynching bill. In 1931 Johnson resigned the secretaryship, was elected to the Board of Directors, and became one of the vice-presidents of the organization in which he remained active for the rest of his life. After his resignation from the National Office of the N.A.A.C.P., Johnson was appointed to the Spence Chair of Creative Literature at Fisk University.

During the years he was Executive Secretary of the N.A.A.C.P., Johnson continued his interest in black music and poetry. As Secretary he had contact and close friendships with New York's leading liberals and publishers and used his influence to promote his own work and that of the young black writers of the Harlem Renaissance period. Johnson's second book of poetry, God's Trombones, was published in 1927. He also prepared three anthologies of black poetry and music: The Book of American Negro Poetry (1922, revised 1931); The Book of American Negro Spirituals, (1925); and The Second Book of American Negro Spirituals, (1926). In 1930 Johnson received a Rosenwald Fellowship, which he used to write a cultural history of blacks in New York, Black Manhattan (1930).

Johnson's move to Fisk began the last phase of his life. Most of his time was devoted to teaching at Fisk and at New York University. He continued his interest in young black writers as well as in his own writing. Johnson published three more books in this last phase of his life: Negro Americans, What Now? (1934); Along This Way, The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson, (1934); and a volume of poetry, Saint Peter Relates An Incident, (1936). Johnson also undertook several lecture tours each year, speaking most frequently on some aspect of the race situation, or the "Negro's Contribution to American Culture." In addition to being on the Board of Directors of the N A.A.C.P. and the Board of Trustees of Atlanta University, he was a member of the Board of Trustees of Palmer Memorial Institute, and he lent his name and support to many other organizations, including the American Fund for Public Service, the American Civil Liberties Union and the Delta Phi Delta journalistic society.

James Weldon Johnson died in 1938 at the age of 67, when his car was struck by a train at a railway crossing in Maine.

Grace Nail Johnson was born on February 27th in New London, Connecticut to John Bennett Nail (1853-1942) and Mary Frances Robinson Nail (1858-1923) the second of the couple’s two surviving children, the other being John Edward Nail (1884-1947). Grace Nail met James Weldon Johnson in 1904 while attending the theatre. The couple became engaged in 1909 and married on February 3, 1910 in New York City.

The Nail family was an important member of New York City’s African-American social and business circles largely due to John B. Nail’s role as a prominent businessman and political leader. John Nail and his brother, Edward, established a popular hotel and café, “Nail Brothers,” in the neighbourhood that would become Greenwich Village, as well as the Shakespeare Hotel in Washington, D.C. John Nail also owned extensive real estate in Harlem, and, through the real estate work of his son, John Edward, the Nails were instrumental in opening up Harlem to African-Americans during the early and mid-twentieth century. The Nails actively encouraged aspiring musicians and actors and were engaged in various artistic and intellectual circles, which included, for example, Frederick Douglass and Booker T. Washington.

Grace Nail Johnson shared with her husband an interest in arts and culture as well as social welfare. Grace Nail provided support for Johnson throughout his career. She studied French and Spanish in preparation for diplomatic life and visited publishers in New York on Johnson’s behalf while he remained in Nicaragua in 1912. Among the various organizations Grace Nail volunteered for were the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Anti-Lynching Crusaders, and the Circle for Negro Relief. She was also recognized as an influential hostess who mentored a number of young authors during various periods of the couple’s life ranging from the Harlem Renaissance to Johnson’s professorships at Fisk University and New York University.

Grace Nail Johnson played an important role in ensuring Johnson’s legacy following his death in 1938. For example, she worked with publishers and researchers in order to encourage Johnson scholarship and collaborated with Carl Van Vechten to establish in 1941 the James Weldon Johnson Memorial Collection of Negro Arts and Letters housed at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. In addition to donating Johnson’s and her own papers to the Library, Grace Nail Johnson also convinced other authors and leading African-American figures to donate their archives to the collection.

Grace Nail Johnson died at the age of 91 on November 1, 1976 at her home in Harlem, New York. Her ashes were interred, with Johnson’s, in the Nail plot at Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.

The following family trees outline Grace Nail Johnson's paternal (Nail) and maternal (Robinson) families. These individuals are represented in both Family Correspondence and Photographs.

Nail Family

-Edward Nail

-John Bennett Nail (1853-1942) m. Mary Frances Robinson (1858-1923)

--John Edward Nail (1883-1947) m. Grayce Fairfax (1884-1960s)

--Grace Nail (1885-1976) m. James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938)

--Frank Nail (1887-1889)

Robinson Family

James Robinson m. Ellen Robinson

-Josephine Robinson (1857-1948) m. Henry C. Miller (1841-)

--Edna Frances Miller (1880-)

--Helen Gertrude Miller (1882-)

--Ernest H. Miller (1884-)

--Frederick Miller (1891-)

-Lottie L. Robinson m. Henry Griffin

-Cornelia Robinson m. Mr. Jordan

--Gladys Jordan m. Mr. Marshall

---1 daughter and 3 sons

-Mary Frances Robinson (1858-1923)

Ollie Jewel Sims Okala was born in Arkansas on August 14, 1908 to Edward Sims and Elizabeth Marsh Sims (born 1885). Okala was the youngest of three children; the couple’s other children were Eddie Sims (1905-1990) and Kennerbelle Sims (1907-1997). Okala graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Philander Smith College (Little Rock, Arkansas) in 1931 and went on to study nursing at Meharry Medical College, graduating in 1934. Okala continued her studies at Columbia University where she studied Public Health Nursing (M.A., 1937). In 1942 Okala was hired at Roosevelt Hospital where she continued to work until her retirement in 1970. Okala married Julius Byron Etuka Okala (b. 1912) in 1942. Nigerian born, Okala moved to the U.S. in 1939 in order to pursue studies at Lincoln University. He continued his studies at Northwestern University (B.A., Anthropology, 1943) and Columbia University (M.A., Anthropology, 1949; PhD, Education, 1954).

James Weldon Johnson was one of Ollie Jewel Sims Okala’s first patients, and through this chance experience, Okala became a close friend of the Johnsons. When Okala moved to New York City the Johnsons helped her secure a nursing position, and, in turn, Okala provided support for the Johnsons. In later years Okala lived with Grace Nail Johnson. Following Grace Nail Johnson’s death in 1976, Okala continued to reside in the apartment and was designated literary executor of the Johnson estate. Okala died on September 9, 2001 and her ashes were interred in the Nail plot at Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York.

From the guide to the James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005, 1900-1976, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. William Stanley Braithwaite collection, 1899-1939. Morgan State University
referencedIn Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938 (bulk 1904-1938) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Gale, Zona, 1874-1938. Papers, 1838-1970. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Ralph Ellison Papers, 1890-2005, (bulk 1930-1994) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Overton, Carrie Burton, 1888-. Carrie Burton Overton papers, 1870-1970, (bulk 1900-1970). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Man : [holograph poem / James Weldon Johnson, ca. 1930?] University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Price, Florence, 1888-1953. The glory of the day was in her face / words by Jas. Weldon Johnson ; music by Florence B. Price. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. Untitled speech, on African-American literature [manuscript] / by Richard Wright, undated. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Herbert J. Seligmann, [ca. 1930]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Work, John Wesley (III)., 1901-1967. Papers. ca. 1944. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson collection, 1886-1980 (bulk 1916-1930). Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Browne, Marie Joe, 1902-1999. Marie Joe Browne collection, 1868-1999. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Major, S.I.M. (Samuel Ira Monger), 1877-1952. S.I.M. Major papers, 1826-1952. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Lange, Ted, 1948-. Nose to nose / by Ted Lange. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940. William Edgar Borah papers, 1905-1940 (bulk 1912-1940). Library of Congress
referencedIn McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). Yale University Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series V., Editor Files, 1873-1984 (bulk 1960-1980). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Arthur B. Spingarn Papers, 1850-1970, (bulk 1920-1955) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf American Fund for Public Service. American Fund for Public Service records, 1922-1941. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sprenkle, Elam, 1948-. The creation : for mixed-voice chorus, quartet, soli, winds and piano / based on text of James Weldon Johnson ; [music by] Elam Sprenkle. Peabody Conservatory, Arthur Friedheim Library
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson papers, 1899-1952. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971. Papers, 1850-1967 (bulk 1920-1955). Library of Congress
referencedIn Horace Mann Bond Papers MS 411., 1830-1979, 1926-1972 Special Collections and University Archives, UMass Amherst Libraries
referencedIn Green, Paul, 1894-1981. Paul Green papers, 1880-1985. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Autograph letter signed James Weldon Johnson to: "Francis" January 26, 1931. Wellesley College
referencedIn National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution). Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1971. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn African American Sheet Music Collection 2002-063, 2002-264., 1879-1940 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Flodin, Jack. Girl of fifteen / [words by] James Weldon Johnson ; [music by] Jack Flodin. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Flodin, Jack. The glory of the day was in her face / [words by] James Weldon Johnson ; [music by] Jack Flodin. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Helen Armstead-Johnson miscellaneous theater collections, 1831-1993 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gellert, Lawrence, 1898-1979. Lawrence Gellert papers, [ca.1932-1979]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Moorland, Jesse Edward, 1863-1940. Papers, ca. 1790-ca. 1939. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Meyer, Annie Nathan, 1867-1951. Annie Nathan Meyer papers, 1858-1950 (bulk 1885-1948). American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Storey, Moorfield, 1845-1929. Papers of Moorfield Storey, 1876-1929. Library of Congress
referencedIn Tom Scott papers, 1912-1970, 1942-1960 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. Carl Van Vechten papers, 1833-1965, bulk (1920-1940). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson pamphlets, 1919 and 1950. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Spencer, Anne, 1882-1975. Papers of Anne Spencer and the Spencer family [manuscript], 1829, 1864-2007. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lucille Lortel papers, 1902-2000 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955. Walter Francis White and Poppy Cannon papers, circa 1910-1958. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Roberts, Eugene Percy, 1868-1953. Eugene Percy Roberts papers, 1912-1917. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection, ca. 1910-1934 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. Papers, 1915-1972, bulk 1935-1966. University of Florida
referencedIn Felton, Harold W., 1902-1991. Papers, 1881-1988 1920-1980. University of Nebraska - Lincoln
referencedIn Labor Research Association Records 1914-2001. New York University, Tamiment Library
referencedIn Sadie P. Delaney papers, 1921-1958 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Harold W. Felton, Papers, 1881-1988, 1920-1980 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series III., Blanche W. Knopf, 1918-1966 (bulk 1940-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Photograph of James Weldon Johnson [manuscript], 1920. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brownlee, Frederick Leslie, 1883-1962. Papers. 1883-1962. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Childers, James Saxon, 1899-1965. James Saxon Childers papers, 1789-1941 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson collection, 1930-1998. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Eugene Percy Roberts papers, 1912-1917 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Isa Glenn and Bayard Schindel papers, 1898-1936 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1929-1937. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Johnson, J. Rosamond (John Rosamond), 1873-1954. Southland / J. Rosamond Johnson. University of Michigan
referencedIn Johnson, Helen A. Helen Armstead-Johnson miscellaneous theater collections, 1831-1993. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Carl Van Vechten papers, 1833-1965, 1920-1940 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Musical composers. African American Sheet Music Collection, 1879-1940 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Jackson, Thomas M. Thomas M. Jackson papers, 1903-1963. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Labor Research Association Records, 1914-2009 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn The J. Rosamond Johnson Papers, 1879-1975 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951. Mary White Ovington papers, 1854-1948. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
referencedIn Ballou, Robert O. (Robert Oleson), 1892-1977,. Robert O. Ballou correspondence, 1923-1928. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Johnson, J. Rosamond (John Rosamond), 1873-1954. You's sweet to yo' mammy jes the same / words by James W. Johnson ; music by J. Rosamund [sic] Johnson. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Brawley, Benjamin Griffith, 1882-1939. Benjamin Griffith Brawley papers, 1917-1936. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson pamphlets, 1919-1974. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Walker, C. J., Madam, 1867-1919. Madam C.J. Walker papers, 1910-1980. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn West, Dorothy, 1909-. Papers, 1914-1985 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Pickens, William, 1881-1954. William Pickens papers (Additions), 1909-1950. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records, 1842-1999, (bulk 1919-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Horne, Frank Smith, 1899-1974. Papers. 1927-74. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn White, Clarence Cameron, 1880-1960. Clarence Cameron White papers, 1901-1940. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Ellison, Ralph. Ralph Ellison papers, 1890-2005 (bulk 1930-1994). Library of Congress
referencedIn Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938, 1904-1938 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Jones, Thomas Elsa. Thomas Elsa Jones collection (1-71), 1925-1947 (bulk, 1926-1946). Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Myers, Gordon. Gordon Myers papers relating to God's trombones, 1964-1986. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William Edgar Borah Papers, 1905-1940, (bulk 1912-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Towns, George A. (George Alexander), 1870-1960. George A. Towns collection, 1851-1963. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Clarence Cameron White papers, 1901-1940 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Bernd, Aaron, 1894-1937. Aaron Bernd papers, 1919-1937. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. The miser : [holograph poem] / James Weldon Johnson, [ca. 1930?] University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. Papers, 1897-1930. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn American Fund for Public Service records, 1922-1941 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Delaney, Sadie P., 1889-1958. Sadie P. Delaney papers, 1921-1958. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. The Countee Cullen/Harold Jackman Memorial Collection. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Dawson, Lawrence H. (Lawrence Hawkins), 1880-. Lawrence Dawson's Discussions in print [manuscript], 1942 Jan. 6-July 21. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990, 1922-1948 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Papers, 1900-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Federal Writers' Project (N.Y.). Federal Writers' Project Negro Group papers, 1927-1940. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. Moods : [holograph poem / James Weldon Johnson, ca. 1930]. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Towns, George Alexander. George Alexander Towns papers, 1851-1956. Atlanta University Center, Robert W. Woodruff Library
referencedIn Whiting, Helen Adele Johnson, 1885-1929. Helen Adele Johnson Whiting papers, 1929-1982 (bulk 1929-1950). Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System, Central Library
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referencedIn Labor Research Association (U.S.). Records, 1914-1981. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. [Letter] : 1931 September 17, Great Barrington, Mass. [to Louis] Untermeyer. Haverford College Library
creatorOf James Weldon Johnson collection, 1930-1998 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Tate, Ernest Cater. Dr. Ernest C. Tate papers, 1968-1982. Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System, Central Library
referencedIn Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961. Papers, 1900-1961 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Johnson, James Weldon, 1871-1938. James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005 (bulk 1900-1976). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf James Weldon Johnson and Grace Nail Johnson papers, circa 1850-2005, 1900-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Richetta Randolph Wallace papers, 1906-1971 Brooklyn Historical Society
referencedIn McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. Claude McKay collection, 1853-1990 (bulk 1922-1948). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. Introductions. University of Richmond, Boatwright Memorial Library
referencedIn Moorfield Storey Papers, 1876-1929 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Flodin, Jack. The glory of the day was in her face / [words by] James Weldon Johnson ; [music by] Jack Flodin. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Myers, Gordon. Gordon Myers papers relating to God's trombones, 1964-1986. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Glenn, Isa, 1874-1951. Isa Glenn and Bayard Schindel papers, 1898-1936. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series IV., Author and Book Designer Files, 1911-1979 (bulk 1920-1960). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith American Fund for Public Service. corporateBody
associatedWith American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Authors' League of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Ballou, Robert O. (Robert Oleson), 1892-1977, person
associatedWith Bernd, Aaron, 1894-1937. person
associatedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973. person
correspondedWith Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940. person
associatedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. person
associatedWith Brawley, Benjamin Griffith, 1882-1939. person
associatedWith Brown, Charlotte Hawkins, 1883-1961. person
associatedWith Browne, Marie Joe, 1902-1999. person
associatedWith Brownlee, Frederick Leslie, 1883-1962. person
associatedWith Brown, Sterling Allen, 1901-1989. person
associatedWith Bryan, Henry Lewis, 1853-1934. person
associatedWith Buck, Gene. person
associatedWith CHARLOTTE EUGENIA (HAWKINS) BROWN, 1883-1961 person
associatedWith Childers, James Saxon, 1899-1965. person
associatedWith Cole, Bob, 1868-1911. person
associatedWith Correspondents' Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Correspondents' Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Cullen, Countee, 1903-1946. person
associatedWith Dawson, Lawrence H. (Lawrence Hawkins), 1880- person
associatedWith Delaney, Sadie P., 1889-1958. person
associatedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963. person
correspondedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
correspondedWith Ellison, Ralph. person
associatedWith Federal Writers' Project (N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Felton, Harold W., 1902-1991. person
associatedWith Fisk University. corporateBody
associatedWith Flodin, Jack. person
associatedWith Gale, Zona, 1874-1938. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Gellert, Lawrence, 1898-1979. person
associatedWith Glenn, Isa, 1874-1951. person
associatedWith Green, Paul, 1894-1981. person
associatedWith Harcourt Brace & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Hope, John, 1868-1936. person
associatedWith Horne, Frank Smith, 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967. person
associatedWith Hurston, Zora Neale. person
associatedWith Institute of Pacific Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Thomas M. person
associatedWith Johnson, Charles Spurgeon, 1893-1956. person
associatedWith Johnson family. family
associatedWith Johnson, Grace Nail, 1885-1976. person
associatedWith Johnson, Helen A. person
associatedWith Johnson, J. Rosamond (John Rosamond), 1873-1954. person
associatedWith Jones, Thomas Elsa. person
associatedWith Julius Rosenwald Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Knopf, Alfred A., 1892-1984. person
associatedWith Knopf, Blanche W., 1894-1966. person
associatedWith Labor Research Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lange, Ted, 1948- person
associatedWith Larsen, Nella. person
associatedWith Larsen, Nella. person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
associatedWith Major, S.I.M. (Samuel Ira Monger), 1877-1952 person
associatedWith Matthews, Brander, 1852-1929. person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948. person
associatedWith Mencken, H. L. (Henry Louis), 1880-1956. person
associatedWith Meyer, Annie Nathan, 1867-1951. person
associatedWith Moorland, Jesse Edward, 1863-1940. person
associatedWith Moton, Robert Russa, 1867-1940. person
associatedWith Musical composers person
associatedWith Musical composers person
associatedWith Myers, Gordon. person
associatedWith Nail family. family
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
associatedWith National Conference of Christians and Jews. corporateBody
associatedWith National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution). corporateBody
associatedWith New York University. corporateBody
associatedWith Okala, Ollie Jewell Sims, 1908-2001. person
correspondedWith Overton, Carrie Burton, 1888- person
correspondedWith Ovington, Mary White, 1865-1951. person
associatedWith Payne, E. George (Enoch George), 1877-1953. person
associatedWith Pickens, William, 1881-1954. person
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. Seligmann Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Price, Florence, 1888-1953. person
associatedWith Roberts, Eugene Percy, 1868-1953. person
associatedWith Robinson, Edwin Arlington, 1869-1935. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, John D., 1906-1978. person
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
associatedWith Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Scott, Emmett J. (Emmett Jay), 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Scott, Tom, 1912-1961 person
associatedWith Seligmann, Herbert J., person
associatedWith Seligmann, Herbert J., Mrs, person
associatedWith Smith, Lillian Eugenia, 1897-1966. person
associatedWith Spencer, Anne, 1882-1975. person
associatedWith Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971. person
associatedWith Spingarn, Joel Elias, 1875-1939. person
associatedWith Sprenkle, Elam, 1948- person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Storey, Moorfield, 1845-1929. person
associatedWith Tarry, Ellen, 1906- person
associatedWith Tate, Ernest Cater. person
associatedWith Towns, George A. (George Alexander), 1870-1960. person
associatedWith Towns, George Alexander. person
associatedWith Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Van Doren, Irita Taylor, 1891-1966. person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Viking Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, C. J., Madam, 1867-1919. person
correspondedWith Wallace, Richetta G. Randolph person
associatedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. person
associatedWith Wesley, Charles H. (Charles Harris), 1891-1987. person
associatedWith West, Dorothy, 1909- person
associatedWith White, Clarence Cameron, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955. person
associatedWith Whiting, Helen Adele Johnson, 1885-1929. person
associatedWith Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981. person
associatedWith Work, John Wesley (III)., 1901-1967. person
associatedWith Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Tennessee
United States
United States
Nicaragua
Great Barrington (Mass.)
New York (State)
Venezuela
United States
New York (State)
United States
United States
Subject
Authors, American--20th century--Archives
African Americans--Civil rights
Civic leaders--United States
Civil rights movements--United States--History--20th century
African Americans--History
African American educators
Harlem Renaissance
African American authors
African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century
African American authors--20th century--Archives
American poetry--20th century
Civil rights workers
African American civil rights workers
African Americans
African American diplomats
American literature--African American authors--20th century
Civil rights movements--History--20th century
Diplomatic and consular service, American
African American civic leaders
Harlem Renaissance--Archives
African American newspapers
American literature--African American authors
African American universities and colleges
Dramatists, American--20th century--Archives
African American college teachers
Lyricists--20th century--Archives
American literature--20th century
Civic leaders
African Americans--Social life and customs
Civil rights workers--United States
Poets--20th century--Archives
African American lawyers
Occupation
African American civil rights workers
African American authors
African American diplomats
Consuls--United States
Authors
African American lawyers
Function

Person

Birth 1871-06-17

Death 1938-06-26

Americans

English

Information

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